The Stonehenge Landscape

Analysing the Stonehenge World Heritage Site

Author: Sharon Soutar,Mark Bowden,David Field,Martyn Barber

Publisher: English Heritage

ISBN: 9781848021167

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5994

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Stonehenge is arguably the greatest prehistoric monument in western Europe; as a World Heritage Site it ranks in significance with such sites as the Acropolis of Athens, the Pyramids of Giza, Great Zimbabwe and Machu Picchu. Stonehenge sits at the heart of a landscape rich in other monuments and remains of the Neolithic period and Bronze Age that are also part of the World Heritage Site. Recent research by English Heritage’s landscape archaeologists within the Stonehenge World Heritage Site has led to the identification of previously unknown sites and, perhaps even more importantly, the re-interpretation of known sites, including Stonehenge itself. This work has been carried out alongside recent and on-going independent research initiatives conducted by a number of academic institutions, involving international co-operation. This book presents the most significant findings of the English Heritage research and shows how it integrates with the results of work undertaken by colleagues in other research bodies. It traces human influence on the landscape from prehistoric times to the very recent past and presents an up-to-date synthesis of the results of recent fieldwork. It will be of value to anyone interested in Stonehenge itself, in megalithic monuments, in the Neolithic period and Bronze Age of Europe and in the historic evolution of chalkland landscapes.

Stonehenge

Archäologie, Geschichte, Mythos

Author: Bernhard Maier

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406710026

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 7975

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Stonehenge gehört zu den bekanntesten und zugleich rätselhaftesten Denkmälern der europäischen Vorgeschichte. Seine Anfänge reichen ins 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. zurück. Ähnlich wie die großen Pyramiden von Gize ist Stonehenge zum Sinnbild einer Kultur und einer Epoche geworden, und ähnlich wie die Pyramiden von Gize gab und gibt auch Stonehenge Anlass zu zahllosen Mutmaßungen, Theorien und Spekulationen. Bernhard Maier hat unseren Kenntnisstand über Stonehenge, seine Erbauer, seine Geheimnisse und seine Rezeption in dieser informativen, knappen Darstellung zusammengefasst.

Stonehenge

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: Head of Zeus

ISBN: 178497465X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9066

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Perched on the chalk uplands of Salisbury Plain, the megaliths of Stonehenge offer one of the most recognizable outlines of any ancient structure. Its purpose – place of worship, sacrificial arena, giant calendar – is unknown, but its story is one of the most extraordinary of any of the world's prehistoric monuments. Constructed in several phases over a period of some 1500 years, beginning c. 3000 BC, Stonehenge's key elements are its 'bluestones' , transported from West Wales by unexplained means, and sarsen stones quarried from the nearby Marlborough Downs. Francis Pryor delivers a rigorous account of the nature and history of Stonehenge, but also places the enigmatic stones in a wider cultural context, exploring how antiquarians, scholars, writers, artists, 'the heritage industry' – and even neopagans – have interpreted the site over the centuries.

The Old Stones

A Field Guide to the Megalithic Sites of Britain and Ireland

Author: Andy Burnham

Publisher: Watkins Media Limited

ISBN: 1786782030

Category: Travel

Page: 400

View: 3590

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“A wonderful guide to the many megaliths of Britain’s Neolithic and Bronze Age.” --Mike Parker Pearson, Professor of British Later Prehistory at UCL This is the most comprehensive and thought-provoking field guide ever published to the iconic standing stones and prehistoric places of Britain and Ireland. The ultimate insiders’ guide, it gives unparalleled insight into where to find prehistoric sites and how to understand them, by drawing on the knowledge, expertise and passion of the archaeologists, theorists, photographers and stones aficionados who contribute to the world’s biggest megalithic website – the Megalithic Portal. Including over 30 maps and site plans and hundreds of colour photographs, it also contains scores of articles by a wide range of contributors, from archaeologists and archaeoastronomers to dowsers and geomancers, that will change the way you see these amazing survivals from our distant past. Locate over 1,000 of Britain and Ireland’s most atmospheric prehistoric places, from recently discovered moorland circles to standing stones hidden in housing estates. Discover which sites could align with celestial bodies or horizon landmarks. Explore acoustic, colour and shadow theory to get inside the minds of the Neolithic and Bronze Age people who created these extraordinary places. Find out which sites have the most spectacular views, which are the best for getting away from it all and which have been immortalized in music. And don't forget to visit the Megalithic Portal website and get involved by posting your discoveries online. Contributors include: Vicki Cummings | Robert Hensey | Joshua Pollard | Kenneth Brophy | Anne Teather | Barney Harris | John Barnatt | Adam Welfare | Kirsty Millican | Terence Meaden | Gail Higginbottom | Liz Henty | Sandy Gerrard | Ian McNeil Cooke | Penelope Foreman and many others All royalties from this book go to support the running of the Megalithic Portal: www.megalithic.com

The Old Stones of Ireland

A Field Guide to the Megalithic Sites of Britain and Ireland

Author: Andy Burnham

Publisher: Watkins

ISBN: 178678243X

Category: Travel

Page: 400

View: 1936

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This ebook covers both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. It could easily have been filled with sites from the Republicês southwest alone, the counties of Cork and Kerry being famed for their wedge tombs and their stone circles (often in absolutely beautiful locations) that include Drombeg, Derreenataggart, Ardgroom, Shronebirrane, Uragh and many others. Otherwise, visitors tend to head for the cluster of sites around Newgrange (Co. Meath) to the east. That there were once even more prehistoric monuments in this rich farmland was revealed in the sweltering summer of 2018, when the parched earth showed up previously undetected sites as cropmarks. Also included in this ebook are many lesser-known but wonderful sites from the north and east of Ireland, such as the vast megalithic complexes of Beaghmore, Carrowmore and Carrowkeel. Each of these will take a whole day to explore fully, so allow plenty of time. The Old Stones of Ireland is part of a series covering the megalithic and other prehistoric sites of Britain and Ireland. The series is published together as The Old Stones: A Field Guide to the Megalithic Sites of Britain and Ireland, available as a book and an ebook.

Landschaftsarchäologie

eine Einführung

Author: Peter Haupt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783534248636

Category: Landscape archaeology

Page: 222

View: 5571

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Wie der Mensch die Landschaft formt Der Mensch und seine Umgebung stehen in steter Wechselwirkung. Wie entwickelt sich eine Kulturlandschaft und wie wirkt sie auf die Menschen zurück? Auf dieser zentralen Frage der noch jungen deutschen Landschaftsarchäologie liegt das Hauptaugenmerk dieser Einführung. Neben Quellen und Methoden stellt der Archäologe Peter Haupt Fallbeispiele wie Bergbau, das Umland eines keltischen Oppidums und römische Landparzellierung vor. Das Buch ist die erste Einführung in die neue Forschungsrichtung, die eng mit den Geschichts-, Geo- und Sprachwissenschaften sowie der Biologie zusammenarbeitet. Mehr anzeigen Weniger anzeigen

Archaeology on the A303 Stonehenge Improvement

Author: Matt Leivers,Christopher W. Moore,Michael J. Allen

Publisher: Wessex Archeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 70

View: 1361

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This volume reports on the archaeological works undertaken between 1998 and 2003 as part of the A303 Stonehenge Improvement highway scheme promoted by the Highways Agency. The A303 trunk road and the A344 which pass Stonehenge are widely agreed to have a detrimental effect on its setting and on other archaeological features within the World Heritage Site. Around Stonehenge there is noise and visual intrusion from traffic and also air pollution. Each year nearly one million people visit the World Heritage Site and surroundings, using visitor facilities intended to cater for a much smaller number. Many plans that might improve this situation have been examined, involving partnership working across many organisations. Common to all these has been the aim of removing traffic from the area of Stonehenge and at the same time addressing highways issues with regard to road capacity and safety. This volume sets out the objectives of the extensive programme of archaeological work that was undertaken to inform the planning of the highway scheme, the methods used, the results obtained, and to explain something of the significance of works which provided a 12 km transect across the WHS and beyond: the first of its kind ever undertaken.

The Politics of World Heritage

Negotiating Tourism and Conservation

Author: David Harrison,Michael Hitchcock

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 9781845410094

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 424

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This collection of papers discuss World Trade Law and focus on the contested nature of World Heritage at sites as diverse as The Netherlands, Ellis Island (USA), post-colonial Mesoamerica, Cambodia, Fiji, Kyrgyzstan, and Vietnam. In addition, eight research notes explore heritage interpretation in the USA, Lebanon, Peru, Indonesia, Singapore, Tasmania and India.

Stonehenge

The Biography of a Landscape

Author: Timothy Darvill

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 5420

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Looking at Stonehenge, this book considers not only its wider setting, but also its status in time, from 10,000 BC right down to the modern day.

Stonehenge in its landscape

twentieth-century excavations

Author: Rosamund Cleal,K. E. Walker,R. Montague

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 618

View: 7607

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This volume represents a detailed discussion of the structural history of Stonehenge, arrived at by the integration of evidence from primary records of excavations carried out between 1901 and 1964. These major campaigns of excavation and recording include those of Prof William Gowland (1901); Lt-Col william Hawley (1919-26); Profs Stuart Piggott and Richard Atkinson with J F Stone (1950, 53-5,56,58 and 64) and some smaller, previously unpublished campaigns as well as more recent, small-scale excavations which are already published.The evidence for the use of the monument from the Middle Neolithic to the present day is discussed in terms of its landscape and social settings. The evidence for the rephasing of the monument, including artefactual and ecofactual assemblages, details of the radiocarbon dating programm, geophysical surveys, transcripts of all available field plans, sections, and stone elevations is presented together with a variety of summary lists, concordances, and a guide to the site archive.A new suite of radiocarbon determinations has been obtained which redefines our understanding of the sequence of construction and use of the monument and augments the surviving archaeological evidence.

Making educated decisions

a landscape preservation bibliography

Author: Charles A. Birnbaum,Cheryl Wagner,Jean S. Jones,Historic Landscape Initiative (Project)

Publisher: United States Govt Printing Office

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 160

View: 5256

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Conceived and designed for use by landscape practitioners and stewards as well as educators, scholars and students, this bibliography contains over 500 annotated citations referenced by subject, author and geographic indices. It includes English language publications, with a predominant focus on landscape preservation philosophy, research, preservation planning, practice, treatment, management and maintenance. These techniques are often represented in the form of illustrated case studies. Literature from diverse disciplines has been included. Entries are from books, tech. reports, scholarly journals, and published conf. proceed.

From Stonehenge to the Baltic

Living with Cultural Diversity in the Third Millennium BC

Author: Mats Larsson,Michael Parker Pearson

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 9796

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Collaboration by the universities of Sheffield and Kalmar and Stockholm in Sweden led to two conferences being held. The second, held at Sheffield in 2006, sought collaboration and the sharing of information on archaeological data and theoretical thought on material culture diversity in the third millennium BC. Nineteen papers are presented in this volume arranged under three headings: material culture diversity in the Baltic; British Beaker burials and the Beaker People Project; Stonehenge and the Stonehenge Riverside Project. General overviews and wide-ranging discussions are joined by results from particular field orr laboratory projects.

Archaeological Research Agenda for the Avebury World Heritage Site

Author: N.A

Publisher: Wessex Archeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 103

View: 7487

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Avebury is one of the few places in southern Britain to have acted as a focus for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and early Bronze Age. The rich collection of archaeological sites, some visible and some buried, exerted physical and cultural influence on the landscape and environment for millennia. This volume forms the first formal research agenda for a World Heritage Site and is the result of several years' work by leading specialists. An introductory discussion of the specific research requirements of such an extraordinary site is followed by a Resource Assessment, a Research Agenda and a study of Research Strategies. These sections are arranged chronologically and cover the Palaeolithic through to the Saxon and medieval periods. The final section examines the methods and techniques used to gather data. These include geophysical survey, fieldwalking, aerial survey, evaluation and excavation, GIS survey and metal detecting. Contributors include Andrew J Lawson, Rosemary M J Cleal, Bryn Walters, Andrew Reynolds, Chris Gingell, Mark Corney, Gill Swanton, Peter Fowler, Michael J Allen, Mark Bowden and Nick Burton.

Antiquity

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 6773

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Includes section "Reviews."

Seeing the Unseen. Geophysics and Landscape Archaeology

Author: Stefano Campana,Salvatore Piro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203889558

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 8054

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SEEING THE UNSEEN. GEOPHYSICS AND LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGY is a collection of papers presented at the advanced XV International Summer School in Archaeology ‘Geophysics for Landscape Archaeology’ (Grosseto, Italy, 10-18 July 2006). Bringing together the experience of some of the world’s greatest experts in the field of archaeological prospection, the focus of this book is not so much on the analysis of single buried structures, but more on researching the entire landscape in all its multi-period complexity. The book is divided into two parts. The first part concentrates on the theoretical basis of the various methods, illustrated for the most part through case-studies and practical examples drawn from a variety of geographical and cultural contexts. The second part focuses on the work carried out in the field during the Summer School. Tutors and students took part in the intensive application of the principal techniques of geophysical prospecting (magnetometry, EM, ERT and ground-penetrating radar) to locate, retrieve, process and interpret data for a large Roman villa-complex near Grosseto. SEEING THE UNSEEN. GEOPHYSICS AND LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGY provides a clear illustration of the remarkable potential of geophysical methods in the study of ancient landscapes, and will be usefull to Archaeologists, Geophysicists, Environmental scientists, and those involved in the management of cultural heritage.

Valuing Cultural Heritage

Applying Environmental Valuation Techniques to Historic Buildings, Monuments and Artifacts

Author: S. Navrud (ed.),Richard C. Ready

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 458

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'An excellent introduction to an important, and often neglected, topic. Valuing Cultural Heritage combines a useful primer on the theory of economic valuation followed by a dozen interesting case studies from eight different countries. The cultural resources studied include traditional cultural monuments and assets such as castles and cathedrals in Norway and the UK, a royal theatre in Denmark, monasteries in Bulgaria, and marble monuments in Washington DC. However, the volume also includes studies on less commonly considered assets such as the value of an entire historic quarter in Fez, Morocco, cultural services of Italian museums, or rock paintings in the Canadian woods, and, in a very interesting application of the approach, the benefits from reducing visual and noise pollution near Stonehenge by burying a nearby highway. Although contingent valuation techniques (CVM) predominate, other approaches are also illustrated. The volume is made even more valuable by an exceptionally good summary chapter that provides clear guidance on lessons learned and best practice to guide future work. I highly recommend this book for both researchers and policymakers.' - John A. Dixon, The World Bank, US What value do we place on our cultural heritage, and to what extent should we preserve historic and culturally important sites and artefacts from the ravages of weather, pollution, development and use by the general public? This innovative book attempts to answer these important questions by exploring how non-market valuation techniques - used extensively in environmental economics - can be applied to cultural heritage. The book includes twelve comprehensive case studies that estimate public values for a diverse set of cultural goods, including English cathedrals, Bulgarian monasteries, rock paintings in Canada, statues in the US, and a medieval city in Africa. The authors demonstrate the potential utility of these techniques, and highlight the important social values that cultural heritage can generate. Given limited resources, such studies can help set priorities and aid the decision making process in terms of their preservation, restoration and use. The authors conclude by reviewing the majority of cultural valuation studies done to date, and draw some general conclusions about the results achieved and the potential benefits, as well as the limitations, of valuing these types of goods.

Outside archaeology

material culture and poetic imagination

Author: Christine Finn,Martin Henig

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

View: 1741

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