Reliving Karbala

Martyrdom in South Asian Memory

Author: Syed Akbar Hyder

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190451807

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 8150


In 680 C.E., a small band of the Prophet Muhammads family and their followers, led by his grandson, Husain, rose up in a rebellion against the ruling caliph, Yazid. The family and its supporters, hopelessly outnumbered, were massacred at Karbala, in modern-day Iraq. The story of Karbala is the cornerstone of institutionalized devotion and mourning for millions of Shii Muslims. Apart from its appeal to the Shii community, invocations of Karbala have also come to govern mystical and reformist discourses in the larger Muslim world. Indeed, Karbala even serves as the archetypal resistance and devotional symbol for many non-Muslims. Until now, though, little scholarly attention has been given to the widespread and varied employment of the Karbala event. In Reliving Karbala, Syed Akbar Hyder examines the myriad ways that the Karbala symbol has provided inspiration in South Asia, home to the worlds largest Muslim population. Rather than a unified reading of Islam, Hyder reveals multiple, sometimes conflicting, understandings of the meaning of Islamic religious symbols like Karbala. He ventures beyond traditional, scriptural interpretations to discuss the ways in which millions of very human adherents express and practice their beliefs. By using a panoramic array of sources, including musical performances, interviews, nationalist drama, and other literary forms, Hyder traces the evolution of this story from its earliest historical origins to the beginning of the twenty-first century. Today, Karbala serves as a celebration of martyrdom, a source of personal and communal identity, and even a tool for political protest and struggle. Hyder explores how issues related to gender, genre, popular culture, class, and migrancy bear on the cultivation of religious symbols. He assesses the manner in which religious language and identities are negotiated across contexts and continents. At a time when words like martyrdom, jihad, and Shiism are being used and misused for political reasons, this book provides much-needed scholarly redress. Through his multifaceted examination of this seminal event in Islamic history, Hyder offers an original, complex, and nuanced view of religious symbols.

The Shi‘a in Modern South Asia

Author: Justin Jones,Ali Usman Qasmi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110710890X

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 2800


""Explores various Shi'i communities across South Asia, revealing the many forms of Shi'i religion within this important region, and examining the responses of these communities to the many transformations of the modern world"--Provided by publisher"--

Gender, Sainthood, & Everyday Practice in South Asian Shi'ism

Author: Karen G. Ruffle

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807834750

Category: Religion

Page: 222

View: 3440


In this study of devotional hagiographical texts and contemporary ritual performances of the Shi'a of Hyderabad, India, Karen Ruffle demonstrates how traditions of sainthood and localized cultural values shape gender roles. Ruffle focuses on the annual mo

Places in Motion

The Fluid Identities of Temples, Images, and Pilgrims

Author: Jacob N. Kinnard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359687

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 7956


Jacob Kinnard offers an in-depth examination of the complex dynamics of religiously charged places. Focusing on several important shared and contested pilgrimage places-Ground Zero and Devils Tower in the United States, Ayodhya and Bodhgaya in India, Karbala in Iraq-he poses a number of crucial questions. What and who has made these sites important, and why? How are they shared, and how and why are they contested? What is at stake in their contestation? How are the particular identities of place and space established? How are individual and collective identity intertwined with space and place? Challenging long-accepted, clean divisions of the religious world, Kinnard explores specific instances of the vibrant messiness of religious practice, the multivocality of religious objects, the fluid and hybrid dynamics of religious places, and the shifting and tangled identities of religious actors. He contends that sacred space is a constructed idea: places are not sacred in and of themselves, but are sacred because we make them sacred. As such, they are in perpetual motion, transforming themselves from moment to moment and generation to generation. Places in Motion moves comfortably across and between a variety of historical and cultural settings as well as academic disciplines, providing a deft and sensitive approach to the topic of sacred places, with awareness of political, economic, and social realities as these exist in relation to questions of identity. It is a lively and much needed critical advance in analytical reflections on sacred space and pilgrimage.

'Speaking Truth to Power'

Religion, Caste, and the Subaltern Question in India

Author: Manu Belur Bhagavan,Eleanor Zelliot,Anne Feldhaus

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195693058

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 2552


On the religious sentiments and intellectual life of Dalits of India; contributed articles honoring the memory of Eleanor Zelliot, b.1926.


Nationalism and the Possibility of History in South Asia

Author: Manu Belur Bhagavan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: History

Page: 203

View: 6326


This volume investigates diverse discourses of identity politics that relate the nationalist movement to current issues like regionalism, communalism, secessionism, and plurality of literary consciousness.

Institutionalizing sectarianism

law, religious culture, and the remaking of Shi'i Lebanon, 1920-1947

Author: Max David Weiss,Stanford University. Dept. of History

Publisher: N.A



Page: 820

View: 2548


This dissertation investigates the practice of sectarianism as well as the remaking of sectarian forms of identification among the Lebanese Shi`i community during the first half of the twentieth century. Shi`i religious scholars, the colonial state, new political leaderships as well as ordinary people clashed and collaborated in shaping a new political, cultural, and institutional landscape under the French Mandate---the conditions of possibility for new productions of Lebanese sectarianism. The institution of a new personal status legal regime, the expansion of Shi`i spheres of autonomy as well as the increased visibility of an ensemble of Shi`i religious practices illustrated the extent to which sectarianism as a lived experience in Lebanon was forged through an overlapping set of historical processes of institutionalization. Consequently, it becomes historically accurate and necessary to speak of Lebanese sectarianisms in the plural. Despite the continued marginalization of the Shi`a, the Mandate period was fraught with contradictory possibilities for the community, ranging from the promise of communal empowerment, on the one hand, and the growing danger of sectarian division, on the other. The pressing demands for what I call "sectarianization" that came from below dovetailed with analogous attempts on the part of the colonial state at "sectarianization" from above. By the time of independence, Lebanese Shi`i identity had been reconfigured in a new sectarian guise, was increasingly articulated in a sectarian idiom dependent on both institutional and discursive practices, and was dialectically related to certain forms of political sectarianism. The emergence and institutionalization of such cultural and juridical expressions of difference were directly influenced by and, in turn, have inflected the character of colonialism, nationalism, and sectarianism in twentieth century Lebanon.

States Without Citizens

Understanding the Islamic Crisis

Author: John Walter Jandora

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780313355905

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 4638


The Islamic crisis will not abate until culturally authentic institutions are created within Islamic societies to instill an Islamic ethic of citizenship.

Fatima: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803934

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 9148


This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature

Poetry and Prose Miscellany

Author: Mehr Afshan Farooqi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 325

View: 6169


The poetry section in the `Poetry and Prose Miscellany` volume begins with akbar Illahabadi (1846-1921), feature such celebrated practitioners of the genre as Muhmmad Iqbal, Firaq Gorakhpuri, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Munibur Rehman, and Akhlaq Muhammad Khan Shahryar among others, and finally Tanveer Anjum. Prose Miscellany - essays and sketches, autobiography, drama, humour and satire, and letters - feature such past masters as Abdul Kalam Azad, Shahid Ahmad Delhvi, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Ismat Chughtai, and also includes an interesting selection of anecdotes about well known literary personages like Ghalib, Mir Insha ullah Khan Insha, Josh Malihabadi, and others - something that rarely receives the deserved imoportance in canonical literature.

Saison in Mekka

Geschichte einer Pilgerfahrt

Author: Abdellah Hammoudi

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406557521


Page: 310

View: 7524


From Pluralism to Separatism

Qasbas in Colonial Awadh

Author: Mushirul Hasan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 4505


This Important Work Draws On The Family History Of The Kidwais Of Bara Banki District Of The United Provinces To Provide An Engaging And Colourful Account Of Awadh Society In The Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries.

Good Muslim, Bad Muslim

Islam , the USA, and the Global War Against Terror

Author: Mahmood Mamdani

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788178241111

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 304

View: 5942


In This Brilliant Look At The Rise Of Political Islam, The Distinguished Political Scientist And Anthropologist Mahmood Mamdani Dispels The Notion Of `Good` (Secular And Westernized) Muslims As Against `Bad` (Premodern, Fanati) Muslims. He Argues That Such Judgements Emerge Out Of Politics Rather Than From Cultural Or Religious Identity.

A Millennium of Classical Persian Poetry

A Guide to the Reading & Understanding of Persian Poetry from the Tenth to the Twentieth Century

Author: Wheeler McIntosh Thackston

Publisher: Ibex Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 9780936347509

Category: Poetry

Page: 186

View: 5092


A Millennium of Classical Persian Poetry is designed to introduce students of Pesian to the richness of the classical poetic legacy. The Persian metrical system and poetic forms are explained, and selections are given from the works of all major poets, from Rudaki in the tenth century to Bahar in the twentieth, with annotations of difficult grammatical constructions and unfamiliar allusions. Highlights include poetry by Firdawsi, Farrukhi, Anvari, Khaqani, Nizami, Attar, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafiz, Jami, Sa'ib, and a host of lesser-known poets. A full Persian-English vocabulary is included.