The Casper Site

A Hell Gap Bison Kill on the High Plains

Author: George C. Frison

Publisher: Percheron Press

ISBN: 9780975273845

Category: History

Page: 296

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George Frison's report on the 10,000-year-old Casper Site helped establish how large animal communal kill sites should be excavated, analyzed, and reported. With his background in ranching and hunting, Frison knows more about large animals than any other archaeologist. In The Casper Site Frison began to share that knowledge as well as the techniques of bone bed excavation; that, and the book's interdisciplinary approach, make it a landmark in paleoindian archaeology and faunal analysis. As Marcel Kornfeld writes in his new introduction, "One of Frison's outstanding contributions to Great Plains prehistory has been in the arena of bison studies and bone beds in particular, and Casper is one of its finest examples." Originally published by Academic Press in 1974. Praise from readers "The Casper site is one in a long tradition of bison procurement site studies by George Frison. This site typifies the use of the parabolic sand dune for bison trapping. The suite of analyses employed set the standard for kill site archaeology on the Plains and around the globe." Leland C. Bement, Oklahoma Archeological Survey "With astonishing fidelity the events of an ancient bison kill are uncovered from the rolling sands of Wyoming. That these remarkable events happened 10,000 years ago, and yet we see them so clearly today, is testimony to the skill of Frison and his team of researchers. A landmark publication." Jack W. Brink, Royal Alberta Museum "The brainchild of a remarkable archaeologist and a benchmark in integrative archaeological science, putting to work innovations in spatial analysis, experiments in technology and vertebrate taphonomy, hunter-gatherer ethnoarchaeology, geology, and zooarchaeology. One cannot help but sense the squeak of sand churned by desperate hooves when reading this classic study." Mary C. Stiner, University of Arizona

Hell Gap

A Stratified Paleoindian Campsite at the Edge of the Rockies

Author: Mary Lou Larson,Marcel Kornfeld,George C. Frison

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874809435

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 5627

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The Hell Gap site was first uncovered in the late 1950s and is one of the gems in the history of American archaeology. Yet it is still one of the least understood and most poorly published of the sites that helped establish the framework for Paleoindian archaeology as it exists today. No other excavated site in North America contains a record that includes all cultural complexes known on the Plains between 11,000 and 8,000 B.P. Major excavations during the 1960s, conducted by the University of Wyoming and Harvard's Peabody Museum, not only removed vast quantities of Paleoindian deposits, but also trained some of the foremost archaeologists of our time. Much has happened in American archaeology in the intervening years and modern techniques of dating, excavation, and analysis are now capable of revealing much more about the specifics of Hell Gap. This volume finally begins the analysis of the vast quantity of material recovered from one of the most significant Paleoindian sites in North America, as contributors consider such topics as settlement, subsistence, technology, paleoenvironments, and archaeological site formation. The studies included here expand our understanding of the results of the original investigators, while providing an important reevaluation of their interpretations.

The Agate Basin Site

A Record of the Paleoindian Occupation of the Northwestern High Plains

Author: George C. Frison,Dennis J. Stanford,Matthew Glenn Hill

Publisher: Percheron Press

ISBN: 9780989824903

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 3383

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The Agate Basin monograph is not only a classic of Plains paleoindian archaeology, but also of multidisciplinary research, geoarchaeology, zooarchaeology, and experimental archaeology. Lucid presentation of meticulously excavated and analyzed sediments, bones, and artifacts convey an unmatched sense of Paleoindian life.

Archaeological Geology of the Archaic Period in North America

Author: E. Arthur Bettis III

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813722977

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 6413

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The Archaic Period is the longest and one of the most transitional of the cultural periods in North America. Its exact date varied across the continent, but it is distinguished from the earlier Paleo-Indian cultures by new styles of projectile points and other artifacts, and from the later prehistor

Bison Hunting at Cooper Site

Where Lightning Bolts Drew Thundering Herds

Author: Paul Allen Zoch,Leland C. Bement,Brian J. Carter

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806130538

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 2447

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Almost seventy years ago the first Folsom projectile point found in association with ancient bison bones in northern New Mexico demonstrated that Paleoindian people were in the New World as long ago as the end of the last ice age. To this day intact deposits containing Folsom points are rare, yet these points, with their distinctive channel flakes and exquisite craftsmanship, remain the best identifier of the culture. The Cooper site, discovered in 1992 in northwestern Oklahoma, is among the largest Folsom-age kill sites in the southern plains. Including extraordinarily well-preserved bison bones and thirty-three projectile points, the site has yielded major contributions to what is known of this early people. Leland C. Bement outlines the history of the Cooper site, its discovery and excavation. As the remains were found in stratified bonebeds, they provide the first clear traces of sequential Folsom activity. Analysis of the bones indicates a selective or "gourmet" butchering technique and offers insights into bison-herd demographics. Assessment of the projectile points suggests the movements of Folsom groups in relation to lithic sources. Here also is the first evidence of Folsom hunting ritual, in the form of a startling red zigzag painted on one of the skulls. The painted skull--the oldest design-painted object in North America--greatly enlarges the significance of the Cooper site, offering evidence of early ritual rarely seen in the tangible physical record.

Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the High Plains and Rockies

Third Edition

Author: Marcel Kornfeld,George C Frison,Mary Lou Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315422085

Category: Social Science

Page: 710

View: 1279

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George Frison’s Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains has been the standard text on plains prehistory since its first publication in 1978, influencing generations of archaeologists. Now, a third edition of this classic work is available for scholars, students, and avocational archaeologists. Thorough and comprehensive, extensively illustrated, the book provides an introduction to the archaeology of the more than 13,000 year long history of the western Plains and the adjacent Rocky Mountains. Reflecting the boom in recent archaeological data, it reports on studies at a wide array of sites from deep prehistory to recent times examining the variability in the archeological record as well as in field, analytical, and interpretive methods. The 3rd edition brings the book up to date in a number of significant areas, as well as addressing several topics inadequately developed in previous editions.

The Emergence of the Moundbuilders

The Archaeology of Tribal Societies in Southeastern Ohio

Author: Elliot Marc Abrams

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 082141609X

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 3637

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Native American societies, often viewed as unchanging, in fact experienced a rich process of cultural innovation in the millennia prior to recorded history. Societies of the Hocking River Valley in southeastern Ohio, part of the Ohio River Valley, created a tribal organization beginning about 2000 bc. Edited by Elliot M. Abrams and AnnCorinne Freter, The Emergence of the Moundbuilders: The Archaeology of Tribal Societies in Southeastern Ohio presents the process of tribal formation and change in the region based on analyses of all available archaeological data from the Hocking River Valley. Drawing on the work of scholars in archaeology, anthropology, geography, geology, and botany, the collection addresses tribal society formation through such topics as the first pottery made in the valley, aggregate feasting by nomadic groups, the social context for burying their dead in earthen mounds, the formation of religious ceremonial centers, and the earliest adoption of corn. Providing the most current research on indigenous societies in the Hocking Valley, The Emergence of the Moundbuilders is distinguished by its broad, comparative overview of tribal life.

Ice Age People of North America

Environments, Origins, and Adaptations

Author: Robson Bonnichsen,Karen L. Turnmire

Publisher: Oregon State University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 9512

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This volume provides an up-to-date summary of important new discoveries from Northeast Asia and North America that are changing perceptions about the origin of the First Americans. Even though the peopling of the Americas has been the focus of scientific investigations for more than half a century, there is still no definitive evidence that will allow specialists to say when the First Americans initially arrived or who they were. However, this in no way diminishes the significance of the many new contributions being made in the field. The nineteen papers collected here provide regional archaeological syntheses and address such topics as ice marginal dynamics, the impact of plant nutrients in glacial margins, and periglacial ecology of large mammals. The concluding chapter discusses conceptual frameworks used to explain the peopling of the Americas.

People and Wildlife in Northern North America

Essays in Honor of R. Dale Guthrie

Author: Russell Dale Guthrie

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 499

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The collection of 22 papers gathered to honour Russell Dale Guthrie, archaeologist, anthropologist, and palaeonthologist who is working on a wide variety of quaternary and evolutionary topics related to the northern parts of North America. The volume is divided into three sections, Paleoecology, Archaeology and Methods. The topics range from palaeoecology and archaeology of British Columbia, fauna of Canada and Alaska, prehistoric faunal remains on the north coast of North America to examination of butchering sites, hunting strategies, studies of food utility indices etc. Editorial Assistants: Meg L. Thornton, Tom Flanigan, Joshua Reuther and Mark C. Diab. Contributors: P.M. Anderson, P.M. Bowers, J.W. Brink, L.B. Brubaker, A. Cannon, R. DeAngelo, A. Demma, M.C. Diab, J.C. Driver, A.S. Dyke, J. Fee, T.M. Friesen, D.M. Georgina, S.C. Gerlach, T.E. Gillispie, R.D. Guthrie, D. Hanson, G. Hare, C.R. Harington, J.L. Hofman, B. Kooyman, K.D. Kusmer, A.P. McCartney, A. Magoun, P. Matheus, R.O. Mills, M.L. Moss, M. Nagy, W.W. Oswalt, B. Saleeby, D.L. Sandgathe, R. Sattler, J.M. Savelle, A.V. Sher, R.O. Stephenson, M.L. Thornton, L.C. Todd, P. Valkenberg, D.M. Vinson and D.R. Yesner.

BAR International Series

Author: Russell Dale Guthrie,Scott Craig Gerlach,Maribeth Suzanne Murray

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781841712369

Category: Archaeology

Page: 306

View: 2383

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23 papers, mostly from the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association marking the retirement of R D Guthrie in 1996 and reflecting his interests in archaeology, anthropology, palaeontology, palaeoecology and taphonomy. The papers are divided into three sections: Palaeoecology, including studies of Pleistocene and Holocene horses, otters, bison and human populations; Archaeology, including the evidence from the remains of cod, salmon, seals and whales from sites in Alaska, Newfoundland and the Arctic; Methods, with examinations of kill and butchering sites.

Paleoecology of Beringia

Author: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Symposium,Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research,David Moody Hopkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Paleoecology

Page: 489

View: 6024

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Product of the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Symposium held June 8-17, 1979 in Burg Wartenstein. However, all contributions have been revised since the conference and many of the reports are substantially different. Fossil and botanical evidence is examined to determine the environment of Beringia during the last Ice Age.

Stone Age Spear and Arrow Points of California and the Great Basin

Author: Noel D. Justice

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 9723

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Purely a reference source, this large volume is part of a series of regional guides that surveys, describes and categorises the different types of projectile points and cutting tools in prehistoric North America. This volume focuses on California and the Great Basin and includes descriptions of more than fifty types along with details on the production process, techniques of retouch, and discussions of regional styles accompanied by distribution maps.