Space, Hope, and Brutalism

English Architecture, 1945-1975

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies

ISBN: 9780300204469

Category: Architecture

Page: 512

View: 3759

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This is the first major book to study English architecture between 1945 and 1975 in its entirety. Challenging previous scholarship on the subject and uncovering vast amounts of new material at the boundaries between architectural and social history, Elain Harwood structures the book around building types to reveal why the architecture takes the form it does. Buildings of all budgets and styles are examined, from major universities to the modest café. The book is illustrated with stunning new photography that reveals the logic, aspirations, and beauty of hundreds of buildings throughout England, at the point where many are disappearing or are being mutilated. Space, Hope, and Brutalism offers a convincing and lively overview of a subject and period that fascinates younger scholars and appeals to those who were witnesses to this history.

Raw Concrete

The Beauty of Brutalism

Author: Barnabas Calder

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0434022446

Category: Architecture

Page: 405

View: 1521

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'Brilliant' Elain Harwood 'Part history, part aesthetic autobiography, wholly engaging and liable to convince those procrastinators sitting (uncomfortably) on the concrete fence' Jonathan Meades 'A learned and passionate book' Simon Bradley, author of The Railways 'A compelling and evocative read, meticulously researched, and filled with insight and passion' Kate Goodwin, Head of Architecture, Royal Academy of Arts The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. The Brutalist style was the result. Today, after several decades in the shadows, attitudes towards Brutalism are slowly changing, but it is a movement that is still overlooked, and grossly underrated. Raw Concrete overturns the perception of Brutalist buildings as the penny-pinching, utilitarian products of dutiful social concern. Instead it looks a little closer, uncovering the luxuriously skilled craft and daring engineering with which the best buildings of the 1960s came into being: magnificent architectural visions serving clients rich and poor, radical and conservative. Beginning in a tiny hermitage on the remote north Scottish coast, and ending up backstage at the National Theatre, Raw Concrete embarks on a wide-ranging journey through Britain over the past sixty years, stopping to examine how eight extraordinary buildings were made - from commission to construction - why they have been so vilified, and why they are beginning to be loved. In it, Barnabas Calder puts forward a powerful case: Brutalism is the best architecture there has ever been, and perhaps the best there ever will be.

England's Post-War Listed Buildings

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: Batsford

ISBN: 9781849941464

Category: Architecture

Page: 608

View: 1837

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England's Post-War Listed Buildings is a comprehensive and stylish guide to over 500 of the country's most striking and historically relevant architectural gems, from private houses to schools, churches, military buildings, monuments and parks. Listed buildings include traditional works by Raymond Erith and Donald McMorran and many of the 'pop icons' of the 1960s (including Centre Point). Also featured are internationally outstanding modern works like Stirling and Gowan's Leicester Engineering Building and Foster Associates' offices for Willis Faber Dumas in Ipswich. This fully updated and expanded edition contains numerous new entries arranged in an accessible, regional structure, as well as features on telephone boxes, landscapes, memorials and sculptures. Each entry is illustrated with photographs and includes information on architect, date of construction and listing grade date, as well as a detailed description of the site and what makes it unique.

Post-Modern Buildings in Britain

Author: Geraint Franklin,Elain Harwood

Publisher: Batsford

ISBN: 9781849944502

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 8104

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An illuminating look at a controversial architectural style – and its finest examples Post-modernism was the 1980s’ counter to Brutalism but fell out of fashion until its best buildings began to disappear. Now is the time to reassess its values. Historians Geraint Franklin and Elain Harwood discuss its background and key architects before celebrating Britain's finest examples. Individual entries are beautifully illustrated, many with new photography, including the SIS Building made famous by James Bond, John Outram’s awe-inspiring pumping station in London's Docklands and Judge Institute in Cambridge, and the late works of James Stirling and Michael Wilford, including No.1 Poultry – an extraordinary corner of the City that in 2016 became England’s youngest listed building.

The Art of Brutalism

Rescuing Hope from Catastrophe in 1950s Britain

Author: Ben Highmore

Publisher: Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

ISBN: 9780300222746

Category: Architecture and society

Page: 297

View: 2753

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While most famously associated with numerous mid-century architects, Brutalism was a style of visual art that was also adopted by painters, sculptors, printmakers, and photographers. Taking into account Brutalist work by eminent artists such as Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, as well as lesser-known practitioners like Nigel Henderson and Magda Cordell , this volume focuses on a ten-year period between 1952 and 1962 when artists refused a programmatic set of aesthetics and began experimenting with images that had no set focal point, using non-traditional materials like bombsite debris in their work, and producing objects that were characterized by wit and energy along with anxiety, trauma, and melancholia. This original study offers insights into how Brutalism enabled British artists of the mid-20th century to respond ethically and aesthetically to the challenges posed by the rise of consumer culture and unbridled technological progress.

England

A Guide to Post-war Listed Buildings

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: B T Batsford Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 751

View: 2057

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From humble prefabs to Sheffield’s colossal Park Hill, the number of English buildings listed for their special architectural and historical interest is staggering. All of them appear here, with 350 color photos, right from the very first post-war residence listed: Sir Albert Richardson’s Bracken House. Every region in England is covered, with London divided into 3 areas. The buildings range from traditional works to internationally outstanding modern structures. “[An] excellent introduction...a punchy little book.”—Urban Design.

Radical Cities

Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture

Author: Justin McGuirk

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 178168281X

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7594

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What makes the city of the future? How do you heal a divided city? In Radical Cities, Justin McGuirk travels across Latin America in search of the activist architects, maverick politicians and alternative communities already answering these questions. From Brazil to Venezuela, and from Mexico to Argentina, McGuirk discovers the people and ideas shaping the way cities are evolving. Ever since the mid twentieth century, when the dream of modernist utopia went to Latin America to die, the continent has been a testing ground for exciting new conceptions of the city. An architect in Chile has designed a form of social housing where only half of the house is built, allowing the owners to adapt the rest; Medellín, formerly the world’s murder capital, has been transformed with innovative public architecture; squatters in Caracas have taken over the forty-five-story Torre David skyscraper; and Rio is on a mission to incorporate its favelas into the rest of the city. Here, in the most urbanised continent on the planet, extreme cities have bred extreme conditions, from vast housing estates to sprawling slums. But after decades of social and political failure, a new generation has revitalised architecture and urban design in order to address persistent poverty and inequality. Together, these activists, pragmatists and social idealists are performing bold experiments that the rest of the world may learn from. Radical Cities is a colorful journey through Latin America—a crucible of architectural and urban innovation. From the Hardcover edition.

Louis I. Kahn

Beyond Time and Style : a Life in Architecture

Author: Carter Wiseman

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393731651

Category: Architecture

Page: 284

View: 5109

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A biographical portrait of Louis I. Kahn reassesses the role of the acclaimed architect in transforming twentieth-century architecture by translating a reverence for history and historical forms into a uniquely contemporary idiom and looks at Kahn's rise to the pinnacle of international architecture, his personal relationships with his clients, and his turbulent romantic life.

The Story of the Bauhaus

Author: Frances Ambler

Publisher: Ilex Press

ISBN: 1781576580

Category: Design

Page: 224

View: 2940

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Now 100 years old, the Bauhaus still looks just as fresh today as it did when it began. It was a place to experiment and embrace a new creative freedom. Thanks to this philosophy, the Bauhaus still shapes the world around us. Trace The Story of the Bauhaus through the 100 personalities, designs, ideas and events that shaped this monumental movement. Learn about leaders Paul Klee, Walter Gropius, Anni Albers and Wassily Kandinsky; witness groundbreaking events and wild parties that would revolutionise contemporary design; and discover a range of innovative ideas and new ways of thinking.

Heroic

Concrete Architecture and the New Boston

Author: Mark Pasnik,Michael Kubo,Chris Grimley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1580934242

Category: Architecture

Page: 335

View: 3446

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"As a worldwide phenomenon, building with concrete was one of the major architectural movements of the postwar years, but in Boston it was deployed in more civic, cultural, and academic projects than in any other major city. From the founding of the Boston Redevelopment Authority in 1957 to the reopening of Quincy Market in 1976, concrete was used by some of the world's most influential architects in the transformation of Bostonucreating what was eventually referred to as the oNew Boston.o Heroic- Concrete Architecture and the New Bostonpresents the concrete structures that defined Boston during this remarkable period, showing the city as a laboratory for brutalism as well as more refined experiments in concrete structure. Concrete provided an important set of architectural opportunities and challenges for the design community, which fully explored the material's structural and sculptural qualities. Boston was at the forefront of architectural thinking, embracing this new material in a mission to expand and transform the city. With the vast amount and high quality of concrete architecture produced during the heroic era of modernity, Boston has become as significantly a con

The World Recast

70 Buildings from 70 Years of Concrete Quarterly

Author: Nick Jones

Publisher: Artifice

ISBN: 9781911339144

Category: Architecture, Modern

Page: 240

View: 1126

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As the modern world rose from the rubble of Second World War, it was shaped by one material above all others. In 1947, a new magazine honed in on this paradigmatic shift in architecture and design: 'Concrete Quarterly'. 'The World Recast' charts this journey through the stunning photography and eyewitness testimony of 'Concrete Quarterly's' rich and fascinating archive. It is the story of heroic architecture, ingenious engineering and how the world we now take for granted came into being.The World Recast celebrates 'Concrete Quarterly's' summative coverage of this pivotal era in architecture, focusing on 70 buildings from the magazine's 70-year history. Plentiful and cheap, but also bold and undeniably modern, concrete suited the spirit of the post-war period perfectly. It was the obvious means of building the power stations, motorways and factories that would be the engines of economic recovery, and made possible a new era in architecture and design. But it was also the choice of a generation of designers keen to express themselves through radically new architectural forms and types of structure. 'The World Recast' reflects upon the legacy of 'Concrete Quarterly' and the significance of concrete within modernism and other architectural movements. It also expands the conversation into the present day, offering crucial insight into concrete's comeback within today's architecture, as well as its recent popularity in contemporary culture at large.

No Place for God

The Denial of the Transcendent in Modern Church Architecture

Author: Moyra Doorly

Publisher: Ignatius Press

ISBN: 9781586171537

Category: Religion

Page: 148

View: 7743

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In No Place for God, Doorly traces the principles of modern architecture to the ideas of space that spread rapidly during the twentieth century. She sees a parallel between the desacralization of the heavens, and consequently of our churches, and the mass inward search for a God of one's own. This double movement away from the transcendent God, who reveals himself to man through Scripture and tradition, and toward an inner truth relevant only to oneself has emptied our churches, and the worship that takes place within them, of the majesty and beauty that once inspired reverence in both believers and unbelievers alike.

Neo-avant-garde and Postmodern

Postwar Architecture in Britain and Beyond

Author: Mark Crinson,Claire Zimmerman

Publisher: Yc British Art

ISBN: 9780300166187

Category: Architecture

Page: 420

View: 9529

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The neo-avant-garde and postmodern movements have long been understood in terms of their re-working of modernism and a narrative emphasizing rupture and new beginnings. Compelling continuities between the two, especially in postwar Britain, suggest that a new account is needed. This collection of provocative essays discusses the work of architects and their associates, including Alice and Peter Smithson, Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, James Stirling, James Gowan, Eduardo Paolozzi, Leon Krier, Allan Greenberg, Reyner Banham, and Charles Jencks, and explores why the debate over postwar modernism was especially vocal in Britain. Essays by sixteen distinguished scholars examine such topics as Brutalism, pop architecture, 1950s London, the legacy of Mies van der Rohe, housing, civic architecture, Italian neo-realism, and changing alignments in theory and philosophy of the period. While the essays focus on Britain, they also look beyond to Brazil, New Zealand, and the United States, expanding the discussion to include new kinds of internationalization that developed rapidly in the postwar period and set the stage for architectural developments today.

The Ministry of Nostalgia

Author: Owen Hatherley

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1784780782

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9747

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Why should we have to “Keep Calm and Carry On”? In this brilliant polemical rampage, Owen Hatherley shows how our past is being resold in order to defend the indefensible. From the marketing of a “make do and mend” aesthetic to the growing nostalgia for a utopian past that never existed, a cultural distraction scam prevents people grasping the truth of their condition. The Ministry of Nostalgia explodes the creation of a false history: a rewriting of the austerity of the 1940s and 1950s, which saw the development of a welfare state while the nation crawled out of the devastations of war. This period has been recast to explain and offer consolation for the violence of neoliberalism, an ideology dedicated to the privatisation of our common wealth. In coruscating prose—with subjects ranging from Ken Loach’s documentaries, Turner Prize–shortlisted video art, London vernacular architecture, and Jamie Oliver’s cooking—Hatherley issues a passionate challenge to the injunction to keep calm and carry on. From the Hardcover edition.

Art and Architecture in Italy, 1600-1750

Author: Rudolf Wittkower,Joseph Connors,Jennifer Montagu

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300079401

Category: Architecture

Page: 198

View: 659

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This classic survey of Italian Baroque art & architecture focuses on the arts in every center between Venice & Sicily in the early, high, & late Baroque periods. Wittkower's text is now accompanied by a critical introduction & substantial new bibliography. This edition-now published in three volumes-will also include color illustrations for the first time.

Concrete Concept

Brutalist Buildings Around the World

Author: Christopher Beanland

Publisher: Frances Lincoln

ISBN: 9780711237643

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 8765

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Concrete Concept takes architecture admirers on a tour of the world's most impressive, celebrated and controversial Brutalist buildings. Featuring 50 international examples (built between the 1950s to 1970s), it skips from one country to the next to illustrate why utilitarian concrete buildings grew to become both the most hotly contested and fashionable architectural style in history. Building descriptions cover key details about the building as well as a context for its original use, public reception and current status.

Architecture and Society in Normandy 1120-1270

Author: Lindy Grant

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300106862

Category: Architecture

Page: 274

View: 8015

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This wide-ranging book explores the architecture—principally ecclesiastical—of Normandy from 1120 to 1270, a period of profound social, cultural, and political change. In 1204, control of the duchy of Normandy passed from the hands of the Anglo-Norman/Angevin descendants of William the Conqueror to the Capetian kingdom of France. The book examines the enormous cultural impact of this political change and places the architecture of the time in the context of the Normans’ complicated sense of their own identity. It is the first book to consider the inception and development of gothic architecture in Normandy and the first to establish a reliable chronology of buildings. Lindy Grant extends her investigation beyond the buildings themselves and also offers an account of those who commissioned, built, and used them. The humanized story she tells provides sharp insights not only into Normandy’s medieval architecture, but also into the fascinating society from which it emerged.

Norfolk 1

Norwich and North East

Author: Nikolaus Pevsner,Bill Wilson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300096071

Category: Architecture

Page: 796

View: 1286

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This is a comprehensive gazetteer of buildings and monuments of the region, prefaced by an introduction to the architecture of Norfolk.

Elizabethan Architecture

Its Rise and Fall, 1540-1640

Author: Mark Girouard

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300093865

Category: Architecture

Page: 516

View: 9375

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The result of new research and travel on his part, this remarkable book displays Girouard's unique sense of style and is fired by the excitement that the architecture of the period still generates in him.

The Modern Architecture Symposia, 1962-1966

A Critical Edition

Author: Joan Ockman,Nancy Eklund Later

Publisher: Other Distribution

ISBN: 9780300209952

Category: Architecture

Page: 340

View: 4821

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In a series of three symposia at Columbia University in the 1960s, leading scholars and critics gathered to re-examine the architecture of the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s and assess its scope and significance anew. Chaired by Henry-Russell Hitchcock with the support of Philip Johnson, the Modern Architecture Symposia marked a pivotal moment in the reappraisal of early modern architecture and its historiography during the late modern period. This book contains the symposia's formal papers and informal conversations, the majority unpublished and presented for the first time as a group, and offers new insight into the architects, ideologies, stylistic influences, and geographic variation that informed modern architectural production in the early 20th century. Additionally, the discussions it captures between symposia participants--many of whom were considered to be foremost among European and American architectural historians of the period--reveal emerging methodological debates that would reshape the dominant narrative during the late modern and postmodern period.