Rome and the Classic Maya

Comparing the Slow Collapse of Civilizations

Author: Rebecca Storey,Glenn R Storey

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315309408

Category: HISTORY

Page: 292

View: 6163

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This volume compares two of the most famous cases of civilizational collapse, that of the Roman Empire and the Classic Maya world. First examining the concept of collapse, and how it has been utilized in the historical, archaeological and anthropological study of past complex societies, Storey and Storey draw on extensive archaeological evidence to consider the ultimate failure of the institutions, infrastructure and material culture of both of these complex cultures. Detailing the relevant economic, political, social and environmental factors behind these notable falls, Rome and the Classic Maya contends that a phenomenon of “slow collapse” has repeatedly occurred in the course of human history: complex civilizations are shown to eventually come to an end and give way to new cultures. Through their analysis of these two ancient case studies, the authors also present intriguing parallels to the modern world and offer potential lessons for the future.

1177 v. Chr.

Der erste Untergang der Zivilisation

Author: Eric H. Cline

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806231953

Category:

Page: 352

View: 7554

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Die Spur der Götter

Author: Graham Hancock

Publisher: Bastei Lübbe GmbH & CompanyKG (Bastei Verlag)

ISBN: 9783404641499

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 3498

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Lange vor unserer Zeitrechnung gab es bereits eine andere, technisch fortschrittliche Kultur. Zu diesem Schluß kommt Graham Hancock nach dem eingehenden Studium von Karten aus dem 16. Jahrhundert, die zum Teil vermutlich auf noch älterenExemplaren basieren und auf denen der Küstenverlauf der seit Jahrtausenden mit einer dicken Eisschicht bedeckten Antarktis genau eingezeichnet ist.Wie kamen die damaligen Kartographen zu ihren Kenntnissen über eine Landmasse, die sich erstheutzutage mit den modernsten Geräten erforschen läßt? Ist es möglich, daß durch eine Verschiebung der Erdkruste Landmassen unter Wasser gesetzt wurden und damit eine hochentwickelte Zivilisation vernichtet wurde?Graham Hancock machte sichauf den Weg, diesen Fragen und ungeklärten Rätseln nachzuspüren, um überall auf der Welt Beweise zu finden, die seine Theorie stützen.

The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands

Collapse, Transition, and Transformation

Author: Arthur A. Demarest,Don S. Rice

Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 676

View: 5470

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This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power centres in the southern lowlands and rather abruptly ceased the distinctive cultural practices that marked their apogee in the Classic period. Archaeological fieldwork during the past three decades, however, has uncovered enormous regional variability in the ways the Maya experienced the shift from Classic to Post-classic society, revealing a period of cultural change more complex than acknowledged by traditional models. Featuring an impressive roster of scholars, the book presents the most recent data and interpretations pertaining to this perplexing period of cultural transformation in the Maya lowlands. Although the research reveals clear interregional patterns, the contributors resist a single overarching explanation. Rather, this volume's diverse and nuanced interpretations provide a new, more properly grounded beginning for continued debate on the nature of lowland Terminal Classic Maya civilisation.

The Lost Civilization

The Story of the Classic Maya

Author: T. Patrick Culbert

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Central America

Page: 123

View: 929

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The Petexbatun Regional Archaeological Project

A Multidisciplinary Study of the Maya Collapse

Author: Arthur Andrew Demarest

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 9780826514431

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 2311

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This overview and introduction to the multi-volume Petexbatun project series describes the objectives, structure, personnel, and major findings of the seven-year multidisciplinary investigation. The previous research, issues, and problem-orientation of the project are reviewed, and an unusually frank history of the 1989-1996 field investigations is presented. Final results of the dozen Petexbatun subprojects are previewed, including summaries of site-specific studies of centers and subordinate kingdoms and the regional disciplinary subprojects exploring osteology, ecology, faunal studies, ceramics, epigraphic history, settlement patterns, defensive systems, caves, and other aspects of Classic period civilization and culture change. Then, based on the project's findings, Demarest presents interpretive reconstructions of the linked histories of the Pasion River kingdoms and correlates these interpretations with the variable evidence and culture-histories of other regions of the Classic Maya lowlands. He points out that only through linking such accurate regional culture-histories can we begin to understand the eighth- through tenth-century changes in Classic Maya civilization. The volume describes how the Petexbatun project addressed this challenge in its research design, structure, and large, multicentered zone of study. Building on the previous twenty years of Harvard research in adjacent zones, the Vanderbilt projects succeeded in reconstructing events and processes throughout the Pasion River Valley, the largest single inland trade route of the ancient Maya world. In its conclusions, this first of the Petexbatun volumes of multidisciplinary studies, evidence, analyses, and interpretations, provides answers to some long-standing questions about the "Classic Maya collapse," as well as a new, preliminary culture-history of the abandonment, decline, or transformation of the Classic Maya kingdoms of the western Peten. It is an exciting preview and summary of a decade of evidence on the debate over the fate of the Classic Maya civilization, one of the great controversies in the history of Pre-Columbian archaeology. VIMA Series #1

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization

Author: Arthur Demarest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592246

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 1802

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In this archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasizes both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life.

The Ancient Maya

New Perspectives

Author: Heather Irene McKillop

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576076962

Category: History

Page: 453

View: 6013

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Thanks to powerful innovations in archaeology and other types of historical research, we now have a picture of everyday life in the Mayan empire that turns the long-accepted conventional wisdom on its head. * Includes numerous illustrations and drawings plus depictions of important artifacts such as the murals of Bonampak and the hieroglyphic stairway of Copan * Provides detailed maps of major Maya cities as well as other research sites

Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands

An Epigraphic Approach to Territorial Organization

Author: Joyce Marcus,Robert L Carneiro Distinguished University Professor Joyce Marcus

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks

ISBN: 9780884020660

Category: History

Page: 203

View: 9817

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Marcus reconstructs Classic Maya political organization through the use of evidence derived from epigraphy, settlement pattern surveys, and locational analysis. This study describes the development of a four-tiered settlement hierarchy and its subsequent collapse.

Ich weiß, warum der gefangene Vogel singt

Author: Maya Angelou

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518759442

Category: Fiction

Page: 300

View: 7366

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Die Ikone der afroamerikanischen Literatur, ihr epochemachendes Werk: Maya Angelou wächst in den Dreißigerjahren im Kramerladen ihrer Großmutter am Rande einer Baumwollplantage auf. Für sie und ihren Bruder ein Ort des Zaubers und des Spiels inmitten einer schwarzen Gemeinde, die der Hass und die Armut auszulöschen droht ... Dieses Buch erzählt die Geschichte eines trotzigen Mädchens im Kampf gegen unvorstellbare Widerstände. Und zur gleichen Zeit singt es die schönste Hymne auf die weltverändernde Kraft der Worte, der Fantasie, der Zärtlichkeit im Angesicht des Grauens. »Eine Offenbarung und mein Talisman.« Oprah Winfrey »Sie hatte neunzehn Talente, gebrauchte zehn und war ein richtiges Original.« Toni Morrison »Markiert den Anfang einer neuen Ära.« James Baldwin »Das erste Buch, das ich als Jugendliche gelesen habe.« Rihanna »Eine phänomenale Frau!« Beyoncé

Gordon R. Willey and American Archaeology

Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Jeremy A. Sabloff,William Leonard Fash

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806138053

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 4995

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Gauging the impact of one scholar's contributions to modern archaeology

The Fall of the Ancient Maya

Solving the Mystery of the Maya Collapse

Author: David L. Webster

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500051139

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 8568

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An account of the mysterious fall of the ancient Maya civilization evaluates current theories and myths, citing sixteenth-century evidence of a residual population and offering a portrait of its Late Classic society beset by overly ambitious nobles, wars, and an exploding population that could not be sustained by its scanty agriculture.

Palenque

Recent Investigations at the Classic Maya Center

Author: Damien B. Marken

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759113858

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9962

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Collection of articles on recent excavations and studies of one of the best known Maya archaeological sites

The Great Maya Droughts

Water, Life, and Death

Author: Richardson Benedict Gill

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826327741

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1654

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This innovative study argues that the collapse of Classic Maya civilization was driven by catastrophic drought. Between A.D. 800 and 1000, unrelenting drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilization. Linking global, regional, and local climate change, the author explores how atmospheric processes, volcanism, ocean currents, and other natural forces combined to create the dry climate that pried apart the highly complex civilization in the tropical Maya Lowlands in the ninth and tenth centuries. Drawing on knowledge of other prehistoric and historic droughts, The Great Maya Droughts is a useful study of the relationship of humans to their natural and physical environment. The author tries to understand why the Classic Maya failed to adjust their behavior and culture to the climatic conditions and why civilizations in general sometimes collapse in the face of radical environmental change.

Diet, Health, and Status Among the Pasión Maya

A Reappraisal of the Collapse

Author: Lori E. Wright

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 9780826514189

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6445

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This volume presents the data, analyses, and interpretation of a wide range of osteological and burial data. The Petexbatun bioarchaeology subproject included complete assessment of burial practice and osteology. The chapters on this research explore population variability in time and space, paleopathology, and trauma from skeletal remains throughout the various sites and the inter-site areas of the Petexbatun, as well as from Seibal and Altar de Sacrificios. Yet Wright's innovative study goes on to apply the most recent physical and chemical techniques, particularly isotopic analysis, to assess diet and health in the populations of the Pasion region. Variability between sites, across levels of status, and over time are assessed and conservatively interpreted in the light of contemporary issues and problems of physical, chemical, and statistical methodology. Finally, the Petexbatun and Pasion region results are compared in order to reassess past and current studies and interpretation of skeletal remains in other regions of the ancient Maya lowlands. In the final chapters of this work, Wright's cutting-edge osteological analyses are used to critique current alternative interpretations of Late Classic to Postclassic culture history and alternative hypotheses on the role of changes in climate, ecology, diet, nutrition, invasion, and other factors in the end of Classic Maya civilization and the transition to the Postclassic period. This volume also provides an independent assessment of the results of other Petexbatun region subprojects and a comparative evaluation of recent studies by other projects of Late and Terminal Classic culture change. For bioarchaeologists, this work sets a new standard in breadth and depth of osteological study. For Pre-Columbian scholars in general, it provides new insights into the environmental and biological issues involved in the debate on the end of the Classic period of Maya civilization. VIMA Series #2