A Rulebook for Arguments

Author: Anthony Weston

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624666558

Category: Philosophy

Page: 118

View: 2231

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From academic writing to personal and public discourse, the need for good arguments and better ways of arguing is greater than ever before. This timely fifth edition of A Rulebook for Arguments sharpens an already-classic text, adding updated examples and a new chapter on public debates that provides rules for the etiquette and ethics of sound public dialogue as well as clear and sound thinking in general.

A Workbook for Arguments, Second Edition

A Complete Course in Critical Thinking

Author: David R. Morrow,Anthony Weston

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624664296

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 2354

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A Workbook for Arguments builds on Anthony Weston’s A Rulebook for Arguments to provide a complete textbook for a course in critical thinking or informal logic. The second edition adds: Updated and improved homework exercises—nearly one third are new—to ensure that the examples continue to resonate with students. Increased coverage of scientific reasoning, demonstrating how scientific reasoning dovetails with critical thinking more generally. Two new activities in which students analyze arguments in their original form, as provided in brief selections from the original texts. This edition continues to include: The entire text of Rulebook, supplemented with extensive explanations and exercises. Homework exercises adapted from a wide range of arguments in a wide variety of sources. Practical advice to help students succeed. Model answers to odd-numbered problems, including commentaries on the strengths and weaknesses of selected sample answers and further discussion of some of the substantive intellectual, philosophical, or ethical issues they raise. Detailed instructions for in-class activities and take-home assignments. An appendix on mapping arguments, giving students a solid introduction to this vital skill in constructing complex and multi-step arguments and evaluating them.

Dialoge über die natürliche Religion

Author: David Hume

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843018995

Category: Philosophy

Page: 100

View: 7107

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David Hume: Dialoge über die natürliche Religion Demea, ein orthodox Gläubiger, der Skeptiker Philo und der Deist Cleanthes diskutieren den physiko-teleologischen Gottesbeweis, also die Frage, ob aus der Existenz von Ordnung und Zweck in der Welt auf einen intelligenten Schöpfer oder Baumeister zu schließen ist. Entstanden um 1751, revidierte Fassung 1761. Erstdruck (postum) unter dem Titel »Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion«: London 1779. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch Karl Gottfried Schreiter unter dem Titel »Gespräche über natürliche Religion«: Leipzig (Weygand) 1781. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Friedrich Paulsen von 1877. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: David Hume: Dialoge über natürliche Religion. Über Selbstmord und Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Ins Deutsche übersetzt und mit einer Einleitung versehen von Friedrich Paulsen, 3. Auflage, Leipzig: Felix Meiner, 1905 (Philosophische Bibliothek, Bd. 36). Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: David Hume (1766) Porträt von Allan Ramsay. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Ist Gott ein Mathematiker?

Warum das Buch der Natur in der Sprache der Mathematik geschrieben ist

Author: Mario Livio

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406616607

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 1779

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Von der Antike bis in unsere Tage haben sich Wissenschaftler und Philosophen darüber gewundert, dass eine so abstrakte Disziplin wie die Mathematik die Natur derart perfekt erklären kann. Sogar mehr als das: Mathematiker haben oft Voraussagen gemacht, etwa über die Existenz bestimmter Teilchen, die sich später als richtig erwiesen haben. Was ist es, das der Mathematik solch unglaubliche Macht verleiht? Oder, wie Einstein sich einst fragte: „Wie ist es möglich, dass die Mathematik, die doch ein von aller Erfahrung unabhängiges Produkt des menschlichen Denkens ist, auf die Gegenstände der Welt so vortrefflich passt?“ Werden mathematische Erkenntnisse also nicht erfunden, sondern entdeckt? Diese Fragestellung bildet den roten Faden, an dem der Astrophysiker Mario Livio mit großer Lebendigkeit durch die Geistesgeschichte des mathematischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Denkens führt. Zugleich wirft sein Buch einen frischen und unterhaltsamen Blick auf die Lebensgeschichte und die Erkenntnisse großer Denker wie Pythagoras, Platon, Newton und Einstein. „Eine lebendige und faszinierende Lektüre für ein breites Publikum“ – Nature

A Rulebook for Decision Making

Author: George Pullman

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624663648

Category: Education

Page: 112

View: 9214

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"Pullman offers his readers essential insights into how humans reason and make decisions. Both concise and far-reaching, his work teaches us how to challenge intuitive logic and examine the processes for deliberative reasoning. This text will prove foundational for students in their intellectual journey toward the development of real skills in critical thinking. By pointing to simple yet profound examples, Pullman's text is both readable and provocative as it challenges us to consider the very mechanisms by which we understand our own cognitive biases." --Bradley A. Hammer, Department of English and Comparative Literature, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Digital Video für Dummies

Author: Martin Doucette

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527701056

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 3797

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Digital Video ist nicht schwerer als das bekannte analoge Videofilmen. Doch bevor man anfängt, muss man doch einige Fragen beachten: welches Kamerasystem wähle ich, was braucht mein Computer an Hardware und Softwareteilen? Dieses Buch beantwortet von der Auswahl des Kamerasystems, der Schnittstellenkarte und der Computersoftware alle Fragen des angehenden Meisterregisseurs. Aber nicht nur das: auch die kreative Gestaltung eines Films und das Handwerkszeug der Kameramänner werden vermittelt.

Die Kunst, Recht zu behalten

Author: Arthur Schopenhauer

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843014817

Category: Philosophy

Page: 52

View: 5094

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Arthur Schopenhauer: Die Kunst, Recht zu behalten Zu Lebzeiten unveröffentlichtes Manuskript aus Schopenhauers Nachlass. Der Text entstand im Herbst 1830 in Berlin und wurde 1864 von Julius Frauenstädt neben zahlreichen anderen Manuskripten aus dem Nachlass veröffentlicht. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Arthur Schopenhauer, Radierung von 1901 nach der "Ersten Schäferschen Photographie" von Rogelio de Egusquiza (1845-1915). Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Prelude to Philosophy

An Introduction for Christians

Author: Mark W. Foreman

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830896600

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 6777

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"The unexamined life is not worth living," according to Socrates, but pursuing the examined life strikes many as daunting, unappealing and even unnecessary. Is philosophy important? Why do I need philosophy if I have the Bible? Aren't philosophers simply engaged in meaningless disputes that are irrelevant to everyday life? Mark Foreman addresses these and other questions in this "prelude" to the subject. Unlike a full introduction to philosophy, this book is a preliminary discussion that dispels misunderstandings and explains the rationale for engaging in philosophical reasoning. In the first half of the book, Foreman defines the task of philosophy, compares it to other disciplines and demonstrates its practical value to Christians interested in developing a more thoughtful faith. The second half introduces the reader to logic and argumentation, the essential tools of a philosopher. Concise and straightforward, Prelude to Philosophy is a guide for those looking to embark on the "examined life."

The Little Blue Reasoning Book

50 Powerful Principles for Clear and Effective Thinking

Author: Brandon Royal

Publisher: Maven Publishing

ISBN: 1897393628

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 7429

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For Reasoning Aficionados From All Walks of Life! This guidebook addresses one of the most critical yet seldom taught skills. Reasoning skills help us make sense of the world, including how to better make decisions, tackle opportunities, evaluate claims, and solve problems. Interwoven within the book’s five sections – Perception & Mindset, Decision Making, Creative Thinking, Analyzing Arguments, and Mastering Logic – reader’s will discover 50 reasoning tips that summarize the common themes behind classic reasoning problems and situations. Appendixes contain summaries of fallacious reasoning, analogies, trade-offs, and a review of critical reading skills. A wealth of examples, charts, and insightful problems makes The Little Blue Reasoning Book an invaluable guide for any individual wanting to further sharpen his or her thinking skills. Enjoy the benefits of your own self-paced reasoning course: *Gain insights into the four classic mindsets and how each influences one’s outlook. *Make better decisions by framing problems with quantitative tools. *Employ creative thinking to bypass “roadblocks” and unlock novel solutions. *Evaluate claims by challenging the strength of key assumptions. *Use logic to break down arguments in a clear, easy-to-understand manner. *Review the 10 classic trade-offs to speed recognition of core issues. *Read with added clarity, whether your goal involves pleasure or profit. “A wonderful work that shows how reasoning is challenging, yet engaging, rewarding and fun. Because reasoning involves people, it is an art as well as a science. And to remind ourselves just why it’s not always easy to mix the two, we owe a cheerful salute to Nobel prize-winning physicist Murray Gell-Mann who observed: ‘Think how hard physics would be if particles could think.’” —Dr. William A. McEachern, author, award-winning teacher, and founding editor of The Teaching Economist

The Apologetics Study Bible

Author: Ted Cabal

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 1433600900

Category: Bibles

Page: 2048

View: 1866

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The Apologetics Study Bible will help today's Christian better understand, defend and proclaim their beliefs in this age of increasing moral and spiritual relativism. More than one-hundred key questions and articles placed throughout the volume about faith and science prompt a rewarding study experience at every reading. Highlights of this new thinking person’s edition of God’s Word include the full text of the popular Holman CSB® translation, an introduction to each Bible book focusing on its inherent elements of apologetics, and profiles of historic Christian apologists from Justin Martyr to C.S. Lewis. Also featured are valuable contributions from a who’s-who of modern apologists such as Chuck Colson, Norm Geisler, Hank Hanegraaff, Josh McDowell, Albert Mohler, Ravi Zacharias, and many more. • The best apologetics thinkers of our day in one resource• The study Bible for customers asking the really hard questions about their faith• No other study Bible has the depth of resources that address the hard questions of faith and life• Serious help for Christians of all types• Tears down the obstacles to belief• Shows why the Bible is trustworthy• Allows Christians to dig into false teachings to see why they’re false• Will strengthen the church and give confidence to those who share their faith• Will better equip church leaders THE BEST APOLOGETICS THINKERS OF OUR DAY IN ONE RESOURCE (100+ CHRISTIAN APOLOGISTS):- Ted Cabal- Lee Strobel - Chuck Colson- Paul Copan- Norm Geisler- Hank Hanegraaff- Josh McDowell- Albert Mohler- J.P. Moreland- Ravi Zacharias- and many more Features MORE THAN 100 FEATURED ARTICLES IN CATEGORIES SUCH AS• Ethics• Interpreting the Bible in Light of Science• The Impact of Archaeology and History on Our Understanding the Bible• The Bible in Light of Theology• Christian Faith and Non-Christian Belief Systems• Christian Faith and Philosophy• Featured study notes that explain alleged “problem” passages in the Bible• 50 sidebars (Twisted Scripture) focusing on Bible passages misused by cults• Index of special articles for quick and easy access• Book introductions with special emphasis on anything of an apologetics nature• Profiles of key Christian apologists - Anselm - Athanasius - Augustine - Joseph Butler - C.S. Lewis - Irenaeus - Justin Martyr - Origen - William Paley - Blaise Pascal• End of verse Scripture references• Presentation page• Plan of Salvation• Two-column Bible text setting• Topical subheads• Translation footnotes• Holman CSB® bullet notes• Introduction to the Holman CSB®

Eloquent Science

A Practical Guide to Becoming a Better Writer, Speaker, and Atmospheric Scientist

Author: David Schultz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1935704036

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 2884

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Mary Grace Soccio. My writing could not please this kindhearted woman, no matter how hard I tried. Although Gifed and Talented seventh-grade math posed no problem for me, the same was not true for Mrs. Soccio’s English class. I was frustrated that my frst assignment only netted me a C. I worked harder, making re- sion afer revision, a concept I had never really put much faith in before. At last, I produced an essay that seemed the apex of what I was capable of wr- ing. Although the topic of that essay is now lost to my memory, the grade I received was not: a B?. “Te best I could do was a B??” Te realization sank in that maybe I was not such a good writer. In those days, my youthful hubris did not understand abouc t apacity bui- ing. In other words, being challenged would result in my intellectual growth— an academic restatement of Nietzsche’s “What does not destroy me, makes me stronger.” Consequently, I asked to be withdrawn from Gifed and Talented English in the eighth grade.

Key Methods in Geography

Author: Nicholas Clifford,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761974925

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 8422

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Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.

How to Re-imagine the World

A Pocket Guide for Practical Visionaries

Author: Anthony Weston

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 9781550923469

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 7047

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Who says that all possible social and political systems have already been invented? Or that work—or marriage, or environmentalism, or anything else—must be just what they are now? This book is a conceptual toolbox for imagining and initiating radical social change. Chapters offer specific, focused, and shareable techniques: Seeking a Whole Vision: Creating a pull and not just a push toward change Generative Thinking: Looking for “Seeds” and “Sparks”, Stretching and Twisting Ideas, and Going Two Steps Too Far Looking for Unexpected Openings: “Weeds” and “Wild Cards,” Inside Tracks, Leverage Points, and Hidden Possibilities Working at the Roots: Reconstructing the built world, cultural practices, even worldviews Building Momentum: Playing to our Strengths, Reclaiming the Language, “Allying Everywhere,” Doing it Now, Going for Broke Leap-frogging new kinds of cars and better mass transit in turn, why not a world in which “transportation” itself is unneeded? What about remaking New Orleans as a floating city, or putting only extreme surfers in the path of hurricanes? And why not dream of the stars? The question is not whether radical change is coming. It is already well underway. The only question is who will make it. Why not us? Anthony Weston is a professor of philosophy at Elon University in North Carolina, where he teaches ethics, environmental studies, and “Millennial Imagination.” He is the author of ten other books, including Back to Earth, Jobs for Philosophers, and Creativity for Critical Thinkers.

Creativity for critical thinkers

Author: Anthony Weston

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 80

View: 8262

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This unique book is a concise introduction to creativity--the art of expanding possibility. Covering such practical methods as multiplying options, brainstorming, lateral thinking, reframing problems, and many others, it offers provocative and effective methods for constructive and expansive kinds of thinking. These methods are illustrated and reinforced through exercises and applications that range from science and technology to the arts; from the small aggravations of everyday life to the largest difficulties in politics, the family, and the future; and from "creative good citizenship" to "creativity to change the world." Creativity for Critical Thinkers is an ideal supplement for any general course in thinking skills, and in particular for courses in critical thinking, as it frees them from a preoccupation with "critical thinking" as merely criticism. It can be used in creative writing and design courses as well, and provides a quick and engaging introduction to creative thinking for workshop participants and general readers. It shows readers who have been trained to think "in the box" how to think "out of the box"--freely and imaginatively. By looking at the world or some part of the world as it could be, creativity offers an entirely new view of the world as it is.

The Incompleat Eco-Philosopher

Essays from the Edges of Environmental Ethics

Author: Anthony Weston

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791476703

Category: Nature

Page: 196

View: 2001

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Collected essays present Weston’s pragmatic environmental philosophy, calling for reconstruction and imagination rather than deconstruction and analysis.

Accountability Citizenship

Author: Stephen P. Tryon

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1479783579

Category: Philosophy

Page: 116

View: 304

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Read this book if you want to be able to speak with your friends about your social and political beliefs with confidence. Striving to maintain a centrist perspective, Tryon presents a tool kit to empower citizen participation in the American political process. Technological changes in the way we present and process information coupled with inherent features of the free press have changed the nature of the individual citizen's engagement with our elected public servants. Accountability Citizenship explains how we can restore accountability in government by accepting our personal accountability for some simple tasks we must do as individual citizens living in the age of information. The book is non-partisan. Readers are asked only to agree on the very basics-that the government of the United States is supposed to represent the people of the United States. The author makes a compelling case that changes in our information distribution technologies and business models discourage effective political participation by citizens. In the early days of our republic, information distribution was based on newspapers-subscription-based and geographically aligned with the representative structure of Congress. Over the past forty years, deregulation of television and radio along with the information technology revolution have disrupted this alignment. But we can restore accountability through the three steps of accountability citizenship: being appropriately positive, appropriately informed and appropriately engaged.