Stochastic Processes

From Applications to Theory

Author: Pierre Del Moral,Spiridon Penev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498701841

Category: Mathematics

Page: 916

View: 3602

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Unlike traditional books presenting stochastic processes in an academic way, this book includes concrete applications that students will find interesting such as gambling, finance, physics, signal processing, statistics, fractals, and biology. Written with an important illustrated guide in the beginning, it contains many illustrations, photos and pictures, along with several website links. Computational tools such as simulation and Monte Carlo methods are included as well as complete toolboxes for both traditional and new computational techniques.

Stationary Stochastic Processes

Theory and Applications

Author: Georg Lindgren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466557796

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 7845

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Intended for a second course in stationary processes, Stationary Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications presents the theory behind the field’s widely scattered applications in engineering and science. In addition, it reviews sample function properties and spectral representations for stationary processes and fields, including a portion on stationary point processes. Features Presents and illustrates the fundamental correlation and spectral methods for stochastic processes and random fields Explains how the basic theory is used in special applications like detection theory and signal processing, spatial statistics, and reliability Motivates mathematical theory from a statistical model-building viewpoint Introduces a selection of special topics, including extreme value theory, filter theory, long-range dependence, and point processes Provides more than 100 exercises with hints to solutions and selected full solutions This book covers key topics such as ergodicity, crossing problems, and extremes, and opens the doors to a selection of special topics, like extreme value theory, filter theory, long-range dependence, and point processes, and includes many exercises and examples to illustrate the theory. Precise in mathematical details without being pedantic, Stationary Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications is for the student with some experience with stochastic processes and a desire for deeper understanding without getting bogged down in abstract mathematics.

Event-Based Control and Signal Processing

Author: Marek Miskowicz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482256568

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 7994

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Event-based systems are a class of reactive systems deployed in a wide spectrum of engineering disciplines including control, communication, signal processing, and electronic instrumentation. Activities in event-based systems are triggered in response to events usually representing a significant change of the state of controlled or monitored physical variables. Event-based systems adopt a model of calls for resources only if it is necessary, and therefore, they are characterized by efficient utilization of communication bandwidth, computation capability, and energy budget. Currently, the economical use of constrained technical resources is a critical issue in various application domains because many systems become increasingly networked, wireless, and spatially distributed. Event-Based Control and Signal Processing examines the event-based paradigm in control, communication, and signal processing, with a focus on implementation in networked sensor and control systems. Featuring 23 chapters contributed by more than 60 leading researchers from around the world, this book covers: Methods of analysis and design of event-based control and signal processing Event-driven control and optimization of hybrid systems Decentralized event-triggered control Periodic event-triggered control Model-based event-triggered control and event-triggered generalized predictive control Event-based intermittent control in man and machine Event-based PID controllers Event-based state estimation Self-triggered and team-triggered control Event-triggered and time-triggered real-time architectures for embedded systems Event-based continuous-time signal acquisition and DSP Statistical event-based signal processing in distributed detection and estimation Asynchronous spike event coding technique with address event representation Event-based processing of non-stationary signals Event-based digital (FIR and IIR) filters Event-based local bandwidth estimation and signal reconstruction Event-Based Control and Signal Processing is the first extensive study on both event-based control and event-based signal processing, presenting scientific contributions at the cutting edge of modern science and engineering.

Elementary Applications of Probability Theory, Second Edition

Author: Henry C. Tuckwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412576201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 7260

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This book provides a clear and straightforward introduction to applications of probability theory with examples given in the biological sciences and engineering. The first chapter contains a summary of basic probability theory. Chapters two to five deal with random variables and their applications. Topics covered include geometric probability, estimation of animal and plant populations, reliability theory and computer simulation. Chapter six contains a lucid account of the convergence of sequences of random variables, with emphasis on the central limit theorem and the weak law of numbers. The next four chapters introduce random processes, including random walks and Markov chains illustrated by examples in population genetics and population growth. This edition also includes two chapters which introduce, in a manifestly readable fashion, the topic of stochastic differential equations and their applications.

Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance, Second Edition

Author: Masaaki Kijima

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439884846

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 3148

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Financial engineering has been proven to be a useful tool for risk management, but using the theory in practice requires a thorough understanding of the risks and ethical standards involved. Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance, Second Edition presents the mathematical theory of financial engineering using only basic mathematical tools that are easy to understand even for those with little mathematical expertise. This second edition covers several important developments in the financial industry. New to the Second Edition A chapter on the change of measures and pricing of insurance products Many examples of the change of measure technique, including its use in asset pricing theory A section on the use of copulas, especially in the pricing of CDOs Two chapters that offer more coverage of interest rate derivatives and credit derivatives Exploring the merge of actuarial science and financial engineering, this edition examines how the pricing of insurance products, such as equity-linked annuities, requires knowledge of asset pricing theory since the equity index can be traded in the market. The book looks at the development of many probability transforms for pricing insurance risks, including the Esscher transform. It also describes how the copula model is used to model the joint distribution of underlying assets. By presenting significant results in discrete processes and showing how to transfer the results to their continuous counterparts, this text imparts an accessible, practical understanding of the subject. It helps readers not only grasp the theory of financial engineering, but also implement the theory in business.

Operations Research and Management Science Handbook

Author: A. Ravi Ravindran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420009712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 5456

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Operations Research (OR) began as an interdisciplinary activity to solve complex military problems during World War II. Utilizing principles from mathematics, engineering, business, computer science, economics, and statistics, OR has developed into a full fledged academic discipline with practical application in business, industry, government and military. Currently regarded as a body of established mathematical models and methods essential to solving complicated management issues, OR provides quantitative analysis of problems from which managers can make objective decisions. Operations Research and Management Science (OR/MS) methodologies continue to flourish in numerous decision making fields. Featuring a mix of international authors, Operations Research and Management Science Handbook combines OR/MS models, methods, and applications into one comprehensive, yet concise volume. The first resource to reach for when confronting OR/MS difficulties, this text – Provides a single source guide in OR/MS Bridges theory and practice Covers all topics relevant to OR/MS Offers a quick reference guide for students, researchers and practitioners Contains unified and up-to-date coverage designed and edited with non-experts in mind Discusses software availability for all OR/MS techniques Includes contributions from a mix of domestic and international experts The 26 chapters in the handbook are divided into two parts. Part I contains 14 chapters that cover the fundamental OR/MS models and methods. Each chapter gives an overview of a particular OR/MS model, its solution methods and illustrates successful applications. Part II of the handbook contains 11 chapters discussing the OR/MS applications in specific areas. They include airlines, e-commerce, energy systems, finance, military, production systems, project management, quality control, reliability, supply chain management and water resources. Part II ends with a chapter on the future of OR/MS applications.

Stochastic Processes

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: Peter Watts Jones,Peter Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420099809

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8791

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Based on a highly popular, well-established course taught by the authors, Stochastic Processes: An Introduction, Second Edition discusses the modeling and analysis of random experiments using the theory of probability. It focuses on the way in which the results or outcomes of experiments vary and evolve over time. The text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers several basic gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to develop random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models. While focusing on queues, they present an extended discussion on the analysis of associated stationary processes. The book also explores reliability and other random processes, such as branching processes, martingales, and a simple epidemic. The appendix contains key mathematical results for reference. Ideal for a one-semester course on stochastic processes, this concise, updated textbook makes the material accessible to students by avoiding specialized applications and instead highlighting simple applications and examples. The associated website contains Mathematica® and R programs that offer flexibility in creating graphs and performing computations.

Modeling and Analysis of Stochastic Systems, Second Edition

Author: Vidyadhar G. Kulkarni

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439808775

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 1725

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Based on the author's more than 25 years of teaching experience, Modeling and Analysis of Stochastic Systems, Second Edition covers the most important classes of stochastic processes used in the modeling of diverse systems, from supply chains and inventory systems to genetics and biological systems. For each class of stochastic process, the text includes its definition, characterization, applications, transient and limiting behavior, first passage times, and cost/reward models. Along with reorganizing the material, this edition revises and adds new exercises and examples. New to the second edition: a new chapter on diffusion processes that gives an accessible and non-measure-theoretic treatment with applications to finance; a more streamlined, application-oriented approach to renewal, regenerative, and Markov regenerative processes; and, two appendices that collect relevant results from analysis and differential and difference equations. Rather than offer special tricks that work in specific problems, this book provides thorough coverage of general tools that enable the solution and analysis of stochastic models. After mastering the material in the text, students will be well-equipped to build and analyze useful stochastic models for various situations. A collection of MATLAB[registered]-based programs can be downloaded from the author's website and a solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.

Stochastic Modeling of Scientific Data

Author: Peter Guttorp,Vladimir N. Minin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412992810

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 1610

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Stochastic Modeling of Scientific Data combines stochastic modeling and statistical inference in a variety of standard and less common models, such as point processes, Markov random fields and hidden Markov models in a clear, thoughtful and succinct manner. The distinguishing feature of this work is that, in addition to probability theory, it contains statistical aspects of model fitting and a variety of data sets that are either analyzed in the text or used as exercises. Markov chain Monte Carlo methods are introduced for evaluating likelihoods in complicated models and the forward backward algorithm for analyzing hidden Markov models is presented. The strength of this text lies in the use of informal language that makes the topic more accessible to non-mathematicians. The combinations of hard science topics with stochastic processes and their statistical inference puts it in a new category of probability textbooks. The numerous examples and exercises are drawn from astronomy, geology, genetics, hydrology, neurophysiology and physics.

Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes

Author: Frank Beichelt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148225767X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 562

View: 9914

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Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes, Second Edition presents a self-contained introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes with a special emphasis on their applications in science, engineering, finance, computer science, and operations research. It covers the theoretical foundations for modeling time-dependent random phenomena in these areas and illustrates applications through the analysis of numerous practical examples. The author draws on his 50 years of experience in the field to give your students a better understanding of probability theory and stochastic processes and enable them to use stochastic modeling in their work. New to the Second Edition Completely rewritten part on probability theory—now more than double in size New sections on time series analysis, random walks, branching processes, and spectral analysis of stationary stochastic processes Comprehensive numerical discussions of examples, which replace the more theoretically challenging sections Additional examples, exercises, and figures Presenting the material in a student-friendly, application-oriented manner, this non-measure theoretic text only assumes a mathematical maturity that applied science students acquire during their undergraduate studies in mathematics. Many exercises allow students to assess their understanding of the topics. In addition, the book occasionally describes connections between probabilistic concepts and corresponding statistical approaches to facilitate comprehension. Some important proofs and challenging examples and exercises are also included for more theoretically interested readers.

Statistik II für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527669248

Category: Mathematics

Page: 372

View: 1396

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Vom Absolutrang bis zum Zweifach-Varianzanalysemodell – alles, was Sie über weiterführende Statistik wissen sollten Es gibt Qualen, große Qualen und Statistik, so sehen es viele Studenten. Mit diesem Buch lernen Sie weiterführende Statistik so leicht wie möglich. Deborah Rumsey zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie Varianzanalysen und Chi-Quadrat-Tests berechnen, wie Sie mit Regressionen arbeiten, ein Modell erstellen, Korrelationen bilden, nichtparametrische Prozeduren durchführen und vieles mehr. Aber auch die Grundlagen der Statistik bleiben nicht außen vor und deshalb erklärt Ihnen die Autorin, was Sie zu Mittelwerten, Vertrauensintervallen und Co wissen sollten. So lernen Sie die Methoden, die Sie brauchen, und erhalten das Handwerkszeug, um erfolgreich Ihre Statistikprüfungen zu bestehen. Sie erfahren: • Wie Sie mit multiplen Regressionen umgehen • Was es mit dem Vorzeichentest und dem Vorzeichenrangtest auf sich hat • Wie Sie sich innerhalb der statistischen Techniken zurechtfinden • Was das richtige Regressionsmodell für Ihre Analyse ist • Wie Regression und ANOVA zusammenhängen

Polya Urn Models

Author: Hosam Mahmoud

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059847

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 5925

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Incorporating a collection of recent results, Pólya Urn Models deals with discrete probability through the modern and evolving urn theory and its numerous applications. The book first substantiates the realization of distributions with urn arguments and introduces several modern tools, including exchangeability and stochastic processes via urns. It reviews classical probability problems and presents dichromatic Pólya urns as a basic discrete structure growing in discrete time. The author then embeds the discrete Pólya urn scheme in Poisson processes to achieve an equivalent view in continuous time, provides heuristical arguments to connect the Pólya process to the discrete urn scheme, and explores extensions and generalizations. He also discusses how functional equations for moment generating functions can be obtained and solved. The final chapters cover applications of urns to computer science and bioscience. Examining how urns can help conceptualize discrete probability principles, this book provides information pertinent to the modeling of dynamically evolving systems where particles come and go according to governing rules.

Stationary Stochastic Processes for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Georg Lindgren,Holger Rootzen,Maria Sandsten

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586184

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 4811

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Stochastic processes are indispensable tools for development and research in signal and image processing, automatic control, oceanography, structural reliability, environmetrics, climatology, econometrics, and many other areas of science and engineering. Suitable for a one-semester course, Stationary Stochastic Processes for Scientists and Engineers teaches students how to use these processes efficiently. Carefully balancing mathematical rigor and ease of exposition, the book provides students with a sufficient understanding of the theory and a practical appreciation of how it is used in real-life situations. Special emphasis is on the interpretation of various statistical models and concepts as well as the types of questions statistical analysis can answer. The text first introduces numerous examples from signal processing, economics, and general natural sciences and technology. It then covers the estimation of mean value and covariance functions, properties of stationary Poisson processes, Fourier analysis of the covariance function (spectral analysis), and the Gaussian distribution. The book also focuses on input-output relations in linear filters, describes discrete-time auto-regressive and moving average processes, and explains how to solve linear stochastic differential equations. It concludes with frequency analysis and estimation of spectral densities. With a focus on model building and interpreting the statistical concepts, this classroom-tested book conveys a broad understanding of the mechanisms that generate stationary stochastic processes. By combining theory and applications, the text gives students a well-rounded introduction to these processes. To enable hands-on practice, MATLAB® code is available online.

Grundbegriffe der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung

Author: A. Kolomogoroff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642498884

Category: Mathematics

Page: 62

View: 1881

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Mathe-Manga Statistik

Author: Shin Takahashi

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834805669

Category: Mathematics

Page: 189

View: 9867

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Statistik ist trocken und macht keinen Spaß? Falsch! Mit diesem Manga lernt man die Grundlagen der Statistik kennen, kann sie in zahlreichen Aufgaben anwenden und anhand der Lösungen seinen Lernfortschritt überprüfen – und hat auch noch eine Menge Spaß dabei! Eigentlich will die Schülerin Rui nur einen Arbeitskollegen ihres Vaters beeindrucken und nimmt daher Nachhilfe in Statistik. Doch schnell bemerkt auch sie, wie interessant Statistik sein kann, wenn man beispielsweise Statistiken über Nudelsuppen erstellt. Nur ihren Lehrer hatte sich Rui etwas anders vorgestellt, er scheint ein langweiliger Streber zu sein – oder?

Stochastic Modelling for Systems Biology, Second Edition

Author: Darren J. Wilkinson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439837724

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 9920

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Since the first edition of Stochastic Modelling for Systems Biology, there have been many interesting developments in the use of "likelihood-free" methods of Bayesian inference for complex stochastic models. Re-written to reflect this modern perspective, this second edition covers everything necessary for a good appreciation of stochastic kinetic modelling of biological networks in the systems biology context. Keeping with the spirit of the first edition, all of the new theory is presented in a very informal and intuitive manner, keeping the text as accessible as possible to the widest possible readership. New in the Second Edition All examples have been updated to Systems Biology Markup Language Level 3 All code relating to simulation, analysis, and inference for stochastic kinetic models has been re-written and re-structured in a more modular way An ancillary website provides links, resources, errata, and up-to-date information on installation and use of the associated R package More background material on the theory of Markov processes and stochastic differential equations, providing more substance for mathematically inclined readers Discussion of some of the more advanced concepts relating to stochastic kinetic models, such as random time change representations, Kolmogorov equations, Fokker-Planck equations and the linear noise approximation Simple modelling of "extrinsic" and "intrinsic" noise An effective introduction to the area of stochastic modelling in computational systems biology, this new edition adds additional mathematical detail and computational methods that will provide a stronger foundation for the development of more advanced courses in stochastic biological modelling.

Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 3946

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Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung wird in der Schule oft nur beiläufig behandelt, dabei handelt es sich um ein besonders spannendes und alltagstaugliches Teilgebiet der Mathematik. Für alle, die über dieses Thema noch etwas mehr erfahren wollen oder müssen, erklärt Deborah Rumsey verständlich und mit Humor, was sie unbedingt wissen sollten. Egal ob Kontingenztabelle, zentraler Grenzwertsatz, Stichproben-, Binomial- oder Poissonverteilung, in diesem Buch lernen Sie, was es ist und wie Sie es anwenden. Zu jedem Kapitel finden Sie online eine Übungsaufgabe samt Lösung, um das Gelernte zu festigen. Auch Tipps zu praktischen Anwendungen - ob bei der Arbeit oder am Pokertisch - kommen nicht zu kurz. So finden Sie in diesem Buch alles, was Sie über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung unbedingt wissen sollten.