Roman Law in the State of Nature

The Classical Foundations of Hugo Grotius' Natural Law

Author: Benjamin Straumann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316241076

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Roman Law in the State of Nature offers a new interpretation of the foundations of Hugo Grotius' natural law theory. Surveying the significance of texts from classical antiquity, Benjamin Straumann argues that certain classical texts, namely Roman law and a specifically Ciceronian brand of Stoicism, were particularly influential for Grotius in the construction of his theory of natural law. The book asserts that Grotius, a humanist steeped in Roman law, had many reasons to employ Roman tradition and explains how Cicero's ethics and Roman law - secular and offering a doctrine of the freedom of the high seas - were ideally suited to provide the rules for Grotius' state of nature. This fascinating new study offers historians, classicists and political theorists a fresh account of the historical background of the development of natural rights, natural law and of international legal norms as they emerged in seventeenth-century early modern Europe.

Toleranz im Konflikt

Geschichte, Gehalt und Gegenwart eines umstrittenen Begriffs

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religious tolerance

Page: 807

View: 5231

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Hugo Grotius and the Century of Revolution, 1613-1718

Transnational Reception in English Political Thought

Author: Marco Barducci

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198754582

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 2315

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Hugo Grotius and the Century of Revolution, 1613-1718 is a reconstruction of the way Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) was read and used by English political and religious writers in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Engaging with the reception of all of Grotius's key works and a wide range of topics, the volume has much to say about the search for peace in an age of religious conflict and about the cultural roots of the Enlightenment. Most of all, Marco Barducci aims to deepen our understanding of the connections that made English political thought part of the history of European thought. To this end, it brings together a succinct account of Grotius's own thinking on key topics, mapping these accounts within English debates, to show why his ideas were seen to be relevant at key moments; shows awareness of the possibilities for the misappropriation inherent in reception; and adds something new to our understanding of why seventeenth-century Englishmen argued in the ways that they did.

Hugo Grotius und die Antike

römisches Recht und römische Ethik im frühneuzeitlichen Naturrecht

Author: Benjamin Straumann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832926922

Category: Natural law

Page: 221

View: 2220

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Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 3980

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Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Natural Rights and the New Republicanism

Author: Michael P. Zuckert

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691059709

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 6578

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In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States. In a book that will interest political scientists, historians, and philosophers, Zuckert looks at the Whig or opposition tradition as it developed in England. He argues that there were, in fact, three opposition traditions: Protestant, Grotian, and Lockean. Before the English Civil War the opposition was inspired by the effort to find the "one true Protestant politics--an effort that was seen to be a failure by the end of the Interregnum period. The Restoration saw the emergence of the Whigs, who sought a way to ground politics free from the sectarian theological-scriptural conflicts of the previous period. The Whigs were particularly influenced by the Dutch natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius. However, as Zuckert shows, by the mid-eighteenth century John Locke had replaced Grotius as the philosopher of the Whigs. Zuckert's analysis concludes with a penetrating examination of John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, the English "Cato," who, he argues, brought together Lockean political philosophy and pre-existing Whig political science into a new and powerful synthesis. Although it has been misleadingly presented as a separate "classical republican" tradition in recent scholarly discussions, it is this "new republicanism" that served as the philosophical point of departure for the founders of the American republic.

Reine Rechtslehre

Einleitung in die rechtswissenschaftliche Problematik

Author: Hans Kelsen,Stanley L. Paulson,Robert Walter

Publisher: Scientia Verlag Und Antiquariat

ISBN: 9783511092559

Category: Law

Page: 236

View: 7579

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Kelsen's 'Pure theory of law' was first presented in his fundamental work Hauptprobleme des Staatsrechtlehre (1911) and continued in both editions of Reine Rechtslehre (1934, 1958). Historically, it has a certain relation to John Austin's 'analytical jurisprudence', although Kelsen became acquainted with Austin's work for the first time in 1940. The 'pure theory of law' is a formal-logical analysis of law, considered as a system of norms, based philosophically on the strict distinction between 'is' and 'ought'. It is a normative and positive doctrine, opposed both to positivism, showing the limitations of the positivistic approach, the whole legal order. His positivism is a formal analysis of the legal norm, of its elements and of the architecture of the legal order. Kelsen's concentration on the form of law recognizes the legitimacy of sociological investigations and the study of values in reference both to the contents and the making of law. Equally, his philosophical relativism of values is entirely compatible with his strong stand for democracy and the ideals of western culture. German text.

Eine Untersuchung über den Ursprung unserer Vorstellungen von Schönheit und Tugend

Author: Francis Hutcheson

Publisher: Meiner, F

ISBN: 9783787306329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 5669

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In dieser Schrift von 1725 werden vier zentrale Problembereiche behandelt: 1. Die Frage nach dem Prinzip des moralischen Handelns, 2. Die Frage nach dem Ursprung unserer moralischen Begriffe, 3. Das Problem der obersten Maxime des moralischen Handelns und Urteilens und 4. Die Konsequenzen dieser Auffassung für die politische Ordnung der Gesellschaft. Die Neuübersetzung basiert auf der zweiten Auflage von 1726 und verzeichnet die Varianten der ersten vier Auflagen.

De veritate

Author: Saint Thomas (Aquinas),Thomas von Aquin

Publisher: Felix Meiner

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 96

View: 1207

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Die Quaestiones disputatae de veritate entstanden zwischen 1256 und 1259 und zeigen Thomas' Auseinandersetzung mit den erstarrten Lehrmeinungen der Theologie. Der Band eignet sich insbesondere als Einführung in die Grundlinien des thomistischen Denkens.