Spatial Decision Support Systems

Principles and Practices

Author: Ramanathan Sugumaran,John Degroote

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420062120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 508

View: 1463


Although interest in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) continues to grow rapidly in a wide range of disciplines, students, planners, managers, and the research community have lacked a book that covers the fundamentals of SDSS along with the advanced design concepts required for building SDSS. Filling this need, Spatial Decision Support Systems: Principles and Practices provides a comprehensive examination of the various aspects of SDSS evolution, components, architecture, and implementation. It integrates research from a variety of disciplines, including the geosciences, to supply a complete overview of SDSS technologies and their application from an interdisciplinary perspective. This groundbreaking reference provides thorough coverage of the roots of SDSS. It explains the core principles of SDSS, how to use them in various decision making contexts, and how to design and develop them using readily available enabling technologies and commercial tools. The book consists of four major parts, each addressing different topic areas in SDSS: Presents an introduction to SDSS and the evolution of SDSS Covers the essential and optional components of SDSS Focuses on the design and implementation of SDSS Reviews SDSS applications from various domains and disciplines—investigating current challenges and future directions The text includes numerous detailed case studies, example applications, and methods for tailoring SDSS to your work environment. It also integrates sample code segments throughout. Addressing the technical and organizational challenges that affect the success or failure of SDSS, the book concludes by considering future directions of this rapidly emerging field of study.

Intelligent Spatial Decision Support Systems

Author: Yee Leung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642607144

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 470

View: 5095


In the past half century, we have experienced two major waves of methodological development in the study of human behavior in space and time. The fIrst wave was the well known "quantitative revolution" which propelled geography from a mainly descriptive discipline to a scientifIc discipline using formalism such as probability, statistics, and a large-number of mathematical methods for analyzing spatial structures and processes under certainty and uncertainty. The second wave is the recent advancement of geographical information systems which equips geographers with automation in the storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of data. Both developments have significant impacts on geographical studies in general and solutions to real life spatio-temporal problems in particular. They have found applications in urban and regional planning, automated mapping and facilities management, transportation planning and management, as well as environmental planning and management, to name but a few examples. Both developments have one thing in common. They one way or the other use computer to process and analyze data. However, not until recently, there has been very little interaction between the two. Quantitative models have largely been developed independent of the underlying data models and structures representing the spatial phenomena or processes under study. Display of analysis results has been primitive in terms of the utilization of computer graphic technologies. Formal models, in addition to their technical difficulties, have poor capability in communication with users. Geographical information systems, on the other hand, have originally been developed with a slight intention to entertain powerful analytical models.

Development of a web-based spatial decision support system (WSDSS) for river restoration

A framework contributing to the implementation of the EU Water framework Directive (WFD) in Austria

Author: Andreas Zitek


ISBN: 3836640473

Category: Science

Page: 66

View: 1685


Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The main goal of this thesis is to develop a framework for a Web based Spatial Decision Support System (WSDSS) for supporting the development of river restoration strategies. Due to their free availability, open source/free GIS tools and technology are used to develop this decision support framework supporting a multi-user decision support platform via the web. The integration of latest multi-scale river ecological knowledge is assured by the strong relatedness of this thesis to a project that has been run at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU) in Vienna between 2005 and 2008 the MIRR project (Model based Instrument for River Restoration). By order of the Austrian Ministry of Life, being responsible for the implementation of the EU-Water Framework Directive, a strategic instrument to identify hydro-morphological restoration measures for running waters to enhance the ecological status of rivers in Austria measured by fish was developed at the Institute of Hydrobiology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management (IHG) at the BOKU based on comprehensive multivariate analyses of fish/pressure relationships using data from Lower Austria. The identification and quantification of the effects of the main relevant pressure types allowed the development of flow charts for guiding restoration activities at multiple scales. Up to now no tool exists allowing an automated evaluation of the effects of different restoration strategies on the ecological status of the so called water bodies, the relevant scale for action and reporting with regard to the EU-WFD. Furthermore existing web based GIS tools related to rivers and the implementation of the EU WFD in Austria and on an EU level do not allow any interaction with the data, and are therefore not well suited for decision support (for example the Water Information system of Austria WISA , or the Water Information System of Europe WISE ). The following parts of the MIRR project conducted under the supervision of the author of this thesis as work package leader, and can be seen as part of this thesis, although mainly content relevant for the development of the WSDSS framework is reproduced here: Literature research and definition of relevant parameters to model fish/pressure relationships on multiple spatial and temporal scales, Investigation and collection of the available GIS datasets in Austria, that might be of relevance for the MIRR project, and matching [...]

A Spatial Decision Support System for Rainwater Harvesting

Mainstreaming the Sustainable Implementation of Rainwater Harvesting in South Africa

Author: Jean-marc Mwenge Kahinda

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783659383441


Page: 196

View: 6298


To reconcile its scarce water resources with the ever-increasing demand for freshwater, the South African government continues to explore and investigate various demand management and water supply options. Thus, the Rainwater HArvesting Decision Support System (RHADESS) was developed to facilitate the integration of rainwater harvesting (RWH) in the management and development of the country's water resources at the quaternary catchment scale (about 500 sqm). Using biophysical and socioeconomic datasets, RHADESS assesses the RWH footprint of any given area of South Africa. Once the footprint is determined, the ecohydrological impact of RWH as reduction in river flow is established for different levels of adoption. Finally, RHADESS calculates the area of land required for a household to achieve food security when RWH is implemented. The decision support system was tested in two quaternary catchments, semi-arid C52A and humid V13D.

Planning Support Systems in Practice

Author: Stan Geertman,John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540247955

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 580

View: 6709


The first worldwide overview of Planning Support Systems (PSS) and their application in practice. PSS are geo-technology related instruments consisting of theories, information, methods, tools, et cetera for support of unique professional public or private planning tasks at any spatial scale. The aim is to advance progress in the development of PSS, which are far from being effectively integrated into the planning practice. The text provides an Internet-based worldwide inventory of innovative examples and successful applications of PSS in a number of different planning contexts. In-depth insights into the purposes, content, workings, and applications of a very wide diversity of PSS are given.

Recent Advances in Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning

Author: Jos P. van Leeuwen,Harry J.P. Timmermans

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402024096

Category: Architecture

Page: 358

View: 7463


Preface. International Scientific Committee. Introduction. Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Applications of Neural Networks for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in Turkey; E. Yesilnacar, G.J. Hunter. An Evaluation of Neural Spatial Interaction Models Based on a Practical Application; A. Akamine, A.N. Rodrigues da Silva. Improved Understanding of Urban Sprawl Using Neural Networks; L. Diappi, P. Bolchi, M. Buscema. Visualisation for Design and Decision Support. Using On-Line Geographical Visualisation Tools to Improve Land Use Decision-Making with a Bottom-Up Community Participatory App.

Emerging Spatial Information Systems and Applications

Author: Hilton, Brian

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599040776

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 3684


Several emerging phenomena and technologies, such as the increasing availability of open source software and the continuing evolution of distributed computing, are introducing a new dynamic into information system development. Emerging Spatial Information Systems and Applications presents innovative spatial information systems that have been developed for a specific problem or decision-making situation and discusses key concepts and theories underlying current spatial information systems, as well as technology trends and emerging concepts that may impact spatial information system development and applications.

Decision Support Systems in Urban Planning

Author: Harry Timmermans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135817480

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 9832


This book presents a set of selected and edited papers presented at the 2nd and 3rd Design and Decision Support Conference. The purpose is to provide examples of innovative research in decision support systems in urban planning from throughout the world.