Realism, Idealism and International Politics

A Reinterpretation

Author: Martin Griffiths

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134913745

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 5135

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International relations is a discipline dominated by the debate between the realist and idealist paradigms. This book provides the most comprehensive critical review of the realist tradition to date. The dominant realist tradition in the study of international politics explains interstate behaviour in terms of the fundamental difference between domestic' and international' forms of government. This approach underlies the grim view that, beyond the borders of sovereign presence, politics is not about potential moral progress, but survival. This book argues that political realism is not a meaningless term, but that the work of Hans Morgenthau and Kenneth Walz, two of the key grand theorists', could more properly be associated with the idealist model. By critically evaluating the work of Morgenthau, Walz and Hedley Bull the author provides a reinterpretation of the terms realism' and idealism'.

Realism in International Relations and International Political Economy

The Continuing Story of a Death Foretold

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415144025

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6019

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Providing an introductory survey of the evolution of Realism in international theory, Guzzini argues Realism is the reference point of the internal history of IR and IPE, and study of the realist paradigm is key to understanding international history.

Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations

The Resurrection of the Realist Man

Author: R. Schuett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010908X

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 2543

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This book provides an important reappraisal of the concept of human nature in contemporary realist international-political theory. Developing a Freudian philosophical anthropology for political realism, he argues for the careful resurrection of the concept of human nature in the wider study of international relations.

Ethics, Liberalism and Realism in International Relations

Author: Mark D. Gismondi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135981000

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 8285

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This book explores the complex issue of international ethics in the two dominant schools of thought in international relations; Liberalism and Realism. Both theories suffer from an inability to integrate the ethical and pragmatic dimensions of foreign policy. Liberal policy makers often suffer from moral blindness and a tendency toward coercion in the international arena, whilst realists tend to be epistemic sceptics, incorporating Nietzsche’s thought, directly or indirectly, into their theories. Mark Gismondi seeks to resolve the issues in these two approaches by adopting a covenant based approach, as described by Daniel Elazar’s work on the covenant tradition in politics, to international relations theory. The covenant approach has three essential principles: policy makers must have a sense of realism about the existence of evil and its political consequences power must be shared and limited liberty requires a basis in shared values. Ethics, Realism and Liberalism in International Relations will be of interest to students and researchers of politics, philosophy, ethics and international relations.

Scientific Realism and International Relations

Author: Jonathan Joseph,Colin Wight

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5576

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Critical and scientific realism have emerged as important perspectives on international relations in recent years. The attraction of these approaches lies in the claim that they can transcend the positivism vs. postpositivism divide. This book demonstrates the vitality of this approach and the difference that "realism" makes.

The Realist Tradition and the Limits of International Relations

Author: Michael C. Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521534758

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 8817

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Realism is commonly portrayed as theory that reduces international relations to pure power politics. Michael Williams provides an important reexamination of the Realist tradition and its relevance for contemporary international relations. Examining three thinkers commonly invoked as Realism's foremost proponents - Hobbes, Rousseau, and Morgenthau - the book shows that, far from advocating a crude realpolitik, Realism's most famous classical proponents actually stressed the need for a restrained exercise of power and a politics with ethics at its core. These ideas are more relevant than ever at a time when the nature of responsible responses to international problems are at the centre of contemporary political debate. This original interpretation of major thinkers will interest scholars of international relations and the history of ideas.

After International Relations

Critical Realism and the (Re)Construction of World Politics

Author: Heikki Patomäki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134518951

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4869

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After International Relations articulates a systematic critical realist response to a quest for more emancipatory methodologies in International Relations. Heikki Patomäki here establishes a way out of the international relations problematic which has puzzled so many great thinkers and scholars for the last two hundred years. After International Relations shows how and why theories based on the international problematic have failed; articulates an alternative, critical realist research programme; and illustrates how this research programme can be put to work to enable better research and ethico-political practices.

The Perils of Anarchy

Contemporary Realism and International Security

Author: Michael Edward Brown,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262522021

Category: Political Science

Page: 519

View: 9409

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"The end of the Cold War was accompanied by a rush to proclaim the failure of realism as a theory of international politics. The news about the death of realism is premature, as this volume convincingly shows....Realism is alive and well. This excellent volume will help get the word out." -- "Foreign Affairs" "A superb collection of recent articles from the journal "International Security.".. The introductory essay, which summarizes the development of realist theory, and the high quality of each contribution make this volume appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students alike." -- "Choice" Current debates about the nature of international politics have centered on the clash between supporters and critics of realism. "The Perils of Anarchy" brings together a number of recent essays written in the realist tradition. It includes realist interpretations of the collapse of the Cold War order and of the emerging order that has replaced it, the sources of alignment and aggression, and the causes of peace. A final section provides a counterpoint by raising criticisms of and alternatives to the realist approach. Contributors: Charles L. Glaser. Christopher Layne. Peter Liberman. Lisa L. Martin. John J. Mearsheimer. Paul Schroeder. Randall Schweller. Stephen M. Walt. Kenneth N. Waltz. William C. Wohlforth. Fareed Zakaria. An "International Security" Reader

Realism and Fear in International Relations

Morgenthau, Waltz and Mearsheimer Reconsidered

Author: Arash Heydarian Pashakhanlou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319410121

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 3986

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This book examines the fascinating story of how the chief architects of realism (Hans Morgenthau, Kenneth Waltz and John Mearsheimer) dealt with some of the most pressing political issues of our time through the lenses of fear. Pashakhanlou conducts the most comprehensive evaluation of their works to date, compromising of a meticulous analysis of 400 of their publications. As such, this book is an invaluable resource for practitioners, students and concerned citizens that seek to understand how three of the most influential International Relations scholars thought about the implications of fear at the global level. ‘In this important book, the author gets to the heart of the underlying emotional condition on which so much rational political thought in International Relations is built. By uncovering the role of fear within the modern classics of realism, the book sheds light on the role that fear plays in producing otherwise rational decision-making.’ David Galbreath, Professor of International Security, University of Bath, UK ‘The role played by fear in Realist international theory is under-explored and poorly theorised. This book addresses this lacuna and provides a thorough and systematic analysis of the significance of fear in Realism. In doing so, Arash Heydarian Pashakhanlou makes a major contribution to International Relations theory, and the ‘emotional turn’ in the study of contemporary international politics’. Adrian Hyde-Price, Professor of International Politics, Gothenburg University, Sweden

Western Realism and International Relations

A Non-western View

Author: Aswini K. Ray

Publisher: Foundation Books

ISBN: 9788175962187

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 4694

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This book provides an alternative perspective of International Relations from Hiroshima to 9/11. Both its diplomacy and mainstream scholarship are linked by realpolitic, in a vicious circle of retrogressive symbiosis. It simultaneously undermined the UN system of collective security from its origin and the scientific credential of its scholarship. The Cold War that it spawned restricted economic propsperity, political stability and democratic freedom within its narrow core-area of the United States and Europe at the cost of its vast periphery in the Third World. Its unpredicted collapse extended insecurity across the entire globalised system, including its core area, as evnts since 9/11 forcefully underscores. While the new hegemonic system has become globally more insecure for all its citizens, its scholarship is still clueless about the collapse of teh bipolar system it created in the midst of the massive confidence-building exercise to stabilise it; it is even less able to creatively respond to its orderly transition.

Der Fürst

Author: Niccolò Machiavelli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political ethics

Page: 60

View: 3940

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Idealism and Realism in International Relations

Author: Robert M. A. Crawford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134733216

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 7306

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The author argues for a revised conception of international relations that acknowledges the irreconcilability of realist and idealist theories, and concerns itself instead with important substantive issues.

Realism and World Politics

Author: Ken Booth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203833964

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 2099

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This book contributes to the rethinking of realism through multiple analyses of the keys works of Kenneth Waltz, arguing that a sophisticated appreciation of realism is needed to truly understand world politics and International Relations. Bringing together a theoretically varied group of leading scholars from both sides of the Atlantic, this book is an outstanding appreciation of the work of realism’s most important theorist since the Second World War, and the persistent themes thrown up by his work over a half-century. The contributors do not engage with Waltz’s work as slavish disciples, but rather as positive critics, recognising its decisive significance in International Relations, while using the process of critical engagement to search for new or renewed understandings of unfolding global situations and new insights into long-standing problems of theory-building. The book will be of great interest to students of IR, foreign policy, security studies and politics.

Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies

Author: Michael Brecher,Frank P. Harvey

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023936

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 6925

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Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies represents a unique collection of original essays by foremost scholars in the field of International Studies. Six essays advocate, critique, or revise Realism, the theoretical paradigm that explains international politics by emphasizing security competition and war among states. The remaining four essays address Institutionalism, the paradigm that offers explanations for the formation, maintenance, variation, and significance of international institutions. The authors reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches and suggest research agendas for the future. Together, this volume provides an accessible and wide-ranging survey of the issues concerning two major paradigms in International Studies. This volume will be of interest to scholars and students alike and will undoubtedly determine the shape of future research. See table of contents and excerpts. Frank P. Harvey is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie University. Michael Brecher is the R.B. Angus Professor of Political Science at McGill University and past president of the International Studies Association. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Millennial Reflections on International Studies This volume is part of the Millennial Reflections on International Studies project in which forty-five prominent scholars engage in self-critical, state-of-the-art reflection on international studies to stimulate debates about successes and failures and to address the larger questions of progress in the discipline. Other paperbacks from this project: Conflict, Security, Foreign Policy, and International Political Economy: Past Paths and Future Directions in International Studies Evaluating Methodology Critical Perspectives in International Studies The full collection of essays is available in the handbook Millennial Reflections on International Studies.

Realism and International Politics

Author: Kenneth Neal Waltz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415954778

Category: Political Science

Page: 361

View: 1031

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Realism and International Politics brings together the collected essays of Kenneth N. Waltz, one of the most important and influential thinkers of international relations in the second half of the twentieth century. His books Man, the State and War and Theory of International Politics are classics of international relations theory and gave birth to the school of thought known as neo-realism or structural realism, out of which many of the current crop of realist scholars and thinkers has emerged. Waltz frames these seminal pieces in his theoretical development by explaining the context in which they were written and, building on the broader aims of these theories, explains the elusive nature of power balancing in today's international system. It is an essential volume for both students and scholars.

International Relations and Scientific Progress

Structural Realism Reconsidered

Author: Patrick James

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 9780814209004

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 3513

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International Relations and Scientific Progress contends that a theory focusing on the structure of the international system explains a wider and more interesting range of events in world politics than other theories. Such theorizing appears to be out of favor as the result of the apparent failure by structural realism, the most prominent system-level theory over the last two decades, on any number of fronts--most notably an inability to anticipate the ending of the Cold War and its aftermath. This new book is put forward as the most comprehensive and innovative theoretical work on paradigms in international relations since the publication of Theory of International Politics, which created structural realism, more than two decades ago. With appropriate revisions, however, structural realist theory can compete effectively and reclaim its primacy. The first part of International Relations and Scientific Progress assesses the meaning of progress in the discipline of international relations, a process that culminates in the creation of a new concept, the scientific research enterprise. The second part reviews structural realism within that context and identifies a lack of connection between theory and research that links power-based indicators to international conflict, crisis, and war. This part of the book makes the case for an elaboration of structural realism by showing that a system-level theory based on structure has great unrealized explanatory potential. By comparison, the current overwhelmingly research oriented agenda on state dyads imposes severe limitations on understanding that are not currently appreciated. Part Three sums up the work and explores new directions, most notablyas related to empirical testing of an elaborated version of structural realism that focuses on both continuity and change in the international system.

Roots of Realism

Author: Benjamin Frankel

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780714642031

Category: Political Science

Page: 421

View: 8313

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Political realism sees politics as a permanent struggle for power and security. The essays in this volume examine the tradition of realist political analysis of international relations from the Sophists and Thucydides to the modern era.

Introduction to International Relations

Theories and Approaches

Author: Robert H. Jackson,Georg Sørensen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199285433

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 5428

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This highly successful textbook provides a systematic introduction to the principle theories in international relations. It combines incisive and original analysis with a clear and accessible writing style, making it the ideal textbook for all students taking an introductory course in international relations or international relations theory. The book focuses on the main theoretical traditions - Realism, Liberalism, International Society, and theories of international political economy. The third edition includes two new chapters on Social Constructivism and foreign policy. Emphasis is placed on the relationship between IR theory (academic knowledge of IR) and IR practice (real world events and activities of world politics). The authors carefully explain how particular theories organize and sharpen our view of the world. The book is supported by an Online Resource Centre. Student resources: Case studies with assignments Review questions Web links to theoretical debates, maps and world situations (NEW) Flashcard glossary (NEW) Lecturer resources: Figures and tables from the text (NEW)