The Concept of Law

Author: HLA Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630071

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 5995

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Fifty years on from its original publication, HLA Hart's The Concept of Law is widely recognized as the most important work of legal philosophy published in the twentieth century, and remains the starting point for most students coming to the subject for the first time. In this third edition, Leslie Green provides a new introduction that sets the book in the context of subsequent developments in social and political philosophy, clarifying misunderstandings of Hart's project and highlighting central tensions and problems in the work.

Reine Rechtslehre

Mit einem Anhang: Das Problem der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161529733

Category: Law

Page: 921

View: 9731

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Nachdem die 1934 erschienene Erstauflage von Hans Kelsens Reine[r] Rechtslehre im Jahre 2008 als Studienausgabe erschienen ist, folgt nun im selben Format die Studienausgabe der Zweitauflage aus dem Jahre 1960. Zwischen den Auflagen 1934 und 1960 liegt nicht nur ein Vierteljahrhundert und ein Weltkrieg, sondern auch ein Umfangswachstum auf den fünffachen Wert und ein vielfältiger Reifungsprozess von Kelsens Allgemeiner Rechtslehre. Die Zweitauflage bildet zugleich Höhepunkt und Abschluss der sog. "Klassischen Phase" im rechtstheoretischen Werk Hans Kelsens. Überhaupt darf die auf Deutsch erschienene Zweitauflage, die in mehr als ein Dutzend andere Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, als die reifste und letzte geschlossene Darstellung der Reinen Rechtslehre gelten. Gemeinsam mit H.L.A. Harts Concept of Law (1961) stellt sie das wirkmächtigste Werk des modernen rechtstheoretischen Diskurses dar.Die vorliegende Studienausgabe enthält, anders als die seit 1992 publizierten Nachdrucke, auch den für das (Selbst-)Verständnis der Reinen Rechtslehre bedeutsamen Anhang zum Problem der Gerechtigkeit. Im Anmerkungsapparat sind darüber hinaus die aus Anlass der Übersetzung der Zweitauflage ins Italienische 1966 von Kelsen vorgenommenen Korrekturen am deutschen Text erstmals berücksichtigt worden.

International Law

Author: Vaughan Lowe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199230838

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 4863

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"It covers all the main areas of International Law, such as International Economic Law, International Environmental Law, and the ways International Law deals with different types of armed conflict. It also concludes with a short chapter examining the prospects for International Law."--BOOK JACKET.

The Concept of Group Rights in International Law

Groups as Contested Right-Holders, Subjects and Legal Persons

Author: Corsin Bisaz

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004228705

Category: Law

Page: 243

View: 9087

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Through a collective biography of four scholars (Erich Kaufmann, Hans Kelsen, Hersch Lauterpacht and Hans J. Morgenthau) this book investigates how Jewish identity and intellectual ties to Judaic civilization in the German-speaking and legal context influenced international law. By using biblical constitutive metaphors, it argues that Jewish German lawyers inherited, "inter alia," a particular Jewish legal approach that framed their understanding of the law as a means to reach God. The overarching argument is that because of their Jewish heritage, Jewish scholars inherited the endorsement of earthly particularism for the sake of universalism and the other way around: for the sake of universalism, humanity s differences need to be solved through the law.

Philosophy of Law

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199687005

Category: Law

Page: 150

View: 9624

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The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. The revised edition of this Very Short Introduction examines the central questions about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy.

The Conflict of Laws

Author: Adrian Briggs

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019166863X

Category: Law

Page: 434

View: 643

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Adrian Briggs' invaluable introduction to the study of the conflict of laws provides a survey and analysis of the rules of private international law as they apply in England. The volume covers general principles, jurisdiction, and the effect of foreign judgments; choice of law for contractual and non-contractual obligations, the private international law of property, of persons, and of corporations. It does so in a manner which explains and illuminates the principles which underpin the subject in a clear and coherent fashion, as the wealth of literature, case law, and legislation often obscures the architecture of the subject and unnecessarily complicates study. This new edition organizes its material in light of European legislation on private international law, reflecting the shift towards understanding private international law as European law with a common law background instead of common law with European legislative influences. The author's approach is focused on the law and avoids the more abstract theory; as the theory of the conflict of laws is actually to be found in and by applying the legislation and jurisprudence to the cases and issues which arise in private international litigation and legal advice.

Law in Modern Society

Author: Denis Galligan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018864

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 3396

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Providing an introduction to law in modern society, D. J. Galligan considers how legal theory, and particularly H. L. A Hart's The Concept of Law, has developed the idea of law as a highly developed social system, which has a distinctive character and structure, and which shapes and influences people's behaviour. The concept of law as a distinct social phenomenon is examined through reference to, and analysis of, the work of prominent legal and social theorists, in particular M. Weber, E. Durkheim, and N. Luhmann. Galligan's approach is guided by two main ideas: that the law is a social formation with its own character and features, and that at the same time it interacts with, and is affected by, other aspects of society. In analysing these two ideas, Galligan develops a general framework for law and society within which he considers various aspects including: the nature of social rules and the concept of law as a system of rules; whether law has particular social functions and how legal orders run in parallel; the place of coercion; the characteristic form of modern law and the social conditions that support it; implementation and compliance; and what happens when laws are used to change society. Law in Modern Society encourages legal scholars to consider the law as an expression of social relations, examining the connections and tensions between the positive law of modern society and the spontaneous relations they often try to direct or change.

Playing by the Rules

A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life

Author: Frederick Schauer

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191018740

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 9019

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This is a philosophical but non-technical analysis of the very idea of a rule. Although focused somewhat on the role of rules in the legal system, it is also relevant to the place of rules in morality, religion, etiquette, games, language, and family governance. In both explaining the idea of a rule and making the case for taking rules seriously, the book is a departure both in scope and in perspective from anything that now exists.

Evolution of International Environmental Regimes

The Case of Climate Change

Author: Simone Schiele

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107044154

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 2625

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Using the international climate regime as an example, Simone Schiele analyses the ability of international environmental regimes to evolve over time.

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung

Author: Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772805

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 7584

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Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.

Global Stakeholder Democracy

Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Author: Terry Macdonald

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191552992

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 9089

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A pressing question at the forefront of current global political debates is: how can we salvage the democratic project in the context of 'globalization'? In recent years political activists have mounted high-profile campaigns for the democratization of powerful international institutions such as the World Bank and IMF, and for greater 'corporate accountability'. In turn, many of the NGOs linked to these campaigns have themselves faced demands for greater democratic legitimacy. Global Stakeholder Democracy responds to these challenges by outlining an innovative theoretical and institutional framework for democratizing the many state and non-state actors wielding public power in contemporary global politics. In doing so, the book lays out a promising new agenda for global democratic reform. Its analysis begins with the recognition that we cannot simply recreate traditional constitutional and electoral institutions of democratic states on a global scale, through the construction of a democratic 'super-state'. Rather, we must develop new kinds of democratic institutions capable of dealing with the realities of global pluralism, and democratizing powerful non-state actors as well as states. Through reflecting on the democratic dilemmas surrounding the political power of global NGOs, the book mounts a powerful challenge to the state-centric theoretical assumptions that have underpinned the established democratic theories of both 'cosmopolitan' and 'communitarian' liberals. In particular, it challenges the widespread assumption that 'sovereign' power, 'bounded' (national or global) societies, and 'electoral' processes are essential institutional foundations of a democratic system. The book then re-thinks the democratic project from its conceptual foundations, posing the questions: What needs to be controlled? Who ought to control it? How could they do so? In answering these questions, the book develops a novel theoretical model of representative democracy that is focused on plural (state and non-state) actors rather than on unitary state structures. It elaborates a democratic framework based on the new theoretical concepts of 'public power', 'stakeholder communities' and 'non-electoral representation', and illustrates the practical implications of these proposals for projects of global institutional reform.

An Introduction to the Law of Trusts

Author: Simon Gardner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019954574X

Category: Law

Page: 355

View: 9919

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This text provides a concise and analytical overview of the English law of trusts, drawing out especially this area's underlying concerns and suggesting ways in which the rules can be explained and evaluated.

The Sources of International Law

Author: Hugh Thirlway

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508608

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 9761

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In recent years States have made more and more extensive use of the International Court of Justice for the judicial settlement of disputes. Despite being declared by the Courts Statute to have no binding force for States other than the parties to the case, its decisions have come to constitute a body of jurisprudence that is frequently invoked in other disputes, in international negotiation, and in academic writing. This jurisprudence, covering a wide range of aspects of international law, is the subject of considerable ongoing academic examination; it needs however to be seen against the background, and in the light, of the Courts structure, jurisdiction and operation, and the principles applied in these domains. The purpose of this book is thus to provide an accessible and comprehensive study of this aspect of the Court, and in particular of its procedure, written by a scholar who has had unique opportunities of close observation of the Court in action. This distillation of direct experience and expertise makes it essential reading for all those who study, teach or practise international law.

Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191578177

Category: Law

Page: 144

View: 784

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The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. But what actually is law? A set of naturally occurring moral principles, or simply rules agreed by a particular society? What is a 'right' and what rights should people actually have? Is law really colour-blind and gender-blind? Can the law truly tell us whether gay marriages are immoral, what's wrong with racism, or whether we should go to war? Revealing the intriguing and challenging nature of legal philosophy with clarity and enthusiasm, Raymond Wacks explores the notion of law and its role in our lives. Referring to key thinkers from Aristotle to Rawls, Bentham, Dworkin, H.L.A. Hart and Derrida, he looks at the central questions behind legal theory that have fascinated lawyers and philosophers - and anyone - who ever wondered about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Contract Theory

Author: Stephen A. Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018813

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 4673

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This book is both an examination of, and a contribution to, our understanding of the theoretical foundations of the common law of contract. Focusing on contemporary debates in contract theory, Contract Theory aims to help readers better understand the nature and justification of the general idea of contractual obligation, as well as the nature and justification of the particular rules that make up the law of contract. The book is in three parts. Part I introduces the idea of 'contract theory', and presents a framework for identifying, classifying, and evaluating contract theories. Part II describes and evaluates the most important general theories of contract; examples include promissory theories, reliance-based theories, and economic theories. In Part III, the theoretical issues raised by the various specific doctrines that make up the law of contract (e.g., offer and acceptance, consideration, mistake, remedies, etc.) are examined in separate chapters. The legal focus of the book is the common law of the United Kingdom, but the theoretical literature discussed is international in origin; the arguments discussed are thus relevant to understanding the law of other common law jurisdictions and, in many instances, to understanding the law of civil law jurisdictions as well.