Society and Technological Change

Author: Rudi Volti

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716787327

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 3109

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Provides a comprehensive introduction to the interactions of society and technology. The new fifth edition includes coverage of such timely topics as cloning, stem-cell research, genetically modified foods, terrorism, intellectual property, and the global impact of the internet.

Society and Technological Change

Author: Rudi Volti

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

ISBN: 1464157987

Category: Social Science

Page: 426

View: 4209

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Brimming with Rudi Volti’s expertise and enthusiasm for its dynamic subject, this always timely volume helps students grasp the vast societal implications of a wide range of technological breakthroughs, both historic and contemporary. The fully updated Seventh Edition features two all-new chapters, The Internet Age, and The Era of Smart Weapons; new coverage of globalization and its effects on cultural convergence, jobs, and technology transfer; a new section, Genetic Mapping and Screening examining the use of DNA testing in criminal cases and much more. In addition, the Seventh Edition features new part opening discussions highlighting chapter concepts, new discussion questions in every chapter, and new photos throughout.

Technology, Values, and Society

Social Forces in Technological Change

Author: Mitra Das,Shirley Kolack

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433101892

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 9875

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Technology is not value-free; nor does it exist in a vacuum. It needs a social basis - technology is affected by society and influences it. "Technology, Values, and Society" illustrates this using an examination of cross-cultural case studies representing simple, intermediate, and complex societies. Certain forms of technology exist when conducive values and structures sustain them. However, this relationship is not one-way. Technological changes do precipitate social and value changes. It is impossible to sustain egalitarian values in a society involving technology based on hierarchical relationships. Understanding this connection is vital if we are to keep some control over the way in which technology affects us. This revised edition brings the topic to life for both faculty and students.

Collective Action in Organizations

Interaction and Engagement in an Era of Technological Change

Author: Bruce Bimber,Andrew Flanagin,Cynthia Stohl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107375622

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9580

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Challenging the notion that digital media render traditional, formal organizations irrelevant, this book offers a new theory of collective action and organizing. Based on extensive surveys and interviews with members of three influential and distinctive organizations in the United States - The American Legion, AARP and MoveOn - the authors reconceptualize collective action as a phenomenon in which technology enhances people's ability to cross boundaries in order to interact with one another and engage with organizations. By developing a theory of Collective Action Space, Bimber, Flanagin and Stohl explore how people's attitudes, behaviors, motivations, goals and digital media use are related to their organizational involvement. They find that using technology does not necessarily make people more likely to act collectively, but contributes to a diversity of 'participatory styles', which hinge on people's interaction with one another and the extent to which they shape organizational agendas. In the digital media age, organizations do not simply recruit people into roles, they provide contexts in which people are able to construct their own collective experiences.

Retooling

A Historian Confronts Technological Change

Author: Rosalind Williams

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262265065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

View: 3583

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When Warren Kendall Lewis left Spring Garden Farm in Delaware in 1901 to enter MIT, he had no idea that he was becoming part of a profession that would bring untold good to his country but would also contribute to the death of his family's farm. In this book written a century later, Professor Lewis's granddaughter, a cultural historian who has served in the administration of MIT, uses her grandfather's and her own experience to make sense of the rapidly changing role of technology in contemporary life.Rosalind Williams served as Dean of Students and Undergraduate Education at MIT from 1995 through 2000. From this vantage point, she watched a wave of changes, some planned and some unexpected, transform many aspects of social and working life--from how students are taught to how research and accounting are done -- at this major site of technological innovation. In Retooling, she uses this local knowledge to draw more general insights into contemporary society's obsession with technology.Today technology-driven change defines human desires, anxieties, memories, imagination, and experiences of time and space in unprecedented ways. But technology, and specifically information technology, does not simply influence culture and society; it is itself inherently cultural and social. If there is to be any reconciliation between technological change and community, Williams argues, it will come from connecting technological and social innovation -- a connection demonstrated in the history that unfolds in this absorbing book.

Technology and society

building our sociotechnical future

Author: Deborah G. Johnson,Jameson M. Wetmore

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 623

View: 908

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An anthology of writings by thinkers ranging from Freeman Dyson to Bruno Latour that focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values and how these may affect the future.

Human-Built World

How to Think about Technology and Culture

Author: Thomas P. Hughes

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022612066X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 4483

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To most people, technology has been reduced to computers, consumer goods, and military weapons; we speak of "technological progress" in terms of RAM and CD-ROMs and the flatness of our television screens. In Human-Built World, thankfully, Thomas Hughes restores to technology the conceptual richness and depth it deserves by chronicling the ideas about technology expressed by influential Western thinkers who not only understood its multifaceted character but who also explored its creative potential. Hughes draws on an enormous range of literature, art, and architecture to explore what technology has brought to society and culture, and to explain how we might begin to develop an "ecotechnology" that works with, not against, ecological systems. From the "Creator" model of development of the sixteenth century to the "big science" of the 1940s and 1950s to the architecture of Frank Gehry, Hughes nimbly charts the myriad ways that technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different eras and the promises and problems it has offered. Thomas Jefferson, for instance, optimistically hoped that technology could be combined with nature to create an Edenic environment; Lewis Mumford, two centuries later, warned of the increasing mechanization of American life. Such divergent views, Hughes shows, have existed side by side, demonstrating the fundamental idea that "in its variety, technology is full of contradictions, laden with human folly, saved by occasional benign deeds, and rich with unintended consequences." In Human-Built World, he offers the highly engaging history of these contradictions, follies, and consequences, a history that resurrects technology, rightfully, as more than gadgetry; it is in fact no less than an embodiment of human values.

Society, Ethics, and Technology

Author: Morton Winston,Ralph Edelbach

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285663454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 496

View: 3750

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From today's headlines to your textbook, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, Fifth Edition, explores the cutting edge of technological innovation and how these advances represent profound moral dilemmas for society as a whole. You will build a strong foundation in theory and applied ethics as you are challenged to examine critically the social effects of technology in your daily life. This timely anthology, filled with cutting-edge work from prominent scholars and thinkers, focuses on current technological issues and ethical debates. Insightful introductions and focus questions before each piece help put readings in context and to establish frameworks for ethical decision-making. The readings examine the consequences of technological change from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on ground-breaking developments, as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. New articles examine the impact of contemporary technological advances, such as nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, and social media. In addition, the book explores the future of technology in such areas as human rights, overpopulation, biotechnology, information technology, climate change, and the environment. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Society and Technological Change

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1619060000

Category: Education

Page: 30

View: 9707

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Society and Technological Change. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Technology and Global Change

Author: Arnulf Grübler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521543323

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 533

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This is the first book to comprehensibly describe how technology has shaped society and the environment over the last 200 years. It will be useful for researchers, as a textbook for graduate students, for people engaged in long-term policy planning in industry and government, for environmental activists, and for the wider public interested in history, technology, or environmental issues.

Communication in History

Technology, Culture, Society

Author: David Crowley,Paul Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317349393

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 5054

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Updated in a new 6th edition, Communication in History reveals how media has been influential in both maintaining social order and as powerful agents of change. With revised new readings, this anthology continues to be, as one reviewer wrote, "the only book in the sea of History of Mass Communication books that introduces readers to a more expansive, intellectually enlivening study of the relationship between human history and communication history". From print to the Internet, this book encompasses a wide-range of topics, that introduces readers to a more expansive, intellectually enlivening study of the relationship between human history and communication history.

Technology in World Civilization

A Thousand-year History

Author: Arnold Pacey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262660723

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 1094

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In this very different book, Arnold Pacey takes a global view, placing the development of technology squarely in a "world civilization."

Techno-Fix

Why Technology Won't Save Us Or the Environment

Author: Michael Huesemann,Joyce Huesemann

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 155092494X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 8639

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A powerful and insightful critique of modern techno-optimism

Information and Society

Author: Michael Buckland

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533383

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 1951

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A short, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data.

Managing technological change

strategies for college and university leaders

Author: Tony Bates

Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 3003

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"A required read for every university administrator grappling with the complexities of technology and education. Bates has combined an impressive depth of experience and practice to produce an authoritative and well-reasoned approach."--Bruce Pennycook, vice-principal, Information Systems and Technology, McGill University "Digital technologies are revolutionizing the practices of teaching and learning at colleges and universities all around the world. This book will be helpful for all those who are planning and managing such organizational and technological change on their campuses."--Timothy W. Luke, executive director, Institute for Distance and Distributed Learning, Virginia Tech Implementing new technology at a college or university requires more than simply buying new computers and establishing a Web site. The successful use of technology for teaching and learning also demands major changes in teaching and organizational culture. In Managing Technological Change, Tony Bates -- a world-renowned expert on the use of technology in university teaching -- reveals how to create the new, technologically competitive academic organization. He draws from recent research and best practice case studies--as well as on his thirty years of experience in using technology for teaching--to provide practical strategies for managing change to ensure the successful use of technology. Readers will learn how to win faculty support for teaching with technology and get advice on appropriate decision-making and reporting structures. Other topics covered include reward systems, estimating costs of teaching by technology, and copyright issues. Bates also details the essential procedures for funding new technology-based systems, managing the technology, and monitoring its ongoing educational effectiveness in anticipation of future changes. Throughout the book, he maintains a focus on the human factors that must be addressed, identifying the risks and penalties of technologically based teaching and showing how to manage those hazards.

Beyond Engineering

How Society Shapes Technology

Author: Robert Pool

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190283076

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 6931

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We have long recognized technology as a driving force behind much historical and cultural change. The invention of the printing press initiated the Reformation. The development of the compass ushered in the Age of Exploration and the discovery of the New World. The cotton gin created the conditions that led to the Civil War. Now, in Beyond Engineering, science writer Robert Pool turns the question around to examine how society shapes technology. Drawing on such disparate fields as history, economics, risk analysis, management science, sociology, and psychology, Pool illuminates the complex, often fascinating interplay between machines and society, in a book that will revolutionize how we think about technology. We tend to think that reason guides technological development, that engineering expertise alone determines the final form an invention takes. But if you look closely enough at the history of any invention, says Pool, you will find that factors unrelated to engineering seem to have an almost equal impact. In his wide-ranging volume, he traces developments in nuclear energy, automobiles, light bulbs, commercial electricity, and personal computers, to reveal that the ultimate shape of a technology often has as much to do with outside and unforeseen forces. For instance, Pool explores the reasons why steam-powered cars lost out to internal combustion engines. He shows that the Stanley Steamer was in many ways superior to the Model T--it set a land speed record in 1906 of more than 127 miles per hour, it had no transmission (and no transmission headaches), and it was simpler (one Stanley engine had only twenty-two moving parts) and quieter than a gas engine--but the steamers were killed off by factors that had little or nothing to do with their engineering merits, including the Stanley twins' lack of business acumen and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease. Pool illuminates other aspects of technology as well. He traces how seemingly minor decisions made early along the path of development can have profound consequences further down the road, and perhaps most important, he argues that with the increasing complexity of our technological advances--from nuclear reactors to genetic engineering--the number of things that can go wrong multiplies, making it increasingly difficult to engineer risk out of the equation. Citing such catastrophes as Bhopal, Three Mile Island, the Exxon Valdez, the Challenger, and Chernobyl, he argues that is it time to rethink our approach to technology. The days are gone when machines were solely a product of larger-than-life inventors and hard-working engineers. Increasingly, technology will be a joint effort, with its design shaped not only by engineers and executives but also psychologists, political scientists, management theorists, risk specialists, regulators and courts, and the general public. Whether discussing bovine growth hormone, molten-salt reactors, or baboon-to-human transplants, Beyond Engineering is an engaging look at modern technology and an illuminating account of how technology and the modern world shape each other.

Technology and the Future

Author: Albert H. Teich

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781111828547

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 3085

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This diverse collection of readings by technology enthusiasts and critics introduces you to different philosophical approaches regarding the impact of technology, as well as specific technologies to give you a complete overview of technology today.

Constitution 3.0

Freedom and Technological Change

Author: Jeffrey Rosen,Benjamin Wittes

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815724500

Category: Law

Page: 271

View: 9225

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"Explores the challenges to constitutional values posed by sweeping technological changes such as social networks, brain scans, and genetic selection and suggests ways of preserving rights, including privacy, free speech, and dignity in the age of Facebook and Google"--