# Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns

Author: Dr. Janine Illian,Prof. Antti Penttinen,Dr. Helga Stoyan,Dr. Dietrich Stoyan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470725153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 9025

Spatial point processes are mathematical models used to describe and analyse the geometrical structure of patterns formed by objects that are irregularly or randomly distributed in one-, two- or three-dimensional space. Examples include locations of trees in a forest, blood particles on a glass plate, galaxies in the universe, and particle centres in samples of material. Numerous aspects of the nature of a specific spatial point pattern may be described using the appropriate statistical methods. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns provides a practical guide to the use of these specialised methods. The application-oriented approach helps demonstrate the benefits of this increasingly popular branch of statistics to a broad audience. The book: Provides an introduction to spatial point patterns for researchers across numerous areas of application Adopts an extremely accessible style, allowing the non-statistician complete understanding Describes the process of extracting knowledge from the data, emphasising the marked point process Demonstrates the analysis of complex datasets, using applied examples from areas including biology, forestry, and materials science Features a supplementary website containing example datasets. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns is ideally suited for researchers in the many areas of application, including environmental statistics, ecology, physics, materials science, geostatistics, and biology. It is also suitable for students of statistics, mathematics, computer science, biology and geoinformatics.

# Bayesian Statistical Modelling

Author: Peter Congdon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470035935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 5726

Bayesian methods combine the evidence from the data at hand with previous quantitative knowledge to analyse practical problems in a wide range of areas. The calculations were previously complex, but it is now possible to routinely apply Bayesian methods due to advances in computing technology and the use of new sampling methods for estimating parameters. Such developments together with the availability of freeware such as WINBUGS and R have facilitated a rapid growth in the use of Bayesian methods, allowing their application in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Following the success of the first edition, this reworked and updated book provides an accessible approach to Bayesian computing and analysis, with an emphasis on the principles of prior selection, identification and the interpretation of real data sets. The second edition: Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples, applications and computer algorithms. Discusses the role of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in computing and estimation. Includes a wide range of interdisciplinary applications, and a large selection of worked examples from the health and social sciences. Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques, and examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles. Provides exercises designed to help reinforce the reader’s knowledge and a supplementary website containing data sets and relevant programs. Bayesian Statistical Modelling is ideal for researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences, who will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a great source of reference for both researchers and students. Praise for the First Edition: “It is a remarkable achievement to have carried out such a range of analysis on such a range of data sets. I found this book comprehensive and stimulating, and was thoroughly impressed with both the depth and the range of the discussions it contains.” – ISI - Short Book Reviews “This is an excellent introductory book on Bayesian modelling techniques and data analysis” – Biometrics “The book fills an important niche in the statistical literature and should be a very valuable resource for students and professionals who are utilizing Bayesian methods.” – Journal of Mathematical Psychology

# Analyzing and Modeling Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Infectious Diseases

Author: Dongmei Chen,Bernard Moulin,Jianhong Wu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118629914

Category: Medical

Page: 496

View: 7777

Features modern research and methodology on the spread of infectious diseases and showcases a broad range of multi-disciplinary and state-of-the-art techniques on geo-simulation, geo-visualization, remote sensing, metapopulation modeling, cloud computing, and pattern analysis Given the ongoing risk of infectious diseases worldwide, it is crucial to develop appropriate analysis methods, models, and tools to assess and predict the spread of disease and evaluate the risk. Analyzing and Modeling Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Infectious Diseases features mathematical and spatial modeling approaches that integrate applications from various fields such as geo-computation and simulation, spatial analytics, mathematics, statistics, epidemiology, and health policy. In addition, the book captures the latest advances in the use of geographic information system (GIS), global positioning system (GPS), and other location-based technologies in the spatial and temporal study of infectious diseases. Highlighting the current practices and methodology via various infectious disease studies, Analyzing and Modeling Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Infectious Diseases features: Approaches to better use infectious disease data collected from various sources for analysis and modeling purposes Examples of disease spreading dynamics, including West Nile virus, bird flu, Lyme disease, pandemic influenza (H1N1), and schistosomiasis Modern techniques such as Smartphone use in spatio-temporal usage data, cloud computing-enabled cluster detection, and communicable disease geo-simulation based on human mobility An overview of different mathematical, statistical, spatial modeling, and geo-simulation techniques Analyzing and Modeling Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Infectious Diseases is an excellent resource for researchers and scientists who use, manage, or analyze infectious disease data, need to learn various traditional and advanced analytical methods and modeling techniques, and become aware of different issues and challenges related to infectious disease modeling and simulation. The book is also a useful textbook and/or supplement for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in bioinformatics, biostatistics, public health and policy, and epidemiology.

# Knowledge Discovery Practices and Emerging Applications of Data Mining: Trends and New Domains

Trends and New Domains

Author: Kumar, A.V. Senthil

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 160960069X

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 4025

Knowledge Discovery Practices and Emerging Applications of Data Mining: Trends and New Domains introduces the reader to recent research activities in the field of data mining. This book covers association mining, classification, mobile marketing, opinion mining, microarray data mining, internet mining and applications of data mining on biological data, telecommunication and distributed databases, among others, while promoting understanding and implementation of data mining techniques in emerging domains.

# Computational Statistics in Climatology

Author: Ilya Polyak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195356632

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 303

Scientific descriptions of the climate have traditionally been based on the study of average meteorological values taken from different positions around the world. In recent years however it has become apparent that these averages should be considered with other statistics that ultimately characterize spatial and temporal variability. This book is designed to meet that need. It is based on a course in computational statistics taught by the author that arose from a variety of projects on the design and development of software for the study of climate change, using statistics and methods of random functions.

# Mastering Data Analysis with R

Author: Gergely Daroczi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783982039

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 9278

# Stochastic Modeling and Geostatistics

Principles, Methods, and Case Studies, Vol. II, AAPG Computer Applications in Geology 5

Author: Timothy C. Coburn,Jeffrey M. Yarus,R. L. Chambers

Publisher: AAPG

ISBN: 0891817042

Category: Petroleum

Page: N.A

View: 5737

# Spatio-temporal Approaches

Geographic Objects and Change Process

Author: Hélène Mathian,Lena Sanders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118649230

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 5201

Spatio-temporal Approaches presents a well-built set of concepts, methods and approaches, in order to represent and understand the evolution of social and environmental phenomena within the space. It is basedon examples in human geography and archeology (which will enable us to explore questions regarding various temporalities) and tackles social and environmental phenomena. Chapter 1 discusses how to apprehend change: objects, attributes, relations, processes. Chapter 2 introduces multiple points of view about modeling and the authors try to shed a new light on the different, but complementary approaches of geomaticians and thematicians. Chapter 3 is devoted to the construction of spatio-temporal indicators, to various measurements of the change, while highlighting the advantage of an approach crossing several points of view, in order to understand the phenomenon at hand. Chapter 4 presents different categories of simulation model in line with complexity sciences. These models rely notably on the concepts of emergence and self-organization and allow us to highlight the roles of interaction within change. Chapter 5 provides ideas on research concerning the various construction approaches of hybrid objects and model couplings.

# Researching Geography

The Indian context

Author: Gopal Krishan,Nina Singh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315439069

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 1536

This book is a one-stop comprehensive guide to geographical inquiry. A step-by-step account of the hows and the whys of research methodology. Introduces students to the complexities of geographical perspective and thought, essentials of fieldwork, formulation of research topics, data collection, analysis and interpretation as well as presentation and dissemination. Includes inputs and specific examples to help practitioners negotiate between theory and practice. Uses a lucid, engaging and literary style. It will be an essential companion for researchers and students of geography, social sciences, and South Asian studies.

# Mineral Resource Estimation

Author: Mario E. Rossi,Clayton V. Deutsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057172

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 4085

Mineral resource estimation has changed considerably in the past 25 years: geostatistical techniques have become commonplace and continue to evolve; computational horsepower has revolutionized all facets of numerical modeling; mining and processing operations are often larger; and uncertainty quantification is becoming standard practice. Recent books focus on historical methods or details of geostatistical theory. So there is a growing need to collect and synthesize the practice of modern mineral resource estimation into a book for undergraduate students, beginning graduate students, and young geologists and engineers. It is especially fruitful that this book is written by authors with years of relevant experience performing mineral resource estimation and with years of relevant teaching experience. This comprehensive textbook and reference fills this need.

# Modeling Techniques in Predictive Analytics

Business Problems and Solutions with R, Revised and Expanded Edition

Author: Thomas W. Miller

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 0133886190

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 3396

# The Routledge Handbook of Planning Research Methods

Author: Elisabete A. Silva,Patsy Healey,Neil Harris,Pieter Van den Broeck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317917030

Category: Political Science

Page: 530

View: 4654

The Routledge Handbook of Planning Research Methods is an expansive look at the traditions, methods, and challenges of research design and research projects in contemporary urban planning. Through case studies, an international group of researchers, planning practitioners, and planning academics and educators, all recognized authorities in the field, provide accounts of designing and implementing research projects from different approaches and venues. This book shows how to apply quantitative and qualitative methods to projects, and how to take your research from the classroom to the real world. The book is structured into sections focusing on Beginning planning research Research design and development Rediscovering qualitative methods New advances in quantitative methods Turning research into action With chapters written by leading scholars in spatial planning, The Routledge Handbook of Planning Research Methods is the most authoritative and comprehensive handbook on the topic, providing both established and ground breaking coverage of spatial planning research methods. The book is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and graduate level students, young professionals and practitioners in urban, regional, and spatial planning.

# Bayesian Networks

A Practical Guide to Applications

Author: Olivier Pourret,Patrick Naïm,Bruce Marcot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470994542

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 6916

Bayesian Networks, the result of the convergence of artificial intelligence with statistics, are growing in popularity. Their versatility and modelling power is now employed across a variety of fields for the purposes of analysis, simulation, prediction and diagnosis. This book provides a general introduction to Bayesian networks, defining and illustrating the basic concepts with pedagogical examples and twenty real-life case studies drawn from a range of fields including medicine, computing, natural sciences and engineering. Designed to help analysts, engineers, scientists and professionals taking part in complex decision processes to successfully implement Bayesian networks, this book equips readers with proven methods to generate, calibrate, evaluate and validate Bayesian networks. The book: Provides the tools to overcome common practical challenges such as the treatment of missing input data, interaction with experts and decision makers, determination of the optimal granularity and size of the model. Highlights the strengths of Bayesian networks whilst also presenting a discussion of their limitations. Compares Bayesian networks with other modelling techniques such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and fault trees. Describes, for ease of comparison, the main features of the major Bayesian network software packages: Netica, Hugin, Elvira and Discoverer, from the point of view of the user. Offers a historical perspective on the subject and analyses future directions for research. Written by leading experts with practical experience of applying Bayesian networks in finance, banking, medicine, robotics, civil engineering, geology, geography, genetics, forensic science, ecology, and industry, the book has much to offer both practitioners and researchers involved in statistical analysis or modelling in any of these fields.

# Key Methods in Geography

Author: Nicholas Clifford,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761974925

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 9313

Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.

# Modeling Techniques in Predictive Analytics with Python and R

A Guide to Data Science

Author: Thomas W. Miller

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 013389214X

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 9910

# Probability and Statistics with R, Second Edition

Author: Maria Dolores Ugarte,Ana F. Militino,Alan T. Arnholt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466504404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 983

View: 2215

Cohesively Incorporates Statistical Theory with R Implementation Since the publication of the popular first edition of this comprehensive textbook, the contributed R packages on CRAN have increased from around 1,000 to over 6,000. Designed for an intermediate undergraduate course, Probability and Statistics with R, Second Edition explores how some of these new packages make analysis easier and more intuitive as well as create more visually pleasing graphs. New to the Second Edition Improvements to existing examples, problems, concepts, data, and functions New examples and exercises that use the most modern functions Coverage probability of a confidence interval and model validation Highlighted R code for calculations and graph creation Gets Students Up to Date on Practical Statistical Topics Keeping pace with today’s statistical landscape, this textbook expands your students’ knowledge of the practice of statistics. It effectively links statistical concepts with R procedures, empowering students to solve a vast array of real statistical problems with R. Web Resources A supplementary website offers solutions to odd exercises and templates for homework assignments while the data sets and R functions are available on CRAN.

# Spatial Analytics with ArcGIS

Author: Eric Pimpler

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1787124622

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 3629

Pattern Analysis and cluster mapping made easy About This Book Analyze patterns, clusters, and spatial relationships using ArcGIS tools Get up to speed in R programming to create custom tools for analysis Sift through tons of crime and real estate data and analyze it using the tools built in the book Who This Book Is For This book is for ArcGIS developers who want to perform complex geographic analysis through the use of spatial statistics tools including ArcGIS and R. No knowledge of R is assumed. What You Will Learn Get to know how to measure geographic distributions Perform clustering analysis including hot spot and outlier analysis Conduct data conversion tasks using the Utilities toolset Understand how to use the tools provided by the Mapping Clusters toolset in the Spatial Statistics Toolbox Get to grips with the basics of R for performing spatial statistical programming Create custom ArcGIS tools with R and ArcGIS Bridge Understand the application of Spatial Statistics tools and the R programming language through case studies In Detail Spatial statistics has the potential to provide insight that is not otherwise available through traditional GIS tools. This book is designed to introduce you to the use of spatial statistics so you can solve complex geographic analysis. The book begins by introducing you to the many spatial statistics tools available in ArcGIS. You will learn how to analyze patterns, map clusters, and model spatial relationships with these tools. Further on, you will explore how to extend the spatial statistics tools currently available in ArcGIS, and use the R programming language to create custom tools in ArcGIS through the ArcGIS Bridge using real-world examples. At the end of the book, you will be presented with two exciting case studies where you will be able to practically apply all your learning to analyze and gain insights into real estate data. Style and approach Filled with live examples that you can code along with, this book will show you different methods and techniques to effectively analyze spatial data with ArcGIS and the R language. The exciting case studies at the end will help you immediately put your learning to practice.

# Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences

Author: N. Balakrishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470405090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 986

View: 5099

"Data collection holds an essential part in dictating the future of health sciences and public health, as the compilation of statistics allows researchers and medical practitioners to monitor trends in health status, identify health problems, and evaluate the impact of health policies and programs. Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences serves as a single, one-of-a-kind resource on the wide range of statistical methods, techniques, and applications that are applied in modern life and health sciences in research. Specially designed to present encyclopedic content in an accessible and self-contained format, this book outlines thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard applications to research in related disciplines such as biology, epidemiology, clinical trials, and public health. Uniquely combining established literature with cutting-edge research, this book contains classical works and more than twenty-five new articles and completely revised contributions from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, Second Edition. The result is a compilation of more than eighty articles that explores classic methodology and new topics."--Publisher's description.

# Environmental Decision Support Software

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1422330877

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9110

# 21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 8784