Simply Complexity

A Clear Guide to Complexity Theory

Author: Neil Johnson

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780740492

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8421

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What do traffic jams, stock market crashes, and wars have in common? They are all explained using complexity, an unsolved puzzle that many researchers believe is the key to predicting – and ultimately solving—everything from terrorist attacks and pandemic viruses right down to rush hour traffic congestion. Complexity is considered by many to be the single most important scientific development since general relativity and it promises to make sense of no less than the very heart of the Universe. Using it, scientists can find order emerging from seemingly random interactions of all kinds, from something as simple as flipping coins through to more challenging problems such as the patterns in modern jazz, the growth of cancer tumours, and predicting shopping habits.

Der Weg ins Verderben

Wie die Eliten die nächste Krise vorbereiten und wie Sie sich davor schützen können

Author: James Rickards

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960920318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 4721

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Die weltweite Konjunktur hat sich nach der Finanzkrise unglaublich schnell erholt. Geradezu unnatürlich schnell. Die tönernen Füße, auf denen die erstaunliche Erholung steht, haben Namen: künstliche Niedrigstzinsen und eine epische Geldschwemme durch die Zentralbanken. Doch es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis diese wegbrechen. Danach werden uns die Zentralbanken dieser Welt nicht mehr retten können. Die Regierungen haben bereits einen neuen Plan für die kommende Wirtschaftskrise und der heißt "Lockdown": Statt frisches Geld drucken zu lassen, bereiten Staaten die Schließung von Banken und Börsen vor, damit die mächtigsten Finanzmarktakteure keine Transaktionen mehr tätigen können. Gleichzeitig werden Vorkehrungen getroffen, diese Maßnahmen zu legalisieren. Die globalen Eliten bereiten sich schon jetzt darauf vor, indem sie Bargeldreserven und Sachwerte horten. Doch für den Durchschnittsanleger sieht die Sache anders aus, wenn die Pforten ins Verderben erst einmal geöffnet sind. Dass auch Privatanleger dem nicht ganz schutzlos ausgeliefert sind und wie sie sich vorbereiten können, zeigt James Rickards in seinem neuen Buch.

Shakespeare and Complexity Theory

Author: Claire Hansen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315265524

Category:

Page: N.A

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In this new monograph, Claire Hansen demonstrates how Shakespeare can be understood as a complex system, and how complexity theory can provide compelling and original readings of Shakespeare's plays. The book utilises complexity theory to illuminate early modern theatrical practice, Shakespeare pedagogy, and the phenomenon of the Shakespeare 'myth'. The monograph re-evaluates Shakespeare, his plays, early modern theatre, and modern classrooms as complex systems, illustrating how the lens of complexity offers an enlightening new perspective on diverse areas of Shakespeare scholarship. The book's interdisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of Shakespeare and lays the foundation for complexity theory in Shakespeare studies and the humanities more broadly.

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

The state of the art

Author: David Byrne,Gillian Callaghan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134084986

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9843

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For the past two decades, ‘complexity’ has informed a range of work across the social sciences. There are diverse schools of complexity thinking, and authors have used these ideas in a multiplicity of ways, from health inequalities to the organization of large scale firms. Some understand complexity as emergence from the rule-based interactions of simple agents and explore it through agent-based modelling. Others argue against such ‘restricted complexity’ and for the development of case-based narratives deploying a much wider set of approaches and techniques. Major social theorists have been reinterpreted through a complexity lens and the whole methodological programme of the social sciences has been recast in complexity terms. In four parts, this book seeks to establish ‘the state of the art’ of complexity-informed social science as it stands now, examining: the key issues in complexity theory the implications of complexity theory for social theory the methodology and methods of complexity theory complexity within disciplines and fields. It also points ways forward towards a complexity-informed social science for the twenty-first century, investigating the argument for a post-disciplinary, ‘open’ social science. Byrne and Callaghan consider how this might be developed as a programme of teaching and research within social science. This book will be particularly relevant for, and interesting to, students and scholars of social research methods, social theory, business and organization studies, health, education, urban studies and development studies.

Simple Lives, Cultural Complexity

Rethinking Culture in Terms of Complexity Theory

Author: Steen Bergendorff

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780739128978

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

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This book explores the relationship between people living relatively simple lives and the cultural complexity of their live worlds by rethinking culture in terms of complexity theory.

Crisis Management in a Complex World

Author: Dawn R. Gilpin,Priscilla J. Murphy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019971648X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 9657

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Today's managers, business owners, and public relations practitioners grapple daily with a fundamental question about contemporary crisis management: to what extent is it possible to control events and stakeholder responses to them, in order to contain escalating crises or safeguard an organization's reputation? The authors meet the question head-on, departing from other crisis management texts, and arguing that a complexity-based approach is superior to the standard simplification model of organizational learning.

Das Megatrend-Prinzip

Wie die Welt von morgen entsteht

Author: Matthias Horx

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641072638

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 4731

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Was unsere Welt bewegt Megatrends markieren die großen Veränderungen der Gesellschaft, sie wirken global, langfristig, tiefgreifend: die Globalisierung etwa, die Verschiebung der Altersstruktur, Individualisierung oder die immer wichtigere Rolle der Frauen. Matthias Horx beschreibt die innere Dynamik dieser Treiber des Wandels und erläutert ihre Rolle für den Fortschritt in den komplexen Zusammenhängen der modernen Welt. Vielen erscheint diese unübersichtlich, chaotisch, auf dem Weg in den Abgrund. Dabei sind heutige Gesellschaften aufgrund ihrer Vielschichtigkeit und Vernetzung robuster und viel eher in der Lage, neue Wege einzuschlagen. Wie immer ideensprühend und unterhaltsam verknüpft Matthias Horx die Analyse der Wandlungskräfte mit einem Blick auf die wichtigsten Megatrends.

The Anti-Education Era

Creating Smarter Students through Digital Learning

Author: James Paul Gee

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137324112

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 3849

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One of the first champions of the positive effects of gaming reveals the dark side of today's digital and social media Today's schools are eager to use the latest technology in the classroom, but rather than improving learning, the new e-media can just as easily narrow students' horizons. Education innovator James Paul Gee first documented the educational benefits of gaming a decade ago in his classic What Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and Literacy. Now, with digital and social media at the center of modern life, he issues an important warning that groundbreaking new technologies, far from revolutionizing schooling, can stymie the next generation's ability to resolve deep global challenges. The solution-and perhaps our children's future-lies in what Gee calls synchronized intelligence, a way of organizing people and their digital tools to solve problems, produce knowledge, and allow people to count and contribute. Gee explores important strategies and tools for today's parents, educators, and policy makers, including virtual worlds, artificial tutors, and ways to create collective intelligence where everyday people can solve hard problems. By harnessing the power of human creativity with interactional and technological sophistication we can finally overcome the limitations of today's failing educational system and solve problems in our high-risk global world. The Anti-Education Era is a powerful and important call to reshape digital learning, engage children in a meaningful educational experience, and bridge inequality.

Saving Human Lives

Lessons in Management Ethics

Author: Robert E. Allinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402029802

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 364

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This is a pioneering work. Recent disasters such as the tsunami disaster continue to demonstrate Professor Allinson’s thesis that valuing human lives is the core of ethical management. His unique comparison of the ideas of the power of Fate and High Technology, his penetrating analysis of the very concept of an "accident", demonstrate how concepts rule our lives. His wide-ranging investigation of court cases and government documents from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, and from places as diverse as the USA, UK and New Zealand provide ample supporting evidence for the universality and the power of explanation of his thesis. Saving Human Lives will have an impact beyond measurement on the field of management ethics.

Aid on the Edge of Chaos

Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World

Author: Ben Ramalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 7814

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Many agree that the foreign aid system - which today involves virtually every nation on earth - needs drastic change. But there is much conflict as to what should be done. In Aid on the Edge of Chaos, Ben Ramalingam argues that what is most needed is the creative and innovative transformation of how aid works. Foreign aid today is dominated by linear, mechanistic ideas that emerged from early twentieth century industry, and are ill-suited to the world we face today. The problems and systems aid agencies deal with on a daily basis have more in common with ecosystems than machines: they are interconnected, diverse, and dynamic; they cannot be just simply re-engineered or fixed. Outside of aid, social scientists, economists, business leaders, and policy makers have started applying innovative and scientific approaches to such problems, informed by ideas from the 'new science' of complex adaptive systems. Inspired by these efforts, aid practitioners and researchers have started experimenting with such approaches in their own work. This book showcases the experiences, insights, and often remarkable results of innovative thinkers and practitioners who are working to bring these approaches into the mainstream of aid. From transforming child malnutrition to rethinking economic growth, from building peace to reversing desertification, from rural Vietnam to urban Kenya, the ideas of complex systems thinking are starting to be used to make foreign aid more relevant, more appropriate, and more catalytic. Aid on the Edge of Chaos argues that such ideas and approaches should play a vital part of the transformation of aid. Aid should move from being an imperfect post-World War II global resource transfer system, to a new form of global cooperation that is truly fit for the twenty-first century.

Effective Teacher Development

Theory and Practice in Professional Learning

Author: Bob Burstow

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474231888

Category: Education

Page: 152

View: 1286

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The responsibility for facilitating effective continuing professional development (CPD) is based firmly in schools. Frequently, decisions are based on gut feeling, advertisements received or prior experiences. Effective Teacher Development encourages readers to move beyond this and to enhance their strategic decision making in order to effectively develop CPD programmes within their school, partner schools, federations or school chains. The theory behind CPD is explored, drawing on research and evidence from recent practice, including a 10-year international longitudinal study of the effectiveness of professional development to teachers. Readers are supported to develop their understanding of the whole life cycle of a CPD programme, from setting up a new programme to evaluating the effectiveness of existing provision. Chapter summaries and navigational tools support readers looking for guidance on particular issues and questions encourage readers to reflect on the impact of suggestions in their own particular context. Effective Teacher Development is essential reading for all involved in designing, implementing and developing effective CPD programmes.

Complexity

Theory and Applications

Author: Nam P. Suh

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195178769

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 5365

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Nam P. Suh focussed his axiomatic design theories on methods to understand and deal with complexity. Suh is a well-respected designer and researcher in the fields of manufacturing and composite materials. He is best known for his systems that aim to speed up and simplify the process of design for manufacturing. The 'axioms' in axiomatic design refer to a process to help engineers reduce design specifications down to their simplest components, so that the engineers can produce the simplest possible solution to a problem. Complexity, besides being a key area of burgeoning research in disciplines interested in complex systems and chaos theory (like computer science and physics), is a complicating factor in engineering design that many engineers find difficult to overcome. Suh's multidisciplinary exploration of complex systems is meant to eliminate much of the confusion and allow engineers to accommodate complexity within simple, elegant design solutions.

Global Action Networks

Creating Our Future Together

Author: Steve Waddell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230300464

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 633

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The world's governments are overwhelmed with climate change, war and unrest, the global financial crisis and poverty but there is a promising invention in Global Action Networks (GANs). GANs mobilize resources, bridge divides and promote the long-term deep change and innovation work that is needed to address the global challenges.

Hayek and Behavioral Economics

Author: R. Frantz,R. Leeson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137278153

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

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An exploration of Friedrich Hayek's contribution to the foundation of behavioural economics, and how his work interacted with and complemented that of his contemporaries. Chapters include detailed discussions of the concept of rationality, psychology and Hayek's philosophical theories as well as the historical context in which he lived and worked.

Bridges and Boundaries

Historians, Political Scientists, and the Study of International Relations

Author: Steven E. Miller,Sean M. Lynn-jones

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262550390

Category: History

Page: 431

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A conversation between historians and political scientists, exploring what the two disciplines can learn from each other.

From Complexity to Simplicity

Unleash Your Organisation's Potential

Author: S. Collinson,M. Jay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137006226

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5228

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Complexity is slowing companies down, costing them on average 10% of their profits. Based on cutting-edge research, this practical 'how to' guide will show businesses how to remove complexity to boost profits and morale.

From Complexity to Creativity

Explorations in Evolutionary, Autopoietic, and Cognitive Dynamics

Author: Ben Goertzel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306455186

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

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Cybernetic pioneer Warren McCullough asked: "What is a man, that he may know a number; and what is a number, that a man may know it?" Thinking along much the same lines, my question here is: "What is a creative mind, that it might emerge from a complex system; and what is a complex system, that it might give rise to a creative mind?" Complexity science is a fashionable topic these days. My perspective on complexity, however, is a somewhat unusual one: I am interested in complex systems science principally as it reflects on abstract mathematical, computational models of mind. In my three previous books, The Structure of Intelligence, Evolving Mind, and Chaotic Logic, I have outlined a comprehensive complex-systems-theoretic theory of mind that I now call the psynet model. This book is a continuation of the research program presented in my previous books (and those books will be frequently referred to here, by the nicknames EM and CL). One might summarize the trajectory of thought spanning these four books as follows. SI formulated a philosophy and mathem- ics of mind, based on theoretical computer science and the concept of "pattern. " EM analyzed the theory of evolution by natural selection in similar terms, and used this computational theory of evolution to establish the evolutionary nature of thought.

Two's company, three is complexity

a simple guide to the science of all sciences

Author: Neil F. Johnson

Publisher: Oneworld Pubns Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

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Defining complexity as an unsolved puzzle representing the most important scientific development since general relativity, a layperson's introduction draws on such disciplines as chaos, game theory, and economics to reveal unexpected ways in which order eventually emerges from the interaction of all things.

Complexity

Introduction and Fundamentals

Author: D.G. Bonchev,D.H. Rouvray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415287913

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 3415

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This volume covers the rapidly developing field of complexity studies with the underlying theme that complexity is to be found everywhere. The volume discusses many chemical applications and offers a comprehensive coverage of complexity and the ways in which it may be measured, complexity indices, complexity measures based on Shannon's information theory, and thermodynamic complexity. Complexity: Introduction and Fundamentals provides a valuable source of reference for graduates and researchers for mathematical chemistry.