Regulating Code

Good Governance and Better Regulation in the Information Age

Author: Ian Brown (Internet consultant),Christopher T. Marsden

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262018829

Category: Law

Page: 267

View: 1758

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The case for a smarter "prosumer law" approach to Internet regulation that would better protect online innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights. Internet use has become ubiquitous in the past two decades, but governments, legislators, and their regulatory agencies have struggled to keep up with the rapidly changing Internet technologies and uses. In this groundbreaking collaboration, regulatory lawyer Christopher Marsden and computer scientist Ian Brown analyze the regulatory shaping of "code"--the technological environment of the Internet--to achieve more economically efficient and socially just regulation. They examine five "hard cases" that illustrate the regulatory crisis: privacy and data protection; copyright and creativity incentives; censorship; social networks and user-generated content; and net neutrality. The authors describe the increasing "multistakeholderization" of Internet governance, in which user groups argue for representation in the closed business-government dialogue, seeking to bring in both rights-based and technologically expert perspectives. Brown and Marsden draw out lessons for better future regulation from the regulatory and interoperability failures illustrated by the five cases. They conclude that governments, users, and better functioning markets need a smarter "prosumer law" approach. Prosumer law would be designed to enhance the competitive production of public goods, including innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights.

Handbuch Informelles Lernen

Author: Matthias Rohs

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658059532

Category: Education

Page: 674

View: 3676

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Informelles Lernen ist in den letzten Jahren von einer vermeintlichen ‚Restkategorie’ zu einem etablierten Bestandteil der Diskussion in vielen pädagogischen Handlungsfeldern geworden. Das Handbuch Informelles Lernen führt in diese Diskussion ein, indem es einen systematischen Überblick über die historische Genese, die theoretischen Grundlagen, empirische Erkenntnisse und forschungsmethodische Ansätze dieses Feldes gibt. Renommierte Expertinnen und Experten stellen den Diskussionsstand aus dem Blickwinkel verschiedener pädagogischer Teildisziplinen, Lebensphasen, Kontexte und Inhalte vor. Den digitalen Medien kommt dabei eine besondere Bedeutung zu, da sie für das informelle Lernen in allen pädagogischen Handlungsfelder relevant sind. Das Handbuch unterstützt damit eine breite Wahrnehmung des Diskurses und bietet Anregungen für eine tiefergehende Auseinandersetzung in Studium, Forschung und Praxis.

Global Free Expression - Governing the Boundaries of Internet Content

Author: Ben Wagner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319335138

Category: Law

Page: 184

View: 1665

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This book examines the changes in the governance of human expression as a result of the development of the Internet. It tells the story of the emergence of a global regime that almost completely lacks institutions, and develops a concept of ‘expression governance’ that focusses on the governance practices of key actors in Europe and North America. The book illuminates the increased disciplinary capacity of the Internet infrastructure that has become apparent to the public following Edward Snowden’s leaks in 2013, and provides a theoretical frame within which such changes can be understood. It argues that the Internet has developed a ‘global default’ of permissible speech that exists pervasively across the globe but beyond the control of any one actor. It then demonstrates why the emergence of such a ‘global default’ of speech is crucial to global conflict in the international relations of the Internet. The book concludes with an elaboration of the regulatory practices and theatrical performances that enable a global regime as well as the three key narratives that are embedded within it.

Das umkämpfte Netz

Macht- und medienbildungstheoretische Analysen zum Digitalen

Author: Ralf Biermann,Dan Verständig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658150114

Category: Education

Page: 165

View: 2347

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Das Buch vereint ausgewählte interdisziplinäre Zugänge zu aktuellen Entwicklungen im und über das Internet. Im Kontext der Begriffe Internet, Bildung und Gesellschaft wird untersucht, wie Personen und Gruppen versuchen, weitgehenden Einfluss auf die zunehmende Digitalisierung der Gesellschaft zu nehmen. Themen wie Grundrechte im Netz, Identitätsbildung und Partizipations- und Bildungsmöglichkeiten werden aufgegriffen, um auf aktuelle Dynamiken und deren Implikationen für die Theoriebildung im Feld der Medienbildung hinzuweisen.

Policy Implications of Virtual Work

Author: Pamela Meil,Vassil Kirov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319520571

Category: Political Science

Page: 301

View: 8918

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This collection presents an array of policy debates and implications emerging from virtual work. The authors cover a range of areas, including: conceptual debates, measuring virtual work; discourses and levels of policy intervention; the role of the sharing and collaborative economy; and resultant challenges for organized labour, law and regulation. The authors of the chapters analyse the ways in which processes of digitalization leading to virtual work impact so many aspects of our lives: the way we buy, sell, network, communicate, participate, create, consume, and, of course, the way we work. In turn they focus on the subsequent implications for the future of work as well as the viability of existing social protection systems. The developments examined here are salient for both policy stakeholders and for the academic community in areas such as labour sociology, industrial relations, gender studies, political economy, and economic geography.

The Fourth Revolution

How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667706

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 3797

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Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed into our 'real' lives so that we begin to live, as Floridi puts in, "onlife". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. "Onlife" defines more and more of our daily activity - the way we shop, work, learn, care for our health, entertain ourselves, conduct our relationships; the way we interact with the worlds of law, finance, and politics; even the way we conduct war. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. How can we ensure that we shall reap their benefits? What are the implicit risks? Are our technologies going to enable and empower us, or constrain us? Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities, putting the 'e' in an environmentalism that can deal successfully with the new challenges posed by our digital technologies and information society.

Networks and States

The Global Politics of Internet Governance

Author: Milton L. Mueller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262288796

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 5650

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When the prevailing system of governing divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed control? Given filtering/censorship by states and concerns over national cybersecurity, it is often assumed that the Internet will inevitably be subordinated to the traditional system of nation-states. In Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, showing how Internet governance poses novel and fascinating governance issues that give rise to a global politics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a broad overview of Internet governance from the formation of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peer-to-peer file sharing, and the rise of national-level Internet control and security concerns. Internet governance has become a source of conflict in international relations. Networks and States explores the important role that emerging transnational institutions could play in fostering global governance of communication-information policy.

Governance and Information Technology

From Electronic Government to Information Government

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger,David Lazer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262134837

Category: Computers

Page: 314

View: 374

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Developments in information and communication technology and networked computing over the past two decades have given rise to the notion of electronic government, most commonly used to refer to the delivery of public services over the Internet. This volume argues for a shift from the narrow focus of "electronic government" on technology and transactions to the broader perspective of information government—the information flows within the public sector, between the public sector and citizens, and among citizens—as a way to understand the changing nature of governing and governance in an information society. Contributors discuss the interplay between recent technological developments and evolving information flows, and the implications of different information flows for efficiency, political mobilization, and democratic accountability. The chapters are accompanied by short case studies from around the world, which cover such topics as electronic government efforts in Singapore and Switzerland, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s effort to solicit input on planned regulations over the Internet, and online activism "cyberprotesting" globalization. Contributors: Robert D. Behn, Maria Christina Binz-Scharf, Herbert Burkert, Lorenzo Cantoni, Cary Coglianese, Martin J. Eppler, Jane E. Fountain, Monique Girard, Ake Gronlund, Matthew Hindman, Edwin Lau, David Lazer, Viktor Mayer-Schonberger, Ines Mergel, Gopal Raman, David Stark, Sandor Vegh, and Darrell M. West

Government 2.0

Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy

Author: William D. Eggers

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742541764

Category: Computers

Page: 299

View: 1021

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A well-written, lively, optimistic book that calls for the transformation of technology in government from 'lipstick on a bulldog to total information awareness.' This book is proactive in nature (see what these governments are really doing), does not call for a wholesale and costly transformation, and employs a subtle shaming of those governments that have not yet joined the 21st century. William Eggers's argument, conservative in nature, states that the world of politics would quickly and markedly benefit from this digital transformation in terms of a fiscal payoff, but a more profound change would result as governments become more transparent, more democratic, and more efficient.

History of U.S. Political Parties

Author: Arthur Meier Schlesinger

Publisher: Chelsea House Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 4553

View: 666

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Discussions of the development, programs, constituencies, and achievements of all major parties, and includes speeches, letters, and other politically-relevant materials.

Risks, Rewards and Regulation of Unconventional Gas

A Global Perspective

Author: R. Quentin Grafton,Ian G. Cronshaw,Michal C. Moore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110712008X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 650

View: 7812

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This book explains the drivers and implications of unconventional gas at regional, national and global scales with case studies and in-depth analyses.

Thinking Ahead - Essays on Big Data, Digital Revolution, and Participatory Market Society

Author: Dirk Helbing

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319150782

Category: Computers

Page: 194

View: 4841

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The rapidly progressing digital revolution is now touching the foundations of the governance of societal structures. Humans are on the verge of evolving from consumers to prosumers, and old, entrenched theories – in particular sociological and economic ones – are falling prey to these rapid developments. The original assumptions on which they are based are being questioned. Each year we produce as much data as in the entire human history - can we possibly create a global crystal ball to predict our future and to optimally govern our world? Do we need wide-scale surveillance to understand and manage the increasingly complex systems we are constructing, or would bottom-up approaches such as self-regulating systems be a better solution to creating a more innovative, more successful, more resilient, and ultimately happier society? Working at the interface of complexity theory, quantitative sociology and Big Data-driven risk and knowledge management, the author advocates the establishment of new participatory systems in our digital society to enhance coordination, reduce conflict and, above all, reduce the “tragedies of the commons,” resulting from the methods now used in political, economic and management decision-making. The author Physicist Dirk Helbing is Professor of Computational Social Science at the Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences and an affiliate of the Computer Science Department at ETH Zurich, as well as co-founder of ETH’s Risk Center. He is internationally known for the scientific coordination of the FuturICT Initiative which focuses on using smart data to understand techno-socio-economic systems. “Prof. Helbing has produced an insightful and important set of essays on the ways in which big data and complexity science are changing our understanding of ourselves and our society, and potentially allowing us to manage our societies much better than we are currently able to do. Of special note are the essays that touch on the promises of big data along with the dangers...this is material that we should all become familiar with!” Alex Pentland, MIT, author of Social Physics: How Good Ideas Spread - The Lessons From a New Science "Dirk Helbing has established his reputation as one of the leading scientific thinkers on the dramatic impacts of the digital revolution on our society and economy. Thinking Ahead is a most stimulating and provocative set of essays which deserves a wide audience.” Paul Ormerod, economist, and author of Butterfly Economics and Why Most Things Fail. "It is becoming increasingly clear that many of our institutions and social structures are in a bad way and urgently need fixing. Financial crises, international conflicts, civil wars and terrorism, inaction on climate change, problems of poverty, widening economic inequality, health epidemics, pollution and threats to digital privacy and identity are just some of the major challenges that we confront in the twenty-first century. These issues demand new and bold thinking, and that is what Dirk Helbing offers in this collection of essays. If even a fraction of these ideas pay off, the consequences for global governance could be significant. So this is a must-read book for anyone concerned about the future." Philip Ball, science writer and author of Critical Mass “This collection of papers, brought together by Dirk Helbing, is both timely and topical. It raises concerns about Big Data, which are truly frightening and disconcerting, that we do need to be aware of; while at the same time offering some hope that the technology, which has created the previously unthought-of dangers to our privacy, safety and democracy can be the means to address these dangers by enabling social, economic and political participation and coordination, not possible in the past. It makes for compelling reading and I hope for timely action.”Eve Mitleton-Kelly, LSE, author of Corporate Governance and Complexity Theory and editor of Co-evolution of Intelligent Socio-technical Systems

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9325

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Die Plattform-Revolution

Von Airbnb, Uber, PayPal und Co. lernen: Wie neue Plattform-Geschäftsmodelle die Wirtschaft verändern

Author: Geoffrey G. Parker,Marshall W. Van Alstyne,Sangeet Paul Choudary

Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 3958455212

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7588

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Niles' Weekly Register

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 366

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Containing political, historical, geographical, scientifical, statistical, economical, and biographical documents, essays and facts: together with notices of the arts and manu factures, and a record of the events of the times.

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution

Author: Klaus Schwab

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641203171

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9458

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Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.