Resisting Rebellion

The History and Politics of Counterinsurgency

Author: Anthony James Joes

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813191706

Category: History

Page: 351

View: 2531

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In Resisting Rebellion, Anthony James Joes explores insurgencies ranging across five continents and spanning more than two centuries. Analyzing examples from North and South America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, he identifies recurrent patterns and offers useful lessons for future policymakers. Insurgencies arise from many sources of discontent, including foreign occupation, fraudulent elections, and religious persecution, but they also stem from ethnic hostilities, the aspirations of would-be elites, and traditions of political violence. Because insurgency is as much a political phenomenon as a military one, effective counterinsurgency requires a thorough understanding of the insurgents' motives and sources of support. Clear political aims must guide military action if a counterinsurgency is to be successful and prepare a lasting reconciliation within a deeply fragmented society. The most successful counterinsurgency campaign undertaken by the United States was the one against Philippine insurgents following the Spanish-American War. But even more instructive than successful counterinsurgencies are the persistent patterns of errors revealed by Joes's comparative study. Instances include the indiscriminate destructiveness displayed by the Japanese in China and the Soviets in Afghanistan, and the torture of suspected Muslim terrorists by members of the French Army in Algeria. Joes's comprehensive twofold approach to counterinsurgency is easily applied to the U.S. The first element, developing the strategic basis for victory, emphasizes creating a peaceful path to the redress of legitimate grievances, committing sufficient troops to the counterinsurgent operation, and isolating the conflict area from outside aid. The second element aims at marginalizing the insurgents and includes fair conduct toward civilians and prisoners, systematic intelligence gathering, depriving insurgents of weapons and food, separating insurgent leaders from their followers, and offering amnesty to all but the most incorrigible. Providing valuable insights into a world of conflict, Resisting Rebellion is a thorough and readable exploration of successes and failures in counterinsurgency's long history and a strategy for the future.

Eigendynamische Bürgerkriege

Von der Persistenz und Endlichkeit innerstaatlicher Gewaltkonflikte

Author: Stefan Deißler

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868546677

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9826

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Auch im 21. Jahrhundert wird die Welt von lang anhaltenden Bürgerkriegen erschüttert - das aktuellste Beispiel ist der nicht enden wollende Bürgerkrieg in Syrien. Bis zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre wurden diese innerstaatlichen Kriege zumeist als politisch motivierte Gewaltkonflikte oder Stellvertreterkriege angesehen. Danach setzen sich mit Ende des Kalten Krieges und unter dem Eindruck des Genozids in Ruanda sowie des Bosnienkrieges neue Erklärungsansätze durch, die die flächendeckende Gewalt primär auf Habgiermotive oder traditionelle ethnische Feindschaften zurückführen. Gegen diese schablonenhaften Deutungsmuster entfaltet Stefan Deißler eine Perspektive, die der vielschichtigen Komplexität des Phänomens Bürgerkrieg näher kommt. Ohne die tragende Rolle der ethnischen, ökonomischen oder politischen sozialen Gruppen zu vernachlässigen, rückt der Autor die kriegführenden Organisationen selbst in den Fokus und unterzieht die Beziehungen zwischen Kombattanten und Zivilisten einer kritischen Betrachtung. Unter Rekurs auf den seit über 50 Jahren währenden Konflikt in Kolumbien und weitere Beispiele weist er nach, dass die selbst ernannten Repräsentanten unterschiedlicher Bevölkerungsgruppen oftmals mit brutaler Gewalt die Kooperation der "Repräsentierten" erzwingen und dass die Bedürfnisse und Interessen der Zivilbevölkerung während der Dauer derartiger Konflikte weitgehend unberücksichtigt bleiben. Zugleich wird ersichtlich, welcher fatalen Logik das Kriegsgeschehen in vielen Fällen folgt: Zahlreiche innerstaatliche Kriege werden durch immanente Eigendynamiken angetrieben. Die Kriegsparteien nötigen sich wechselseitig zur Fortsetzung des Konflikts oder schaffen kollektiv einen strukturellen Zwang zur kontinuierlichen Wiederholung der Kriegshandlungen. Diese Dynamik zu durchbrechen, ist eine der großen Herausforderungen für die gegenwärtigen Friedensinitiativen.

Mississippi in 1875

Report of the Select Committee to Inquire Into the Mississippi Election of 1875

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Elections

Page: N.A

View: 7228

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The Historie of Wyates Rebellion

With the Order and Maner of Resisting the Same, Wherunto in the Ende is Added an Earnest Conference with the Degenerate and Sedicious Rebelles for the Serche of the Cause of Their Daily Disorder

Author: John Proctor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: 186

View: 8015

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Union-disunion-reunion. Three decades of Federal Legislation

Author: Samuel Sullivan Cox

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5872470401

Category: History

Page: 726

View: 2747

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Union-disunion-reunion. Three decades of federal legislation. 1855 to 1885. Personal and historical memories of events preceding, during and since the American civil war, involving slavery and secession, emancipation and reconstruction

Victorious Insurgencies

Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World

Author: Anthony James Joes

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813139864

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1551

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Insurgencies, especially in the form of guerrilla warfare, continue to erupt across many parts of the globe. Most of these rebellions fail, but Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World analyzes four twentieth-century conflicts in which the success of the insurgents permanently altered the global political arena: the Maoists in China against Chiang Kai-shek and the Japanese in the 1930s and 1940s; the Viet Minh in French Indochina from 1945 to 1954; Castro's followers against Batista in Cuba from 1956 to 1959; and the mujahideen in Soviet Afghanistan from 1980 to 1989. Anthony James Joes illuminates patterns of failed counterinsurgencies that include serious but avoidable political and military blunders and makes clear the critical and often decisive influence of the international setting. Offering provocative insights and timeless lessons applicable to contemporary conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, this authoritative and comprehensive book will be of great interest to policy-makers and concerned citizens alike.

How Insurgencies End

Author: Ben Connable,Martin C. Libicki

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833049836

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 783

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RAND studied 89 modern insurgency cases to test conventional understanding about how insurgencies end. Findings relevant to policymakers and analysts include that modern insurgencies last about ten years; withdrawal of state support cripples insurgencies; civil defense forces are useful for both sides; pseudodemocracies fare poorly against insurgents; and governments win more often in the long run.

The Power of a Praying® Parent

Author: Stormie Omartian

Publisher: Harvest House Publishers

ISBN: 0736922067

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 9079

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Stormie Omartian's bestselling The Power of a Praying series (more than 28 million copies sold) is rereleased with fresh new covers and new material to reach a still-growing market of readers eager to discover the power of prayer for their lives. This beautiful padded hardcover edition of The Power of a Praying Parent (2 million copies sold) will surely find a new home in the lives of Stormie Omartian's worldwide audience. After decades of raising her son and daughter alongside her husband, Michael, Stormie looks back at the trials and joys of parenting and the power found in praying for her children. In these easy-to-read chapters, she shares from personal experience how you can pray for your kids' safety character development school experiences marriage and so much more Stormie's now grown-up children, Christopher and Amanda, reflect on the way their praying parents raised them--and what a difference it made. Perfect for new moms and dads as well as those a little further along in the journey, The Power of a Praying Parent is a must-have for anyone caring for a child.

The Expansion of England

Two Courses of Lectures

Author: John Robert Seeley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110802355X

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 796

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This 1883 work examines the history of the British Empire and its position in the world, past, present and future.

The English and their History

The First Thirteen Centuries

Author: Robert Tombs

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141976799

Category: History

Page: 1024

View: 2064

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In The English and their History, the first full-length account to appear in one volume for many decades, Robert Tombs gives us the history of the English people, and of how the stories they have told about themselves have shaped them, from the prehistoric 'dreamtime' through to the present day If a nation is a group of people with a sense of kinship, a political identity and representative institutions, then the English have a claim to be the oldest nation in the world. They first came into existence as an idea, before they had a common ruler and before the country they lived in even had a name. They have lasted as a recognizable entity ever since, and their defining national institutions can be traced back to the earliest years of their history. The English have come a long way from those precarious days of invasion and conquest, with many spectacular changes of fortune. Their political, economic and cultural contacts have left traces for good and ill across the world. This book describes their history and its meanings from their beginnings in the monasteries of Northumbria and the wetlands of Wessex to the cosmopolitan energy of today's England. Robert Tombs draws out important threads running through the story, including participatory government, language, law, religion, the land and the sea, and ever-changing relations with other peoples. Not the least of these connections are the ways the English have understood their own history, have argued about it, forgotten it, and yet been shaped by it. These diverse and sometimes conflicting understandings are an inherent part of their identity. Rather to their surprise, as ties within the United Kingdom loosen, the English are suddenly beginning a new period in their long history. Especially at times of change, history can help us to think about the sort of people we are and wish to be. This book, the first single-volume work on this scale for more than half a century, and which incorporates a wealth of recent scholarship, presents a challenging modern account of this immense and continuing story, bringing out the strength and resilience of English government, the deep patterns of division, and yet also the persistent capacity to come together in the face of danger. ROBERT TOMBS is Professor of French History at Cambridge University and a Fellow of St John's College. His book That Sweet Enemy: the French and the British from the Sun King to the Present, co-written with his wife Isabelle, was published in 2006.