Stochastic Differential Equations and Diffusion Processes

Author: N. Ikeda,S. Watanabe

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483296156

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

View: 9410


Being a systematic treatment of the modern theory of stochastic integrals and stochastic differential equations, the theory is developed within the martingale framework, which was developed by J.L. Doob and which plays an indispensable role in the modern theory of stochastic analysis. A considerable number of corrections and improvements have been made for the second edition of this classic work. In particular, major and substantial changes are in Chapter III and Chapter V where the sections treating excursions of Brownian Motion and the Malliavin Calculus have been expanded and refined. Sections discussing complex (conformal) martingales and Kahler diffusions have been added.

Stochastic Processes and Applications

Diffusion Processes, the Fokker-Planck and Langevin Equations

Author: Grigorios A. Pavliotis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493913239

Category: Mathematics

Page: 339

View: 8128


This book presents various results and techniques from the theory of stochastic processes that are useful in the study of stochastic problems in the natural sciences. The main focus is analytical methods, although numerical methods and statistical inference methodologies for studying diffusion processes are also presented. The goal is the development of techniques that are applicable to a wide variety of stochastic models that appear in physics, chemistry and other natural sciences. Applications such as stochastic resonance, Brownian motion in periodic potentials and Brownian motors are studied and the connection between diffusion processes and time-dependent statistical mechanics is elucidated. The book contains a large number of illustrations, examples, and exercises. It will be useful for graduate-level courses on stochastic processes for students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering. Many of the topics covered in this book (reversible diffusions, convergence to equilibrium for diffusion processes, inference methods for stochastic differential equations, derivation of the generalized Langevin equation, exit time problems) cannot be easily found in textbook form and will be useful to both researchers and students interested in the applications of stochastic processes.

Controlled Diffusion Processes

Author: N. V. Krylov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540709142

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 8463


Stochastic control theory is a relatively young branch of mathematics. The beginning of its intensive development falls in the late 1950s and early 1960s. ~urin~ that period an extensive literature appeared on optimal stochastic control using the quadratic performance criterion (see references in Wonham [76]). At the same time, Girsanov [25] and Howard [26] made the first steps in constructing a general theory, based on Bellman's technique of dynamic programming, developed by him somewhat earlier [4]. Two types of engineering problems engendered two different parts of stochastic control theory. Problems of the first type are associated with multistep decision making in discrete time, and are treated in the theory of discrete stochastic dynamic programming. For more on this theory, we note in addition to the work of Howard and Bellman, mentioned above, the books by Derman [8], Mine and Osaki [55], and Dynkin and Yushkevich [12]. Another class of engineering problems which encouraged the development of the theory of stochastic control involves time continuous control of a dynamic system in the presence of random noise. The case where the system is described by a differential equation and the noise is modeled as a time continuous random process is the core of the optimal control theory of diffusion processes. This book deals with this latter theory.

Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

Author: Gopinath Kallianpur,P Sundar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199657068

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 3530


Beginning with the concept of random processes and Brownian motion and building on the theory and research directions in a self-contained manner, this book provides an introduction to stochastic analysis for graduate students, researchers and applied scientists interested in stochastic processes and their applications.

Diffusion processes and partial differential equations

Author: Kazuaki Taira

Publisher: Academic Pr


Category: Mathematics

Page: 452

View: 5747


This book provides a careful and accessible exposition of functional analytic methods in stochastic analysis. It focuses on the relationship between Markov processes and elliptic boundary value problems and explores several recent developments in the theory of partial differential equations which have made further progress in the study of Markov processes possible. This book will have great appeal to both advanced students and researchers as an introduction to three interrelated subjects in analysis (Markov processes, semigroups, and elliptic boundary value problems), providing powerful methods for future research.

Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Peter E. Kloeden,Eckhard Platen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662126168

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 8055


The numerical analysis of stochastic differential equations (SDEs) differs significantly from that of ordinary differential equations. This book provides an easily accessible introduction to SDEs, their applications and the numerical methods to solve such equations. From the reviews: "The authors draw upon their own research and experiences in obviously many disciplines... considerable time has obviously been spent writing this in the simplest language possible." --ZAMP

Stochastic Differential Equations, Backward SDEs, Partial Differential Equations

Author: Etienne Pardoux,Aurel Rӑşcanu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319057146

Category: Mathematics

Page: 667

View: 5335


This research monograph presents results to researchers in stochastic calculus, forward and backward stochastic differential equations, connections between diffusion processes and second order partial differential equations (PDEs), and financial mathematics. It pays special attention to the relations between SDEs/BSDEs and second order PDEs under minimal regularity assumptions, and also extends those results to equations with multivalued coefficients. The authors present in particular the theory of reflected SDEs in the above mentioned framework and include exercises at the end of each chapter. Stochastic calculus and stochastic differential equations (SDEs) were first introduced by K. Itô in the 1940s, in order to construct the path of diffusion processes (which are continuous time Markov processes with continuous trajectories taking their values in a finite dimensional vector space or manifold), which had been studied from a more analytic point of view by Kolmogorov in the 1930s. Since then, this topic has become an important subject of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, because of its mathematical richness and its importance for applications in many areas of Physics, Biology, Economics and Finance, where random processes play an increasingly important role. One important aspect is the connection between diffusion processes and linear partial differential equations of second order, which is in particular the basis for Monte Carlo numerical methods for linear PDEs. Since the pioneering work of Peng and Pardoux in the early 1990s, a new type of SDEs called backward stochastic differential equations (BSDEs) has emerged. The two main reasons why this new class of equations is important are the connection between BSDEs and semilinear PDEs, and the fact that BSDEs constitute a natural generalization of the famous Black and Scholes model from Mathematical Finance, and thus offer a natural mathematical framework for the formulation of many new models in Finance.

Stochastic Differential Equations and Applications

Author: Avner Friedman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141128

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 4754


Originally published in 2 volumes, this text develops the theory of systems of stochastic differential equations and presents applications in probability, partial differential equations, and stochastic control problems. 1975 edition.

Simulation and Inference for Stochastic Differential Equations

With R Examples

Author: Stefano M. Iacus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387758398

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 8392


This book covers a highly relevant and timely topic that is of wide interest, especially in finance, engineering and computational biology. The introductory material on simulation and stochastic differential equation is very accessible and will prove popular with many readers. While there are several recent texts available that cover stochastic differential equations, the concentration here on inference makes this book stand out. No other direct competitors are known to date. With an emphasis on the practical implementation of the simulation and estimation methods presented, the text will be useful to practitioners and students with minimal mathematical background. What’s more, because of the many R programs, the information here is appropriate for many mathematically well educated practitioners, too.

Introduction to the Theory of Diffusion Processes

Author: Nikolaĭ Vladimirovich Krylov

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

ISBN: 9780821846001

Category: Mathematics

Page: 271

View: 5427


Focusing on one of the major branches of probability theory, this book treats the large class of processes with continuous sample paths that possess the ''Markov property''. The exposition is based on the theory of stochastic analysis, which uses such notions as stochastic differentials and stochastic integrals. The diffusion processes discussed are interpreted as solutions of It\o's stochastic integral equations. The book is designed as a self-contained introduction, requiring no background in the theory of probability or even in measure theory. In particular, the theory of local continuous martingales is covered without the introduction of the idea of conditional expectation. Krylov covers such subjects as the Wiener process and its properties, the theory of stochastic integrals, stochastic differential equations and their relation to elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations, Kolmogorov's equations, and methods for proving the smoothness of probabilistic solutions of partial differential equations. With many exercises and thought-provoking problems, this book would be an excellent text for a graduate course in diffusion processes and related subjects.

Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Mathieu Kessler,Alexander Lindner,Michael Sorensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439849765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 7961


The seventh volume in the SemStat series, Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations presents current research trends and recent developments in statistical methods for stochastic differential equations. Written to be accessible to both new students and seasoned researchers, each self-contained chapter starts with introductions to the topic at hand and builds gradually towards discussing recent research. The book covers Wiener-driven equations as well as stochastic differential equations with jumps, including continuous-time ARMA processes and COGARCH processes. It presents a spectrum of estimation methods, including nonparametric estimation as well as parametric estimation based on likelihood methods, estimating functions, and simulation techniques. Two chapters are devoted to high-frequency data. Multivariate models are also considered, including partially observed systems, asynchronous sampling, tests for simultaneous jumps, and multiscale diffusions. Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations is useful to the theoretical statistician and the probabilist who works in or intends to work in the field, as well as to the applied statistician or financial econometrician who needs the methods to analyze biological or financial time series.

Stochastic Differential Equations

Lectures given at a Summer School of the Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo (C.I.M.E.) held in Cortona (Arezzo), Italy, May 29-June 10, 1978

Author: Jaures Cecconi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642110795

Category: Mathematics

Page: 249

View: 1911


C. Doleans-Dade: Stochastic processes and stochastic differential equations.- A. Friedman: Stochastic differential equations and applications.- D.W. Stroock, S.R.S. Varadhan: Theory of diffusion processes.- G.C. Papanicolaou: Wave propagation and heat conduction in a random medium.- C. Dewitt Morette: A stochastic problem in Physics.- G.S. Goodman: The embedding problem for stochastic matrices.

Generalized Diffusion Processes

Author: Nikola_ Ivanovich Portenko

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821898260

Category: Mathematics

Page: 180

View: 638


Diffusion processes serve as a mathematical model for the physical phenomenon of diffusion. One of the most important problems in the theory of diffusion processes is the development of methods for constructing these processes from a given diffusion matrix and a given drift vector. Focusing on the investigation of this problem, this book is intended for specialists in the theory of random processes and its applications. A generalized diffusion process (that is, a continuous Markov process for which the Kolmogorov local characteristics exist in the generalized sense) can serve as a model for diffusion in a medium moving in a nonregular way. The author constructs generalized diffusion processes under two assumptions: first, that the diffusion matrix is sufficiently regular; and second, that the drift vector is a function integrable to some power, or is a generalized function of the type of the derivative of a measure.

Inference for Diffusion Processes

With Applications in Life Sciences

Author: Christiane Fuchs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642259693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 9357


Diffusion processes are a promising instrument for realistically modelling the time-continuous evolution of phenomena not only in the natural sciences but also in finance and economics. Their mathematical theory, however, is challenging, and hence diffusion modelling is often carried out incorrectly, and the according statistical inference is considered almost exclusively by theoreticians. This book explains both topics in an illustrative way which also addresses practitioners. It provides a complete overview of the current state of research and presents important, novel insights. The theory is demonstrated using real data applications.

An Introduction to Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Lawrence C. Evans

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470410540

Category: Mathematics

Page: 151

View: 8781


These notes provide a concise introduction to stochastic differential equations and their application to the study of financial markets and as a basis for modeling diverse physical phenomena. They are accessible to non-specialists and make a valuable addition to the collection of texts on the topic. --Srinivasa Varadhan, New York University This is a handy and very useful text for studying stochastic differential equations. There is enough mathematical detail so that the reader can benefit from this introduction with only a basic background in mathematical analysis and probability. --George Papanicolaou, Stanford University This book covers the most important elementary facts regarding stochastic differential equations; it also describes some of the applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping, and options pricing. The book's style is intuitive rather than formal, and emphasis is made on clarity. This book will be very helpful to starting graduate students and strong undergraduates as well as to others who want to gain knowledge of stochastic differential equations. I recommend this book enthusiastically. --Alexander Lipton, Mathematical Finance Executive, Bank of America Merrill Lynch This short book provides a quick, but very readable introduction to stochastic differential equations, that is, to differential equations subject to additive ``white noise'' and related random disturbances. The exposition is concise and strongly focused upon the interplay between probabilistic intuition and mathematical rigor. Topics include a quick survey of measure theoretic probability theory, followed by an introduction to Brownian motion and the Ito stochastic calculus, and finally the theory of stochastic differential equations. The text also includes applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping problems and options pricing. This book can be used as a text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in mathematics, applied mathematics, physics, financial mathematics, etc., who want to learn the basics of stochastic differential equations. The reader is assumed to be fairly familiar with measure theoretic mathematical analysis, but is not assumed to have any particular knowledge of probability theory (which is rapidly developed in Chapter 2 of the book).

Stochastic Differential Equations

Theory and Applications

Author: Ludwig Arnold

Publisher: Severn House Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780486482361

Category: Stochastic differential equations

Page: 256

View: 6597


Practical and not too rigorous, this highly readable text on stochastic calculus provides an excellent introduction to stochastic partial differential equations. Written at a moderately advanced level, it covers important topics often ignored by other texts on the subject—including Fokker-Planck equations—and it functions as both a classroom text and a reference for professionals and students. The only prerequisite is the mathematical preparation usual for students of physical and engineering sciences. An introductory chapter, intended for reference and review, covers the basics of probability theory. Subsequent chapters focus on Markov and diffusion processes, Wiener process and white noise, and stochastic integrals and differential equations. Additional topics include questions of modeling and approximation, stability of stochastic dynamic systems, optimal filtering of a disturbed signal, and optimal control of stochastic dynamic systems.

High-dimensional Nonlinear Diffusion Stochastic Processes

Modelling for Engineering Applications

Author: Yevgeny Mamontov,M. Willander

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812810540

Category: Mathematics

Page: 297

View: 7961


Annotation This book is one of the first few devoted to high-dimensional diffusion stochastic processes with nonlinear coefficients. These processes are closely associated with large systems of Ito's stochastic differential equations and with discretized-in-the-parameter versions of Ito's stochastic differential equations that are nonlocally dependent on the parameter. The latter models include Ito's stochastic integro-differential, partial differential and partial integro-differential equations.The book presents the new analytical treatment which can serve as the basis of a combined, analytical -- numerical approach to greater computational efficiency. Some examples of the modelling of noise in semiconductor devices are provided