The Box

How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger

Author: Marc Levinson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 2409

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In April 1956, a refitted oil tanker carried fifty-eight shipping containers from Newark to Houston. From that modest beginning, container shipping developed into a huge industry that made the boom in global trade possible. The Box tells the dramatic story of the container's creation, the decade of struggle before it was widely adopted, and the sweeping economic consequences of the sharp fall in transportation costs that containerization brought about. But the container didn't just happen. Its adoption required huge sums of money, both from private investors and from ports that aspired to be on the leading edge of a new technology. It required years of high-stakes bargaining with two of the titans of organized labor, Harry Bridges and Teddy Gleason, as well as delicate negotiations on standards that made it possible for almost any container to travel on any truck or train or ship. Ultimately, it took McLean's success in supplying U.S. forces in Vietnam to persuade the world of the container's potential. Drawing on previously neglected sources, economist Marc Levinson shows how the container transformed economic geography, devastating traditional ports such as New York and London and fueling the growth of previously obscure ones, such as Oakland. By making shipping so cheap that industry could locate factories far from its customers, the container paved the way for Asia to become the world's workshop and brought consumers a previously unimaginable variety of low-cost products from around the globe. Published in hardcover on the fiftieth anniversary of the first container voyage, this is the first comprehensive history of the shipping container. Now with a new chapter, The Box tells the dramatic story of how the drive and imagination of an iconoclastic entrepreneur turned containerization from an impractical idea into a phenomenon that transformed economic geography, slashed transportation costs, and made the boom in global trade possible.

Das Container-Prinzip

wie eine Box unser Denken verändert

Author: Alexander Klose

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866481152

Category: Container ships

Page: 367

View: 9067

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King of Oil

Marc Rich - Das abenteuerliche Leben des Rohstoff-Tycoons und Glencore-Gründers

Author: Daniel Ammann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783280055625

Category:

Page: 317

View: 2860

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Crashed

Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben

Author: Adam Tooze

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641192773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 8130

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Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

The Great A&P and the Struggle for Small Business in America

Author: Marc Levinson

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1429969024

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 7822

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One of The Wall Street Journal's Best Non fiction Books of 2011. From modest beginnings as a tea shop in New York, the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company became the largest retailer in the world. It was a juggernaut, the first retailer to sell $1 billion in goods, the owner of nearly sixteen thousand stores and dozens of factories and warehouses. But its explosive growth made it a mortal threat to hundreds of thousands of mom-and-pop grocery stores. Main Street fought back tooth and nail, enlisting the state and federal governments to stop price discounting, tax chain stores, and require manufacturers to sell to mom and pop at the same prices granted to giant retailers. In a remarkable court case, the federal government pressed criminal charges against the Great A&P for selling food too cheaply-and won. The Great A&P and the Struggle for Small Business in America is the story of a stunningly successful company that forever changed how Americans shop and what Americans eat. It is a brilliant business history, the story of how George and John Hartford took over their father's business and reshaped it again and again, turning it into a vertically integrated behemoth that paved the way for every big-box retailer to come. George demanded a rock-solid balance sheet; John was the marketer-entrepreneur who led A&P through seven decades of rapid changes. Together, they built the modern consumer economy by turning the archaic retail industry into a highly efficient system for distributing food at low cost.

Der Feind aller

Der Pirat und das Recht

Author: Daniel Heller-Roazen

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104007276

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 9018

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Lange bevor es eine Charta der Menschenrechte und humanitäre Organisationen gab, definierten die Römer den Piraten als »Feind aller«, da ihm nicht mit dem üblichen Recht beizukommen war: Er ist kein Bürger eines Staates, er bewegt sich auf offener See, die niemandem gehört und wo keine Gesetze gelten, man kann nicht mit ihm verhandeln und er ist nicht mit einem Krieg zu besiegen. Bis heute stellt er eine immense Herausforderung an das Recht und die Politik dar. In seiner brillanten Studie zeichnet Daniel Heller-Roazen die Genealogie dieser Herausforderung von der Antike bis heute nach. Mit leichter, eleganter Hand beschreibt er, wie und warum der Pirat aus allen territorialen, politischen, kriegerischen und rechtlichen Kategorien herausfällt und wie er zu der zentralen zeitgenössischen Figur hat werden können, als die wir ihn heute erleben.

Onward

wie Starbucks erfolgreich ums Überleben kämpfte, ohne seine Seele zu verlieren

Author: Howard Schultz,Joanne Gordon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527506357

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 453

View: 6209

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Starbucks kann seit 1982 (dem Einstieg von Howard Schultz) ein rapides Wachstum vorweisen. So eröffneten weltweit immer mehr Filialen, in denen Kunden mit Kaffee und anderen Getränken versorgt wurden. Aber genau dieses "schneller, höher, weiter!" führte zu dem Problem, dass Starbucks seine Seele, sein typisches Flair zu verlieren begann. Die Coffee Houses, die sich immer gerühmt hatten, für jeden Kunden der drittwichtigste Platz im Leben nach dem eigenen Zuhause und der Arbeit zu sein, verkamen immer mehr zu Filialen jeder x-beliebigen Fastfood-Kette. Ein Grund für Howard Schultz, 2008 auf den Posten des CEO zurückzukehren, den er fast 8 Jahre zuvor verlassen hatte. Schon in einem öffentlich bekannt gewordenen Memo vom Februar 2007 hatte Schultz bemängelt, dass die "Romantik verschwunden sei" und dass es unbedingt nötig ist wieder "zum Kern zurückzukehren" und "das Erbe, die Tradition und die Leidenschaft für die wahre Starbucks-Erfahrung wieder hervorzurufen". Nun hat Schultz das geschafft, was ihm niemand zugetraut hätte: Er hat Starbucks zurück zu seinen Kernwerten geführt und somit wieder die Innovation ermöglicht, die für ein Überleben in dem sich schnell entwickelnden Kaffeemarkt nötig ist. Mit viel Leidenschaft und einem ausgeklügelten Plan brachte Schultz das Unternehmen wieder auf die Erfolgsspur - trotz vieler interner Widerstände und der allgemeinen Wirtschaftskrise. Dieses Buch beinhaltet die außergewöhnliche Geschichte dieser Transformation. Howard Schultz bietet dem Leser einen vertraulichen Einblick in seine tagtäglichen Entscheidungen: von nicht-öffentlichen Planungssitzungen in Seattle, bis hin zu Gesprächen mit Kaffeebauern in Ruanda und Präsentationen vor Investoren in New York während der größten wirtschaftlichen Tumulte der Finanzkrise. "Onward" ist mehr als ein einfaches Businessbuch. Äußerst inspirierend und unerwartet offen lässt uns Schultz an der Entwicklung von Starbucks teilhaben: dramatisch, emotional und so spannend wie ein Roman!

Quellcode

Author: William Gibson

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608937695

Category:

Page: 447

View: 2351

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Der Seestern und die Spinne

die beständige Stärke einer kopflosen Organisation

Author: Ori Brafman,Rod A. Beckström

Publisher: VCH

ISBN: 9783527503452

Category: Decentralization in management

Page: 192

View: 341

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Wenn man einer Spinne den Kopf abreißt, dann stirbt sie. Aber wenn man einem Seestern ein Bein abschneidet, dann wächst ihm ein neues. Und das andere Bein kann zu einem komplett neuen Seestern heranwachsen. Herkömmliche Organisationen, die auf Hierarchien fußen, sind wie Spinnen. Aber nun beginnen Seesternorganisationen, das Gesicht der Wirtschaft und der Welt zu verändern. Was ist die versteckte Macht hinter dem Erfolg von Wikipedia, Craigslist und Skype? Was haben eBay, General Electric mit der Anti-Sklavereibewegung und der Frauenrechtsbewegung gemeinsam? Welche Grundsatzentscheidung ließ General Motors und Toyota zwei ganz verschiedene Pfade beschreiten? Wieso kann ein siegreich beendetes Verfahren vor dem Obersten Gerichtshof der USA der größte Fehler sein, den MGM jemals gemacht hat? Ori Brafman und Rod A. Beckström bieten unverhoffte Antworten, mitreißende Geschichten und unglaubliche Verknüpfungen. In 'Der Seestern und die Spinne' behaupten sie, dass es zwei Kategorien von Organisationen gibt: traditionelle 'Spinnen', die starre Hierarchien und Befehlsketten von oben nach unten haben, und revolutionäre 'Seesterne', die sich auf die Macht von Beziehungen unter Gleichgestellten stützen. 'Der Seestern und die Spinne' erkundet, was passiert, wenn Seesterne gegen Spinnen kämpfen (so wie die Musikindustrie gegen Napster, Kazaa und alle ihre Nachfolger vorging). Das Buch zeigt, wie alteingesessene Unternehmen und Institutionen lernen, mit Prinzipien der Seesternorganisation erfolgreicher zu sein. Der Seestern und die Spinne ist eines der seltenen Bücher, das Ihr Verständnis der Welt komplett verändern wird.

Ghachar Ghochar

Roman

Author: Vivek Shanbhag

Publisher: Aufbau Digital

ISBN: 3841216161

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 9201

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Aufstieg und Fall einer indischen Familie. Als der Onkel des jungen Erzählers in den Handel mit Gewürzen einsteigt, ändert er über Nacht das Schicksal der ganzen Familie. Der einst mittellose Clan zieht in ein großzügiges Haus in einer reichen Wohngegend, verschafft sich neue Möbel und einen neuen Bekanntenkreis. Doch mit dem plötzlichen Reichtum werden auch die Abhängigkeiten neu verteilt: An dem Erfolg des Onkels hängt nun das gesamte Wohl der Familie. Und dieses gilt es zu schützen, um jeden Preis. Notfalls auch vor den eigenen Familienmitgliedern. In einem feinen Wechselspiel von Auslassungen und Andeutungen erzählt Vivek Shanbhag vom moralischen Verfall einer indischen Familie. Ein großer Roman, der die Geschichte eines ganzen Landes in sich trägt. »Ein Feuerwerkskörper von einem Roman.« Publishers Weekly »Feinstes literarisches Handwerk.« Deborah Smith, The Guardian

From Rail to Road and Back Again?

A Century of Transport Competition and Interdependency

Author: Ralf Roth,Colin Divall

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409471152

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 391

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The coming of the railways signalled the transformation of European society, allowing the quick and cheap mass transportation of people and goods on a previously unimaginable scale. By the early decades of the twentieth century, however, the domination of rail transport was threatened by increased motorised road transport which would quickly surpass and eclipse the trains, only itself to be challenged in the twenty-first century by a renewal of interest in railways. Yet, as the studies in this volume make clear, to view the relationship between road and rail as a simple competition between two rival forms of transportation, is a mistake. Rail transport did not vanish in the twentieth century any more than road transport vanished in the nineteenth with the appearance of the railways. Instead a mutual interdependence has always existed, balancing the strengths and weaknesses of each system. It is that interdependence that forms the major theme of this collection. Divided into two main sections, the first part of the book offers a series of chapters examining how railway companies reacted to increasing competition from road transport, and exploring the degree to which railways depended on road transportation at different times and places. Part two focuses on road mobility, interpreting it as the innovative success story of the twentieth century. Taken together, these essays provide a fascinating reappraisal of the complex and shifting nature of European transportation over the last one hundred years.

The Economics of Human Systems Integration

Valuation of Investments in People's Training and Education, Safety and Health, and Work Productivity

Author: William B. Rouse

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118058237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 5130

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Fundamental Economic Principles, Methods, and Tools for Addressing Human Systems Integration Issues and Tradeoffs Human Systems Integration (HSI) is a new and fundamental integrating discipline designed to help move business and engineering cultures toward more human-centered systems. Integrating consideration of human abilities, limitations, and preferences into engineering systems yields important cost and performance benefits that otherwise would not have been accomplished. In order for this new discipline to be effective, however, a cultural change—starting with organizational leadership—is often necessary. The Economics of Human Systems Integration explains the difficulties underlying valuation of investments in people's training and education, safety and health, and work productivity. It provides an overview of how the field of economics addresses these difficulties, focusing on human issues associated with design, development, production, operations, maintenance, and sustainment of complex systems. The set of thought leaders recruited as contributors to this volume collectively provides a compelling set of data and principles for assessing the economic value of investing in people, not just in general but in specific investment situations. The early chapters provide the contexts for HSI and investment analysis, illustrating the enormous difference context makes in how issues are best framed and analyzed. A host of practical methods and tools for investment valuation are then presented. Provided are: A variety of real-world applications of economic analysis ranging from military acquisition and automotive investment to healthcare and high-tech investments in general, in both the U.S. and abroad A range of economics-based methods and tools for cost analysis, cost-benefit analysis, and investment analysis, as well as sources of data for performing such analyses Differing perspectives on economic decision-making, including a range of private sector points of view, as well as government and regulatory perspectives In addition, five real-world case studies illustrate how such valuations have been done and their major impacts on investment decisions. HSI professionals, systems engineers, and finance professionals who address investment analysis will appreciate the wide range of methods and real-life applications; senior undergraduates and masters-level graduate students will find this to be an excellent textbook that provides theory and supports practice.

The Sea and Civilization

A Maritime History of the World

Author: Lincoln Paine

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 1782393579

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 7245

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A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history that reveals in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. His narrative traces subsequent developments in commercial and naval shipping through the post-Cold War era. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be traced to the sea.

Leonardo to the Internet

Technology and Culture from the Renaissance to the Present

Author: Thomas J. Misa

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421404788

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1775

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"Misa brings his acclaimed text up to date by examining how today's unsustainable energy systems, insecure information networks, and vulnerable global shipping have helped foster geopolitical risks and instability. A masterful analysis of how technology and culture have influenced each other over five centuries, Leonardo to the Internet frames a history that illuminates modern-day problems and prospects faced by our technology-dependent world

Summer in the City

John Lindsay, New York, and the American Dream

Author: Joseph P. Viteritti

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412632

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 1497

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Summer in the City takes a clear look at John Lindsay’s tenure as mayor of New York City during the tumultuous 1960s, when President Lyndon Johnson launched his ambitious Great Society Program. Providing an even-handed reassessment of Lindsay’s legacy and the policies of the period, the essays in this volume skillfully dissect his kaleidoscope of progressive ideas and approach to leadership—all set in a perfect storm of huge demographic changes, growing fiscal stress, and an unprecedented commitment by the federal government to attain a more equal society. Compelling archival photos and a timeline give readers a window into the mythic 1960s, a period animated by civil rights marches, demands for black power, antiwar demonstrations, and a heroic intergovernmental effort to redistribute national resources more evenly. Written by prize-winning authors and leading scholars, each chapter covers a distinct aspect of Lindsay’s mayoralty (politics, race relations, finance, public management, architecture, economic development, and the arts), while Joseph P. Viteritti’s introductory and concluding essays offer an honest and nuanced portrait of Lindsay and the prospects for shaping more balanced public priorities as New York City ushers in a new era of progressive leadership. The volume’s sharp focus on the controversies of the Mad Men era will appeal not only to older readers who witnessed its explosive events, but also to younger readers eager for a deeper understanding of the time. A progressive Republican with bold ideals and a fervent belief in the American Dream, Lindsay strove to harness the driving forces of modernization, democratization, acculturation, inclusion, growth, and social justice in ways that will inform our thinking about the future of the city. -- Mike Wallace, Pulitzer Prize–winning coauthor of GothamDick Ravitch, Former Lieutenant Governor of New York, 2009–2010

Technology, Business and the Market

From R&D to Desirable Products

Author: Dr John S Sheldrake

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404289

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 7696

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John Sheldrake’s long experience of teaching business and management to engineers has highlighted a gap in the knowledge of students and practitioners alike, between their grasp of developments in science and technology and how these developments lead to the creation of successful products. Using case studies, Technology, Business and the Market explores the impact of new materials, techniques and technologies, and looks at the links between innovation, entrepreneurship, business (including finance), design, manufacturing, branding and marketing. The author examines the ways in which scientific endeavour is conditioned and even distorted by contextual issues such as finance and fashion. This demonstration of the synthesis of technology, business and the market has relevance for students, practitioners and policy makers in established and emerging markets.