Course of Theoretical Physics

Author: L. D. Landau,E. M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483106233

Category: Science

Page: 562

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Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 5: Statistical Physics, Third Edition, Part 1 covers the fundamental principles of statistical physics and thermodynamic quantities. The book discusses the Gibbs and Maxwellian distributions; the Boltzmann distribution for ideal gases; and the Fermi and Bose distributions. Solids are tackled with regard to their application of statistical methods of calculating the thermodynamic quantities. The book describes the deviations of gases from the ideal state, conditions of phase equilibrium, solutions, and chemical reactions. The text also discusses the properties of matter at very high density; the Gaussian distribution; fluctuations of the fundamental thermodynamic quantities; and fluctuations in solids and ideal gases. The symmetry of crystals; phase transitions of the second kind and critical phenomena; and surfaces are considered as well. Students taking statistical physics and those involved in the areas of statistical physics will find the book invaluable.

Electrodynamics of Continuous Media

Author: L D Landau,J. S. Bell,M. J. Kearsley,L. P. Pitaevskii,E.M. Lifshitz,J. B. Sykes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293750

Category: Science

Page: 1341

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Covers the theory of electromagnetic fields in matter, and the theory of the macroscopic electric and magnetic properties of matter. There is a considerable amount of new material particularly on the theory of the magnetic properties of matter and the theory of optical phenomena with new chapters on spatial dispersion and non-linear optics. The chapters on ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism and on magnetohydrodynamics have been substantially enlarged and eight other chapters have additional sections.

Quantum Mechanics

Non-Relativistic Theory

Author: L D Landau,E. M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149129

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 5792

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Quantum Mechanics, Third Edition: Non-relativistic Theory is devoted to non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The theory of the addition of angular momenta, collision theory, and the theory of symmetry are examined, together with spin, nuclear structure, motion in a magnetic field, and diatomic and polyatomic molecules. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an introduction to the basic concepts of quantum mechanics, with emphasis on the uncertainty principle, the principle of superposition, and operators, as well as the continuous spectrum and the wave function. The following chapters explore energy and momentum; Schrödinger's equation; angular momentum; and motion in a centrally symmetric field and in a magnetic field. Perturbation theory, spin, and the properties of quasi-classical systems are also considered. The remaining chapters deal with the identity of particles, atoms, and diatomic and polyatomic molecules. The final two chapters describe elastic and inelastic collisions. This monograph will be a valuable source of information for physicists.

The Classical Theory of Fields

Author: L D Landau

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293289

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 3690

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Translated from the 6th Russian edition, this latest edition contains seven new sections with chapters on General Relativity, Gravitational Waves and Relativistic Cosmology, where Professor Lifshitz's interests lay. The text of the 3rd English edition has been thoroughly revised and additional problems inserted

General Physics

Mechanics and Molecular Physics

Author: L D Landau,A. I. Akhiezer,E.M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483285189

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 8203

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Presents, at a level suitable for undergraduates and technical college students, the basic physical theory of mechanics and the molecular structure of matter. The material contained in the work should correspond quite closely to courses of lectures given to undergraduate students of physics in Britain and America.

Statistical Physics of Particles

Author: Mehran Kardar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464876

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9684

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Statistical physics has its origins in attempts to describe the thermal properties of matter in terms of its constituent particles, and has played a fundamental role in the development of quantum mechanics. Based on lectures taught by Professor Kardar at MIT, this textbook introduces the central concepts and tools of statistical physics. It contains a chapter on probability and related issues such as the central limit theorem and information theory, and covers interacting particles, with an extensive description of the van der Waals equation and its derivation by mean field approximation. It also contains an integrated set of problems, with solutions to selected problems at the end of the book and a complete set of solutions is available to lecturers on a password protected website at www.cambridge.org/9780521873420. A companion volume, Statistical Physics of Fields, discusses non-mean field aspects of scaling and critical phenomena, through the perspective of renormalization group.

Statistical Mechanics

Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity

Author: James Sethna

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191566217

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 8201

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Statistical and Thermal Physics

With Computer Applications

Author: Harvey Gould,Jan Tobochnik

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837038

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 4333

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This textbook carefully develops the main ideas and techniques of statistical and thermal physics and is intended for upper-level undergraduate courses. The authors each have more than thirty years' experience in teaching, curriculum development, and research in statistical and computational physics. Statistical and Thermal Physics begins with a qualitative discussion of the relation between the macroscopic and microscopic worlds and incorporates computer simulations throughout the book to provide concrete examples of important conceptual ideas. Unlike many contemporary texts on thermal physics, this book presents thermodynamic reasoning as an independent way of thinking about macroscopic systems. Probability concepts and techniques are introduced, including topics that are useful for understanding how probability and statistics are used. Magnetism and the Ising model are considered in greater depth than in most undergraduate texts, and ideal quantum gases are treated within a uniform framework. Advanced chapters on fluids and critical phenomena are appropriate for motivated undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Integrates Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations as well as other numerical techniques throughout the text Provides self-contained introductions to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics Discusses probability concepts and methods in detail Contains ideas and methods from contemporary research Includes advanced chapters that provide a natural bridge to graduate study Features more than 400 problems Programs are open source and available in an executable cross-platform format Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

Elements of Classical Thermodynamics:For Advanced Students of Physics

Author: A. B. Pippard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521091015

Category: Science

Page: 165

View: 4543

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The laws of thermodynamics are amongst the most assured and wide-ranging of all scientific laws. They do not pretend to explain any observation in molecular terms but, by showing the necessary relationships between different physical properties, they reduce otherwise disconnected results to compact order, and predict new effects. This classic title, first published in 1957, is a systematic exposition of principles, with examples of applications, especially to changes of places and the conditions for stability. In all this entropy is a key concept.

Statistical Physics of Fields

Author: Mehran Kardar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139855883

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2314

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While many scientists are familiar with fractals, fewer are familiar with scale-invariance and universality which underlie the ubiquity of their shapes. These properties may emerge from the collective behaviour of simple fundamental constituents, and are studied using statistical field theories. Initial chapters connect the particulate perspective developed in the companion volume, to the coarse grained statistical fields studied here. Based on lectures taught by Professor Kardar at MIT, this textbook demonstrates how such theories are formulated and studied. Perturbation theory, exact solutions, renormalization groups, and other tools are employed to demonstrate the emergence of scale invariance and universality, and the non-equilibrium dynamics of interfaces and directed paths in random media are discussed. Ideal for advanced graduate courses in statistical physics, it contains an integrated set of problems, with solutions to selected problems at the end of the book and a complete set available to lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521873413.

Quantum Electrodynamics

Author: V B Berestetskii,L. P. Pitaevskii,E.M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080503462

Category: Science

Page: 667

View: 7244

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Several significant additions have been made to the second edition, including the operator method of calculating the bremsstrahlung cross-section, the calcualtion of the probabilities of photon-induced pair production and photon decay in a magnetic field, the asymptotic form of the scattering amplitudes at high energies, inelastic scattering of electrons by hadrons, and the transformation of electron-positron pairs into hadrons.

A Modern Course in Statistical Physics

Author: Linda E. Reichl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527690468

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 2658

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A Modern Course in Statistical Physics is a textbook that illustrates the foundations of equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical physics, and the universal nature of thermodynamic processes, from the point of view of contemporary research problems. The book treats such diverse topics as the microscopic theory of critical phenomena, superfluid dynamics, quantum conductance, light scattering, transport processes, and dissipative structures, all in the framework of the foundations of statistical physics and thermodynamics. It shows the quantum origins of problems in classical statistical physics. One focus of the book is fluctuations that occur due to the discrete nature of matter, a topic of growing importance for nanometer scale physics and biophysics. Another focus concerns classical and quantum phase transitions, in both monatomic and mixed particle systems. This fourth edition extends the range of topics considered to include, for example, entropic forces, electrochemical processes in biological systems and batteries, adsorption processes in biological systems, diamagnetism, the theory of Bose-Einstein condensation, memory effects in Brownian motion, the hydrodynamics of binary mixtures. A set of exercises and problems is to be found at the end of each chapter and, in addition, solutions to a subset of the problems is provided. The appendices cover Exact Differentials, Ergodicity, Number Representation, Scattering Theory, and also a short course on Probability.

A Guide to Monte Carlo Simulations in Statistical Physics

Author: David P. Landau,Kurt Binder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316062635

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2630

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Dealing with all aspects of Monte Carlo simulation of complex physical systems encountered in condensed-matter physics and statistical mechanics, this book provides an introduction to computer simulations in physics. This fourth edition contains extensive new material describing numerous powerful algorithms not covered in previous editions, in some cases representing new developments that have only recently appeared. Older methodologies whose impact was previously unclear or unappreciated are also introduced, in addition to many small revisions that bring the text and cited literature up to date. This edition also introduces the use of petascale computing facilities in the Monte Carlo arena. Throughout the book there are many applications, examples, recipes, case studies, and exercises to help the reader understand the material. It is ideal for graduate students and researchers, both in academia and industry, who want to learn techniques that have become a third tool of physical science, complementing experiment and analytical theory.

Fluid Mechanics

Author: L D Landau,E. M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483140504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 5167

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Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 6: Fluid Mechanics discusses several areas of concerns regarding fluid mechanics. The book provides a discussion on the phenomenon in fluid mechanics and their intercorrelations, such as heat transfer, diffusion in fluids, acoustics, theory of combustion, dynamics of superfluids, and relativistic fluid dynamics. The text will be of great interest to researchers whose work involves or concerns fluid mechanics.

Mechanics

Author: Lev Davidovich Landau,Evgeniĭ Mikhaĭlovich Lifshit︠s︡

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 165

View: 727

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Statistical Field Theory

Author: Giorgio Parisi

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780738200514

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 3429

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Specifically written to introduce researchers and advanced students to the modern developments in statistical mechanics and field theory, this book's leitmotiv is functional integration and its application to different areas of physics. The book acts as both an introduction to and a lucid overview of the major problems in statistical field theory.

Introduction to Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

Approaching a Complex World

Author: Constantino Tsallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387853588

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 3051

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Metaphors, generalizations and unifications are natural and desirable ingredients of the evolution of scientific theories and concepts. Physics, in particular, obviously walks along these paths since its very beginning. This book focuses on nonextensive statistical mechanics, a current generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) statistical mechanics, one of the greatest monuments of contemporary physics. Conceived more than 130 years ago by Maxwell, Boltzmann and Gibbs, the BG theory exhibits uncountable – some of them impressive – successes in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and computational sciences, to name a few. Presently, more than two thousand publications, by over 1800 scientists around the world, have been dedicated to the nonextensive generalization. Remarkable applications have emerged, and its mathematical grounding is by now relatively well established. A pedagogical introduction to its concepts – nonlinear dynamics, extensivity of the nonadditive entropy, global correlations, generalization of the standard CLT’s, among others – is presented in this book as well as a selection of paradigmatic applications in various sciences together with diversified experimental verifications of some of its predictions. This is the first pedagogical book on the subject, written by the proponent of the theory Presents many applications to interdisciplinary complex phenomena in virtually all sciences, ranging from physics to medicine, from economics to biology, through signal and image processing and others Offers a detailed derivation of results, illustrations and for the first time detailed presentation of Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

Scattering Theory of Waves and Particles

Author: Roger G Newton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642881289

Category: Science

Page: 745

View: 6947

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Much progress has been made in scattering theory since the publication of the first edition of this book fifteen years ago, and it is time to update it. Needless to say, it was impossible to incorporate all areas of new develop ment. Since among the newer books on scattering theory there are three excellent volumes that treat the subject from a much more abstract mathe matical point of view (Lax and Phillips on electromagnetic scattering, Amrein, Jauch and Sinha, and Reed and Simon on quantum scattering), I have refrained from adding material concerning the abundant new mathe matical results on time-dependent formulations of scattering theory. The only exception is Dollard's beautiful "scattering into cones" method that connects the physically intuitive and mathematically clean wave-packet description to experimentally accessible scattering rates in a much more satisfactory manner than the older procedure. Areas that have been substantially augmented are the analysis of the three-dimensional Schrodinger equation for non central potentials (in Chapter 10), the general approach to multiparticle reaction theory (in Chapter 16), the specific treatment of three-particle scattering (in Chapter 17), and inverse scattering (in Chapter 20). The additions to Chapter 16 include an introduction to the two-Hilbert space approach, as well as a derivation of general scattering-rate formulas. Chapter 17 now contains a survey of various approaches to the solution of three-particle problems, as well as a discussion of the Efimov effect.

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Author: Walter Greiner,Ludwig Neise,Horst Stöcker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208270

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 3100

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From the reviews: "This book excels by its variety of modern examples in solid state physics, magnetism, elementary particle physics [...] I can recommend it strongly as a valuable source, especially to those who are teaching basic statistical physics at our universities." Physicalia

Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

A Modern Perspective

Author: Roberto Livi,Paolo Politi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108364047

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 433

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Statistical mechanics has been proven to be successful at describing physical systems at thermodynamic equilibrium. Since most natural phenomena occur in nonequilibrium conditions, the present challenge is to find suitable physical approaches for such conditions: this book provides a pedagogical pathway that explores various perspectives. The use of clear language, and explanatory figures and diagrams to describe models, simulations and experimental findings makes the book a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, and also for lecturers organizing teaching at varying levels of experience in the field. Written in three parts, it covers basic and traditional concepts of nonequilibrium physics, modern aspects concerning nonequilibrium phase transitions, and application-orientated topics from a modern perspective. A broad range of topics is covered, including Langevin equations, Levy processes, directed percolation, kinetic roughening and pattern formation.