The Aims of Argument

A Brief Guide

Author: Timothy W. Crusius,Carolyn E. Channell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780072863437

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 9678

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The Aims of Argument is a process-oriented introduction to argumentation with unique coverage of the aims, or purposes, of argument: to inquire, to convince, to persuade, and to mediate. In contrast to other approaches, the focus on aims provides rhetorical context that helps students write, as well as read, arguments.

The Aims of Argument: A Text and Reader

Author: Timothy Crusius,Carolyn Channell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780077592202

Category: Reference

Page: 608

View: 8339

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The Aims of Argument, a comprehensive text for teaching argument, recognizes that people argue with a range of purposes in mind: to inquire, to convince, to persuade, and to negotiate. It offers a clear, logical learning sequence rather than merely a collection of assignments: inquiry is the search for truth, what we call an earned opinion, which then becomes the basis of efforts to convince others to accept our earned opinions. Case-making, the essence of convincing, is then carried over into learning how to persuade, which, requires explicit attention to appeals to character, emotion, and style. Finally, the previous three aims all play roles in negotiation, which amounts to finding and defending positions capable of appealing to all sides in a dispute or controversy. NOTE: Aims of Argument: A Brief Guide (ISBN 9781259188503) is available through Create.

A Brief History of Neoliberalism

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019162294X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6565

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Neoliberalism - the doctrine that market exchange is an ethic in itself, capable of acting as a guide for all human action - has become dominant in both thought and practice throughout much of the world since 1970 or so. Its spread has depended upon a reconstitution of state powers such that privatization, finance, and market processes are emphasized. State interventions in the economy are minimized, while the obligations of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens are diminished. David Harvey, author of 'The New Imperialism' and 'The Condition of Postmodernity', here tells the political-economic story of where neoliberalization came from and how it proliferated on the world stage. While Thatcher and Reagan are often cited as primary authors of this neoliberal turn, Harvey shows how a complex of forces, from Chile to China and from New York City to Mexico City, have also played their part. In addition he explores the continuities and contrasts between neoliberalism of the Clinton sort and the recent turn towards neoconservative imperialism of George W. Bush. Finally, through critical engagement with this history, Harvey constructs a framework not only for analyzing the political and economic dangers that now surround us, but also for assessing the prospects for the more socially just alternatives being advocated by many oppositional movements.

An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments

Author: Ali Almossawi

Publisher: The Experiment

ISBN: 1615192263

Category: Philosophy

Page: 64

View: 1801

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“A flawless compendium of flaws.” —Alice Roberts, PhD, anatomist, writer, and presenter of The Incredible Human Journey The antidote to fuzzy thinking, with furry animals! Have you read (or stumbled into) one too many irrational online debates? Ali Almossawi certainly had, so he wrote An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments! This handy guide is here to bring the internet age a much-needed dose of old-school logic (really old-school, a la Aristotle). Here are cogent explanations of the straw man fallacy, the slippery slope argument, the ad hominem attack, and other common attempts at reasoning that actually fall short—plus a beautifully drawn menagerie of animals who (adorably) commit every logical faux pas. Rabbit thinks a strange light in the sky must be a UFO because no one can prove otherwise (the appeal to ignorance). And Lion doesn’t believe that gas emissions harm the planet because, if that were true, he wouldn’t like the result (the argument from consequences). Once you learn to recognize these abuses of reason, they start to crop up everywhere from congressional debate to YouTube comments—which makes this geek-chic book a must for anyone in the habit of holding opinions.

Writing in Engineering

A Brief Guide

Author: Robert Irish

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199343553

Category: Communication in engineering

Page: 256

View: 6190

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At once sophisticated and practical, Writing in Engineering: A Brief Guide leads students through how to compose design reports, lab reports, and other key engineering genres while attending to the principles of argument, style, and visual design. It is a part of a series of brief, discipline-specific writing guides from Oxford University Press designed for today's writing-intensive college courses. The series is edited by Thomas Deans (University of Connecticut) and Mya Poe (Northeastern University).

Education and Democracy in the 21st Century

Author: Nel Noddings

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807772313

Category: Education

Page: 179

View: 3637

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"Educational philosopher Nel Noddings draws on John Dewey's foundational work to reimagine education's aims and curriculum for the 21st century. Noddings looks at education as a multi-aim enterprise in which schools must address needs in all three domains of life: home and family, occupational, and civic. She raises critical questions about the current enthusiasm for standardization, the search for 'one-best-way' solutions, and the practice of maintaining a sharp separation between the disciplines. Comprehensive in its scope, chapters examine the liberal arts curriculum, vocational education, restructuring secondary school, extracurricular activities, national and global citizenship, critical thinking, and moral education."--Back cover.

Haiti: The Aftershocks of History

Author: Laurent Dubois

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 0805095624

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 3790

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A passionate and insightful account by a leading historian of Haiti that traces the sources of the country's devastating present back to its turbulent and traumatic history Even before the 2010 earthquake destroyed much of the country, Haiti was known as a benighted place of poverty and corruption. Maligned and misunderstood, the nation has long been blamed by many for its own wretchedness. But as acclaimed historian Laurent Dubois makes clear, Haiti's troubled present can only be understood by examining its complex past. The country's difficulties are inextricably rooted in its founding revolution—the only successful slave revolt in the history of the world; the hostility that this rebellion generated among the colonial powers surrounding the island nation; and the intense struggle within Haiti itself to define its newfound freedom and realize its promise. Dubois vividly depicts the isolation and impoverishment that followed the 1804 uprising. He details how the crushing indemnity imposed by the former French rulers initiated a devastating cycle of debt, while frequent interventions by the United States—including a twenty-year military occupation—further undermined Haiti's independence. At the same time, Dubois shows, the internal debates about what Haiti should do with its hard-won liberty alienated the nation's leaders from the broader population, setting the stage for enduring political conflict. Yet as Dubois demonstrates, the Haitian people have never given up on their struggle for true democracy, creating a powerful culture insistent on autonomy and equality for all. Revealing what lies behind the familiar moniker of "the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere," this indispensable book illuminates the foundations on which a new Haiti might yet emerge.

Writing a Successful Research Paper

A Simple Approach

Author: Stanley Chodorow

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603847480

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 115

View: 1590

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This brief, practical guide offers a clear and comprehensive strategy for conceptualizing, approaching, and executing the task of writing a research paper in the humanities and social sciences. In addition, it provides: a critical and process-oriented approach to the tasks of topic selection, formulation of the research question, thesis development, and argumentation. judiciously selected examples drawn from a broad range of disciplines. concise treatment of the aims, methods, and conventions of scholarly research, including the opportunities and pitfalls of Internet use. a wealth of conceptual and organizational tools, and more.

The Stone Reader: Modern Philosophy in 133 Arguments

Author: Peter Catapano,Simon Critchley

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 1631490729

Category: Philosophy

Page: 768

View: 9822

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A timeless volume to be read and treasured, The Stone Reader provides an unparalleled overview of contemporary philosophy. Once solely the province of ivory-tower professors and college classrooms, contemporary philosophy was finally emancipated from its academic closet in 2010, when The Stone was launched in The New York Times. First appearing as an online series, the column quickly attracted millions of readers through its accessible examination of universal topics like the nature of science, consciousness and morality, while also probing more contemporary issues such as the morality of drones, gun control and the gender divide. Now collected for the first time in this handsomely designed volume, The Stone Reader presents 133 meaningful and influential essays from the series, placing nearly the entirety of modern philosophical discourse at a reader’s grasp. The book, divided into four broad sections—Philosophy, Science, Religion and Morals, and Society—opens with a series of questions about the scope, history and identity of philosophy: What are the practical uses of philosophy? Does the discipline, begun in the West in ancient Greece with Socrates, favor men and exclude women? Does the history and study of philosophy betray a racial bias against non-white thinkers, or geographical bias toward the West? These questions and others form a foundation for readers as the book moves to the second section, Science, where some of our most urgent contemporary philosophical debates are taking place. Will artificial intelligence compromise our morality? Does neuroscience undermine our free will? Is there is a legitimate place for the humanities in a world where science and technology appear to rule? Should the evidence for global warming change the way we live, or die? In the book’s third section, Religion and Morals, we find philosophy where it is often at its best, sharpest and most disturbing—working through the arguments provoked by competing moral theories in the face of real-life issues and rigorously addressing familiar ethical dilemmas in a new light. Can we have a true moral life without belief in God? What are the dangers of moral relativism? In its final part, Society, The Stone Reader returns to its origins as a forum to encourage philosophers who are willing to engage closely, critically and analytically with the affairs of the day, including economic inequality, technology and racial discrimination. In directly confronting events like the September 11 attacks, the killing of Trayvon Martin, the Sandy Hook School massacre, the essays here reveal the power of philosophy to help shape our viewpoints on nearly every issue we face today. With an introduction by Peter Catapano that details the column’s founding and distinct editorial process at The New York Times, and prefatory notes to each section by Simon Critchley, The Stone Reader promises to become not only an intellectual landmark but also a confirmation that philosophy is, indeed, for everyone.

A Clinician's Brief Guide to the Mental Capacity Act

Author: Nick Brindle,Tim Branton,Alison Stansfield,Tony Zigmond

Publisher: RCPsych Publications

ISBN: 9781908020635

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 8627

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This easy-to-read book guides clinicians through the parts of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 that they need to understand and use in their daily practice. This act now gives clinicians the authority to provide medical care and treatment to people (over 16 years) who lack the capacity to consent for themselves.

Socialism . . . Seriously

A Brief Guide to Human Liberation

Author: Danny Katch

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608466108

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 2009

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Opinion polls show that many people in the U.S. prefer socialism to capitalism. But after being declared dead and buried for decades, socialism has come to mean little more than something vaguely less cruel and stupid than what we have now. That's not exactly going to inspire millions to storm the barricades. Danny Katch brings together the two great Marxist traditions of Karl and Groucho to provide an entertaining and insightful introduction to what the socialist tradition has to say about democracy, economics and the potential of human beings to be something more than being bomb-dropping, planet-destroying racist fools.

The Aims of Argument

A Brief Rhetoric

Author: Timothy W. Crusius,Carolyn E. Channell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780767411325

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 312

View: 2116

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This brief version of The Aims of Argument, Third Edition, contains all the material in Part I of the longer version as well as the two appendixes. Only the readings in Part II are excluded, giving each instructor the flexibility to choose whatever readings he or she wants. For key features of the text and a detailed table of contents, please see the preceding entry.

GDP

A Brief but Affectionate History

Author: Diane Coyle

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400873630

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 4118

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Why did the size of the U.S. economy increase by 3 percent on one day in mid-2013—or Ghana's balloon by 60 percent overnight in 2010? Why did the U.K. financial industry show its fastest expansion ever at the end of 2008—just as the world’s financial system went into meltdown? And why was Greece’s chief statistician charged with treason in 2013 for apparently doing nothing more than trying to accurately report the size of his country’s economy? The answers to all these questions lie in the way we define and measure national economies around the world: Gross Domestic Product. This entertaining and informative book tells the story of GDP, making sense of a statistic that appears constantly in the news, business, and politics, and that seems to rule our lives—but that hardly anyone actually understands. Diane Coyle traces the history of this artificial, abstract, complex, but exceedingly important statistic from its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century precursors through its invention in the 1940s and its postwar golden age, and then through the Great Crash up to today. The reader learns why this standard measure of the size of a country’s economy was invented, how it has changed over the decades, and what its strengths and weaknesses are. The book explains why even small changes in GDP can decide elections, influence major political decisions, and determine whether countries can keep borrowing or be thrown into recession. The book ends by making the case that GDP was a good measure for the twentieth century but is increasingly inappropriate for a twenty-first-century economy driven by innovation, services, and intangible goods.

The Art of Non-conformity

Set Your Own Rules, Live the Life You Want, and Change the World

Author: Chris Guillebeau

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0399536108

Category: Self-Help

Page: 242

View: 3951

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Encourages one to create an ideal life through hard work, drawing on the author's own story and the experiences of others to prove that this life plan can really work.

Why College Matters to God

Academic Faithfulness and Christian Higher Education

Author: Richard Ostrander

Publisher: ACU Press

ISBN: 9780891125358

Category: Education

Page: 127

View: 7267

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At last: a brief, easy-to-read introduction to the unique purpose of a Christian college education. This book draws on the insights of a wide range of Christian philosophers, historians, scientists, and theologians, but communicates key concepts in straightforward language that will connect with today's college students. Brief enough to be paired with other first-year texts, it is an ideal introduction to the Christian college experience for students, faculty, staff, and parents. "Perhaps the best available introduction for students to the aims and purposes of a Christian college education. I see this book as potential replacement for Arthur F. Holmes's venerable The Idea of a Christian College. The Creation-Fall-Redemption core gives Why College Matters an excellent conceptual anchor that is likely to make the book's ideas memorable to students."---Michael Hamilton, Chair, Department of History, Seattle Pacific University "Why College Matters to God provides an able introduction to some basic aims of Christian higher education Pitched perfectly for entering freshmen, the book shows the marks of wide reading and learnedness, yet it avoids cumbersome digressions. Many students deserve the opportunity to encounter such capable writing, clear-headed insight, and Christian conviction---most of all in these matters that touch upon the central purpose of Christian colleges"---Douglas V. Henry, Department of Philosophy, Baylor University

The Kalam Cosmological Argument for God

Author: Mark R. Nowacki

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781591024736

Category: Philosophy

Page: 315

View: 6340

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Approximately 1500 years ago John Philoponus proposed a simple and compelling argument for the existence of God: (1) Whatever comes to be has a cause of its coming to be; (2) The universe came to be; (3) Therefore, the universe has a cause of its coming to be. Due to the influence of William Lane Craig — analytic philosopher, Christian apologist, champion of Philoponus’s position, and author of The Kalam Cosmological Argument — this argument and the family of subarguments that support it have come to be known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument (KCA). The term kalam comes from Medieval Arabic philosophy and broadly means "natural theology" or "philosophical theism." Despite being one of the most widely discussed and hotly debated arguments in philosophy today, it has been more than twenty-five years since any systematic presentation of the argument as a whole has been attempted. The present book helps remedy that situation, laying bare the logical structure of the KCA as it has emerged from continuous philosophical refinement. A handy taxonomy of major objections and replies to the KCA has been included as an aid to understanding the argument and its background literature. This book breaks new ground by arguing that future progress on the KCA requires that the argument be situated within a substance-based metaphysics. In addition to providing an analytic account of substances, this book describes a modal theory sensitive to the possibilities and necessities that obtain for substances. With these conceptual tools, the characteristic thought-experiments supporting the KCA can be properly assessed.

The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything

A Spirituality for Real Life

Author: James Martin

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061981401

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 8398

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The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything by the Revered James Martin, SJ (My Life with the Saints) is a practical spiritual guidebook based on the life and teachings of St. Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus. Centered around the Ignatian goal of “finding God in all things,” The Jesuit Guide to Almost Everything shows us how to manage relationships, money, work, prayer, and decision-making, all while keeping a sense of humor. Filled with user-friendly examples, humorous stories, and anecdotes from the heroic and inspiring lives of Jesuit saints and average priests and brothers, The Jesuit Guide to Almost Everything is sure to appeal to fans of Kathleen Norris, Richard Rohr, Anne Lamott, and other Christian Spiritual writers.

Aims of Argument MLA 2016 UPDATE

Author: Timothy Crusius,Carolyn Channell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9781260094657

Category: Reference

Page: 608

View: 4669

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The Aims of Argument, a comprehensive text for teaching argument, recognizes that people argue with a range of purposes in mind: to inquire, to convince, to persuade, and to negotiate. It offers a clear, logical learning sequence rather than merely a collection of assignments: inquiry is the search for truth, what we call an earned opinion, which then becomes the basis of efforts to convince others to accept our earned opinions. Case-making, the essence of convincing, is then carried over into learning how to persuade, which, requires explicit attention to appeals to character, emotion, and style. Finally, the previous three aims all play roles in negotiation, which amounts to finding and defending positions capable of appealing to all sides in a dispute or controversy. Connect Composition supports instruction across multiple semesters and courses with interactive exercises, online learning videos, enriched ebook materials,annotation and writing tools, and much more! •LearnSmart Achieve – a continuously adaptive learning system that pinpoints students’ individual strengths and weaknesses and provides personalized support to help them master key topics and material. LearnSmartAchieve provides foundational support on key course areas such as the writing process, critical reading, the research process, reasoning and argument,grammar and common sentence problems,punctuation and mechanics, style and word choice, and multilingual writer support. • Power of Process – a critical reading and writing tool that guides students through instructor-chosen strategies and helps them engage directly with a text through highlighting, annotation, and short answer questions. •Analytics - Progress dashboards that quickly show how you are performing on your assignments and tips for improvement.