Rome and the Classic Maya

Comparing the Slow Collapse of Civilizations

Author: Rebecca Storey,Glenn R Storey

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315309408

Category: HISTORY

Page: 292

View: 8017


This volume compares two of the most famous cases of civilizational collapse, that of the Roman Empire and the Classic Maya world. First examining the concept of collapse, and how it has been utilized in the historical, archaeological and anthropological study of past complex societies, Storey and Storey draw on extensive archaeological evidence to consider the ultimate failure of the institutions, infrastructure and material culture of both of these complex cultures. Detailing the relevant economic, political, social and environmental factors behind these notable falls, Rome and the Classic Maya contends that a phenomenon of “slow collapse” has repeatedly occurred in the course of human history: complex civilizations are shown to eventually come to an end and give way to new cultures. Through their analysis of these two ancient case studies, the authors also present intriguing parallels to the modern world and offer potential lessons for the future.

The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands

Collapse, Transition, and Transformation

Author: Arthur A. Demarest,Don S. Rice

Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado


Category: History

Page: 676

View: 9440


This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power centres in the southern lowlands and rather abruptly ceased the distinctive cultural practices that marked their apogee in the Classic period. Archaeological fieldwork during the past three decades, however, has uncovered enormous regional variability in the ways the Maya experienced the shift from Classic to Post-classic society, revealing a period of cultural change more complex than acknowledged by traditional models. Featuring an impressive roster of scholars, the book presents the most recent data and interpretations pertaining to this perplexing period of cultural transformation in the Maya lowlands. Although the research reveals clear interregional patterns, the contributors resist a single overarching explanation. Rather, this volume's diverse and nuanced interpretations provide a new, more properly grounded beginning for continued debate on the nature of lowland Terminal Classic Maya civilisation.

The Ancient Maya

New Perspectives

Author: Heather Irene McKillop

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576076962

Category: History

Page: 453

View: 9441


Thanks to powerful innovations in archaeology and other types of historical research, we now have a picture of everyday life in the Mayan empire that turns the long-accepted conventional wisdom on its head. * Includes numerous illustrations and drawings plus depictions of important artifacts such as the murals of Bonampak and the hieroglyphic stairway of Copan * Provides detailed maps of major Maya cities as well as other research sites

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization

Author: Arthur Demarest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592246

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 3584


In this archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasizes both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life.

Ich weiß, warum der gefangene Vogel singt

Author: Maya Angelou

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518759442

Category: Fiction

Page: 321

View: 2648


Die Ikone der afroamerikanischen Literatur, ihr epochemachendes Werk: Maya Angelou wächst in den Dreißigerjahren im Kramerladen ihrer Großmutter am Rande einer Baumwollplantage auf. Für sie und ihren Bruder ein Ort des Zaubers und des Spiels inmitten einer schwarzen Gemeinde, die der Hass und die Armut auszulöschen droht ... Dieses Buch erzählt die Geschichte eines trotzigen Mädchens im Kampf gegen unvorstellbare Widerstände. Und zur gleichen Zeit singt es die schönste Hymne auf die weltverändernde Kraft der Worte, der Fantasie, der Zärtlichkeit im Angesicht des Grauens. »Eine Offenbarung und mein Talisman.« Oprah Winfrey »Sie hatte neunzehn Talente, gebrauchte zehn und war ein richtiges Original.« Toni Morrison »Markiert den Anfang einer neuen Ära.« James Baldwin »Das erste Buch, das ich als Jugendliche gelesen habe.« Rihanna »Eine phänomenale Frau!« Beyoncé


Recent Investigations at the Classic Maya Center

Author: Damien B. Marken

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759113858

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5541


Collection of articles on recent excavations and studies of one of the best known Maya archaeological sites

Gordon R. Willey and American Archaeology

Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Jeremy A. Sabloff,William Leonard Fash

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806138053

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 6123


Gauging the impact of one scholar's contributions to modern archaeology

Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands

An Epigraphic Approach to Territorial Organization

Author: Joyce Marcus,Robert L Carneiro Distinguished University Professor Joyce Marcus

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks

ISBN: 9780884020660

Category: History

Page: 203

View: 2111


Marcus reconstructs Classic Maya political organization through the use of evidence derived from epigraphy, settlement pattern surveys, and locational analysis. This study describes the development of a four-tiered settlement hierarchy and its subsequent collapse.

The Fall of the Ancient Maya

Solving the Mystery of the Maya Collapse

Author: David L. Webster

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500051139

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5714


An account of the mysterious fall of the ancient Maya civilization evaluates current theories and myths, citing sixteenth-century evidence of a residual population and offering a portrait of its Late Classic society beset by overly ambitious nobles, wars, and an exploding population that could not be sustained by its scanty agriculture.

Diet, Health, and Status Among the Pasión Maya

A Reappraisal of the Collapse

Author: Lori E. Wright

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 9780826514189

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2648


This volume presents the data, analyses, and interpretation of a wide range of osteological and burial data. The Petexbatun bioarchaeology subproject included complete assessment of burial practice and osteology. The chapters on this research explore population variability in time and space, paleopathology, and trauma from skeletal remains throughout the various sites and the inter-site areas of the Petexbatun, as well as from Seibal and Altar de Sacrificios. Yet Wright's innovative study goes on to apply the most recent physical and chemical techniques, particularly isotopic analysis, to assess diet and health in the populations of the Pasion region. Variability between sites, across levels of status, and over time are assessed and conservatively interpreted in the light of contemporary issues and problems of physical, chemical, and statistical methodology. Finally, the Petexbatun and Pasion region results are compared in order to reassess past and current studies and interpretation of skeletal remains in other regions of the ancient Maya lowlands. In the final chapters of this work, Wright's cutting-edge osteological analyses are used to critique current alternative interpretations of Late Classic to Postclassic culture history and alternative hypotheses on the role of changes in climate, ecology, diet, nutrition, invasion, and other factors in the end of Classic Maya civilization and the transition to the Postclassic period. This volume also provides an independent assessment of the results of other Petexbatun region subprojects and a comparative evaluation of recent studies by other projects of Late and Terminal Classic culture change. For bioarchaeologists, this work sets a new standard in breadth and depth of osteological study. For Pre-Columbian scholars in general, it provides new insights into the environmental and biological issues involved in the debate on the end of the Classic period of Maya civilization. VIMA Series #2

After Collapse

The Regeneration of Complex Societies

Author: Glenn M. Schwartz,John J. Nichols

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816529360

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 7984


From the Euphrates Valley to the southern Peruvian Andes, early complex societies have risen and fallen, but in some cases they have also been reborn. Prior archaeological investigation of these societies has focused primarily on emergence and collapse. This is the first book-length work to examine the question of how and why early complex urban societies have reappeared after periods of decentralization and collapse. Ranging widely across the Near East, the Aegean, East Asia, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, these cross-cultural studies expand our understanding of social evolution by examining how societies were transformed during the period of radical change now termed Òcollapse.Ó They seek to discover how societal complexity reemerged, how second-generation states formed, and how these re-emergent states resembled or differed from the complex societies that preceded them. The contributors draw on material culture as well as textual and ethnohistoric data to consider such factors as preexistent institutions, structures, and ideologies that are influential in regeneration; economic and political resilience; the role of social mobility, marginal groups, and peripheries; and ethnic change. In addition to presenting a number of theoretical viewpoints, the contributors also propose reasons why regeneration sometimes does not occur after collapse. A concluding contribution by Norman Yoffee provides a critical exegesis of ÒcollapseÓ and highlights important patterns found in the case histories related to peripheral regions and secondary elites, and to the ideology of statecraft. After Collapse blazes new research trails in both archaeology and the study of social change, demonstrating that the archaeological record often offers more clues to the Òdark agesÓ that precede regeneration than do text-based studies. It opens up a new window on the past by shifting the focus away from the rise and fall of ancient civilizations to their often more telling fall and rise. CONTRIBUTORS Bennet Bronson, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Christina A. Conlee, Lisa Cooper, Timothy S. Hare, Alan L. Kolata, Marilyn A. Masson, Gordon F. McEwan, Ellen Morris, Ian Morris, Carlos Peraza Lope, Kenny Sims, Miriam T. Stark, Jill A. Weber, Norman Yoffee

Understanding Collapse

Author: Guy D. Middleton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110715149X

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 5751


In this lively survey, Guy D. Middleton critically examines our ideas about collapse - how we explain it and how we have constructed potentially misleading myths around collapses - showing how and why collapse of societies was a much more complex phenomenon than is often admitted.