The Continuum

A Constructive Approach to Basic Concepts of Real Analysis

Author: Rudolf Taschner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 332282036X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 6648

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In this small text the basic theory of the continuum, including the elements of metric space theory and continuity is developed within the system of intuitionistic mathematics in the sense of L.E.J. Brouwer and H. Weyl. The main features are proofs of the famous theorems of Brouwer concerning the continuity of all functions that are defined on "whole" intervals, the uniform continuity of all functions that are defined on compact intervals, and the uniform convergence of all pointwise converging sequences of functions defined on compact intervals. The constructive approach is interesting both in itself and as a contrast to, for example, the formal axiomatic one.

Vom Kontinuum zum Integral

Eine Einführung in die intuitionistische Mathematik

Author: Rudolf Taschner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365823380X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 5409

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Konstruktive Analysis wird in diesem Buch mit anschaulichen Graphiken und bestechenden Beispielen so vorgestellt, dass sie bereits mit elementaren Schulkenntnissen als Voraussetzung verstanden wird. Sie stellt eine höchst attraktive Alternative zur konventionellen, auf den willkürlich gesetzten Axiomen der Mengentheorie fußenden formalen Mathematik dar. Und sie führt zu spektakulären Einsichten über Stetigkeit und gleichmäßige Stetigkeit, über gleichmäßige Konvergenz und über die Vertauschung von Limes und Integral, die der konventionellen Mathematik gänzlich verwehrt sind.

3000 Jahre Analysis

Geschichte - Kulturen - Menschen

Author: Thomas Sonar

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366248918X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 712

View: 6959

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In dem Band werden Entstehung und Entwicklung der grundlegenden Begriffe der Analysis von der Antike bis heute ausführlich behandelt. Eingebettet sind diese Informationen in die Beschreibung historischer und kultureller Ereignisse, die Lebensläufe bedeutender Mathematiker und der von ihnen entwickelten Teilgebiete der Analysis. Zahlreiche gezeichnete Figuren veranschaulichen Begriffe, Lehrsätze und Methoden. Jedes Kapitel enthält eine Tabelle mit den Daten der wesentlichen Ergebnisse und Ereignisse aus 3000 Jahren Analysis.

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080930662

Category: Mathematics

Page: 880

View: 5614

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Set theory is an autonomous and sophisticated field of mathematics that is extremely successful at analyzing mathematical propositions and gauging their consistency strength. It is as a field of mathematics that both proceeds with its own internal questions and is capable of contextualizing over a broad range, which makes set theory an intriguing and highly distinctive subject. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in set theory, providing fresh insights and points of view. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in mathematics, the history of philosophy, and any discipline such as computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Der Zahlen gigantische Schatten

Mathematik im Zeichen der Zeit

Author: Rudolf Taschner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658138939

Category: Mathematics

Page: 257

View: 7182

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In einem informativen und anregenden Streifzug von Pythagoras über Bach zu Bohr zeigt der Autor den Einfluss der Zahlen in der Welt des Wissens und unserer Kultur. In einer lebendigen und persönlich gefärbten Sprache, unterstützt durch eine Fülle bestechend schöner Abbildungen, wird der weit gespannte Themenbereich einem breiten Leserkreis verständlich dargestellt. Dass nach einem Jahr nach Erscheinen bereits die dritte Auflage erfolgte, belegt die These, dass viele Menschen Mathematik vor allem als wesentlichen Bestandteil unserer Kultur empfinden und darüber mehr erfahren wollen. In der dritten Auflage wurden einige Fußnoten im Anmerkungsteil ergänzt.

Real Analysis

A Constructive Approach

Author: Mark Bridger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031563

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 728

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A unique approach to analysis that lets you apply mathematics across a range of subjects This innovative text sets forth a thoroughly rigorous modern account of the theoretical underpinnings of calculus: continuity, differentiability, and convergence. Using a constructive approach, every proof of every result is direct and ultimately computationally verifiable. In particular, existence is never established by showing that the assumption of non-existence leads to a contradiction. The ultimate consequence of this method is that it makes sense—not just to math majors but also to students from all branches of the sciences. The text begins with a construction of the real numbers beginning with the rationals, using interval arithmetic. This introduces readers to the reasoning and proof-writing skills necessary for doing and communicating mathematics, and it sets the foundation for the rest of the text, which includes: Early use of the Completeness Theorem to prove a helpful Inverse Function Theorem Sequences, limits and series, and the careful derivation of formulas and estimates for important functions Emphasis on uniform continuity and its consequences, such as boundedness and the extension of uniformly continuous functions from dense subsets Construction of the Riemann integral for functions uniformly continuous on an interval, and its extension to improper integrals Differentiation, emphasizing the derivative as a function rather than a pointwise limit Properties of sequences and series of continuous and differentiable functions Fourier series and an introduction to more advanced ideas in functional analysis Examples throughout the text demonstrate the application of new concepts. Readers can test their own skills with problems and projects ranging in difficulty from basic to challenging. This book is designed mainly for an undergraduate course, and the author understands that many readers will not go on to more advanced pure mathematics. He therefore emphasizes an approach to mathematical analysis that can be applied across a range of subjects in engineering and the sciences.

Interpreting Godel

Critical Essays

Author: Juliette Kennedy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107002664

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4740

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In this groundbreaking volume, leading philosophers and mathematicians explore Kurt Gödel's work on the foundations and philosophy of mathematics.

The Higher Infinite

Large Cardinals in Set Theory from Their Beginnings

Author: Akihiro Kanamori

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540888667

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 5538

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Over the years, this book has become a standard reference and guide in the set theory community. It provides a comprehensive account of the theory of large cardinals from its beginnings and some of the direct outgrowths leading to the frontiers of contemporary research, with open questions and speculations throughout.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Cabanis - Destutt de Tracy

Author: Donald M. Borchert

Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA

ISBN: 9780028657820

Category: Philosophy

Page: 10

View: 7831

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Containing material from hundreds of highly distinguished contributors representing the world's top universities and institutions, the second edition has a truly global perspective. It contains more than 2,100 entries -- including more than 450 new articles. Among the many topics covered are African, Islamic, Jewish, Russian, Chinese, and Buddhist philosophies; bioethics and biomedical ethics; art and aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics; peace and war; social and political philosophy; the Holocaust; feminist thought; and much more. Additionally, the second edition also features 1,000 biographical entries on major figures in philosophical thought throughout history.

Celebrating Perfection in Education

Dawn of Total Knowledge

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 196

View: 3794

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The Field Of Total Knowledge At The Basis Of All Disciplines Is The Foundation For Celebrating The Availability Of Total Knowledge For Every Student.

Choice

A Classified Cumulation : Volumes 1-10, March 1964--February 1974

Author: Richard K. Gardner,Phyllis Grumm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 6691

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What is Mathematics?

An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods

Author: Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins,Ian Stewart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195105193

Category: Mathematics

Page: 566

View: 578

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A discussion of fundamental mathematical principles from algebra to elementary calculus designed to promote constructive mathematical reasoning.