Social Science and Policy Challenges

Democracy, Values and Capacities

Author: Georgios Papanagnou

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231042262

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

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Producing scientific knowledge that can inform solutions and guide policy-making is one of the most important functions of social science. Nonetheless, if social science is to become more relevant and influential so as to impact on the drawing and execution of policy, certain measures need to be taken to narrow its distance from the policy sphere. This decision is less obvious than it seems. Both research and experience have proved that policy-making is a complex, often sub-rational, interactive process that involves a wide range of actors such as decision makers, bureaucrats, researchers, organized interests, citizen and civil society representatives and research brokers. In addition, social science often needs to defend both its relevance to policy and its own scientific status. Moving away from instrumental visions of the link between social research and policy, this collective volume aims to highlight the more constructed nature of the use of social knowledge.

Think Tanks and Non-Traditional Security

Governance Entrepreneurs in Asia

Author: Erin Zimmerman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137488255

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

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Asian security institutions have struggled to adapt to the so-called 'non-traditional' security issues that characterise the strategic landscape of the 21st century. The resulting gaps in governance have increasingly been filled by think tanks, which have arguably begun to change the way that Asian security is governed.

Argument as Dialogue Across Difference

Engaging Youth in Public Literacies

Author: Jennifer Clifton

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317214412

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 164

View: 4507

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In the spirit of models of argument starting with inquiry, this book starts with a question: What might it mean to teach argument in ways that open up spaces for change—changes of mind, changes of practice and policy, changes in ways of talking and relating? The author explores teaching argument in ways that take into account the complexities and pluralities young people face as they attempt to enact local and global citizenship with others who may reasonably disagree. The focus is foremost on social action—the hard, hopeful work of finding productive ways forward in contexts where people need to work together across difference to get something worthwhile done.

On Measuring Democracy

Its Consequences and Concomitants

Author: Alex Inkeles

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412830102

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 7455

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Annual Report

Author: Ford Foundation

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 712

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The president's report to the trustees and statement of grants.

Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series

1965: January-June

Author: Library of Congress. Copyright Office

Publisher: Copyright Office, Library of Congress

ISBN: N.A

Category: Copyright

Page: 1394

View: 3405

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Includes Part 1, Number 1: Books and Pamphlets, Including Serials and Contributions to Periodicals (January - June)

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6470

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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management

Author: Daniel J. Decker,Shawn J. Riley,William F. Siemer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421407418

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7041

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Wildlife professionals can more effectively manage species and social-ecological systems by fully considering the role that humans play in every stage of the process. Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management provides the essential information that students and practitioners need to be effective problem solvers. Edited by three leading experts in wildlife management, this textbook explores the interface of humans with wildlife and their sometimes complementary, often conflicting, interests. The book's well-researched chapters address conservation, wildlife use (hunting and fishing), and the psychological and philosophical underpinnings of wildlife management. Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management explains how a wildlife professional should handle a variety of situations, such as managing deer populations in residential areas or encounters between predators and people or pets. This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes detailed information about • systems thinking• working with social scientists• managing citizen input• using economics to inform decision making• preparing questionnaires• ethical considerations

ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing - E-Book

Author: Doug Elliott,Leanne Aitken,Wendy Chaboyer

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729580687

Category: Medical

Page: 836

View: 8281

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A revised new edition of this comprehensive critical care nursing text, developed with the Australian College of Critical Care Nurses (ACCCN). This second edition of ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing has been fully revised and updated for critical care nurses and students in Australia and New Zealand. As well as featuring the most recent critical care research data, current clinical practice, policies, procedures and guidelines specific to Australia and New Zealand, this new edition offers new and expanded chapters and case studies. The ultimate guide for critical care nurses and nursing students alike, ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e has been developed in conjunction with the Australian College of Critical Care Nurses (ACCCN). As with the first edition, the text in ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e reflects the expertise of ACCCN's highly-qualified team of local and international critical care nursing academics and clinicians. This authoritative nursing resource takes a patient-centred approach, encouraging practising critical care nurses and students to develop effective, high-quality critical care nursing practice. ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e outlines the scope of critical care nursing, before detailing the core components and specialty aspects of critical care nursing, such as intensive care, emergency nursing, cardiac nursing, neuroscience nursing and acute care. Specific clinical conditions such as emergency presentations, trauma, resuscitation, and organ donation are featured to explore some of the more complex or unique aspects of specialty critical care nursing practice. expanded chapters for cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological content new chapters on Quality and Safety; Recovery and Rehabilitation; Psychological care; and Obstetric emergencies new case studies elaborate on relevant care issues critiques of recent research publications explore related topics practice tips highlight areas of care particularly relevant to daily clinical practice learning activities support knowledge, reflective learning and understanding

Citizens and the European Polity

Mass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities

Author: David Sanders,Pedro Magalhaes,Gabor Toka

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199602336

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 6134

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Citizens and the European Polity reviews empirical data covering nearly forty years in the development of the Union and shows how comparable challenges in the past shaped public opinion towards integration, and via that, the process of integration itself.

Debating Public Administration

Management Challenges, Choices, and Opportunities

Author: Robert F. Durant,Jennifer R.S. Durant

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466589094

Category: Political Science

Page: 367

View: 4894

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Dialog between practitioners and academics has increasingly become the exception rather than the rule in contemporary public administration circles. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, Debating Public Administration: Management Challenges, Choices, and Opportunities tackles some of the major management challenges, choices, and opportunities of the twenty-first century facing public managers across various subfields of public administration. Informed by contemporary pressures on public managers to reconceptualize purpose, redefine administrative rationality, recapitalize human assets, reengage resources, and revitalize democratic constitutionalism, the book offers students, practitioners, and researchers an opportunity to take stock and ponder the future of practice and research in public administration. Organized by three sets of major management challenges facing the field—Rethinking Administrative Rationality in a Democratic Republic, Recapitalizing Organizational Capacity, and Reconceptualizing Institutions for New Policy Challenges—the book takes an uncommon approach to the study of these topics. In it, leading practitioners and academics comment on condensed versions of articles appearing in the Theory to Practice feature of Public Administration Review (PAR) from 2006 through 2011. The authors and commentators focus on some of the best current research, draw lessons from that literature for practice, and identify gaps in research that need to be addressed. They expertly draw out themes, issues, problems, and prospects, providing bulleted lessons and practical takeaways. This makes the book a unique one-stop resource for cross-disciplinary, cross-sectoral, and cross-professional exchanges on contemporary challenges.

Complexity Science and World Affairs

Author: Walter C. Clemens Jr.

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438449011

Category: History

Page: 288

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Applies complexity science to the study of international politics. Why did some countries transition peacefully from communist rule to political freedom and market economies, while others did not? Why did the United States enjoy a brief moment as the sole remaining superpower, and then lose power and influence across the board? What are the prospects for China, the main challenger to American hegemony? In Complexity Science and World Affairs, Walter C. Clemens Jr. demonstrates how the basic concepts of complexity science can broaden and deepen the insights gained by other approaches to the study of world affairs. He argues that societal fitness—the ability of a social system to cope with complex challenges and opportunities—hinges heavily on the values and way of life of each society, and serves to explain why some societies gain and others lose. Applying theory to several rich case studies, including political developments across post–Soviet Eurasia and the United States, Clemens shows that complexity science offers a powerful set of tools for advancing the study of international relations, comparative government, and, more broadly, the social sciences. “Clemens has written an outstanding book—the culmination of a half‑century’s experience in and analysis of world affairs … [It is] bound to interest not only political and other social scientists but all thoughtful persons concerned with understanding and perhaps improving the human condition.” — from the Foreword by Stuart A. Kauffman “This breakthrough book provides a new, promising general paradigm exploring and explaining the complexity of world politics. For scholars and analysts pushing the boundaries of our field, this is a must-read volume.” — Jacek Kugler, Claremont Graduate University “Complexity can be overwhelming and complexity science can be daunting, and, yet, in Walter Clemens’s skilled hands both become accessible, understandable, and useful tools for both scholars and practitioners. Once again, Clemens has shown that sophisticated academic theorizing only benefits from clarity, elegance, and wit. The book is ideal for graduate and undergraduate students as a supplementary text in international relations or comparative politics.” — Alexander Motyl, Rutgers University–Newark “Clemens offers a fresh, even startling, paradigm and process for analyzing the seemingly unpredictable relations within and among human societies. With impressive clarity he proposes that ‘the capacity to cope with complexity’ has become a key determinant of success in our intricately interrelated world. Careful study of this capacity in specific contexts can lead to revealing analyses in comparative politics and international relations. A provocative and stimulating treatise!” — S. Frederick Starr, Johns Hopkins University “Walt Clemens’s provocative new book can be appreciated at several levels: as an analytical framework in international relations—complexity science—that offers a compelling alternative to realism and neoliberalism; as an incisive critique of the ‘fitness’ of the supposedly most developed societies to deal with our complex world; and as a humanistic value-set that provides better standards for assessing governments than do GDP, trade levels, or military spending. Clemens skillfully integrates theory and practice to explore US ‘hyperpower,’ the two Koreas, China, and other states from new angles, and with consistent objectivity. IR specialists should find this book exciting, while IR and international studies students will be challenged by the new paradigm it presents.” — Mel Gurtov, Portland State University “Clemens proposes a powerful new way of looking at international relations and politics, and offers a productive method for assessing the fitness of societies in the early twenty-first century.” — Guntis Šmidchens, University of Washington, Seattle “You don’t have to be a political scientist to wonder why some states succeed and others do not, why some societies flourish while others suffer stagnation and conflict. Employing the relatively new tool of complexity science, Walter Clemens evaluates the ‘fitness’ of states and societies, i.e. their ability to cope with complex challenges and opportunities. He does so in a way that is erudite—how many studies quote Walt Whitman and Karl Marx in the same chapter?—yet clear and accessible. Clemens challenges both existing political science paradigms and policy perspectives. This is a stimulating, rich volume that can be read and re-read with profit and appreciation for its breadth and depth and most of all for its insistence that we see the world, and the states in it, in all their complexity.” — Ronald H. Linden, University of Pittsburgh

Comparative Public Administration and Policy

Author: Jamil E. Jreisat

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813339924

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

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Comparative Public Administration and Policy is an examination and analysis of the subject from the classic period of the 1960s to the present. This comparative scholarship has been an exemplar of the most fascinating era of social science development and remains the most promising aspect of the political and administrative studies. The global context, the information revolution, and democratization trends in many parts of the world are reshaping public organizations as tools of governance in modern society. This book is a unique contribution, not only for dealing with an important topic, but also for providing students and scholars a comprehensive view, instead of the usual fragmented discussions. It is an analytical, evaluative, exhaustive, and balanced approach to critical dimensions of modern governance.

Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

Author: Ronald L. Holzhacker,Rafael Wittek,Johan Woltjer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319224344

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 960

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Indonesia over the past two decades has embarked on a process of decentralization as part of a broader process of democratization, which followed earlier periods of centralized governance and authoritarian rule across the archipelago. The purpose of this book is to begin to explore the connections between governance and sustainable society in a wide variety of policy fields in Indonesia, and how reforming governance structures may contribute to societal benefits and the creation of a long-term sustainable society. This book bridges important theoretical debates related to governance and sustainable society and provides empirical research from Indonesia in important policy areas related to this debate. By placing research in different policy areas in a single volume, the link to the broader concepts of governance, decentralization, and societal outcomes is strengthened. The book builds on the recent interest that has focused on Indonesia and the continued development of democracy in the country. The chapters in the book show a rich variety of decentralized governance arrangements and capacity building at the local level in particular. Central standards (for example for social sustainability, anti-corruption arrangements, or for dealing with direct foreign investment), combined with local innovation (for example for municipal coordination of primary health care or metropolitan transport), are key to Indonesia as a country in a continuing process of transformation. We identify three key trends in the on-going process of decentralization and governance in Indonesia. First, we find that formal governance, the relation between the national and local government, is characterized by a system of ‘variable geometry multi-level governance’ depending on the policy area. The challenge ahead is strengthening accountability mechanisms to assure national standards while preserving and encouraging local innovation. Secondly, informal governance mechanisms are evolving to move from ‘hierarchical to network’ forms of governance. Here the challenge is to insure democratic input by citizens and civil society organizations. Finally, we identify a trend toward ‘shared value creation and sustainable cooperation.’ Indonesia is beginning to move from a rather singular policy focus on economic growth to a more complex and developing notion of policymaking for inclusive growth and the creation of a sustainable society for present and future generations. Here the challenge is sound implementation and to increase the effectiveness of governance mechanisms. There is also a noted diffusion of goals, to focus beyond the Jakarta metropolitan area to smaller regional cities, as urbanization continues and rural areas are changing. This book will be of interest for use in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses related to Southeast Asia in the fields of international relations, political science, public administration, economics, law, sociology, educa tion, public health, and the spatial sciences. It will also be of interest to policymakers and government officials at the national and local level in Southeast Asia and middle-income developing countries, officials and policymakers in institutions of regional governance such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and of global governance such as the United Nations and World Bank. It will also be of interest to civil society organizations and other actors focused on policy development and economic development, health, education, the environment, sustainable transport, etc. The book will also be of interest to business people interested in economic and governance issues, such as the management and governance of in-bound foreign investment, inclusive growth, and corporate governance. Finally, the book should be of interest to citizens in advanced, middle-income, and developing countries motivated to learn more about the links between governance and the creation of a sustainable society for current and future generations.