Specialization, Exchange and Complex Societies

Author: Elizabeth M. Brumfiel,Timothy K. Earle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521321181

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 2905

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This book, a comparative study of specialised production in prehistoric societies, examines approaches to specialization and exchange.

Andean Archaeology III

North and South

Author: William Isbell,Helaine Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387289402

Category: Social Science

Page: 523

View: 5009

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The third volume in the Andean Archaeology series, this book focuses on the marked cultural differences between the northern and southern regions of the Central Andes, and considers the conditions under which these differences evolved, grew pronounced, and diminished. This book continues the dynamic, current problem-oriented approach to the field of Andean Archaeology that began with Andean Archaeology I and Andean Archaeology II. Combines up-to-date research, diverse theoretical platforms, and far-reaching interpretations to draw provocative and thoughtful conclusions.

Pottery and Economy in Old Kingdom Egypt

Author: Leslie Anne Warden

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004259856

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 8986

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In Pottery and Economy in Old Kingdom Egypt, Leslie Anne Warden analyzes utilitarian ceramics to provide a framework for the Egyptian economy which is fluid, full of agents, and defined by small scale, face-to-face relationships rather than the state.

Storage in Ancient Complex Societies

Administration, Organization, and Control

Author: Linda R. Manzanilla,Mitchell Rothman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315520958

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 5555

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The ability to accumulate and store large amounts of goods is a key feature of complex societies in ancient times. Storage strategies reflect the broader economic and political organization of a society and changes in the development of control mechanisms in both administrative and non-administrative—often kinship based—sectors. This is the first volume to examine storage practices in ancient complex societies from a comparative perspective. This volume includes 14 original papers by leading archaeologists from four continents which compare storage systems in three key regions with lengthy traditions of complexity: the ancient Near East, Mesoamerica, and Andes. Storage in Ancient Complex Societies demonstrates the importance of understanding storage for the study of cultural evolution.

Economic Representations

Academic and Everyday

Author: David F Ruccio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135975396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 8061

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Why is there such a proliferation of economic discourses in literary theory, cultural studies, anti-sweatshop debates, popular music, and other areas outside the official discipline of economics? How is the economy represented in different ways by economists and non-economists? In this volume, scholars from a wide variety of disciplines and countries, from inside and outside the academy, explore the implications of the fact that the economy is being represented in so many different ways. They analyze what it means for scholars and activists in trying to make sense of existing representations-theories, pictures, and stories--of the economy. They also show how new representations can be produced and utilized to change how we look at and participate in current economic debates. By encouraging the mutual recognition of existing approaches and exploring the various ways economic representations function in diverse venues within and beyond mainstream economics, Ruccio has produced a book that is relevant to subjects as diverse as economic sociology and anthropology, political economy, globalization and cultural studies.

Studies in Culture Contact

Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology

Author: James G. Cusick

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809334097

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 7938

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People have long been fascinated about times in human history when different cultures and societies first came into con�tact with each other, how they reacted to that contact, and why it sometimes oc�curred peacefully and at other times was violent or catastrophic. Studies in Culture Contact: Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology, edited by James G. Cusick, seeks to define the role of culture contact in human history, to identify issues in the study of culture contact in archaeology, and to provide a critical overview of the major theoretical approaches to the study of culture and contact. Contributors consider three forms of culture contact--colonization, cultural en�tanglement, and symmetrical exchange. Part I provides a critical overview of theo�retical approaches to the study of culture contact, while Part II contains eleven case studies of specific contact situations and their relationships to the archaeological record. Studies in Culture Contact pro�vides an extensive review of the history of culture contact in anthropological stud�ies and develops a broad framework for studying culture contact's role, moving beyond a simple formulation of contact and change to a more complex under�standing of the amalgam of change and continuity in contact situations.

Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna

The Origins of a West African Political System

Author: Stephen A. Dueppen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317543653

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 5353

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Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.

Agency in Archaeology

Author: Marcia-Anne Dobres,John E. Robb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415207614

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 4322

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Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinise the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognise that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group Agency in Archaeology brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, stances on the meaning and use of agency theory to archaeology. The volume is composed of five theoretically-based discussions and nine case studies, drawing on regions from North America and Mesoamerica to Western and central Europe, and ranging in subject from the late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to the restructuring of gender relations in the north-eastern US.

Dictionary of Concepts in Archaeology

Author: Molly Raymond Mignon

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 8028

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The first dictionary to provide definitions and analytical discussions of the key concepts in archaeology.

Archaeology and State Theory

Subjects and Objects of Power

Author: Bruce Routledge

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472504097

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 160

View: 2853

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After neo-evolutionism, how does one talk about the pre-modern state? Over the past two decades archaeological research has shifted decisively from check-list identifications of the state as an evolutionary type to studies of how power and authority were constituted in specific polities. Developing Gramsci's concept of hegemony, this book provides an accessible discussion of general principles that serve to help us understand and organise these new directions in archaeological research. Throughout this book, conceptual issues are illustrated by means of case studies drawn from Madagascar, Mesopotamia, the Inca, the Maya and Greece.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 3684

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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Metals and society

papers from a session held at the European Association of Archaeologists sixth annual meeting in Lisbon 2000

Author: Barbara S. Ottaway,European Association of Archaeologists. Meeting,Emma C. Wager

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 8967

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Thirteen papers, from the EEA Sixth Annual Meeting held in Lisbon in 2000, aim to explain the role that metal and metalworking played in past societies and to integrate 'analytical data with theoretical, contextual and ethno-archaeological studies'. Divided into four sections, contributions examine the development of metallurgy in the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Age Levant and Europe; evidence for metalworking in Wales, central Europe and Portugal; ornate metalworking in Iron Age Norway, medieval Russia and modern Portugal and Cairo and, finally, the social and cultural function of metalworking and metal objects.

Indo-Pacific Prehistory

The Chiang Mai Papers

Author: Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association. Congress,Peter S. Bellwood

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Prehistoric peoples

Page: N.A

View: 9113

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Maya Ceremonial Specialization

Lithic Tools from the Sacred Cenote at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán

Author: April Kay Sievert

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 162

View: 7936

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Highly visible architecture, sculpture and painting meant Maya religion was the focus for much early research and speculation on Mayan civilization. Subtitled `Lithic Tools from the Sacred Cenote at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán' this study evaluates postclassic Maya ceremonialism and addresses three problems in Maya archaeology: assumptions concerning Maya ritual assemblages; the characteristics denoting ceremonial artifacts; the linking of potential indicators of ceremonial functions for stone tools to the purposes for which ceremonies were enacted. Results from this analysis are used to broaden our conception of ritual performance beyond what is seen in Mayan art and architecture.

Craft Specialization and Social Evolution

In Memory of V. Gordon Childe

Author: Bernard Wailes

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780924171437

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 5233

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V. Gordon Childe was the first scholar to attempt a broad and sustained socioeconomic analysis of the archaeology of the ancient world in terms that, today, could be called explanatory. To most, he was remembered only as a diligent synthesizer whose whole interpretation collapsed when its chronology was demolished. There was little recognition of his insistence that the emergence of craft specialists, and their very variable roles in the relations of production, were crucial to an understanding of social evolution. The interrelationship between sociopolitical complexity and craft production is a critical one, so critical that one might ask, just how complex would any society have become without craft specialization. This volume derives from the papers presented at a symposium at the American Anthropological Association meetings on the centenary of Childe's birth. Contributors to the volume include David W. Anthony, Philip J. Arnold III, Bennet Bronson, Robert Chapman, John E. Clark, Cathy L. Costin, Pam J. Crabtree, Philip L. Kohl, D. Blair Gibson, Antonio Gilman, Vincent C. Piggott, Jeremy A. Sabloff, Gil J. Stein, Ruth Tringham, Anne P. Underhill, Bernard Wailes, Peter S. Wells, Joyce C. White, Rita P. Wright, and Richard L. Zettler. Symposium Series Volume VI University Museum Monograph, 93