Synthetic Aesthetics

Investigating Synthetic Biology's Designs on Nature

Author: Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg,Jane Calvert,Pablo Schyfter,Alistair Elfick,Drew Endy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026201999X

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 2342

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As synthetic biology transforms living matter into a medium for making, what is the role of design and its associated values?

Synthetic

How Life Got Made

Author: Sophia Roosth

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022644046X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 4660

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In the final years of the twentieth century, emigres from mechanical and electrical engineering and computer science resolved that if the aim of biology was to understand life, then making life would yield better theories than experimentation. Sophia Roosth, a cultural anthropologist, takes us into the world of these self-named synthetic biologists who, she shows, advocate not experiment but manufacture, not reduction but construction, not analysis but synthesis. Roosth reveals how synthetic biologists make new living things in order to understand better how life works. What we see through her careful questioning is that the biological features, theories, and limits they fasten upon are determined circularly by their own experimental tactics. This is a story of broad interest, because the active, interested making of the synthetic biologists is endemic to the sciences of our time."

Artificial Intelligence

What Everyone Needs to Know

Author: Jerry Kaplan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190602414

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 4026

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Over the coming decades, Artificial Intelligence will profoundly impact the way we live, work, wage war, play, seek a mate, educate our young, and care for our elderly. It is likely to greatly increase our aggregate wealth, but it will also upend our labor markets, reshuffle our social order, and strain our private and public institutions. Eventually it may alter how we see our place in the universe, as machines pursue goals independent of their creators and outperform us in domains previously believed to be the sole dominion of humans. Whether we regard them as conscious or unwitting, revere them as a new form of life or dismiss them as mere clever appliances, is beside the point. They are likely to play an increasingly critical and intimate role in many aspects of our lives. The emergence of systems capable of independent reasoning and action raises serious questions about just whose interests they are permitted to serve, and what limits our society should place on their creation and use. Deep ethical questions that have bedeviled philosophers for ages will suddenly arrive on the steps of our courthouses. Can a machine be held accountable for its actions? Should intelligent systems enjoy independent rights and responsibilities, or are they simple property? Who should be held responsible when a self-driving car kills a pedestrian? Can your personal robot hold your place in line, or be compelled to testify against you? If it turns out to be possible to upload your mind into a machine, is that still you? The answers may surprise you.

Biology Is Technology

Author: Robert H. Carlson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674053621

Category: Science

Page: 288

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In Biology Is Technology, author Robert Carlson offers a uniquely informed perspective on the endeavors that contribute to current progress in the science of biological systems and the technology used to manipulate them.

Molecular Aesthetics

Author: Peter Weibel,Ljiljana Fruk

Publisher: MIT Press (MA)

ISBN: 9780262018784

Category: Art

Page: 480

View: 2898

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Thanks to advances in molecular science and microscopy, we can visualize matter on a nanoscale, and structures not visible to the naked eye can be visualized and characterized. The fact that technology allows us to transcend the limits of natural perception and see what was previously unseeable creates a new dimension of aesthetic experience and practice: molecular aesthetics. This book, drawing on an exhibit and symposium at ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, documents aesthetic developments in what Félix Guattari called the "molecular revolution." Just as artists in the Bauhaus movement began to use such industrial materials as metal, Plexiglas, and alloys as raw materials, artists today have access to new realms of the molecular and nano. The industrial aesthetic of machinery and material has been transformed into an aesthetic of media and molecules. Molecular Aesthetics suggests ways in which art can draw inspiration from the molecular sciences -- and ways in which science can use art to make experimental results more intelligible and comprehensible. The authors of the essays collected in the book discuss the creation of molecules of remarkable beauty and the functional properties that stem from a few geometrical principles of molecular design; address the history of molecular structure representation; examine the meaning of molecular aesthetics for scientists; and compare chemical structures to artworks.

The Where, the Why, and the How

75 Artists Illustrate Wondrous Mysteries of Science

Author: Matt Lamothe,Julia Rothman,Jenny Volvovski

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 1452119112

Category: Art

Page: 168

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A science book like no other, The Where, the Why, and the How turns loose 75 of today's hottest artists onto life's vast questions, from how we got here to where we are going. Inside these pages some of the biggest (and smallest) mysteries of the natural world are explained in essays by real working scientists, which are then illustrated by artists given free rein to be as literal or as imaginative as they like. The result is a celebration of the wonder that inspires every new discovery. Featuring work by such contemporary luminaries as Lisa Congdon, Jen Corace, Neil Farber, Susie Ghahremani, Jeremyville, and many more, this is a work of scientific and artistic exploration to pique the interest of both the intellectually and imaginatively curious.

Bio Design

Nature * Science * Creativity

Author: William Myers

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500294390

Category:

Page: 304

View: 3464

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Bioluminescent algae, symbiotic aquariums, self-healing concrete, clavicle wind instruments and structures made from living trees - biology applied outside the lab has never been so intriguing, or so beautiful. Bio Design examines the thrilling advances in the field, showcasing some seventy projects (concepts, prototypes and completed designs) that cover a range of fields - from architecture and industrial design to fashion and medicine. The revised and expanded edition features twelve new projects (replacing ten existing projects): Hy-Fi (by David Benjamin); One Central Park, Sydney (Jean Nouvel); Guard from Above (Sjoerd Hoogendoorn); Cell-laden Hydrogels for Biocatalysis (Alshakim Nelson); Zoa (Modern Meadow); Amino Labs (Julie Legault); Algae and Mycelium Projects (Eric Klarenbeek); Interwoven and Harvest (Diane Scherer); Concrete Honey (John Becker); Bistro In Vitro (Koert van Mensvoort); Circumventive Organs (Agi Haines); Quantworm Mine (Liv Bargman and Nina Cutler). It also includes a new 'how-to' section at the end (Tips for Collaboration/FAQs/Further Resources), as well as a fully revised introduction.

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence

Author: John Henry Holland

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262581110

Category: Psychology

Page: 211

View: 557

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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Synthetic Biology

A Lab Manual

Author: Josefine Liljeruhm,Erik Gullberg,Anthony C Forster

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814579564

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 4119

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Synthetic Biology: A Lab Manual is the first manual for laboratory work in the new and rapidly expanding field of synthetic biology. Aimed at non-specialists, it details protocols central to synthetic biology in both education and research. In addition, it provides all the information that teachers and students from high schools and tertiary institutions need for a colorful lab course in bacterial synthetic biology using chromoproteins and designer antisense RNAs. As a bonus, practical material is provided for students of the annual international Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition. The manual is based upon a highly successful course at Sweden's Uppsala University and is coauthored by one of the pioneers of synthetic biology and two bioengineering postgraduate students. An inspiring foreword is written by another pioneer in the field, Harvard's George Church: “Synthetic biology is to early recombinant DNA as a genome is to a gene. Is there anything that SynBio will not impact? There was no doubt that the field of SynBio needed ‘A Lab Manual’ such as the one that you now hold in your hands.” Read about the interview with the authors! Contents:Introduction:What is Synthetic Biology, Exactly?The iGEM OutbreakA Synthetic Biology Lab ManualGenes, Chromoproteins and Antisense RNAs:E. coli DNA: Chromosomes, Plasmids and Copy NumberCoupling of Transcription and Translation in BacteriaPromoter and Terminator for TranscriptionRibosome Binding Site (RBS)Codon BiasChromoproteinsSmall Regulatory RNAs (sRNAs)Lab Rooms and Equipment:The Physical Lab SpacesEquipmentSafety is Priority #1:FiresChemicalsBiological Safety and DisposalDangerous EquipmentLab Course Projects:Time and ResourcesProject Overview and Learning ObjectivesThe Lab NotebookLab Section 1. Preparation of Chemical Solutions and Agar PlatesLab Section 2. Coloring Bacteria by Adding a Promoter to a Chromoprotein GeneLab Section 3: Rational Engineering of Chromoprotein Expression LevelLab Section 4. Other ExperimentsThe “Dreaded” ExamProtocols:IntroductionProtocol 1. Preparation of Solutions and Agar PlatesProtocol 2. Overnight Cultures with Antibiotics, and Glycerol StocksProtocol 3. BioBrick™ 3A Assembly and Gel AnalysisProtocol 4. Agarose Gel ElectrophoresisProtocol 5. Preparation of Competent E. coli Cells Using CaCl2Protocol 6. Transformation of CaCl2-Competent E. coli CellsProtocol 7. Bacterial Re-Streaking TechniquesProtocol 8. Lysis of E. coli Cells with LysozymeProtocol 9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)Protocol 10. Inverse PCR MutagenesisProtocol 11. Colony PCRProtocol 12. Gibson AssemblyAdvanced Methods:Flow Cytometry and Cell SortingRecombination in Plasmids and the ChromosomeElectrocompetent CellsThe International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Competition:How to Start an iGEM TeamUppsala iGEM 2011 — Show Color with ColorUppsala iGEM 2012 — Resistance is FutileUppsala iGEM 2013 — Lactonutritious — It's DeliciousAppendices Readership: Students and researchers in biotechnology, cell/molecular biology and genetics. Keywords:Synthetic Biology;Genetic Engineering;DNA Cloning;Polymerase Chain Reaction;Molecular Biology;Laboratory;Biobrick;Chromoprotein;Manual;CourseReviews: It provides an introductory workflow for common techniques and would be of definite use to educators wanting to bring synthetic biology into the classroom or for motivated undergraduate students with the desire to start thir own iGEM team.” Synthetic Biology See Full Review

Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics

Towards a Philosophy of Biology

Author: Francisco J. Ayala

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037318

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 7240

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Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics: Towards a Philosophy of Biology focuses on the dominant biological topic of evolution. It deals with the prevailing philosophical themes of how to explain the adaptation of organisms, the interplay of chance and necessity, and the recurrent topics of emergence, reductionism, and progress. In addition, the extensively treated topic of how to explain human nature as a result of natural processes and the encompassed issues of the foundations of morality and the brain-to-mind transformation is discussed. The philosophy of biology is a rapidly expanding field, not more than half a century old at most, and to a large extent is replacing the interest in the philosophy of physics that prevailed in the first two-thirds of the twentieth century. Few texts available have the benefit of being written by an eminent biologist who happens to be also a philosopher, as in this work. This book is a useful resource for seminar courses and college courses on the philosophy of biology. Researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity will also be interested in this work, as will those in human biology and issues such as ethics, religion, and the human mind, along with professional philosophers of science and those concerned with such issues as whether evolution is compatible with religion and/or where morality comes from. Presents the unique perspective of a distinguished biologist with extensive experience in the field who has published much about the subject in a wide variety of journals and edited volumes Covers the philosophical issues related to evolution and biology in an approachable and readable style Includes the most up-to-date treatment of this burgeoning, exciting field within biology Provides the ideal guide for researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity

BioBuilder

Synthetic Biology in the Lab

Author: Natalie Kuldell PhD.,Rachel Bernstein,Karen Ingram,Kathryn M Hart

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491907533

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 2906

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Today’s synthetic biologists are in the early stages of engineering living cells to help treat diseases, sense toxic compounds in the environment, and produce valuable drugs. With this manual, you can be part of it. Based on the BioBuilder curriculum, this valuable book provides open-access, modular, hands-on lessons in synthetic biology for secondary and post-secondary classrooms and laboratories. It also serves as an introduction to the field for science and engineering enthusiasts. Developed at MIT in collaboration with award-winning high school teachers, BioBuilder teaches the foundational ideas of the emerging synthetic biology field, as well as key aspects of biological engineering that researchers are exploring in labs throughout the world. These lessons will empower teachers and students to explore and be part of solving persistent real-world challenges. Learn the fundamentals of biodesign and DNA engineering Explore important ethical issues raised by examples of synthetic biology Investigate the BioBuilder labs that probe the design-build-test cycle Test synthetic living systems designed and built by engineers Measure several variants of an enzyme-generating genetic circuit Model "bacterial photography" that changes a strain’s light sensitivity Build living systems to produce purple or green pigment Optimize baker’s yeast to produce ?-carotene

The Politics of the Impure

Author: Joke Brouwer

Publisher: V2_ publishing

ISBN: 9056627481

Category: Art

Page: 356

View: 9810

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Edited by Joke Brouwer, Arjun Appadurai, Bruce Sterling, Gunnar Heinsohn, Lynn Margulis, Raj Patel.

Bio Art

Altered Realities

Author: William Myers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500239322

Category: Art

Page: 256

View: 4454

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In our age of fast-paced biotechnological progress and humans' increasing impact on the environment the autonomy of 'nature' has come into question. We can now engineer living things, blur the biological distinctions between humans and animals, and influence parts of our world that we cannot see - such as DNA and genes. These discoveries and far-reaching developments have created fertile ground for artistic expression. This book reveals the ways in which the work of bio artists offers new meanings for our lives in the wake of scientific discovery, as well as new frameworks for describing them. Four thematic chapters cover the key areas in which biotechnology has had an impact on today's world, including ecology, biomedicine, designer genomes and evolutionary theory, profiling the work of 60 artists, collectives and organizations from countries including France, Germany, the US, the Netherlands, Mexico and Japan. Interviews with eight bio artists and technologists, including Arne Hendriks, Mark Dion, Boo Chapple, Heather Dewey-Hagborg and Raphael Kim, provide a deeper insight into the ideas and methods of this new breed of creative practitioner.

The Inhabitable Flesh of Architecture

Author: Marcos Cruz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351887688

Category: Architecture

Page: 272

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Today’s architecture has failed the body with its long heritage of purity of form and aesthetic of cleanliness. A resurgence of interest in flesh, especially in art, has led to a politics of abjection, completely changing traditional aesthetics, and is now giving light to an alternative discussion about the body in architecture. This book is dedicated to a future vision of the body in architecture, questioning the contemporary relationship between our Human Flesh and the changing Architectural Flesh. Through the analysis and design of a variety of buildings and projects, Flesh is proposed as a concept that extends the meaning of skin, one of architecture’s most fundamental metaphors. It seeks to challenge a common misunderstanding of skin as a flat and thin surface. In a time when a pervasive discourse about the impact of digital technologies risks turning the architectural skin ever more disembodied, this book argues for a thick embodied flesh by exploring architectural interfaces that are truly inhabitable. Different concepts of Flesh are investigated, not only concerning the architectural and aesthetic, but also the biological aspects. The latter is materialised in form of Synthetic Neoplasms, which are proposed as new semi-living entities, rather than more commonly derived from scaled-up analogies between biological systems and larger scale architectural constructs. These ’neoplasmatic’ creations are identified as partly designed object and partly living material, in which the line between the natural and the artificial is progressively blurred. Hybrid technologies and interdisciplinary work methodologies are thus required, and lead to a revision of our current architectural practice.

Material Matters

New Materials in Design

Author: Philip Howes,Zoe Laughlin

Publisher: Black Dog Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781907317736

Category: Art

Page: 237

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Material Matters: New Materials in Design explores the fascinating world of materials, surveying characteristics, properties and new applications of materials in diverse fields, from sustainable resources to medicine, architectural design to aeronautical engineering and interior design to ‘haute-culture’ and fashion. Material Matters profiles the most fascinating materials developed in recent years with full page profiles and colorful illustrations, examples include Aerogel or ‘frozen smoke’—used by NASA it is the lightest solid on earth at 95% air. Amongst the detailed profiles are texts that discuss the fusion between science, art and design in the creation of these substances and their importance within contemporary living, sustainability and expanding technologies. The book also includes the work of cutting edge designers Marc Newson, Ross Lovegrove, Apple, NASA, Intel, Ron Arad and household names.

The Aesthetic Brain

How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Author: Anjan Chatterjee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199811806

Category: Psychology

Page: 217

View: 2705

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The Aesthetic Brain takes the reader on a wide-ranging journey addressing fundamental questions about aesthetics and art. Using neuroscience and evolutionary psychology, Chatterjee shows how beauty, pleasure, and art are grounded biologically, and offers explanations for why beauty, pleasure, and art exist at all.

Food Futures

Sensory Explorations in Food Design

Author: Gemma Warriner,Kate Sweetapple

Publisher: Promopress

ISBN: 9788416504657

Category: Cooking

Page: 264

View: 2559

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Food Futures is a compilation of unique design projects that act as visual stimulus for designers and food enthusiasts alike, illustrating the possibilities that new technologies open up to designers and the different ways society perceives food. The aestheticisation of food is a growing phenomenon for both designers and consumers alike. Designers are increasingly identifying food as an object that speaks a global language, as an effective communication medium to visualise and express their ideas. Aside from the role a designer plays in the process of food fabrication, industrial practices too contribute to the alteration of shape, colour, scent and consistency of food, transforming it before our eyes, for our eyes. Food Futures seeks to exist as a stimulating visual collection of experimentation and innovation in food design, posing questions and challenging how we perceive this everyday commodity. Food Futures is structured in three main sections, each of which will encompass design projects appropriate to different categories. These sections will help to shape an understanding of the various ways in which the project has been fabricated and will be titled, respectively, 'Two Dimensional', 'Three Dimensional' and 'Multi Sensory' (experiential). Gemma Warriner is a Visual Communication Designer and educator at the University of Technology Sydney. Her work reflects her interests in information visualisation, food design and brand experience, exhibiting a multidisciplinary approach to design with projects spanning across both print and digital platforms. Gemma’s designs have been and recognised by The Australian Graphic Design Association (AGDA), Graphis, Kantar Information is Beautiful Awards, Adobe and The Dieline. Kate Sweetapple is a senior lecturer at the School of Design (University of Technology Sydney, Australia) who explores the intersection of words and images through exhibitions, installations and printed matter. Her research interests include information visualisation that is poetic/playful; experimental and speculative design practice; and, the role of the designer as a cultural critic and agent.Kate is a foundering member of Page Screen, a design research studio, based at the University of Technology, Sydney.

The Toaster Project

Or A Heroic Attempt to Build a Simple Electric Appliance from Scratch

Author: Thomas Thwaites

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 161689119X

Category: Art

Page: 192

View: 2077

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"Hello, my name is Thomas Thwaites, and I have made a toaster." So begins The Toaster Project, the author's nine-month-long journey from his local appliance store to remote mines in the UK to his mother's backyard, where he creates a crude foundry. Along the way, he learns that an ordinary toaster is made up of 404 separate parts, that the best way to smelt metal at home is by using a method found in a fifteenth-century treatise, and that plastic is almost impossible to make from scratch. In the end, Thwaites's homemade toaster—a haunting and strangely beautiful object—cost 250 times more than the toaster he bought at the store and involved close to two thousand miles of travel to some of Britain's remotest locations. The Toaster Project may seem foolish, even insane. Yet, Thwaites's quixotic tale, told with self-deprecating wit, helps us reflect on the costs and perils of our cheap consumer culture, and in so doing reveals much about the organization of the modern world.

Chromatic Algorithms

Synthetic Color, Computer Art, and Aesthetics after Code

Author: Carolyn L. Kane

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022600287X

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 617

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These days, we take for granted that our computer screens—and even our phones—will show us images in vibrant full color. Digital color is a fundamental part of how we use our devices, but we never give a thought to how it is produced or how it came about. Chromatic Algorithms reveals the fascinating history behind digital color, tracing it from the work of a few brilliant computer scientists and experimentally minded artists in the late 1960s and early ‘70s through to its appearance in commercial software in the early 1990s. Mixing philosophy of technology, aesthetics, and media analysis, Carolyn Kane shows how revolutionary the earliest computer-generated colors were—built with the massive postwar number-crunching machines, these first examples of “computer art” were so fantastic that artists and computer scientists regarded them as psychedelic, even revolutionary, harbingers of a better future for humans and machines. But, Kane shows, the explosive growth of personal computing and its accompanying need for off-the-shelf software led to standardization and the gradual closing of the experimental field in which computer artists had thrived. Even so, the gap between the bright, bold presence of color onscreen and the increasing abstraction of its underlying code continues to lure artists and designers from a wide range of fields, and Kane draws on their work to pose fascinating questions about the relationships among art, code, science, and media in the twenty-first century.