Religion and Power

No Logos without Mythos

Author: David Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317067878

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 7774

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There are few more contentious issues than the relation of faith to power or the suggestion that religion is irrational compared with politics and peculiarly prone to violence. The former claim is associated with Juergen Habermas and the latter with Richard Dawkins. In this book David Martin argues, against Habermas, that religion and politics share a common mythic basis and that it is misleading to contrast the rationality of politics with the irrationality of religion. In contrast to Richard Dawkins (and New Atheists generally), Martin argues that the approach taken is brazenly unscientific and that the proclivity to violence is a shared feature of religion, nationalism and political ideology alike rooted in the demands of power and social solidarity. The book concludes by considering the changing ecology of faith and power at both centre and periphery in monuments, places and spaces.

Meta-Religion

Religion and Power in World History

Author: James W. Laine

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 052095999X

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 6270

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Whereas many textbooks treat the subject of world religions in an apolitical way, as if each religion were a path for individuals seeking wisdom and not a discourse intimately connected with the exercise of power, James W. Laine treats religion and politics as halves of the same whole, tracing their relationship from the policies of Alexander the Great to the ideologies of modern Europe secularists, with stops in classical India, China, and the Islamic world. Meta-Religion is a groundbreaking text that brings power and politics to the fore of our understanding of world religions, placing religion at the center of world history. This synthetic approach is both transformative and enlightening as it presents a powerful model for thinking differently about what religion is and how it functions in the world. With images and maps to bring the narrative to life, Meta-Religion combines sophisticated scholarly critique with accessibility that students and scholar alike will appreciate.

Faith and Power

Religion and Politics in the Middle East

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199752812

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 6679

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Bernard Lewis is recognized around the globe as one of the leading authorities on Islam. Hailed as "the world's foremost Islamic scholar" (Wall Street Journal ), as "a towering figure among experts on the culture and religion of the Muslim world" (Baltimore Sun ), and as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies" (New York Times ), Lewis is nothing less than a national treasure, a trusted voice that politicians, journalists, historians, and the general public have all turned to for insight into the Middle East. Now, Lewis has brought together writings on religion and government in the Middle East, so different than in the Western world. The collection includes previously unpublished writings, English originals of articles published before only in foreign languages, and an introduction to the book by Lewis. Acclaim for What Went Wrong? A New York Times Bestseller "Replete with the exceptional historical insight that one has come to expect from the world's foremost Islamic scholar." --Karen Elliott House, Wall Street Journal Lewis has done us all--Muslim and non-Muslim alike--a remarkable service.... The book's great strength, and its claim upon our attention, [is that] it offers a long view in the midst of so much short-term and confusing punditry on television, in the op-ed pages, on campuses and in strategic studies think tanks." --Paul Kennedy, The New York Times Book Review Acclaim for From Babel to Dragomans "Lewis has long been considered the West's leading interpreter of Mideast culture and history, and this collection only solidifies his reputation."--National Review "For more than four decades, Lewis has been one of the most respected scholars and prolific writers on the history and politics of the Middle East. In this compilation of more than 50 journal articles and essays, he displays the full range of his eloquence, knowledge, and insight regarding this pivotal and volatile region."--Booklist

Religion and Power in Morocco

Author: Henry Munson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300053760

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 2996

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In this book a well-known anthropologist traces the evolution of the political role of Islam in Morocco from the seventeenth century to present times. Integrating history and anthropology in a way very different from Clifford Geertz's famous study of 1968, Henry Munson organizes his book around a series of conflicts that have exemplified the myth of the righteous man of God who dares to defy an unjust sultan. Grounding his book in the relevant indigenous texts and on two years of ethnographic fieldwork, Munson suggests a more solidly substantiated alternative to the "social history of the imagination" advocated by Geertz, and he illustrates the consequences of neglecting the historical and symbolic contexts of events by examining Geertz's interpretation of the conflict between the seventeenth-century scholar-cum-saint al-Yusi and the sultan Mulay Ismail. Munson argues that the religious facets of power cannot be understood without reference to factors like force and fear, and he suggests that anthropological analyses of "sacred kingship" in Morocco have often been distorted by their neglect of such matters - and by their failure to distinguish between the religious rhetoric of rulers and the religious beliefs of those they rule. Munson examines the social historical roots of the fundamentalist opposition to the regime of King Hassan II, who has reigned since 1961, and the reasons for its relative weakness when compared with its counterparts in Iran and Algeria. He shows to what extent Moroccan fundamentalism is rooted in classical Islamic notions of "just rule" and to what extent it represents an invented tradition similar to recent forms of politicized revivalism in other religions.

Politics, Religion, and Power in the Great Lakes Region

Author: Murindwa Rutanga

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 2869784929

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

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Politics, Religion and Power in the Great Lakes Region covers the political, religious and power relations in the contemporary Great Lakes States: Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Tanzania, Kenya and the Sudan. The work is important because of the nexus between these countries' shared present and past - their political, socio-economic, cultural and historical aspirations. In terms of regional cooperation, they are the countries, save for the DRC and the Sudan, which form the current East African Community (EAC). The book reflects on the complex dynamics and strategies of the ensuing power struggle, bringing forth a unique set of fascinating revelations of patterns of primitive capital accumulation, resistance, human rights violations and the political compromises between traditional enemies when confronted by a common (foreign) enemy. A critical analysis of the political distortion the region suffered brings to light the relevance of these divisive tools on the current trends in the African countries, drawing inferences from the African Great Lakes Region (GLR). The study highlights how the conflicts were finally resolved to avert a serious war, thus bringing about new reforms. This history is instructive to the contemporary reader because of the frequent skirmishes caused by ethnic and religious differences, political and territorial conflicts as well as resource and leadership disputes in the GLR.

Paul and Empire

Religion and Power in Roman Imperial Society

Author: Richard A. Horsley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781563382178

Category: Religion

Page: 257

View: 9517

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Over the centuries, Paul has been understood as the prototypical convert from Judaism to Christianity. At the time of Pauls conversion, however, Christianity did not yet exist. Moreover, Paul says nothing to indicate that he was abandoning Judaism or Israel. He, in fact, understood his mission as the fulfillment of the promises to Israel and of Israels own destiny. In brief, Pauls gospel and mission were set over against the Roman Empire, not Judaism.

Religion and Power

Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond

Author: Nicole Maria Brisch

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 5975

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This volume represents a collection of contributions presented during the Third Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond, held at the Oriental Institute, February 23-24, 2007. The purpose of this conference was to examine more closely concepts of kingship in various regions of the world and in different time periods. The study of kingship goes back to the roots of fields such as anthropology and religious studies, as well as Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology. More recently, several conferences have been held on kingship, drawing on cross-cultural comparisons. Yet the question of the divinity of the king as god has never before been examined within the framework of a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary conference. Some of the recent anthropological literature on kingship relegates this question of kings who deified themselves to the background or voices serious misgivings about the usefulness of the distinction between divine and sacred kings. Several contributors to this volume have pointed out the Western, Judeo-Christian background of our categories of the human and the divine. However, rather than abandoning the term divine kingship because of its loaded history it is more productive to examine the concept of divine kingship more closely from a new perspective in order to modify our understanding of this term and the phenomena associated with it.

Religion and Power

Essays on Politology of Religion

Author: Miroljub Jevtić

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Islam and politics

Page: 301

View: 3467

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The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion

Author: Peter Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191557528

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 2031

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The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion draws on the expertise of an international team of scholars providing both an entry point into the sociological study and understanding of religion and an in-depth survey into its changing forms and content in the contemporary world. The role and impact of religion and spirituality on the politics, culture, education and health in the modern world is rigorously discussed and debated. The study of the sociology of religion forges interdisciplinary links to explore aspects of continuity and change in the contemporary interface between society and religion. Using a combination of theoretical, methodological and content-led approaches, the fifty-seven contributors collectively emphasise the complex relationships between religion and aspects of life from scientific research to law, ecology to art, music to cognitive science, crime to institutional health care and more. The developing character of religion, irreligion and atheism and the impact of religious diversity on social cohesion are explored. An overview of current scholarship in the field is provided in each themed chapter with an emphasis on encouraging new thinking and reflection on familiar and emergent themes to stimulate further debate and scholarship. The resulting essay collection provides an invaluable resource for research and teaching in this diverse discipline.

Religion and Power

Pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Greek East

Author: Douglas R. Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195344806

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 2407

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This book contributes to the small but growing literature on the interaction between religion and power in antiquity. Edwards focusses on the eastern "Greek" provinces in the first and second centuries A.D.--the period during which Christianity, Judaism, and numerous other religions and cults exploded across the Roman Empire. His purpose is to show how the local elite classes appropriated and manipulated mythic and religious images and practices to establish and consolidate their social, political, and economic power. Edwards considers both archaeological and literary evidence. He examines coins, epigraphs, statuary, building complexes, mosaics, and paintings from across Asia Minor and Syria-Palestine looking for evidence of sponsorship by local elites and the meaning of such sponsorship. On the literary side, Edwards selects one representative figure from each of the three major religio-cultural traditions: the Greek writer, Chariton of Aphrodisias; the Jewish historian, Josephus; and the Christian evangelist, the author of Luke Acts. He illustrates how each writer's use of religion reflects the interaction of local elite groups with the "web of power" that existed in political, cultural, and social spheres of the Roman Empire.

Converting Persia

Religion and Power in the Safavid Empire

Author: Rula Jurdi Abisaab

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860649707

Category: History

Page: 243

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Under the Safavids (1501-1736 CE) Persia adopted Shi'ism as its official religion. Rula Abisaab explains how and why this specific brand of Shi'ism--urban and legally-based--was brought to the region by leading Arab 'Ulama from Ottoman Syria, and changed the face of the region until this day. These emigre scholars furnished distinct sources of legitimacy for the Safavid monarchs, and an ideological defense against the Ottomans. Just as important at the time was a conscious and vivid process of Persianization both at the state level and in society. Converting Persia is vital reading for anthropologists, historians and scholars of religion, and any interested in Safavid Persia, in Shi'ism, and in the wider history of the Middle East.

Pagan Priests

Religion and Power in the Ancient World

Author: Mary Beard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 266

View: 4021

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Caste, Religion, and Power

An Indian Case Study

Author: Partap Chand Aggarwal

Publisher: New Delhi : Shri Ram Centre for Industrial Relations

ISBN: N.A

Category: India

Page: 270

View: 3180

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Liberty and Power

A Dialogue on Religion and U.S. Foreign Policy in an Unjust World

Author: J. Bryan Hehir,Michael Walzer,Louise Richardson,Shibley Telham,Charles Krauthammer,James M. Lindsay

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815796641

Category: Religion

Page: 136

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What role should religion play in shaping and implementing U.S. foreign policy? The dominant attitude over the last half century on the subject of religion and international relations was expressed well by Dean Acheson, Harry Truman's secretary of state: "Moral Talk was fine preaching for the Final Day of Judgment, but it was not a view I would entertain as a public servant." Was Acheson right? How a nation "commits itself to freedom" has long been at the heart of debates about foreign aid, economic sanctions, and military intervention. Moral and faith traditions have much to say about what is required to achieve this end. And after September 11, no one can doubt the importance of religious beliefs in influencing relations among peoples and nations. The contributors to this volume come at the issue from very different perspectives and offer exceptional and unexpected insights on a question now at the forefront of American foreign policy.

The Safavid Dynastic Shrine

Architecture, Religion and Power in Early Modern Iran

Author: Kishwar Rizvi

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848853548

Category: Architecture

Page: 269

View: 9694

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The Safavid period is in immensely rich chapter in the history of Iranian architecture. Kishwar Rizvi examines the intersection of popular piety and imperial ideology through an in-depth look at the production and patronage of the shrine of Shaykh Safi. As the former political base of the ruling dynasty, the shrine is a reservoir of insight into the cultural and religions interaction between the regional Muslim empires of the early Modern period. From its inception as a modest Sufi lodge to its apogee as the dynastic mausoleum of the Safavid Shahs, Rizvi recounts the pivotal moments in the shrine's development as a manifestation of political authority and a centre of religious worship. The Safavid Dynastic Shrine offers a pointed analysis of the structural representation of imperial power throughout the shrine's numerous renovations. Rizvi reveals how architecture, as both symbol and artefact, was instrumental in the formation of the empire's cult of kingship that prevailed throughout the first half of the sixteenth century. Through a detailed survey of blueprints, pilgrimage manuals and property transactions. Rizvi argues that the transformation of the Sufi institution into a regal dominion was not a simple transfer of power, but a constant negotiation between the diverse bases of clientele who paid homage to the shrine. The vast network of pilgrims and patrons, which transcended both geographical and religious divisions, demonstrates the fluid nature of the borders between neighbouring empires and challenges the traditional assumptions about the centres of power and their periphery in the early modern period. The Safavid Dynastic Shrine explores Iranian architecture not only as a monument of imperial legacy, but also as an expression of cultural diversity and aesthetic significance. --Book jacket.

The Meek and the Militant

Religion and Power Across the World

Author: Paul N. Siegel

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 9781931859240

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 720

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'Everyone knows that Marx wrote 'religion is the opium of the people,' but all too frequently this aphorism is regarded as exhausting what he and Engels had to say on the subject. This reprint of a Marxist classic sheds much needed light on a topic of renewed interest-the impact of religion on politics. The Meek and the Militant examines the historical roots of religion around the world, its origin and persistence, and how it has acted as a bulwark of the social order but also as a revolutionary force.

Religion and power

essays on the Christian community in Madras

Author: Lionel Caplan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: India, South

Page: 169

View: 5707

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From Republic to Empire

Rhetoric, Religion, and Power in the Visual Culture of Ancient Rome

Author: John Pollini

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806188162

Category: Art

Page: 576

View: 1604

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Political image-making—especially from the Age of Augustus, when the Roman Republic evolved into a system capable of governing a vast, culturally diverse empire—is the focus of this masterful study of Roman culture. Distinguished art historian and classical archaeologist John Pollini explores how various artistic and ideological symbols of religion and power, based on Roman Republican values and traditions, were taken over or refashioned to convey new ideological content in the constantly changing political world of imperial Rome. Religion, civic life, and politics went hand in hand and formed the very fabric of ancient Roman society. Visual rhetoric was a most effective way to communicate and commemorate the ideals, virtues, and political programs of the leaders of the Roman State in an empire where few people could read and many different languages were spoken. Public memorialization could keep Roman leaders and their achievements before the eyes of the populace, in Rome and in cities under Roman sway. A leader’s success demonstrated that he had the favor of the gods—a form of legitimation crucial for sustaining the Roman Principate, or government by a “First Citizen.” Pollini examines works and traditions ranging from coins to statues and reliefs. He considers the realistic tradition of sculptural portraiture and the ways Roman leaders from the late Republic through the Imperial period were represented in relation to the divine. In comparing visual and verbal expression, he likens sculptural imagery to the structure, syntax, and diction of the Latin language and to ancient rhetorical figures of speech. Throughout the book, Pollini’s vast knowledge of ancient history, religion, literature, and politics extends his analysis far beyond visual culture to every aspect of ancient Roman civilization, including the empire’s ultimate conversion to Christianity. Readers will gain a thorough understanding of the relationship between artistic developments and political change in ancient Rome.

Religious Franks

Author: Rob Meens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719097630

Category:

Page: 584

View: 2497

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This volume in honour of Mayke De Jong offers twenty-five essays focused upon the importance of religion to Frankish politics, a discourse to which De Jong herself has contributed greatly in her academic career. The prominent and internationally renowned contributors offer fresh perspectives on various themes such as the nature of royal authority, the definition of polity, unity and dissent, ideas of correction and discipline, the power of rhetoric and the rhetoric of power, and the diverse ways in power was institutionalised and employed by lay and ecclesiastical authorities. As such, this volume offers a uniquely comprehensive and valuable contribution to the field of medieval history, in particular the study of the Frankish world in the eighth and ninth centuries.