Realist Constructivism

Rethinking International Relations Theory

Author: J. Samuel Barkin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139484400

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7336

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Realism and constructivism, two key contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of international relations, are commonly taught as mutually exclusive ways of understanding the subject. Realist Constructivism explores the common ground between the two, and demonstrates that, rather than being in simple opposition, they have areas of both tension and overlap. There is indeed space to engage in a realist constructivism. But at the same time, there are important distinctions between them, and there remains a need for a constructivism that is not realist, and a realism that is not constructivist. Samuel Barkin argues more broadly for a different way of thinking about theories of international relations, that focuses on the corresponding elements within various approaches rather than on a small set of mutually exclusive paradigms. Realist Constructivism provides an interesting new way for scholars and students to think about international relations theory.

Power, Realism and Constructivism

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415640466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 341

View: 7099

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power – within and outside International Relations – provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical state of the art in IR is reassessed. A novel analysis of power and the potential limits of realism and constructivism in International Relations, Power, Realism and Constructivism will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, international political economy, social and political theory, and the study of power.

Creating Insecurity

Realism, Constructivism, and Us Security Policy

Author: Anthony D. Lott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780815388272

Category:

Page: 186

View: 2574

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In this absorbing book Anthony Lott develops a national security analysis that can be used to critique the policies of states. His approach combines realist thought common to traditional security studies and a version of 'political' constructivism common to critical security studies. While the focus on human security remains integral, the 9/11 attacks on New York demonstrate the importance of national security traditionally defined. This book recognizes the importance of both components of security in a broader security dialogue. After building a theoretical understanding of security, the work examines four disparate security issues that currently engage policy makers in the United States: the current discourse concerning ballistic missile defense, the war on drugs in Colombia, democratic challenges to economic globalization and the state response, and the US-led war to oust Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq. The book is designed for upper-division international relations courses in national security studies, international politics and theory.

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

A Synthesis of Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism

Author: Giulio M. Gallarotti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489941

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6530

DOWNLOAD NOW »

How can nations optimize their power in the modern world system? Realist theory has underscored the importance of hard power as the ultimate path to national strength. In this vision, nations require the muscle and strategies to compel compliance and achieve their full power potential. But in fact, changes in world politics have increasingly encouraged national leaders to complement traditional power resources with more enlightened strategies oriented around the use of soft power resources. The resources to compel compliance have to be increasingly integrated with the resources to cultivate compliance. Only through this integration of hard and soft power can nations truly achieve their greatest strength in modern world politics, and this realization carries important implications for competing paradigms of international relations. The idea of power optimization can only be delivered through the integration of the three leading paradigms of international relations: Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism.

Realism - Relativism - Constructivism

Proceedings of the 38th International Wittgenstein Symposium in Kirchberg

Author: Christian Kanzian,Sebastian Kletzl,Josef Mitterer,Katharina Neges

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110524058

Category: Philosophy

Page: 476

View: 2651

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The book presents papers from leading proponents of realist, relativist, and constructivist positions in epistemology and the philosophy of language and ethics.

Constructivism in Ethics

Author: Carla Bagnoli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107276551

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5505

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Are there such things as moral truths? How do we know what we should do? And does it matter? Constructivism states that moral truths are neither invented nor discovered, but rather are constructed by rational agents in order to solve practical problems. While constructivism has become the focus of many philosophical debates in normative ethics, meta-ethics and action theory, its importance is still to be fully appreciated. These new essays written by leading scholars define and assess this new approach in ethics, addressing such questions as the nature of constructivism, how constructivism improves our understanding of moral obligations, how it accounts for the development of normative practices, whether moral truths change over time, and many other topics. The volume will be valuable for advanced students and scholars of ethics and all who are interested in questions about the foundation of morality.

Perspectives on World Politics

Author: Richard Little,Michael Smith

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415322768

Category: Political Science

Page: 433

View: 9289

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Perspectives on World Politics has been essential reading for students of international relations since the 1980s. This new edition fully updates this key text for the twenty-first century. Focusing on the main competing analytical perspectives, the first and second editions established an authoritative sense of the conceptual tools used to study world politics, as well as reflecting on the major debates and responses to changes in the world arena. This third edition builds on the success of its predecessors by presenting a fresh set of readings within this framework: power and security interdependence and globalization dominance and resistance. It also includes a much-expanded fourth section, 'World Politics in Perspective', which reflects the methodological and normative debates that have developed since publication of the previous edition. This is an essential text for all students and scholars of politics and international relations.

Bringing Knowledge Back In

From Social Constructivism to Social Realism in the Sociology of Education

Author: Michael Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134357591

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 8008

DOWNLOAD NOW »

'This book tackles some of the most important educational questions of the day... It is rare to find a book on education which is theoretically sophisticated and practically relevant: this book is.' From the Foreword by Hugh Lauder What is it in the twenty-first century that we want young people, and adults returning to study, to know? What is it about the kind of knowledge that people can acquire at school, college or university that distinguishes it from the knowledge that people acquire in their everyday lives everyday lives, at work, and in their families? Bringing Knowledge Back In draws on recent developments in the sociology of knowledge to propose answers to these key, but often overlooked, educational questions. Michael Young traces the changes in his own thinking about the question of knowledge in education since his earlier books Knowledge and Control and The Curriculum of the Future. He argues for the continuing relevance of the writings of Durkheim and Vygotsky and the unique importance of Basil Bernstein’s often under-appreciated work. He illustrates the importance of questions about knowledge by investigating the dilemmas faced by researchers and policy makers in a range of fields. He also considers the broader issue of the role of sociologists in relation to educational policy in the context of increasingly interventionist governments. In so doing, the book: provides conceptual tools for people to think and debate about knowledge and education in new ways provides clear expositions of difficult ideas at the interface of epistemology and the sociology of knowledge makes explicit links between theoretical issues and practical /policy questions offers a clear focus for the future development of the sociology of education as a key field within educational studies. This compelling and provocative book will be essential reading for anyone involved in research and debates about the curriculum as well as those with a specific interest in the sociology of education.

Social Theory of International Politics

Author: Alexander Wendt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268435

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8304

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

The Realist Case for Global Reform

Author: William E. Scheuerman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745637795

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 8854

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Does a hard-headed Realist approach to international politics necessarily involve skepticism towards progressive foreign policy initiatives and global reform? Should proponents of Realism always be seen as morally complacent and politically combative? In this major reconsideration of the main figures of international political theory, Bill Scheuerman challenges conventional wisdom to reveal a neglected tradition of Progressive Realism with much to contribute to contemporary debates about international policy-making and world government. Far from seeing international reform as well-meaning but potentially irresponsible , Progressive Realists like E. H. Carr, John Herz, Hans J. Morgenthau, and Reinhold Niebuhr developed forward-looking ideas which offer an indispensable corrective to many presently influential views about global politics. Progressive Realism, Scheuerman argues, offers a compelling and provocative vision of radical global change which -- when properly interpreted, can help buttress current efforts to address the most pressing international issues. After recovering key subterranean strands in mid-twentieth century Realism, Scheuerman underscores their relevance to contemporary international theory. Criticizing more recent Realists for abandoning their tradition's best insights, he also demonstrates that reform-minded international theories --including versions of Cosmopolitanism, Constructivism, the English School, Liberalism, and Republicanism - could all benefit from taking Progressive Realism seriously. A major contribution both to the history of international relations and contemporary debates in international theory, The Realist Case for Global Reform concludes by considering how Progressive Realism informs the foreign policies of US President Barack Obama.

Power, Realism and Constructivism

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415640466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 341

View: 788

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power – within and outside International Relations – provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical state of the art in IR is reassessed. A novel analysis of power and the potential limits of realism and constructivism in International Relations, Power, Realism and Constructivism will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, international political economy, social and political theory, and the study of power.

Constructivism in Ethics

Author: Carla Bagnoli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107019214

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 4279

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Ten specially written essays define the term 'constructivism' and ask crucial questions about the foundation of morality.

Does ASEAN Matter? Reconciling Realist and Constructivist Approaches to Regional Security in Southeast Asia

Author: Peter Goldschagg

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638866556

Category: Regionalism

Page: 84

View: 8862

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: South Asia, grade: A (sehr gut/excellent), Victoria University of Wellington, course: Regional integration in Southeast Asia, 51 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Focusing on ASEAN's relevance as a regional security organisation, this study aims to expound the prevailing driving forces, interests and obstacles to an effective crisis management. Drawing on the theoretical background of neo-realist and constructivist approaches, the paper argues that neither the neo-realist nor the constructivist approach is able to conceptualise ASEAN's role in regional security. Only an eclectic, multi-dimensional approach is grasps the variety of its multiple facets. Double spaced., abstract: Focusing on ASEAN's relevance as a regional security organisation, this study aims to expound the prevailing driving forces, interests and obstacles to an effective crisis management. Drawing on the theoretical background of neo-realist and constructivist approaches, the paper argues that neither the neo-realist nor the constructivist approach is able to fully conceptualise ASEAN's role in regional security. While only an eclectic, multi-dimensional approach grasps the variety of its multiple facets, the latter seems to be highly contingent on the interplay of external structural and internal sociological dynamics. While the organisation appears in this out sketched context as a relatively important player in times of political and economic stability, having its merits in conflict-preventive measures through the building of trust and the construction of a common identity, the regime shows strong enervations in times of crisis.

A Realist Approach for Qualitative Research

Author: Joseph A. Maxwell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761929231

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 6791

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This ground-breaking book makes the case for adopting a realist philosophical perspective for qualitative research. Joseph Maxwell argues for critically applying a realist ontology to a number of important theoretical and methodological issues. This can provide a stronger justification for what qualitative researchers do, he contends, and significantly contribute to current theories and practices. The book outlines critical realism and considers its implications for how we conceptualize meaning and culture, causation, and diversity. The author applies critical realist ideas and approaches to the design and methods of qualitative research, and presents two in-depth case studies of projects he conducted, describing how realist (and other) perspectives informed the research, the methods, and the conclusions.

Realism in Action

Essays in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Author: Matti Sintonen,Petri Ylikoski,Kaarlo Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400710461

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 4566

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is a selection of essays written by leading representatives in the fields of action theory and philosophy of mind, philosophy of the social sciences and especially the nature of social action, and of epistemology and philosophy of science. Practical reason, reasons and causes in action theory, intending and trying, and folk-psychological explanation are some of the topics discussed by these leading participants.

Western Perspectives on Chinese Higher Education

A Model for Cross-cultural Inquiry

Author: Xiuwu R. Liu

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838637098

Category: Education

Page: 189

View: 5110

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book argues that constructivism and realism, two prominent theories of scholarly inquiry in a variety of fields, both have their strengths and weaknesses as descriptive models of how research is conducted and written up and as normative models for improving inquiry. Drawing on the two theories' strengths while avoiding their weaknesses, the book proposes realist constructivism as a general epistemic model for one area of inquiry - cross-cultural studies, defined as studies involving scholars from one society or culture studying another. The model has a descriptive and a normative dimension. Descriptively, realist constructivism maintains that a scholarly study of another society does reveal and is constrained by the studied society's social reality while being thoroughly shaped by factors involving the scholar and his society, whereas normatively it urges that a cross-cultural study should reveal and be constrained by the studied society's relevant social reality while being thoroughly shaped by a host of factors involving the scholar and his society.

Knowledge and Knowers

Towards a Realist Sociology of Education

Author: Karl Maton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134019645

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 7706

DOWNLOAD NOW »

We live in ‘knowledge societies’ and work in ‘knowledge economies’, but accounts of social change treat knowledge as homogeneous and neutral. While knowledge should be central to educational research, it focuses on processes of knowing and condemns studies of knowledge as essentialist. This book unfolds a sophisticated theoretical framework for analysing knowledge practices: Legitimation Code Theory or ‘LCT’. By extending and integrating the influential approaches of Pierre Bourdieu and Basil Bernstein, LCT offers a practical means for overcoming knowledge-blindness without succumbing to essentialism or relativism. Through detailed studies of pressing issues in education, the book sets out the multi-dimensional conceptual toolkit of LCT and shows how it can be used in research. Chapters introduce concepts by exploring topics across the disciplinary and institutional maps of education: -how to enable cumulative learning at school and university -the unfounded popularity of ‘student-centred learning’ and constructivism -the rise and demise of British cultural studies in higher education -the positive role of canons -proclaimed ‘revolutions’ in social science -the ‘two cultures’ debate between science and humanities -how to build cumulative knowledge in research -the unpopularity of school Music -how current debates in economics and physics are creating major schisms in those fields. LCT is a rapidly growing approach to the study of education, knowledge and practice, and this landmark book is the first to systematically set out key aspects of this theory. It offers an explanatory framework for empirical research, applicable to a wide range of practices and social fields, and will be essential reading for all serious students and scholars of education and sociology.

The US Versus the North Korean Nuclear Threat

Mitigating the Nuclear Security Dilemma

Author: Er-Win Tan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134464339

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5573

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Although the current world order is still dominated by the US, there is increasing international concern over the possibility of regional security dilemmas arising from smaller powers’ attempts to develop Weapons of Mass Destruction. A study of US-North Korean interaction using the security dilemma as a conceptual frame of analysis is thus not only hugely topical, but also particularly relevant for the 21st century on theoretical as well as empirical grounds. Is there the prospect of a security dilemma contagion if North Korea acquire nuclear weapons capability leading to an Asia Pacific wide nuclear arms race? This book examines this contentious issue in-depth and explores the difficult choices policymakers face as a result of the uncertainty in international politics.