The Art of Brutalism

Rescuing Hope from Catastrophe in 1950s Britain

Author: Ben Highmore

Publisher: Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

ISBN: 0300222742

Category: Architecture and society

Page: 297

View: 2439

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While most famously associated with numerous mid-century architects, Brutalism was a style of visual art that was also adopted by painters, sculptors, printmakers, and photographers. Taking into account Brutalist work by eminent artists such as Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, as well as lesser-known practitioners like Nigel Henderson and Magda Cordell , this volume focuses on a ten-year period between 1952 and 1962 when artists refused a programmatic set of aesthetics and began experimenting with images that had no set focal point, using non-traditional materials like bombsite debris in their work, and producing objects that were characterized by wit and energy along with anxiety, trauma, and melancholia. This original study offers insights into how Brutalism enabled British artists of the mid-20th century to respond ethically and aesthetically to the challenges posed by the rise of consumer culture and unbridled technological progress.

The Art of Brutalism

Rescuing Hope from Catastrophe in 1950s Britain

Author: Ben Highmore

Publisher: Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

ISBN: 9780300222746

Category: Architecture and society

Page: 297

View: 4574

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While most famously associated with numerous mid-century architects, Brutalism was a style of visual art that was also adopted by painters, sculptors, printmakers, and photographers. Taking into account Brutalist work by eminent artists such as Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, as well as lesser-known practitioners like Nigel Henderson and Magda Cordell , this volume focuses on a ten-year period between 1952 and 1962 when artists refused a programmatic set of aesthetics and began experimenting with images that had no set focal point, using non-traditional materials like bombsite debris in their work, and producing objects that were characterized by wit and energy along with anxiety, trauma, and melancholia. This original study offers insights into how Brutalism enabled British artists of the mid-20th century to respond ethically and aesthetically to the challenges posed by the rise of consumer culture and unbridled technological progress.

Brutalism

Post-War British Architecture, Second Edition

Author: Alexander Clement

Publisher: The Crowood Press

ISBN: 1785004247

Category: Architecture

Page: 176

View: 877

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The term 'Brutalism' is used to describe a form of architecture that appeared, mainly in Europe, from around 1945-75. Uncomprimisingly modern, this trend in architecture was both striking and arresting and, perhaps like no other style before or since, aroused extremes of emotion and debate. Some regarded Brutalist buildings as monstrous soulless structures of concrete, steel and glass, whereas others saw the genre as a logical progression, having its own grace and balance. In this revised second edition, Alexander Clement continues the debate of Brutalism in post-war Britain to the modern day, studying a number of key buildings and developments in the fields of civic, educational, commercial, leisure, private and ecclesiastical architecture. With new and improved illustrations, fresh case studies and profiles of the most influential architects, this new edition affords greater attention to iconic buildings and structures. Now that the age of Brutalism is a generation behind us, it is possible to view the movement with a degree of rational reappraisal, study how the style evolved and gauge its effect on Britain's urban landscape. This book will be of interest to architecture students, design students and anyone interested in post-war architecture. Fully illustrated with 160 colour and 4 black & white photographs.

Space, Hope, and Brutalism

English Architecture, 1945-1975

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies

ISBN: 9780300204469

Category: Architecture

Page: 512

View: 3209

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This is the first major book to study English architecture between 1945 and 1975 in its entirety. Challenging previous scholarship on the subject and uncovering vast amounts of new material at the boundaries between architectural and social history, Elain Harwood structures the book around building types to reveal why the architecture takes the form it does. Buildings of all budgets and styles are examined, from major universities to the modest café. The book is illustrated with stunning new photography that reveals the logic, aspirations, and beauty of hundreds of buildings throughout England, at the point where many are disappearing or are being mutilated. Space, Hope, and Brutalism offers a convincing and lively overview of a subject and period that fascinates younger scholars and appeals to those who were witnesses to this history.

Atlas of Brutalist Architecture

Author: Phaidon Editors

Publisher: Phaidon Press

ISBN: 9780714875668

Category: Architecture

Page: 560

View: 718

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This is the only book to thoroughly document the world's finest examples of Brutalist architecture. More than 850 buildings - existing and demolished, classic and contemporary - are organized geographically into nine continental regions. 878 Buildings, 798 Architects, 102 Countries, 9 World Regions, 1 Style BRUTALISM Presented in an oversized format with a specially bound case with three-dimensional finishes, 1000 beautiful duotone photographs throughout bring the graphic strength, emotional power, and compelling architectural presence of Brutalism to life. From 20th century masters to contemporary architects, much-loved masterpieces in the UK and USA sit alongside lesser-known examples in Europe, Asia, Australia, and beyond - 102 countries in all. Twentieth-century masters included in the book: Marcel Breuer, Lina Bo Bardi, Le Corbusier, Carlo Scarpa, Ernö Goldfinger, Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Kahn, Oscar Niemeyer, and Paul Rudolph. Contemporary architects featured include Peter Zumthor, Alvaro Siza, Coop Himmelb(l)au, David Chipperfield, Diller and Scofidio, Herzog & de Meuron, Jean Nouvel, SANAA, OMA, Renzo Piano, Tadao Ando, and Zaha Hadid. From the publisher of This Brutal World.

As Found

The Discovery of the Ordinary ; [British Architecture and Art of the 1950s ; Parallel of Life and Art, New Brutalism, Independent Group, Free Cinema, Angry Young Men, Kitchen Sink]

Author: Claude Lichtenstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783907078433

Category: Architecture

Page: 319

View: 5920

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British art and architecture of the 1950s are little known but extraordinarily topical today. Of particular relevance are the activities of the Independent Group, a loosely structured organization whose members included artists Richard Hamilton, Eduardo Paolozzi, and Magda Cordell, photographer Nigel Henderson, critics Reyner Banham and Lawrence Alloway, and architects Alison and Peter Smithson, James Stirling, and Colin St. John Wilson, who sought the essence of the everyday through a sensitivity to the hardships and charm of life in the raw. As Found encounters the transdisciplinary relationship between the constructed environment as it is visually perceived and verbally expressed.

Raw Concrete

The Beauty of Brutalism

Author: Barnabas Calder

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0434022446

Category: Architecture

Page: 405

View: 9127

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'Brilliant' Elain Harwood 'Part history, part aesthetic autobiography, wholly engaging and liable to convince those procrastinators sitting (uncomfortably) on the concrete fence' Jonathan Meades 'A learned and passionate book' Simon Bradley, author of The Railways 'A compelling and evocative read, meticulously researched, and filled with insight and passion' Kate Goodwin, Head of Architecture, Royal Academy of Arts The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. The Brutalist style was the result. Today, after several decades in the shadows, attitudes towards Brutalism are slowly changing, but it is a movement that is still overlooked, and grossly underrated. Raw Concrete overturns the perception of Brutalist buildings as the penny-pinching, utilitarian products of dutiful social concern. Instead it looks a little closer, uncovering the luxuriously skilled craft and daring engineering with which the best buildings of the 1960s came into being: magnificent architectural visions serving clients rich and poor, radical and conservative. Beginning in a tiny hermitage on the remote north Scottish coast, and ending up backstage at the National Theatre, Raw Concrete embarks on a wide-ranging journey through Britain over the past sixty years, stopping to examine how eight extraordinary buildings were made - from commission to construction - why they have been so vilified, and why they are beginning to be loved. In it, Barnabas Calder puts forward a powerful case: Brutalism is the best architecture there has ever been, and perhaps the best there ever will be.

The Architecture of Paul Rudolph

Author: Timothy M. Rohan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300149395

Category: Architecture

Page: 290

View: 7624

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The first major study of one of the most important architects of the postwar era, situating Paul Rudolph as a pivotal figure who anticipated new directions for architecture from postmodernism to sustainability.

This Brutal World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Phaidon Press

ISBN: 9780714871080

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 4354

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A curated collection of some of the most powerful and awe-inspiring Brutalist architecture ever built This Brutal World is a global survey of this compelling and much-admired style of architecture. It brings to light virtually unknown Brutalist architectural treasures from across the former eastern bloc and other far flung parts of the world. It includes works by some of the best contemporary architects including Zaha Hadid and David Chipperfield as well as by some of the master architects of the 20th century including Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Kahn, Paul Rudolph and Marcel Breuer.

Heroic

Concrete Architecture and the New Boston

Author: Mark Pasnik,Michael Kubo,Chris Grimley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1580934242

Category: Architecture

Page: 335

View: 1668

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"As a worldwide phenomenon, building with concrete was one of the major architectural movements of the postwar years, but in Boston it was deployed in more civic, cultural, and academic projects than in any other major city. From the founding of the Boston Redevelopment Authority in 1957 to the reopening of Quincy Market in 1976, concrete was used by some of the world's most influential architects in the transformation of Bostonucreating what was eventually referred to as the oNew Boston.o Heroic- Concrete Architecture and the New Bostonpresents the concrete structures that defined Boston during this remarkable period, showing the city as a laboratory for brutalism as well as more refined experiments in concrete structure. Concrete provided an important set of architectural opportunities and challenges for the design community, which fully explored the material's structural and sculptural qualities. Boston was at the forefront of architectural thinking, embracing this new material in a mission to expand and transform the city. With the vast amount and high quality of concrete architecture produced during the heroic era of modernity, Boston has become as significantly a con

The Phaidon atlas of contemporary world architecture

Author: Phaidon Press

Publisher: Phaidon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 437

View: 2033

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The Atlas of Contemporary World Architecture, Travel Edition presents all ofhe best works of architecture completed in the last five years in anltra-convenient mini-format, perfect for the holiday or business traveller.;ach of the 1,052 projects from the comprehensive edition are included with aingle image per building and a short text to help the traveller recognise it.he project entry gives the name of each building and its architect, theocation, and the address, if visitable, as well as the telephone number,here appropriate. There is also a system to indicate which projects are openo the public. In addition to the forty two regional maps from theomprehensive edition, there are an additional 27 new city maps which locatehe buildings in more built up areas;The book provides a unique opportunityo visit 1,052 works of contemporary architecture in all parts of the world,rom the Arctic Circle to the African deserts and beyond. The Phaidon Atlasf Contemporary World Architecture, Travel Edition is an essential companionn the travels of all those interested in gaining a first hand understanding

Concrete Concept

Brutalist Buildings Around the World

Author: Christopher Beanland

Publisher: Frances Lincoln

ISBN: 9780711237643

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 5401

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Concrete Concept takes architecture admirers on a tour of the world's most impressive, celebrated and controversial Brutalist buildings. Featuring 50 international examples (built between the 1950s to 1970s), it skips from one country to the next to illustrate why utilitarian concrete buildings grew to become both the most hotly contested and fashionable architectural style in history. Building descriptions cover key details about the building as well as a context for its original use, public reception and current status.

Art of Japanese Architecture

Author: David Young,Michiko Young

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 1462906575

Category: Photography

Page: 176

View: 3895

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By examining the Japanese history of buildings and building designs from prehistory to modern day, lovers of Japan will develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of this island country. Simplicity, sensitivity to the natural environment, and the use of natural materials are the hallmarks of Japanese architecture. The Art of Japanese Architecture provides a broad overview of traditional Japanese architecture in its historical and cultural context. It begins with a discussion of prehistoric dwellings and concludes with a description of modern Japanese buildings. Important historical influences and trends—notably the introduction of Buddhist culture from Korea and China, the development of feudalism, and the influence of modern Western styles of building—are all discussed in detail as facets of Japanese design. Through all of these changes, a restrained architectural tradition developed in marked contrast to an exuberant tradition characterized by monumentality and the use of bold colors. The book provides tremendous insights into the dynamic nature of Japanese architecture and how it reflects an underlying diversity within Japanese culture. The book is profusely illustrated with over 370 color photographs, woodblock prints, maps, diagrams, and specially commissioned watercolors. A classic in the making, The Art of Japanese Architecture will be sure to enlighten and delight readers.

Finding Brutalism

A Photographic Survey of Post-War British Architecture

Author: Simon Phipps

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783038600633

Category:

Page: 256

View: 2404

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Great Britain underwent a massive rebuilding effort in the aftermath of World War II, with a wealth of new construction that reached virtually all parts of the country and ranged from public and private housing to schools and universities, churches, museums, galleries, commercial buildings, and even entire new towns. Architects took the opportunity to experiment with innovative layouts and new materials and techniques, resulting in radical new forms and buildings of outstanding quality, which we now associate with brutalism. For more than thirty years, photographer Simon Phipps has carried out a project to document the brutalist buildings of Great Britain, amassing an extraordinary collection of photographs and historic documents that make clear the enormous contribution of architects to the transformation of the country in the postwar period. Finding Brutalism brings together 150 of these photographs. The buildings pictured date from the 1950s to the 1980s, and are striking for how they juxtapose buildings and architectural fragments, evoking the distinct atmosphere of brutalism. Rounding out the book is an essay that situates brutalism within the context of British architecture and recognizes Phipps's own contribution to its reception. Published to accompany a recent exhibition at the Museum im Bellpark near Lucerne, Switzerland, Finding Brutalism is a remarkable achievement of preservation that will appeal to anyone interested in the history of architecture, and the illustrated and detailed catalogue of featured buildings makes it a perfect travel book as well.

Brutalism Resurgent

Author: Julia Gatley,Stuart King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317228278

Category: Architecture

Page: 148

View: 3438

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Brutalism had its origins in béton brut – concrete in the raw – and thus in the post-war work of Le Corbusier. The British architects Alison and Peter Smithson used the term "New Brutalism" from 1953, claiming that if their house in Soho had been built, "it would have been the first exponent of the ‘New Brutalism’ in England". Reyner Banham famously gave the movement a series of characteristics, including the clear expression of a building’s structure and services, and the honest use of materials in their "as-found" condition. The Smithsons and Banham promoted the New Brutalism as ethic rather than aesthetic, privileging truth to structure, materials and services and the gritty reality of the working classes over the concerns of the bourgeoisie. But Brutalist architecture changed as it was taken up by others, giving rise to more sculptural buildings flaunting their raw materials, including off-form concrete, often in conjunction with bold structural members. While Brutalism fell out of vogue in the 1980s, recent years have seen renewed admiration for it. This volume is consistent with this broader resurgence, presenting new scholarship on Brutalist architects and projects from Skopje to Sydney, and from Harvard to Haringey. It will appeal to readers interested in twentieth-century architecture, and modern and post-war heritage. This book was originally published as a special issue of Fabrications: the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand.

The Art-Architecture Complex

Author: Hal Foster

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781682305

Category: Art

Page: 320

View: 7697

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Hal Foster, author of the acclaimed Design and Crime, argues that a fusion of architecture and art is a defining feature of contemporary culture. He identifies a “global style” of architecture—as practiced by Norman Foster, Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano—analogous to the international style of Le Corbusier, Gropius and Mies. More than any art, today’s global style conveys both the dreams and delusions of modernity. Foster demonstrates that a study of the “art-architecture complex” provides invaluable insight into broader social and economic trajectories in urgent need of analysis. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Cultural Feelings

Mood, Mediation and Cultural Politics

Author: Ben Highmore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113647465X

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 2910

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Cultural Feelings: Mood, Mediation and Cultural Politics sets out to examine the role of feelings and mood in the production of social and cultural experience. By returning to the work of Raymond Williams, and informed by recent ‘affect theory’, it treats feeling as a foundational term for cultural studies. Ben Highmore argues that feelings are political and cultural forms that orchestrate our encounters with the world. He utilises a range of case studies from twentieth-century British culture, focusing in particular on Home Front morale during the Blitz, the experiences of Caribbean migration in the post-war decades, the music of post-punk bands in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and more recent ‘state of the nation’ film and television, including Our Friends in the North and This is England. He finds evidence in oral history, in films, photographs, television, novels, music, policy documents, and journalism. Through these sources, this book tells a vivid and compelling story of our most recent history and argues that the urgent task for a progressive cultural politics will require the changing of moods as well as minds. Cultural Feelings is essential reading for students and researchers with an interest in affect theory, emotion and culture.

Massive, Expressive, Sculptural

Brutalism Now and Then

Author: Chris van Uffelen

Publisher: Braun Publish,Csi

ISBN: 9783037682241

Category: Architecture, Modern

Page: 304

View: 427

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Buildings designated brutalist in style were largely built in the 1960s and 1970s, exuding an aura of daring, uncompromising design today. Vilified for decades as the step-child of modernism, brutalist architecture is now enjoying an astonishing comeback by inspiring contemporary architecture. This book offers a sophisticated overview of post-war and contemporary brutalist buildings and of the relationship in appearance and design, in the grand concepts and the smallest details between brutalism today and its ancestors.

Redefining Brutalism

Author: Simon Henley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781859465776

Category:

Page: 224

View: 8389

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There is a genuine resurgence of interest in this period of architecture. Brutalism is a highly debated topic in the architectural press and amongst architectural critics and institutions who promote the preservation of these buildings. This book is unique in combining beautiful, highly illustrated design with description of both British and International brutalist buildings and architects, alongside analysis of the present and future of brutalism. Not just be a historical tome, this book discusses brutalism as a living and evolving entity.

Brutal London

Construct Your Own Concrete Capital

Author: Zupagrafika

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783791383002

Category:

Page: 72

View: 1042

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Appealing to fans of architecture, this ingeniously designed book lets you build replicas of some of London s iconic post-war concrete structures while learning about their place in the city s architectural history. In this fun and intellectually stimulating book, readers can recreate a number of London s most renowned Brutalist buildings. Opening with an informative history of the origins and philosophy of Brutalist architecture, the book then focuses on 9 buildings, including the Barbican Estate, Robin Hood Gardens, Balfron Tower and the National Theatre. The first part of the book looks at the significance of each of these buildings, with a short chapter on each, complete with texts and images. The second part of the book consists of a series of 9 pre-cut and folded buildings, printed on heavy card stock, that readers can detach and construct with easy-to-follow instructions. At once fun and informative, this unique book offers a challenging and entertaining approach to architecture."