Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research

Author: Jerome Kirk,Marc L. Miller,Marc Louis Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803924703

Category: Medical

Page: 87

View: 3170

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Kirk and Miller define what is -- and what is not -- qualitative research. They suggest that the use of numbers in the process of recording and analyzing observations is less important than that the research should involve sustained interaction with the people being studied, in their own language and on their own turf. Following a chapter on objectivity, the authors discuss the role of reliability and validity and the problems that arise when these issues are neglected. They present a paradigm for the qualitative research process that makes it possible to pursue validity without neglecting reliability.

Paradigm Wars - Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research

Author: Matthias Baumgarten

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656114153

Category:

Page: 52

View: 8318

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Methods, Research, grade: 1,3 (77%), University of Warwick (Politics and International Studies), course: Qualitative Research Methods, language: English, comment: Distinction Grade, abstract: Validity and reliability as quality indicators have an uneasy standing in qualitative research and are subject to numerous debates. Researchers from different paradigmatic backgrounds expressed a variety of views, the extremes ranging from a complete denial of the possibility of valid and reliable qualitative research on one hand to the rejection of validity and reliability as meaningful quality indicators on the other. The following essay acknowledges the diverging assumptions underlying the different paradigms associated with quantitative and qualitative research. However, it denies that validity and reliability are inherently connected to predetermined ontological or epistemological assumptions and argues for their general use as quality indicators. To clarify this claim, a selection of different paradigms and the development of alternative quality indicators within them are highlighted. Since the usefulness of this multitude of indicators is questionable, reconciliation is attempted by consolidating them. The concepts of "core validity" and "core reliability," which can be specified according to the researcher's paradigm, are introduced for this task. These concepts underline the relevance and applicability of validity and reliability as quality indicators in qualitative research. Furthermore, qualitative research has developed strategies and methods, which enable the researcher to address negative influences on validity and reliability and achieve high degrees of both.

Qualitative Research in the Study of Leadership

Author: Karin Klenke

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0080464106

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 5782

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Although an increasingly growing number of books on qualitative research methods are currently available, there is not a text that examines the use of qualitative research methods in the context of the study of leadership which has produced a voluminous body of research. This book is intended to fill this void. It discusses the use of qualitative research methods in leadership studies beginning with an examination of the paradigmatic assumptions underlying qualitative research. The book chronicles the gradually increasing legitimacy of qualitative inquiry in a discipline in which the hegemony of the quantitative paradigm continues to prevail. A variety of qualitative methods are presented that can be placed on a continuum ranging from purely qualitative (e.g., phenomenology, ethnography, grounded theory) to highly quantitative (e.g., certain forms of content analysis, historiometry and mixed methods designs). The book also includes a chapter on the use nontextual, image-based sources of data for qualitative leadership research. For each of the qualitative methods discussed, empirical leadership research illustrating the application of these methods is reviewed and analyzed. The book is intended for students of leadership ranging from graduate students to seasoned leadership scholars. Finally, it was written with leadership practitioners in mind who wish to broaden their understanding of new developments in leadership research.

Grounded theory

Grundlagen qualitativer Sozialforschung

Author: Anselm L. Strauss,Juliet M. Corbin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621272650

Category: Grounded theory

Page: 227

View: 9523

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.

Grounded theory

Strategien qualitativer Forschung

Author: Barney G. Glaser,Anselm L. Strauss,Axel T. Paul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456849065

Category:

Page: 278

View: 7203

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Der Klassiker über den qualitativen Forschungsansatz der "Grounded Theory", geschrieben von den Entwicklern dieser Methode "Obwohl unser Buch sich in erster Linie an Soziologen richtet, glauben wir, dass es jedem nutzen kann, der daran interessiert ist, soziale Phänomene zu untersuchen politischer, pädagogischer, wirtschaftlicher, industrieller oder welcher Art auch immer." In der Tat ist "Grounded Theory" quer durch die wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zum Standardbegriff der qualitativen Sozialforschung ge - worden. Die inzwischen zum Klassiker avancierte Arbeit von Glaser und Strauss eröffnet eine lehrbare und auch lernbare Forschungsstrategie. Das Konzept bietet eine Antwort auf das Problem, die oft schmerzlich empfundene Lücke zwischen empirischer Forschung und Theorie zu schliessen.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412958400

Category: Social Science

Page: 654

View: 2443

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In the field of social work, qualitative research is starting to gain more prominence as are mixed methods and various issues regarding race, ethnicity and gender. These changes in the field are reflected and updated in The Handbook of Soical Work Research Methods, Second Edition. This text contains meta analysis, designs to evaluate treatment and provides the support to help students harness the power of the Internet. This handbook brings together leading scholars in research methods in social work.

Gesammelte Werke

Hermeneutik : Wahrheit und Methode. - 1. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik. Bd. 1

Author: Hans-Georg Gadamer

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161502118

Category: Philosophy

Page: 495

View: 9167

DOWNLOAD NOW »

English summary: Gadamer's main work, Truth and Method, will be published in 2010, exactly 50 years after the first edition, in a slightly corrected version as an inexpensive student edition. This is seen as one of the few standard works of German post-war philosophy which has achieved worldwide recognition. The huge reaction to this is surprising for many reasons, among other things because in this work an important new theory is presented in intimations only using the author's own conceptual instruments; in fact the author is careful when touching on ancient themes in the philosophical approach to the world. The main question in the work is: What actually happens when we understand? Gadamer focuses on the historical dimensions of understanding, including his famous rehabilitation of prejudice. In addition to the systematic excursus, the book contains an intellectual history of hermeneutics, which is convincing in its virtuosity in dealing with a variety of inspirational figures such as Hegel, Dilthey, Husserl and Heidegger. The amiability and objectivity with which Gadamer invites his readers to a discussion are what account for the enormous influence of this exemplary textbook. German description: Wir sagen, dass wir ein Gesprach fuhren, aber je eigentlicher ein Gesprach ist, desto weniger liegt die Fuhrung desselben in dem Willen des einen oder anderen Partners. (...) Was bei einem Gesprach herauskommt, weiss keiner vorher. (Gadamer, Wahrheit und Methode I, S. 387) Das Hauptwerk Wahrheit und Methode erscheint 2010, genau 50 Jahre nach der Erstausgabe, in durchgesehener und korrigierter Form als preiswerte Studienausgabe. Dieses Buch, das sein Autor erst im Alter von 60 Jahren schrieb, wurde zu einem Uberraschungserfolg der philosophischen Literatur. Als eines der wenigen weltweit anerkannten Standardwerke der deutschen Nachkriegsphilosophie wurde es in viele Sprachen ubersetzt.Die grosse Resonanz konnte aus vielerlei Grunden erstaunen, unter anderem weil hier nur in Andeutungen eine grosse neue Theorie mit eigenem begrifflichen Instrumentarium vorgestellt wird; der Autor umkreist vorsichtig uralte Themen des philosophischen Weltzugangs. Vor allem geht es um die Frage: Was geschieht eigentlich, wenn wir verstehen? Er stellt die geschichtliche Dimension des Verstehens in den Mittelpunkt, auch durch seine beruhmte Rehabilitierung des Vorurteils. Die systematischen Exkurse werden erganzt durch eine Geistesgeschichte der Hermeneutik, die in ihrer virtuosen Behandlung so unterschiedlicher Anreger wie Hegel, Dilthey, Husserl und Heidegger uberzeugt. Die Freundlichkeit und Sachlichkeit, mit der Gadamer seinen Leser ins Gesprach einladt, machen den Rang dieses vorbildlichen Lehrbuchs aus.

Fundamentals of Research Methodology for Health Care Professionals

Author: Hilla Brink,Christa Van der Walt,Gisela Van Rensburg

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9780702166808

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 9916

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An introduction to research methodology, this textbook contains conceptual and nontechnical descriptions of the methods used by researchers in medical experimentation. Each step of the research process is explained and illustrated with examples from practice. This revised second edition also has expanded sections on clinical research methods, action research, Web resources, and current scenarios.

Empirische Bildungsforschung

Strukturen und Methoden

Author: Heinz Reinders,Hartmut Ditton,Cornelia Gräsel,Burkhard Gniewosz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531199927

Category: Education

Page: 201

View: 1445

DOWNLOAD NOW »

'Empirische Bildungsforschung' gibt eine umfassende Einführung in den Gegenstand unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ausgewählter Themenfelder. Das zweibändige Lehrbuch geht in konzentrierter Weise auf die Inhalte ein, die für Studierende aller sozialwissenschaftlichen und Lehramts-Studiengänge von grundsätzlicher Bedeutung sind. Alle Teile des Lehrbuchs folgen einer einheitlichen Binnenstruktur. In diesem ersten Band werden Strukturen und Methoden der Empirischen Bildungsforschung aufbereitet und erklärt.

A Companion to Qualitative Research

Author: Uwe Flick,Ernst von Kardoff,Ines Steinke

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973751

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 4444

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A Companion to Qualitative Research draws on the work of an array of leading scholars from Europe, Britain and North America to present a summary of every aspect of the qualitative research process from nuts-and-bolts methods and research styles, to examinations of methodological theory and epistemology. It is one of the few surveys of qualitative research to adopt a genuinely international voice.

Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 4345

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Qualitative Research Proposals and Reports

A Guide

Author: Patricia L. Munhall

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763711719

Category: Medical

Page: 51

View: 6806

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Fourth Edition Of This Popular, Instructive Guide Provides The Reader With Essential Information On Formatting And Reporting Qualitative Research Abstracts And Reports. The Guide Includes Internet Resources And Appendices With Examples Of Outlines Of Different Methods.

Validity and Validation

Author: Catherine S. Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359245

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 1822

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Understanding Research series focuses on the process of writing up social research. The series is broken down into three categories: Understanding Statistics, Understanding Measurement, and Understanding Qualitative Research. The books provide researchers with guides to understanding, writing, and evaluating social research. Each volume demonstrates how research should be represented, including how to write up the methodology as well as the research findings. Each volume also reviews how to appropriately evaluate published research. Validity and Validation is an introduction to validity theory and to the methods used to obtain evidence for the validity of research and assessment results. The book pulls together the best thinking from educational and psychological research and assessment over the past 50 years. It briefly describes validity theory's roots in the philosophy of science. It highlights the ways these philosophical perspectives influence concepts of internal and external validity in research methodology, as well as concepts of validity and reliability in educational and psychological tests and measurements. Each chapter provides multiple examples (e.g., research designs and examples of output) to help the readers see how validation work is done in practice, from the ways we design research studies to the ways we interpret research results. Of particular importance is the practical focus on validation of scores from tests and other measures. The book also addresses strategies for investigating the validity of inferences we make about examinees using scores from assessments, as well as how to investigate score uses, the value implications of score interpretations, and the social consequences of score use. With this foundation, the book presents strategies for minimizing threats for validity as well as quantitative and qualitative methods for gathering evidence for the validity of scores.

Using Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Thomas W. Lee

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761908074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7207

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Offering a broad description of qualitative research, this book facilitates the integration of qualitative and quantitative methods in organizational research. It examines the methods and tactics for both generating and testing management theories, including guidelines for deciding whether to use qualitative methods and overviews of four specific research designs. It describes how qualitative data is collected and analyzed and when and how to quantitatively analyze qualitative data. The author articulates the critical roles for reliability and validity and in the final chapter offers conclusions and recommendations for writing articles that report qualitative studies.

Mathematics Education Research

A Guide for the Research Mathematician

Author: Curtis C. McKnight

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821820168

Category: Mathematics

Page: 106

View: 1426

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Mathematics education research in undergraduate mathematics has increased significantly in the last decade and shows no signs of abating in the near future. Thus far, this research has often been associated with innovations in curriculum such as calculus reform, statistics education, and the use of computational and graphing technology in instruction. Carefully conducted mathematics education research is something far more fundamental and widely useful than might be implied by its use by the advocates of innovation in undergraduate mathematics education. Most simply, mathematics education research is inquiry by carefully developed research methods aimed at providing evidence about the nature and relationships of many mathematics learning and teaching phenomena. It seeks to clarify the phenomena, illuminate them, explain how they are related to other phenomena, and explain how this may be related to undergraduate mathematics course organization and teaching. This book--the collaborative effort of a research mathematician, mathematics education researchers who work in a research mathematics department and a professional librarian--introduces research mathematicians to education research. The work presents a non-jargon introduction for educational research, surveys the more commonly used research methods, along with their rationales and assumptions, and provides background and careful discussions to help research mathematicians read or listen to education research more critically. This guide is of practical interest to university-based research mathematicians. It introduces the methodology of quantitative and qualitative research in education, provides critical guidelines for assessing the reliability and validity of mathematics education research, and explains how to use online database resources to locate education research. The book will also be valuable to graduate students in mathematics who are planning academic careers, and to mathematics department chairs and their deans.

The Quality of Qualitative Research

Author: Clive Seale

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144627621X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1936

DOWNLOAD NOW »

`Apart from its inherent readability, I found three other attractive features about the book: First is the use of exemplars based on case studies from qualitative studies, including Whyte's Street Corner Society; second, is the quotes from key methodological texts reflecting on a range of qualitative research traditions; and third, is the use of philosophical argument and reference in the book which provided an added depth to the debate, often lacking in more practically oriented books. These deliberations take readers to a higher plane, whilst still allowing the novice to philosophy to gain an insight into theory' - Forum for Qualitative Research `Seale steers a dispassionate course - both pragmatic and thoughtful - through the sometimes stormy waters of qualitative analysis. Anyone wanting an up-to-date picture of qualitative analysis will benefit from this book. It is truly a quality contribution to the field' - Nigel Fielding, University of Surrey `Clearly and engagingly written, this book covers crucially important issues such as the generalisability of findings, the grounding of theory and the validity and reliability of research reports. With frequent summaries of key points, criteria for evaluating research reports and discussions exercises, this is an extremely useful text for students and professionals alike' - Derek Layder, University of Leicester `This is a brilliant, carefully crafted, even-handed, comprehensive analysis of the multiple ways in which quality is assessed in contemporary qualitative inquiry. Clive Seale provides a balanced, subtly nuanced treatment of this key problem' - Norman Denzin, University of Illinois, Urbana-Chanpaign `The coverage is impressive and the depth of scholarship impeccable. Both students and seasoned investigators will find the author's pragmatic approach refreshing and helpful. It will appeal to the naturalistic researcher as well as to empirically-oriented scholars smitten by postmodern questions. I would definitely recommend it to my students. A splendid leading text for classroom adoption' - Jaber F Gubrium, University of Florida `Clive Seale has performed an important service for social science researchers by finding a sane middle ground between the twin fanaticisms of radical interpretivism and quantiative scientism. His book is practical, telling people who want to get research done how to do that in an effective and reasonable way. His explanations are clear and concise, his examples well chosen, and the practices he recommends are doable. You can learn a lot about how to approach research from this book' - Howard S Becker, University of California, Santa Barbara `For the undergraduate, or postgraduate looking for a comfortable drive through an increasingly unmanageable literature, this book provides an outstanding introduction' - Qualitative Research

The Case Study as Research Method

A Practical Handbook

Author: Yves-Chantal Gagnon

Publisher: PUQ

ISBN: 2760524566

Category: Education

Page: 130

View: 4593

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Teeming with practical examples, this guide promotes an integrated approach for carrying out a case study. With a background emphasis on how to ensure the reliability and validity of results, the different steps of this approach are detailed: assessing the appropriateness of a case study; preparation; selecting cases; data collection, analysis and interpretation; and reporting results

Mixed Methods

Methodologie, Forschungsdesigns und Analyseverfahren

Author: Udo Kuckartz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531932675

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 7660

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Mixed Methods-Ansätze gelten mittlerweile im angelsächsischen Raum als „drittes methodologisches Paradigma“ jenseits der Dualität von qualitativ versus quantitativ. Dieses Buch macht Forscher aus den Sozial- und Erziehungswissenschaften mit diesem neuen Methodenverständnis vertraut und gibt eine praktische Einführung in Designformen und Analysemethoden.