Representing the South Pacific

Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin

Author: Rod Edmond

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521550543

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 1805

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Examines representations of the South Pacific by explorers, missionaries, travellers, writers, and artists, 1767-1914.

In Search of Captain Cook

Exploring the Man Through His Own Words

Author: Daniel O'Sullivan

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857713507

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 4330

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Captain James Cook was the greatest explorer of his age, perhaps of any age. He was a leader of men, a master voyager who journeyed to unknown places, a seeker of knowledge who commanded three demanding scientific expeditions. He and his crews had encounters with peoples of the South Seas which could lead to mutual respect and trade, but also to misunderstanding and violence. Even before he died his exploits were widely admired. But his death at the hands of Hawaiians turned him into a legendary figure, a hero of the Enlightenment, who was said to have brought “civilization” to the Pacific while giving up his own life in the process._x000D_ _x000D_ Yet despite everything that is known about Cook’s life and many adventures, the man himself remains shrouded in mystery. Even J.C. Beaglehole, the legendary editor of Cook’s Journals, acknowledged the problem: ‘Everybody knows Cook’s name; yet, I have always felt, extraordinarily little is known about him. He is an exceptionally difficult man to get inside’._x000D_ _x000D_ With this book, Dan O’Sullivan seeks to do just that and casts vivid light on Cook’s character, teasing out his personality from the pages of his own journals - cautious, objective-seeming texts, full of the minutiae of daily events which are almost the only sources available for one of the outstanding figures of his generation and of his country. Presenting Cook’s life thematically, O’Sullivan examines his ideas and attitudes - towards his men, the Pacific Islanders, sex, god and death - in the context of the ideas and conflicts of the turbulent 18th century _x000D_ _x000D_ As well as an original and illuminating re-examination of Cook's complex character, this is also a vivid introduction to his life and times which is essential reading for anyone with an interest in this incomparable sea-captain._x000D_

Reimagining the American Pacific

From South Pacific to Bamboo Ridge and Beyond

Author: Rob Wilson

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822325239

Category: History

Page: 295

View: 4689

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Discusses the makings of the "American Pacific" locality/location/identity as space and ground of cultural production, and the way this region can be linked to "Asia" and "Pacific" as well as to "American mainland"

Captain Cook

Explorations and Reassessments

Author: Glyndwr Williams

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843831006

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 266

View: 2630

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Essays reassess Cook's standing as a leading figure in eighteenth-century history, exploration and the advancement of science.

A New Imperial History

Culture, Identity and Modernity in Britain and the Empire, 1660-1840

Author: Kathleen Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521007962

Category: History

Page: 385

View: 4071

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This pioneering collection of essays charts an exciting new field in British studies, 'the new imperial history'. Leading scholars from history, literature and cultural studies tackle problems of identity, modernity and difference in eighteenth-century Britain and the empire. They examine, from interdisciplinary perspectives, the reciprocal influences of empire and culture, the movements of peoples, practices and ideas effected by slavery, diaspora and British dominance, and ways in which subaltern, non-western and non-elite people shaped British power and knowledge. The essays move through Britain, America, India, Africa and the South Pacific in testament to the networks of people, commodities and entangled pasts forged by Britain's imperial adventures. Based on ground-breaking research, these analyses of the imperial dimensions of British culture and identities in global contexts will challenge the notion that empire was something that happened 'out there', and they demonstrate its long-lasting implications for British identity and everyday life.

Katherine Mansfield and the (Post)colonial

Author: Gerri Kimber

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748669124

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 4292

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This volume addresses issues raised by Katherine Mansfield's nomadic rootlessness as an 'extraterritorial' writer. Contributions draw on postcolonial and diasporic frameworks to examine Mansfield's insights into colony and empire.

Islands in History and Representation

Author: Rod Edmond

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415286664

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 8102

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"Early essays in the collection address the significance of islands in the Atlantic economy of the eighteenth century. The focus then shifts to the exploration of the Pacific, which presented Europe with new island-groups to explore, exploit, and imagine.

Christian Missions and the Enlightenment

Author: Brian Stanley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136865616

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 3796

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Addresses the nature of the influence of the European Enlightenment on the beliefs and practice of the Protestant missionaries who went to Asia and Africa from the mid-eighteenth century onwards, particularly British missions and the formative role of the Scottish Enlightenment on their thinking.

Strangers in the South Seas

The Idea of the Pacific in Western Thought : an Anthology

Author: Richard Lansdown

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824829026

Category: Travel

Page: 429

View: 1808

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Long before Magellan entered the Pacific in 1521 Westerners entertained ideas of undiscovered oceans, mighty continents, and paradisal islands at the far ends of the earth-such ideas would have a long life and a deep impact in both the Pacific and the West. With the discovery of Tahiti in 1767 another powerful myth was added to this collection: the noble savage. For the first time Westerners were confronted by a people who seemed happier than themselves. This revolution in the human sciences was accompanied by one in the natural sciences after Darwin's momentous visit to the Galapagos Islands. The Pacific produced other challenges for nineteenth-century researchers on race and culture, and for those intent on exporting their religions to this immense quarter of the globe. As the century wore on, the region presented opportunities and dilemmas for the imperial powers, a process was accelerated by the Pacific War between 1941 and 1945. Strangers in the South Seas recounts and illustrates this story using a wealth of primary texts. It includes generous excerpts from the work of explorers, soldiers, naturalists, anthropologists, artists, and writers--some famous, some obscure. It shows how "the Great South Sea" has been an irreplaceable "distant mirror" of the West and its intellectual obsessions since the Renaissance.

Native American Whalemen and the World

Indigenous Encounters and the Contingency of Race

Author: Nancy Shoemaker

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469622580

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9848

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In the nineteenth century, nearly all Native American men living along the southern New England coast made their living traveling the world's oceans on whaleships. Many were career whalemen, spending twenty years or more at sea. Their labor invigorated economically depressed reservations with vital income and led to complex and surprising connections with other Indigenous peoples, from the islands of the Pacific to the Arctic Ocean. At home, aboard ship, or around the world, Native American seafarers found themselves in a variety of situations, each with distinct racial expectations about who was "Indian" and how "Indians" behaved. Treated by their white neighbors as degraded dependents incapable of taking care of themselves, Native New Englanders nevertheless rose to positions of command at sea. They thereby complicated myths of exploration and expansion that depicted cultural encounters as the meeting of two peoples, whites and Indians. Highlighting the shifting racial ideologies that shaped the lives of these whalemen, Nancy Shoemaker shows how the category of "Indian" was as fluid as the whalemen were mobile.

Dark Vanishings

Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800-1930

Author: Patrick Brantlinger

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468671

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 260

View: 6003

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Patrick Brantlinger here examines the commonly held nineteenth-century view that all "primitive" or "savage" races around the world were doomed sooner or later to extinction. Warlike propensities and presumed cannibalism were regarded as simultaneously noble and suicidal, accelerants of the downfall of other races after contact with white civilization. Brantlinger finds at the heart of this belief the stereotype of the self-exterminating savage, or the view that "savagery" is a sufficient explanation for the ultimate disappearance of "savages" from the grand theater of world history. Humanitarians, according to Brantlinger, saw the problem in the same terms of inevitability (or doom) as did scientists such as Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley as well as propagandists for empire such as Charles Wentworth Dilke and James Anthony Froude. Brantlinger analyzes the Irish Famine in the context of ideas and theories about primitive races in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and elsewhere. He shows that by the end of the nineteenth century, especially through the influence of the eugenics movement, extinction discourse was ironically applied to "the great white race" in various apocalyptic formulations. With the rise of fascism and Nazism, and with the gradual renewal of aboriginal populations in some parts of the world, by the 1930s the stereotypic idea of "fatal impact" began to unravel, as did also various more general forms of race-based thinking and of social Darwinism.

A Companion to Folklore

Author: Regina F. Bendix,Galit Hasan-Rokem

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444354388

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 6993

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A Companion to Folklore presents an original and comprehensive collection of essays from international experts in the field of folklore studies. Unprecedented in depth and scope, this state-of-the-art collection uniquely displays the vitality of folklore research across the globe. An unprecedented collection of original, state of the art essays on folklore authored by international experts Examines the practices and theoretical approaches developed to understand the phenomena of folklore Considers folklore in the context of multi-disciplinary topics that include poetics, performance, religious practice, myth, ritual and symbol, oral textuality, history, law, politics and power as well as the social base of folklore Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title

Colonizing Leprosy

Imperialism and the Politics of Public Health in the United States

Author: Michelle T. Moran

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469606739

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 4798

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By comparing institutions in Hawai'i and Louisiana designed to incarcerate individuals with a highly stigmatized disease, Colonizing Leprosy provides an innovative study of the complex relationship between U.S. imperialism and public health policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the Kalaupapa Settlement in Moloka'i and the U.S. National Leprosarium in Carville, Michelle Moran shows not only how public health policy emerged as a tool of empire in America's colonies, but also how imperial ideologies and racial attitudes shaped practices at home. Although medical personnel at both sites considered leprosy a colonial disease requiring strict isolation, Moran demonstrates that they adapted regulations developed at one site for use at the other by changing rules to conform to ideas of how "natives" and "Americans" should be treated. By analyzing administrators' decisions, physicians' treatments, and patients' protests, Moran examines the roles that gender, race, ethnicity, and sexuality played in shaping both public opinion and health policy. Colonizing Leprosy makes an important contribution to an understanding of how imperial imperatives, public health practices, and patient activism informed debates over the constitution and health of American bodies.

Better Britons

Reproduction, National Identity, and the Afterlife of Empire

Author: Nadine Attewell

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667079

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 336

View: 2424

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In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.

Ariel

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 1608

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The Death of Captain Cook

A Hero Made and Unmade

Author: Glyndwr Williams

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Explorers

Page: 197

View: 9107

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This new interpretation of Cook's life and death by a great historian of marine exploration argues that the circumstances and reporting of his death are the key to his reputation. For many years he enjoyed unparalleled status as 'the pride of his century' and in the white settlements in the Pacific as 'father of the nation'. By contrast first in Hawaii and then in the postcolonial world a different view emerged of a destructive invader, as much anti-hero as the reverse. His progress from obscurity to fame and then, for some, to infamy, is a story that has never been fully told.

Paul Gauguin

Artist of Myth and Dream

Author: Paul Gauguin,Suzanne Branciforte

Publisher: Skira - Berenice

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 439

View: 3155

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An exceptional monograph-catalogue revealing the innovative drive in Gauguins work. This catalogue offers a unique opportunity to view Gauguins entire artistic development from his early impressionist works to his final masterpieces painted on the Marquesas Islands where the artist went in search of an Arcadian kingdom of ecstasy, peace and art, far from the typical European struggle for money. In reality such a paradise on earth no longer existed, not even on the other side of the globe, however the wealth and complexity of life that he found before him there, inspired the creation of a series of works which are among the most vivid and durable in the history of painting.