The Cathedral & the Bazaar

Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary

Author: Eric S. Raymond

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596553968

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 9974

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Open source provides the competitive advantage in the Internet Age. According to the August Forrester Report, 56 percent of IT managers interviewed at Global 2,500 companies are already using some type of open source software in their infrastructure and another 6 percent will install it in the next two years. This revolutionary model for collaborative software development is being embraced and studied by many of the biggest players in the high-tech industry, from Sun Microsystems to IBM to Intel.The Cathedral & the Bazaar is a must for anyone who cares about the future of the computer industry or the dynamics of the information economy. Already, billions of dollars have been made and lost based on the ideas in this book. Its conclusions will be studied, debated, and implemented for years to come. According to Bob Young, "This is Eric Raymond's great contribution to the success of the open source revolution, to the adoption of Linux-based operating systems, and to the success of open source users and the companies that supply them."The interest in open source software development has grown enormously in the past year. This revised and expanded paperback edition includes new material on open source developments in 1999 and 2000. Raymond's clear and effective writing style accurately describing the benefits of open source software has been key to its success. With major vendors creating acceptance for open source within companies, independent vendors will become the open source story in 2001.

The cathedral and the bazaar

musings on Linux and Open Source by an accidental revolutionary

Author: Eric S. Raymond

Publisher: O'Reilly Media

ISBN: 9780596001087

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 9325

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Argues that the development of Linux by thousands of programmers, in a coordinated effort without centralized management signals unprecedented power shifts in the computer industry.

The Cathedral & the Bazaar

Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary

Author: Eric Raymond

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596001088

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 3099

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Argues that the development of Linux by thousands of programmers, in a coordinated effort without centralized management signals unprecedented power shifts in the computer industry.

Free Revealing

How Firms Can Profit From Being Open

Author: Oliver Alexy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3834980684

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 1544

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Using the example of corporate OSS engagement, Oliver Alexy shows how free revealing can be carried out both effectively and efficiently by companies. He evaluates potential advantages and disadvantages and looks at related organizational processes to understand how this practice diffuses within the corporation and how firms can use it successfully.

Spass und Software-Entwicklung

Zur Motivation von Open-Source-Programmierern

Author: Benno Luthiger Stoll

Publisher: ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press

ISBN: 3838257537

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 3513

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Mit Software kann man viel Geld verdienen. Unter diesem Eindruck erscheint das Open-Source-Phänomen als Paradox: Warum engagieren sich Leute, um ein qualitativ hochwertiges Produkt zu erzeugen, wenn dieses in der Folge frei zur Verfügung gestellt wird? Aber gleichzeitig gilt: Programmieren macht Spass. Benno Luthiger Stoll zeigt in seiner Studie, welcher Erklärungsgehalt dieser Sachverhalt hat, um das Phänomen Open Source zu begründen. Die Untersuchung zeigt weiter, dass Spass am Programmieren auch unter kommerziellen Bedingungen eine Rolle spielt. Die Analyse von Spass im Kontext von Open Source erlaubt somit Hinweise, wie die Arbeitsbedingungen gestaltet werden müssen, damit Software-Entwickler Freude an der Arbeit haben und in der Folge mit grosser Produktivität tätig sind.

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593425165

Category: Fiction

Page: 525

View: 8560

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Teilen ist das neue Besitzen Der Kapitalismus geht zu Ende? Eine gewagte These! Doch wer könnte eine solch spannende Zukunftsvision mit Leben füllen? Jeremy Rifkin - Regierungsberater, Zukunftsvisionär und Bestsellerautor. Kurz: "einer der 150 einflussreichsten Intellektuellen der Welt" (National Journal). Rifkin ist überzeugt: Das Ende des Kapitalismus kommt nicht von heute auf morgen, aber dennoch unaufhaltsam. Die Zeichen dafür sind längst unübersehbar: - Die Produktionskosten sinken. - Wir leben in einer Share Economy, in der immer mehr das Teilen, Tauschen und Teilnehmen im Fokus steht. - Das Zeitalter der intelligenten Gegenstände - das Internet der Dinge - ist gekommen. Es fördert die Produktivität in einem Maße, dass die Grenzkosten vieler Güter und Dienstleistungen nahezu null sind, was sie praktisch kostenlos macht. - Eine einst auf Knappheit gegründete Ökonomie macht immer mehr einer Ökonomie des Überflusses Platz. Ein neues Buch für eine neue Zeit Jeremy Rifkin fügt in seinem neuen Buch "Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft. Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus" die Koordinaten der neuen Zeit endlich zu einem erkennbaren Bild zusammen. Aus unserer industriell geprägten erwächst eine globale, gemeinschaftlich orientierte Gesellschaft. In ihr ist Teilen mehr wert als Besitzen, sind Bürger über nationale Grenzen hinweg politisch aktiv und steht das Streben nach Lebensqualität über dem nach Reichtum. Die Befreiung vom Diktat des Eigentums hat begonnen und mit ihr eine neue Zeit. - Wie wird dieser fundamentale Wandel unser Leben verändern? - Wie wird der Wandel unsere Zukunft bestimmen? - Was heißt das schon heute für unseren Alltag? Kein anderer könnte die Zeichen der Zeit besser für uns deuten als der Zukunftsvisionär Rifkin in seinem neuen Buch.

Access to Knowledge

A Guide for Everyone

Author: Jeremy Malcolm

Publisher: Consumers International

ISBN: 0956611745

Category: Information society

Page: 144

View: 7017

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"Access to Knowledge (A2K) is the umbrella term for a movement that aims to create more equitable public access to the products of human culture and learning. The ultimate objective of the movement is to create a world in which educational and cultural works are accessible to all, and in which consumers and creators alike participate in a vibrant ecosystem of innovation and creativity ... the issues involved in the A2K movement can be daunting. These issues, including copyright and patent law reform, open content licensing, and communication rights, often involve legal and technological concepts that even specialists find difficult "--Back cover

The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability

Author: Ann Thorpe

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610910606

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 4096

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Designing for sustainability is an innovation shaping both the design industry and design education today.Yet architects, product designers, and other key professionals in this new field have so far lacked a resource that addresses their sensibilities and concerns. The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability now explores the basic principles, concepts, and practice of sustainable design in a visually sophisticated and engaging style. The book tackles not only the ecological aspects of sustainable design-designers' choice of materials and manufacturing processes have a tremendous impact on the natural world-but also the economic and cultural elements involved. The Atlas is neither a how-to manual nor collection of recipes for sustainable design, but a compendium of fresh approaches to sustainability that designers can incorporate into daily thinking and practice. Illuminating many facets of this exciting field, the book offers ideas on how to harmonize human and natural systems, and then explores practical options for making the business of design more supportive of long-term sustainability. An examination of the ethical dimensions of sustainable developmin our public and private lives is the theme presthroughout. Like other kinds of atlases, The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability illustrates its subject, but it goes far beyond its visual appeal, stimulating design solutions for "developmthat cultivates environmental and social conditions that will support human well-being indefinitely."

Open Source Software: Quality Verification

9th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2013, Koper-Capodistria, Slovenia, June 25-28, 2013, Proceedings

Author: Etiel Petrinja,Giancarlo Succi,Nabil El Ioini,Alberto Sillitti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642389287

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 6129

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International IFIP WG 2.13 Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2013, held in Koper-Capodistria, Slovenia, in June 2013. The 18 revised full papers and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on innovation and sustainability; practices and methods; FOSS technologies; security and open standards; and business models and licensing.

Dynamic Fair Dealing

Creating Canadian Culture Online

Author: Rosemary Coombe,Darren Wershler,Martin Zeilinger

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665629

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 456

View: 9164

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Dynamic Fair Dealing argues that only a dynamic, flexible, and equitable approach to cultural ownership can accommodate the astonishing range of ways that we create, circulate, manage, attribute, and make use of digital cultural objects. The Canadian legal tradition strives to balance the rights of copyright holders with public needs to engage with copyright protected material, but there is now a substantial gap between what people actually do with cultural forms and how the law understands those practices. Digital technologies continue to shape new forms of cultural production, circulation, and distribution that challenge both the practicality and the desirability of Canada's fair dealing provisions. Dynamic Fair Dealing presents a range of insightful and provocative essays that rethink our relationship to Canadian fair dealing policy. With contributions from scholars, activists, and artists from across disciplines, professions, and creative practices, this book explores the extent to which copyright has expanded into every facet of society and reveals how our capacities to actually deal fairly with cultural goods has suffered in the process. In order to drive conversations about the cultural worlds Canadians imagine, and the policy reforms we need to realize these visions, we need Dynamic Fair Dealing.

The Knockoff Economy

How Imitation Sparks Innovation

Author: Kal Raustiala,Christopher Sprigman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 7795

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From the shopping mall to the corner bistro, knockoffs are everywhere in today's marketplace. Conventional wisdom holds that copying kills creativity, and that laws that protect against copies are essential to innovation--and economic success. But are copyrights and patents always necessary? In The Knockoff Economy, Kal Raustiala and Christopher Sprigman provocatively argue that creativity can not only survive in the face of copying, but can thrive. The Knockoff Economy approaches the question of incentives and innovation in a wholly new way--by exploring creative fields where copying is generally legal, such as fashion, food, and even professional football. By uncovering these important but rarely studied industries, Raustiala and Sprigman reveal a nuanced and fascinating relationship between imitation and innovation. In some creative fields, copying is kept in check through informal industry norms enforced by private sanctions. In others, the freedom to copy actually promotes creativity. High fashion gave rise to the very term "knockoff," yet the freedom to imitate great designs only makes the fashion cycle run faster--and forces the fashion industry to be even more creative. Raustiala and Sprigman carry their analysis from food to font design to football plays to finance, examining how and why each of these vibrant industries remains innovative even when imitation is common. There is an important thread that ties all these instances together--successful creative industries can evolve to the point where they become inoculated against--and even profit from--a world of free and easy copying. And there are important lessons here for copyright-focused industries, like music and film, that have struggled as digital technologies have made copying increasingly widespread and difficult to stop. Raustiala and Sprigman's arguments have been making headlines in The New Yorker, the New York Times, the Financial Times, the Boston Globe, Le Monde, and at the Freakonomics blog, where they are regular contributors. By looking where few had looked before--at markets that fall outside normal IP law--The Knockoff Economy opens up fascinating creative worlds. And it demonstrates that not only is a great deal of innovation possible without intellectual property, but that intellectual property's absence is sometimes better for innovation.

Towards Recognition of Minority Groups

Legal and Communication Strategies

Author: Professor Marek Zirk-Sadowski,Professor Bartosz Wojciechowski,Asst Prof Karolina M Cern

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472444906

Category: Law

Page: 294

View: 8359

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This book analyses debates concerning the nature, justification and legal protection of human rights with reference to the issues surrounding social milieu as a source of any legitimized law. With contributions from a global network of scientists across several continents, the work examines the understanding of the normative framework, expressed in terms of human rights that guarantee autonomous action in public and private and goes beyond the legal analysis to discuss communication strategies in human rights.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 4454

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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

Threat Modeling

Designing for Security

Author: Adam Shostack

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118810058

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 3486

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The only security book to be chosen as a Dr. Dobbs Jolt Award Finalist since Bruce Schneier's Secrets and Lies and Applied Cryptography! Adam Shostack is responsible for security development lifecycle threat modeling at Microsoft and is one of a handful of threat modeling experts in the world. Now, he is sharing his considerable expertise into this unique book. With pages of specific actionable advice, he details how to build better security into the design of systems, software, or services from the outset. You'll explore various threat modeling approaches, find out how to test your designs against threats, and learn effective ways to address threats that have been validated at Microsoft and other top companies. Systems security managers, you'll find tools and a framework for structured thinking about what can go wrong. Software developers, you'll appreciate the jargon-free and accessible introduction to this essential skill. Security professionals, you'll learn to discern changing threats and discover the easiest ways to adopt a structured approach to threat modeling. Provides a unique how-to for security and software developers who need to design secure products and systems and test their designs Explains how to threat model and explores various threat modeling approaches, such as asset-centric, attacker-centric and software-centric Provides effective approaches and techniques that have been proven at Microsoft and elsewhere Offers actionable how-to advice not tied to any specific software, operating system, or programming language Authored by a Microsoft professional who is one of the most prominent threat modeling experts in the world As more software is delivered on the Internet or operates on Internet-connected devices, the design of secure software is absolutely critical. Make sure you're ready with Threat Modeling: Designing for Security.

Understanding Community Media

SAGE Publications

Author: Kevin Howley

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342859

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 9764

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A text that reveals the value and significance of community media in an era of global communication With contributions from an international team of well-known experts, media activists, and promising young scholars, this comprehensive volume examines community-based media from theoretical, empirical, and practical perspectives. More than 30 original essays provide an incisive and timely analysis of the relationships between media and society, technology and culture, and communication and community. Key Features Provides vivid examples of community and alternative media initiatives from around the world Explores a wide range of media institutions, forms, and practices—community radio, participatory video, street newspapers, Independent Media Centers, and community informatics Offers cutting-edge analysis of community and alternative media with original essays from new, emerging, and established voices in the field Takes a multidimensional approach to community media studies by highlighting the social, economic, cultural, and political significance of alternative, independent, and community-oriented media organizations Enters the ongoing debates regarding the theory and practice of community media in a comprehensive and engaging fashion Intended Audience This core text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Community Media, Alternative Media, Media & Social Change, Communication & Culture, and Participatory Communication in the departments of communication, media studies, sociology, and cultural studies.

Learning and Research in Virtual Worlds

Author: Jeremy Hunsinger,Aleks Krotoski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135753113

Category: Education

Page: 10

View: 4305

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Virtual worlds are places where humans interact, and as such they can be environments for research and learning. However, they are complex and mutable in ways that more controlled and traditional environments are not. Although computer-mediated, virtual worlds are multifaceted social systems like the offline world, and choosing to study virtual world phenomena demands as much consideration for the participants, the environment and the researcher as offline. By exploring virtual worlds as places of research and learning, the international practitioners in this book demonstrate the power of these worlds to replicate and extend our arenas of research and learning. They focus on process and outcomes and consider questions that arise from engaging in teaching and research in these spaces, including new approaches to research ethics, internationalization, localization, and collaboration in virtual worlds. This book was originally published as a special issue of Learning, Media & Technology.

Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven zur Zukunft der Wertschöpfung

Author: Tobias Redlich,Manuel Moritz,Jens P. Wulfsberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658202653

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 3072

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In diesem Werk wird die Wertschöpfung der Zukunft auf Grundlage neuster Forschungsergebnisse im Rahmen eines interdisziplinären Ansatzes von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern aus den Technik-, Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Rechtswissenschaften diskutiert. Technologische Treiber und rechtliche Aspekte werden dabei ebenso beleuchtet wie die ökonomischen und soziokulturellen Chancen und Herausforderungen, die sich infolge zunehmend kollaborativer und dezentraler Wertschöpfungsprozesse ergeben.​