Social Determinants, Health Disparities and Linkages to Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1781905886

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 835

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This volume looks at the key links between social determinants, health disparities and health and health care. There is a particular focus on macro-level systems and micro-level issues, including the examination of issues for patients, carers and providers of care.

Social Determinants, Health Disparities and Linkages to Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781781905876

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 1391

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This volume looks at the key links between social determinants, health disparities and health and health care. There is a particular focus on macro-level systems and micro-level issues, including the examination of issues for patients, carers and providers of care.

Social Determinants, Health Disparities and Linkages to Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1781905886

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 5314

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This volume looks at the key links between social determinants, health disparities and health and health care. There is a particular focus on macro-level systems and micro-level issues, including the examination of issues for patients, carers and providers of care.

Health Care Policy

Issues and Trends

Author: Jennie J. Kronenfeld

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275974657

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 1478

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This book offers a systematic review of major issues and trends in health care policy, including those related to physical health and disease trends, mental and behavioral health concerns, reorganizing the U.S. health system, and managed care and health care personnel. Kronenfeld addresses the problems, challenges, issues and trends in the policies that determine the role and future of health care in the United States. Also covered are special populations, such as the elderly and children, reproductive health, and issues cost, quality, and access to care. Health care policies affect all Americans. Managed care has been a major trend in the past decade's reorganization of the U.S. health care system, yet its future is uncertain. Despite unparalleled spending and the world's most technologically sophisticated health care, measure such as life expectancy and infant mortality rates indicate that the country's health outcomes may not be the best. Mental health and behavioral health problems are major impediments to quality of life for some Americans, and roughly 17% of the population under 65 does not have insurance coverage for necessary health care services. Despite calls for a major overhaul of the U.S. health care system, incremental reform is more likely than major, comprehensive reform.

Health and Health Care Concerns among Women and Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787431789

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 1787

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This volume covers macro- and micro-level issues involving health and health care concerns for women, and racial and ethnic minorities. The book includes an examination of health and health care issues of patients/providers of care especially those related to concerns for women and for racial and ethnic minorities in different countries.

Sociology as Applied to Medicine E-Book

Author: Graham Scambler

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041971

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 6721

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This introduction to medical sociology is for medical students and health professionals in the United Kingdom and Europe. A concise and jargon-free introduction to medical sociology – accessible and readable for medical students with little time to devote to this subject. Practical emphasis on essential social issues: the doctor-patient relationship, social class, ethnic minority groups and organization of health services. Attractive two-colour page design with boxed summaries. New section on theory and methods of social research, pointing out the important differences between social research and the more biologically orientated research familiar to medical readers. Extensive revision of those chapters covering health policy, eg NHS chapter, health promotion, community care, organisation of health care.

Health Inequities in Canada

Intersectional Frameworks and Practices

Author: Olena Hankivsky

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774819782

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9773

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There is a growing recognition that existing theories on, and approaches to, health inequities are limited in their ability to capture how they are produced through changing, co-constituted, and intersecting effects of multiple forms of oppression. Intersectionality considers the interactions and combined impacts of social locations and structural processes on the creation and perpetuation of inequities. This volume brings together activists, scholars, and community-based researchers to apply interpretations of intersectionality to health and organizational governance cases. By addressing specific health issues, it demonstrates that inequities cannot be understood without the interrogation of power and diverse social locations and structures that shape lives and experiences of health.

Understanding the Changing Planet:

Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences

Author: Committee on Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences in the Next Decade,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309150752

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 8479

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From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by 2050 and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society. Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer.

Health Behavior and Health Education

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Karen Glanz,Barbara K. Rimer,K. Viswanath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470432489

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 2133

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Resources for teaching and learning are posted at tinyurl.com/Glanz4e and www.med.upenn.edu/hbhe4. This fourth edition of the classic book, Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice provides a comprehensive, highly accessible, and in-depth analysis of health behavior theories that are most relevant to health education. This essential resource includes the most current information on theory, research, and practice at individual, interpersonal, and community and group levels. This edition includes substantial new content on current and emerging theories of health communication, e-health, culturally diverse communities, health promotion, the impact of stress, the importance of networks and community, social marketing, and evaluation.

Crossing the Quality Chasm:

A New Health System for the 21st Century

Author: Committee on Quality of Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072808

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4559

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Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America. Crossing the Quality Chasm makes an urgent call for fundamental change to close the quality gap. This book recommends a sweeping redesign of the American health care system and provides overarching principles for specific direction for policymakers, health care leaders, clinicians, regulators, purchasers, and others. In this comprehensive volume the committee offers: A set of performance expectations for the 21st century health care system. A set of 10 new rules to guide patient-clinician relationships. A suggested organizing framework to better align the incentives inherent in payment and accountability with improvements in quality. Key steps to promote evidence-based practice and strengthen clinical information systems. Analyzing health care organizations as complex systems, Crossing the Quality Chasm also documents the causes of the quality gap, identifies current practices that impede quality care, and explores how systems approaches can be used to implement change.

The Social Determinants of Mental Health

Author: Michael T. Compton,Ruth S. Shim

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 1585625175

Category: Medical

Page: 294

View: 4715

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The Social Determinants of Mental Health aims to fill the gap that exists in the psychiatric, scholarly, and policy-related literature on the social determinants of mental health: those factors stemming from where we learn, play, live, work, and age that impact our overall mental health and well-being. The editors and an impressive roster of chapter authors from diverse scholarly backgrounds provide detailed information on topics such as discrimination and social exclusion; adverse early life experiences; poor education; unemployment, underemployment, and job insecurity; income inequality, poverty, and neighborhood deprivation; food insecurity; poor housing quality and housing instability; adverse features of the built environment; and poor access to mental health care. This thought-provoking book offers many beneficial features for clinicians and public health professionals: Clinical vignettes are included, designed to make the content accessible to readers who are primarily clinicians and also to demonstrate the practical, individual-level applicability of the subject matter for those who typically work at the public health, population, and/or policy level. Policy implications are discussed throughout, designed to make the content accessible to readers who work primarily at the public health or population level and also to demonstrate the policy relevance of the subject matter for those who typically work at the clinical level. All chapters include five to six key points that focus on the most important content, helping to both prepare the reader with a brief overview of the chapter's main points and reinforce the "take-away" messages afterward. In addition to the main body of the book, which focuses on selected individual social determinants of mental health, the volume includes an in-depth overview that summarizes the editors' and their colleagues' conceptualization, as well as a final chapter coauthored by Dr. David Satcher, 16th Surgeon General of the United States, that serves as a "Call to Action," offering specific actions that can be taken by both clinicians and policymakers to address the social determinants of mental health. The editors have succeeded in the difficult task of balancing the individual/clinical/patient perspective and the population/public health/community point of view, while underscoring the need for both groups to work in a unified way to address the inequities in twenty-first century America. The Social Determinants of Mental Health gives readers the tools to understand and act to improve mental health and reduce risk for mental illnesses for individuals and communities. Students preparing for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) will also benefit from this book, as the MCAT in 2015 will test applicants' knowledge of social determinants of health. The social determinants of mental health are not distinct from the social determinants of physical health, although they deserve special emphasis given the prevalence and burden of poor mental health.

Communities in Action

Pathways to Health Equity

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309452961

Category: Medical

Page: 582

View: 7057

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In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual’s health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Equity, Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Author: Erik Blas,Anand Sivasankara Kurup,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563974

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 291

View: 8206

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This book is a collection of analyses of the social determinants of health that impact on specific health conditions. Stemming from the recommendations of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, promising interventions to improve health equity are presented for the areas of: alcohol-related disorders, cardiovascular diseases, child health and nutrition, diabetes, food safety, maternal health, mental health, neglected tropical diseases, oral health, pregnancy outcomes, tobacco and health, tuberculosis, and violence and injuries. The book was commissioned by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights as part of the work undertaken by the Priority Public Health Conditions Knowledge Network of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, in collaboration with 16 of the major public health programmes of WHO. In addition to this, through collaboration with the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, and the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, 13 case studies were commissioned to examine the implementation challenges in addressing social determinants of health in low-and middle-income settings.

Poverty and Health

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562366

Category: Medical

Page: 92

View: 4690

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Health is higher on the international agenda than ever before. Concern for the health of poor people is a central development issue. In addition to its intrinsic value for individuals, investment in health is an important and previously underestimated means of economic development; substantially improved health outcomes are a prerequisite if developing countries are to break out of the cycle of poverty. This DAC Reference Document on Poverty and Health, jointly published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO, extends the analysis and recommendations of the DAC Guidelines on Poverty Reduction by setting out the essential components of a pro-poor health approach. It provides a framework for action within the health system - and beyond it, through policies in other sectors and through global initiatives. The Reference Document is aimed at a broad range of development agency staff working in policy and operations, at headquarters and in the field. The recommendations are also relevant for policy-makers and planners in partner countries.

Framing the Dialogue on Race and Ethnicity to Advance Health Equity

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309445736

Category: Medical

Page: 86

View: 8411

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In February 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in which speakers shared strategies for individuals, organizations, and communities to advance racial and health equity. Participants discussed increasing awareness about the role of historical contexts and dominant narratives in interpreting data and information about different racial and ethnic groups, framing messages for different social and political outcomes, and readying people to institutionalize practices, policies, and partnerships that advance racial and health equity. This publication serves as a factual summary of the presentations and discussions from the workshop.