Relational Poverty Politics

Forms, Struggles, and Possibilities

Author: Victoria Lawson,Sarah Elwood

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820353124

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 8698

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This collection examines the power and transformative potential of movements that fight against poverty and inequality. Broadly, poverty politics are struggles to define who is poor, what it means to be poor, what actions might be taken, and who should act. These movements shape the sociocultural and political economic structures that constitute poverty and privilege as material and social relations. Editors Victoria Lawson and Sarah Elwood focus on the politics of insurgent movements against poverty and inequality in seven countries (Argentina, India, Brazil, South Africa, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States). The contributors explore theory and practice in alliance politics, resistance movements, the militarized repression of justice movements, global counterpublics, and political theater. These movements reflect the diversity of poverty politics and the relations between bureaucracies and antipoverty movements. They discuss work done by mass and other types of mobilizations across multiple scales; forms of creative and political alliance across axes of difference; expressions and exercises of agency by people named as poor; and the kinds of rights and other claims that are made in different spaces and places. Relational Poverty Politics advocates for poverty knowledge grounded in relational perspectives that highlight the adversarial relationship of poverty to privilege, as well as the possibility for alliances across different groups. It incorporates current research in the field and demonstrates how relational poverty knowledge is best seen as a model for understanding how theory is derivative of action as much as the other way around. The book lays a foundation for realistic change that can directly attack poverty at its roots. Contributors: Antonádia Borges, Dia Da Costa, Sarah Elwood, David Boarder Giles, Jim Glassman, Victoria Lawson, Felipe Magalhães, Jeff Maskovsky, Richa Nagar, Genevieve Negrón-Gonzales, LaShawnDa Pittman, Frances Fox Piven, Preeti Sampat, Thomas Swerts, and Junjia Ye.

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Social Work

Author: Stephen A. Webb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351264389

Category: Social Science

Page: 610

View: 3687

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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Social Work brings together the world’s leading scholars in the field to provide a cutting-edge overview of classic and current research and future trends in the subject. Comprised of 48 chapters divided into six parts: Historical, social, and political influences Mapping the theoretical and conceptual terrain Methods of engagement and modes of analysis Critical contexts for practice and policy Professional education and socialisation Future challenges, directions, and transformations it provides an authoritative guide to theory and method, and the primary debates of today in social work from a critical perspective. This handbook is a major reference work and the first book to comprehensively map the wide-ranging territory of critical social work. It does so by addressing its conceptual developments, its methodological advances, its value-based front-line practice and as an influence on the policy field. By offering a definitive survey of current academic knowledge as it relates to professional practice, it provides the first comprehensive, up-to-date, definitive work of reference while at the same time identifying emerging, innovative and cutting-edge areas.

Subaltern Geographies

Author: Tariq Jazeel,Stephen Legg

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820354600

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 2119

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Subaltern Geographies is the first book-length discussion addressing the relationship between the historical innovations of subaltern studies and the critical intellectual practices and methodologies of cultural, urban, historical, and political geography. This edited volume explores this relationship by attempting to think critically about space and spatial categorizations. Editors Tariq Jazeel and Stephen Legg ask, What methodological-philosophical potential does a rigorously geographical engagement with the concept of subalternity pose for geographical thought, whether in historical or contemporary contexts? And what types of craft are necessary for us to seek out subaltern perspectives both from the past and in the present? In so doing, Subaltern Geographies engages with the implications for and impact on disciplinary geographical thought of subaltern studies scholarship, as well as the potential for such thought. In the process, it probes new spatial ideas and forms of learning in an attempt to bypass the spatial categorizations of methodological nationalism and Eurocentrism.

Qualitative GIS

A Mixed Methods Approach

Author: Meghan Cope,Sarah Elwood

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412945658

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 9517

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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems. Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.

The Government of Chronic Poverty

From the politics of exclusion to the politics of citizenship?

Author: Sam Hickey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317983009

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 528

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What are the underlying causes of chronic poverty? Can ‘development beyond neoliberalism’ offer the strategies required to challenge such persistent forms of poverty, particularly through efforts to promote citizenship amongst poor people? Drawing on case-study evidence from Africa, Latin America and South Asia, the contributions critically examine different attempts to ‘govern’ chronic poverty via the promotion of particular forms and notions of citizenship, with a specific focus on the role of community-based approaches, social policy and social movements. Poverty is seen here as deriving from underlying patterns of uneven development, involving processes of capitalism and state formation that foster inequality-generating mechanisms and particularly disadvantaged social categories. Sceptics tend to deride the emphasis under current ‘inclusive’ forms of Liberalism on tackling poverty through the promotion of citizenship as inevitably depoliticising and disempowering for poor people, and our cases do suggest that citizenship-based strategies rarely alter the underlying basis of poverty. However, our evidence also offers some support to those optimists who suggest that progressive moves towards poverty reduction and citizenship formation have become more rather than less likely at the current juncture. The promotion of citizenship emerges here as a significant but incomplete effort to challenge poverty that persists over time. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Development Studies.

Soft Governance in Hard Politics

European Coordination of Anti-Poverty Policies in France and Germany

Author: Sandra Kröger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3531918109

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 5303

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The present study addresses the governance architecture of the much debated Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the field of social inclusion and evaluates its implementation in France, Germany and at EU-level. Based on extensive variable-based empirical research, it assesses both the effectiveness and the legitimacy of the OMC and comes to unequivocal conclusions: Due to the resistance of member states and remaining differences in underlying ideas of social justice, anti-poverty policy could not be Europeanised through the OMC which unfolds as a very weak governance architecture. The general framework of negative integration remains unchallenged by this non-binding instrument which, to the contrary of its intention, rather forecloses the possibility of supranational learning. With regard to legitimacy, the OMC supports policy-making in closed, intransparent circles of very weakly or not democratically mandated representatives and therefore does little do decrease the democratic deficit of the EU - however one of its original ambitions.

Poverty

Author: Ruth Lister

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745625649

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 4508

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Poverty remains one of the most urgent issues of our time. This text provides an introduction to the meaning and experience of poverty in the contemporary world.

Poverty, Education and Development

Author: Francis Godwyll,So Young Kang

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 5718

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This book addresses the state of poverty and its effects on education and development. It is organised into two sections: Poverty, socio-economics, poverty and gender. Section one focuses on the state of the lives of the peoples in Africa as a result of poverty. These chapters raise arguments to challenge the status quo as unacceptable. The second section of the book focuses on poverty in relation to gender. It explores how lack of education and inequality of females in the society can impact poverty of the nation in general. These chapters discuss the influential factors of poverty in Asia and Africa, and how it enriches the section by looking into Appalachian single mothers' lived experiences from the South-eastern portion of the US.

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 5643

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Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Liebe Ijeawele

Wie unsere Töchter selbstbestimmte Frauen werden

Author: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104905428

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 80

View: 7844

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Mit fünfzehn Vorschlägen für eine feministische Erziehung wirft die Bestseller-Autorin Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie so einfache wie wichtige Fragen auf und spannt den Bogen zwischen zwei Generationen von Frauen – ein Buch für Mütter und Töchter. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Feministin und Autorin des preisgekrönten Weltbestsellers ›Americanah‹, hat einen Brief an ihre Freundin Ijeawele geschrieben, die gerade ein Mädchen zur Welt gebracht hat. Ijeawele möchte ihre Tochter zu einer selbstbestimmten Frau erziehen, frei von überholten Rollenbildern und Vorurteilen. Alles selbstverständlich, aber wie gelingt das konkret? Mit ihrem Manifest ›Liebe Ijeawele. Wie unsere Töchter selbstbestimmte Frauen werden‹ zeigt Chimamanda Adichie, dass Feminismus kein Reizwort ist, sondern eine Selbstverständlichkeit. Mit fünfzehn simplen Vorschlägen für eine feministische Erziehung öffnet sie auch den Blick auf die eigene Kindheit und Jugend. Die junge nigerianische Bestseller-Autorin steht für einen Feminismus, mit dem sich alle identifizieren können. We should all be feminists!

Ökonomie für den Menschen

Wege zu Gerechtigkeit und Solidarität in der Marktwirtschaft

Author: Amartya Kumar Sen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423362641

Category: Wirtschaftsentwicklung - Freiheit - Soziale Gerechtigkeit

Page: 424

View: 4527

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Das große Buch des Nobelpreisträgers: Eine Programmschrift, die ökonomische Vernunft, politischen Realismus und soziale Verantwortung zusammenführt. Mit diesem Buch hat Sen eine Schneise in die Globalisierungsdebatte geschlagen. Als einer der bedeutenden Wirtschaftstheoretiker der Gegenwart fordert er die Moral in der Marktwirtschaft ein und packt das Weltproblem Nr. 1 an: die sich immer weiter öffnende Schere zwischen dem global agierenden Turbokapitalismus und der zunehmenden Arbeitslosigkeit und Verarmung. Dieses engagierte Buch hat er für die breite Öffentlichkeit geschrieben, eindringlich stellt er dar, daß Freiheit, Gleichheit und Solidarität keine abstrakten Ideale sind, sondern fundamentale Voraussetzungen für eine prosperierende, gerechte Weltwirtschaft.

Money and Power

Great Predators in the Political Economy of Development

Author: Sarah Bracking

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 9733

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Sarah Bracking explores the role of governments and development finance institutions in managing the markets in which the poorest countries operate. These institutions - the 'Great Predators' - are trapping the populations of the south in a permanent cycle of austerity.Bracking examines the political economy relations between states. She shows how pseudo-public 'development' institutions retain complete economic control over Southern markets, yet the international system is itself unregulated. Operating in the interests of North America and the European Union, they have a political purpose, and yet serve to cloud the brute power relations between states.This book will be of interest to anyone studying debt and development, global financial institutions, and the way the world economy is regulated and governed.

After Secularism

Rethinking Religion in Global Politics

Author: E. Wilson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355315

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 4140

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Having destabilized dominant assumptions about the nature of religion, there is now a need to develop new ways of thinking about this ever-present phenomenon in global politics. This book outlines a new approach to understanding religion and its relationship with politics in the West and globally for International Relations.

Patronage Politics Divides Us

A Study of Poverty, Patronage and Inequality in South Africa

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655824

Category: Social Science

Page: 143

View: 4982

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Patronage Politics Divides Us is the culmination of a research project that forms part of MISTRA's first suite of eight priority research projects. The research explores the relationship between patronage, poverty, and inequality with a particular focus on its impact on the conduct of local politics. The overall aim of the study was to explore the possibility of constituting public institutions in a manner that enables them to become legitimate arbiters between the various interests, rather than as instruments that are captured by contending interest groups for their own accumulation. Most importantly, this study was necessitated by the realization that postapartheid patronage politics has not received sufficient scholarly attention. The report is a profile of socioeconomic life in South Africa's various communities as experienced not only by locals but also by foreign-born residents. The findings provide a window on relationships between councilors, business interests, and local party organizations.

Relational Accountability

Complexities of Structural Injustice

Author: Joy Moncrieffe

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780322917

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 9292

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In this insightful new book, Moncrieffe argues that the traditionally narrow interpretation of accountability obscures relationships, power dynamics, structures, processes and complexities. The relational view, in contrast, seeks to understand the ways in which people perform in their roles as social actors, and how the quality of relationships influences the character of accountability. This book will provide a grounded theoretical background to accountability, using vivid case evidence to emphasize the significance of relational approaches to accountability using empirical data (from Jamaica, Haiti, Ethiopia and Uganda). Ultimately arguing that accountability is much more than a managerial concept; rather, it is deeply social and political. The result is a unique, coherent, perspective that will both explain and 'debunk' this central developmental concept.

Soziophobie

Politischer Wandel im Zeitalter der digitalen Utopie

Author: César Rendueles

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518741063

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9560

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Früher gab es einen Marktplatz und einen Markttag – mittlerweile haben die Läden immer länger geöffnet, und der Kapitalismus kolonialisiert die letzte Pore der Lebenswelt. In einer von wachsender Ungleichheit geprägten Gegenwart setzen viele Linke ihre letzte Hoffnung in die sozialen Medien, eine Haltung, die César Rendueles als naiven »Cyberfetischismus« kritisiert. Mit einem Gespür für große historische Bögen und einem an Slavoj Žižek erinnernden Talent, aus popkulturellen Referenzen theoretische Funken zu schlagen, legt er dar, dass politischer Wandel nur möglich sein wird, wenn wir die »Soziophobie«, die Angst vor der Kooperation mit den anderen, überwinden. »Wenn viele gleichzeitig dasselbe machen«, so Rendueles, »heißt das noch lange nicht, dass sie es gemeinsam tun.«

City Requiem, Calcutta

Gender and the Politics of Poverty

Author: Ananya Roy

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816639328

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8401

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Housing developments emerge amid the paddy fields on the fringes of Calcutta; overflowing trains carry peasant women to informal urban labor markets in a daily commute against hunger; land is settled and claimed in a complex choreography of squatting and evictions: such, Ananya Roy contends, are the distinctive spaces of a communism for the new millennium -- where, at a moment of liberalization, the hegemony of poverty is quietly reproduced. An ethnography of urban development in Calcutta, Roy's book explores the dynamics of class and gender in the persistence of poverty. City Requiem, Calcutta emphasizes how gender itself is spatialized, and how gender relations are negotiated within the geopolitics of modernity and through the everyday practices of territory. Thus Roy shows how urban developmentalism, in its populist guise, reproduces the relations of masculinist patronage, and, in its entrepreneurial guise, seeks to reclaim a bourgeois Calcutta, gentlemanly in its nostalgias. In doing so, her work expands the field of poverty studies by showing how a politics of poverty is also a poverty of knowledge, a construction and management of social and spatial categories.