The Box

How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger

Author: Marc Levinson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 9629

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In April 1956, a refitted oil tanker carried fifty-eight shipping containers from Newark to Houston. From that modest beginning, container shipping developed into a huge industry that made the boom in global trade possible. The Box tells the dramatic story of the container's creation, the decade of struggle before it was widely adopted, and the sweeping economic consequences of the sharp fall in transportation costs that containerization brought about. But the container didn't just happen. Its adoption required huge sums of money, both from private investors and from ports that aspired to be on the leading edge of a new technology. It required years of high-stakes bargaining with two of the titans of organized labor, Harry Bridges and Teddy Gleason, as well as delicate negotiations on standards that made it possible for almost any container to travel on any truck or train or ship. Ultimately, it took McLean's success in supplying U.S. forces in Vietnam to persuade the world of the container's potential. Drawing on previously neglected sources, economist Marc Levinson shows how the container transformed economic geography, devastating traditional ports such as New York and London and fueling the growth of previously obscure ones, such as Oakland. By making shipping so cheap that industry could locate factories far from its customers, the container paved the way for Asia to become the world's workshop and brought consumers a previously unimaginable variety of low-cost products from around the globe. Published in hardcover on the fiftieth anniversary of the first container voyage, this is the first comprehensive history of the shipping container. Now with a new chapter, The Box tells the dramatic story of how the drive and imagination of an iconoclastic entrepreneur turned containerization from an impractical idea into a phenomenon that transformed economic geography, slashed transportation costs, and made the boom in global trade possible.

Ninety Percent of Everything

Inside Shipping, the Invisible Industry That Puts Clothes on Your Back, Gas in Your Car, and Food on Your Plate

Author: Rose George

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0805092633

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5894

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Revealing the workings and dangers of freight shipping, which is the key to our economy, environment and civilization, the author sails from Rotterdam to Suez to Singapore to present an eye-opening glimpse into an overlooked world filled with suspect practices, dubious operators and pirates.

The Great A&P and the Struggle for Small Business in America

Author: Marc Levinson

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1429969024

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 8770

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One of The Wall Street Journal's Best Non fiction Books of 2011. From modest beginnings as a tea shop in New York, the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company became the largest retailer in the world. It was a juggernaut, the first retailer to sell $1 billion in goods, the owner of nearly sixteen thousand stores and dozens of factories and warehouses. But its explosive growth made it a mortal threat to hundreds of thousands of mom-and-pop grocery stores. Main Street fought back tooth and nail, enlisting the state and federal governments to stop price discounting, tax chain stores, and require manufacturers to sell to mom and pop at the same prices granted to giant retailers. In a remarkable court case, the federal government pressed criminal charges against the Great A&P for selling food too cheaply-and won. The Great A&P and the Struggle for Small Business in America is the story of a stunningly successful company that forever changed how Americans shop and what Americans eat. It is a brilliant business history, the story of how George and John Hartford took over their father's business and reshaped it again and again, turning it into a vertically integrated behemoth that paved the way for every big-box retailer to come. George demanded a rock-solid balance sheet; John was the marketer-entrepreneur who led A&P through seven decades of rapid changes. Together, they built the modern consumer economy by turning the archaic retail industry into a highly efficient system for distributing food at low cost.

An Extraordinary Time

The End of the Postwar Boom and the Return of the Ordinary Economy

Author: Marc Levinson

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465096565

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 2117

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In An Extraordinary Time, acclaimed economic historian Marc Levinson recounts the global collapse of the postwar economy in the 1970s. While economists struggle to return us to the high economic growth rates of the past, Levinson counterintuitively argues that the boom years of the 1950s and 1960s were an anomaly; slow economic growth is the norm—no matter what economists and politicians may say. Yet these atypical years left the public with unreasonable expectations of what government can achieve. When the economy failed to revive, suspicion of government and liberal institutions rose sharply, laying the groundwork for the political and economic polarization that we’re still grappling with today. A sweeping reappraisal of the last sixty years of world history, An Extraordinary Time describes how the postwar economic boom dissipated, undermining faith in government, destabilizing the global financial system, and forcing us to come to terms with how tumultuous our economy really is.

The Container Principle

How a Box Changes the Way We Think

Author: Alexander Klose,Charles Marcrum

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028573

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8697

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A cultural history of the shipping container as a crucible of globalization and a cultural paradigm.

Shipping Container

Author: Craig Martin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501303163

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 144

View: 6200

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Object Lessons is a series of short, beautifully designed books about the hidden lives of ordinary things. The shipping container is all around: whizzing by on the highway, trundling past on rails, unloading behind a big box store even as you shop there, clanking on the docks just out of sightÂ?. 90% of the goods and materials that move around the globe do so in shipping containers. It is an absolutely ubiquitous object, even if most of us have no direct contact with it. But what is this thing? Where has it been, and where is it going? Craig Martin's book illuminates the "development of containerizationÂ??-including design history, standardization, aesthetics, and a surprising speculative discussion of the futurity of shipping containers. Object Lessons is published in partnership with an essay series in the The Atlantic.

The Container Guide

Author: Infrastructure Observatory Press,Craig Cannon,Tim Hwang,Nicola Twilley,Rose George,Luke Iseman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780986382000

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4170

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Liner Shipping 2025

How to Survive and Thrive

Author: Lars Jensen

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781543045161

Category: Shipping

Page: 192

View: 6678

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Global Liner Shipping is undergoing the largest transformation since the invention of the container itself. The core business models and business cultures which made the shipping lines successful are now failing. The coming decade will see the emergence of new business models suited for a new environment. This transformation is a source of significant opportunity for industry stakeholders, but equally a source of grave risk should existing companies fail to adapt accordingly. This book provides a foundation for industry stakeholders to understand the trends impacting the industry, allowing them to identify the right questions to ask in order to not only survive, but thrive towards 2025.

Empire of Things

How We Became a World of Consumers, from the Fifteenth Century to the Twenty-First

Author: Frank Trentmann

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062456334

Category: History

Page: 880

View: 1187

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What we consume has become a central—perhaps the central—feature of modern life. Our economies live or die by spending, we increasingly define ourselves by our possessions, and this ever-richer lifestyle has had an extraordinary impact on our planet. How have we come to live with so much stuff, and how has this changed the course of history? In Empire of Things, Frank Trentmann unfolds the extraordinary story of our modern material world, from Renaissance Italy and late Ming China to today’s global economy. While consumption is often portrayed as a recent American export, this monumental and richly detailed account shows that it is in fact a truly international phenomenon with a much longer and more diverse history. Trentmann traces the influence of trade and empire on tastes, as formerly exotic goods like coffee, tobacco, Indian cotton and Chinese porcelain conquered the world, and explores the growing demand for home furnishings, fashionable clothes and convenience that transformed private and public life. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought department stores, credit cards and advertising, but also the rise of the ethical shopper, new generational identities and, eventually, the resurgence of the Asian consumer. With an eye to the present and future, Frank Trentmann provides a long view on the global challenges of our relentless pursuit of more—from waste and debt to stress and inequality. A masterpiece of research and storytelling many years in the making, Empire of Things recounts the epic history of the goods that have seduced, enriched and unsettled our lives over the past six hundred years.

Guide to Financial Markets

Why they exist and how they work

Author: The Economist,Marc Levinson

Publisher: The Economist

ISBN: 9781610399890

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5384

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The revised and updated 7th edition of this highly regarded book brings the reader right up to speed with the latest financial market developments, and provides a clear and incisive guide to a complex world that even those who work in it often find hard to understand. In chapters on the markets that deal with money, foreign exchange, equities, bonds, commodities, financial futures, options and other derivatives, the book examines why these markets exist, how they work, and who trades in them, and gives a run-down of the factors that affect prices and rates. Business history is littered with disasters that occurred because people involved their firms with financial instruments they didn't properly understand. If they had had this book they might have avoided their mistakes. For anyone wishing to understand financial markets, there is no better guide.

Port Economics

Author: Wayne K. Talley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317358961

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 4551

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Port Economics is the study of the economic decisions (and their consequences) of the users and providers of port services. A port works as an "engine" for economic development. This book provides a detailed discussion of port freight service users, such as freight water and land carriers, that have their ships and vehicles serviced and their cargoes unloaded by ports, as well as passenger services such as ferry carriers which are serviced by ferry passenger ports. This text continues to enhance our understanding of port economics by exploring the economic theories, supply and demand curves, and the actual and opportunity costs relating to the carriers, shippers and passengers who use ports. This new edition has been updated throughout. This includes: An expanded discussion of container, break-bulk, dry-bulk, liquid-bulk and neo-bulk ports; An introduction of port service chains, hinterland transport chains, maritime transport chains and port multi-service congestion; A discussion of seaborne trade, dry ports, port centrality and connectivity and free trade zones. This updated and comprehensive introduction to port economics will be of benefit to students and researchers in their study of port economics and management. It is also of great importance to professionals who manage and operate ports as well as freight and passenger carriers.

The Docks

Author: Bill Sharpsteen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520947096

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 7013

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The Docks is an eye-opening journey into a giant madhouse of activity that few outsiders ever see: the Port of Los Angeles. In a book woven throughout with riveting novelist detail and illustrated with photographs that capture the frenetic energy of the place, Bill Sharpsteen tells the story of the people who have made this port, the largest in the country, one of the nation’s most vital economic enterprises. Among others, we meet a pilot who parks ships, one of the first women longshoremen, union officials and employers at odds over almost everything, an environmental activist fighting air pollution in the "diesel death zone," and those with the nearly impossible job of enforcing security. Together these stories paint a compelling picture of a critical entryway for goods coming into the country—the Port of Los Angeles is part of a complex that brings in 40% of all our waterborne cargo and 70% of all Asian imports—yet one that is also extremely vulnerable. The Docks is a rare look at a world within our world in which we find a microcosm of the labor, environmental, and security issues we collectively face.

Wal-Mart

The Face Of Twenty-First-Century Capitalism

Author: Nelson Lichtenstein

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595587462

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 5317

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Edited by one of the nation’s preeminent labor historians, this book marks an ambitious effort to dissect the full extent of Wal-Mart’s business operations, its social effects, and its role in the U.S. and world economy. Wal-Mart is based on a spring 2004 conference of leading historians, business analysts, sociologists, and labor leaders that immediately attracted the attention of the national media, drawing profiles in the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and the New York Review of Books. Their contributions are adapted here for a general audience. At the end of the nineteenth century the Pennsylvania Railroad declared itself “the standard of the world.” In more recent years, IBM and then Microsoft seemed the template for a new, global information economy. But at the dawn of the twenty-first century, Wal-Mart has overtaken all rivals as the world-transforming economic institution of our time. Presented in an accessible format and extensively illustrated with charts and graphs, Wal-Mart examines such topics as the giant retailer’s managerial culture, revolutionary use of technological innovation, and controversial pay and promotional practices to provide the most complete guide yet available to America’s largest company.

Deep Sea and Foreign Going

Author: Rose George

Publisher: Portobello Books

ISBN: 184627480X

Category: Travel

Page: N.A

View: 2086

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There are 40,000 freighters on the seas. Between them they carry nearly everything we eat, wear and work with. And yet this massive global industry has remained largely unexamined: it passes by out of sight for most of us and, through the 'flags of convenience' system, its dubious practices often slip under the radar of regulators. In this unique investigation, Rose George travels the high seas with their powerful naval fleets, pirate gangs, and illegal floating factories, and visits the ports and their land-bound dockworkers, tycoons, missionaries, stevedores, border control guards, and ship-spotters. She meets the beachcombers who track the 10,000 containers that are lost every year, the robots who are gradually replacing human crews, and the environmentalists campaigning against the tide of marine pollution. Intrepid, informed and tenacious, George steers a sure course through the murky, character-rich waters of international shipping.

Factory Man

How One Furniture Maker Battled Offshoring, Stayed Local - and Helped Save an American Town

Author: Beth Macy

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 0316231568

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 3235

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The instant New York Times bestseller about one man's battle to save hundreds of jobs by demonstrating the greatness of American business. The Bassett Furniture Company was once the world's biggest wood furniture manufacturer. Run by the same powerful Virginia family for generations, it was also the center of life in Bassett, Virginia. But beginning in the 1980s, the first waves of Asian competition hit, and ultimately Bassett was forced to send its production overseas. One man fought back: John Bassett III, a shrewd and determined third-generation factory man, now chairman of Vaughan-Bassett Furniture Co, which employs more than 700 Virginians and has sales of more than $90 million. In FACTORY MAN, Beth Macy brings to life Bassett's deeply personal furniture and family story, along with a host of characters from an industry that was as cutthroat as it was colorful. As she shows how he uses legal maneuvers, factory efficiencies, and sheer grit and cunning to save hundreds of jobs, she also reveals the truth about modern industry in America.

The Business of Shipping

Author: Lane C. Kendall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940094117X

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 9776

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T HIS VOL U M E has been written to describe the business side of a commercial enterprise whose field is the entire civilized world. Historically, the theory and knowledge of shipping management, as distinguished from the practical skills of seaman ship, have been transmitted from one generation to the next by word of mouth. Little has been put on paper, primarily because the finest exponents of the art of steamship management have been too busy with their day-to-day concerns to do so. The "working level" personnel often are superbly competent, but rarely qualify as liter ary craftsmen. It has been my aim, in preparing this analysis of the principles of the "business" of commercial shipping, to describe that which trans pires in the various divisions of a shipowning and operating organi zation. Insofar as possible, the procedures followed in the offices have been described and explained, as well as the underlying prin ciples of management by which their decisions are reached. In the process of learning the principles and practices that are set forth in these pages, I have spent ajoy-filled lifetime in associa tion with ships. It has been my good fortune to work in large and small American steamship offices, to operate a major cargo termi nal, to participate in establishing and putting into effect the policies of a world-girdling American steamship organization, and to teach young men these principles learned from experience as well as from precept.

Port Business

Author: Jürgen Sorgenfrei

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3732237974

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1813

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The book “Port Business” is written for everybody with interests in trade and transportation and the role ports take in global supply chain. It shall explain what ports are, which role they can play and what the restrictions are, how they are managed, what drives the business and which trends influence them. The world economy has globalized at a tremendous pace over the past 30 years, exporting over a quarter of its merchandise output in 2010, up from 17% in 1980. It is estimated that world seaborne trade by volume amounts to 77 per cent of total world trade. In 2010, total of 7.9 bn tonnes were handled by ports and transported by sea all over the World. Already in history, port locations have been selected to optimize access to land and navigable water, for commercial or military demand, and for shelter from wind and waves. Today, in times of raising vessel sizes, ports struggle with deeper water and the pressure to be more and more efficient at lower costs. Specialization and activities in selected market niches are often the reality of medium sizes ports. The very few so called Mega-Ports have to offer the whole range of activities, and it is expected that the ports are specialists for all kind of goods that are traded around the world. Commercial databases list more than 11,000 ports and terminals around the world, and port business becomes more complex. It is the intention of this book to put the port business into the right perspective and provide insight. For this purpose the first chapter looks back into history; chapter two then provides a status quo of ports today. Part two with chapters three to six concentrates on the supply chain view and provides trade and transportation background information, explains the role ports play along the transportation chain and focuses finally on the cargoes that are transported and the problems that may occur in cargo measurement. Chapter six finally subsumes the driver of port business. Part three explains basic port management models, discussed trends and analyzed the fundamentals of port governance and port operations. Chapter 11 as last section in part three discussed the role of port lobbying. The explanations of port business ended in part four with a discussion of mega trends that already or may in future impact port business.

Panic at the Pump

The Energy Crisis and the Transformation of American Politics in the 1970s

Author: Meg Jacobs

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0809058472

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 384

View: 6113

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"A detailed historical narrative of the U.S. energy crisis in the 1970s and how policymakers responded to the turmoil"--

Creating Global Opportunities

Maersk Line in Containerisation 1973-2013

Author: Chris Jephson,Henning Morgen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037816

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 469

View: 7195

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Well-researched, first inside account of Maersk Line's progression to world's leading container operator, put within the context of globalisation.

The Most Powerful Idea in the World

A Story of Steam, Industry, and Invention

Author: William Rosen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226726347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 9376

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"The Most Powerful Idea in the World argues that the very notion of intellectual property drove not only the invention of the steam engine but also the entire Industrial Revolution." -- Back cover.