Realism and International Politics

Author: Kenneth Neal Waltz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415954778

Category: Political Science

Page: 361

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Realism and International Politics brings together the collected essays of Kenneth N. Waltz, one of the most important and influential thinkers of international relations in the second half of the twentieth century. His books Man, the State and War and Theory of International Politics are classics of international relations theory and gave birth to the school of thought known as neo-realism or structural realism, out of which many of the current crop of realist scholars and thinkers has emerged. Waltz frames these seminal pieces in his theoretical development by explaining the context in which they were written and, building on the broader aims of these theories, explains the elusive nature of power balancing in today's international system. It is an essential volume for both students and scholars.

Scientific Realism and International Relations

Author: Jonathan Joseph,Colin Wight

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2484

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Critical and scientific realism have emerged as important perspectives on international relations in recent years. The attraction of these approaches lies in the claim that they can transcend the positivism vs. postpositivism divide. This book demonstrates the vitality of this approach and the difference that "realism" makes.

Realism and Fear in International Relations

Morgenthau, Waltz and Mearsheimer Reconsidered

Author: Arash Heydarian Pashakhanlou

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9783319822402

Category:

Page: 186

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This book examines the fascinating story of how the chief architects of realism (Hans Morgenthau, Kenneth Waltz and John Mearsheimer) dealt with some of the most pressing political issues of our time through the lenses of fear. Pashakhanlou conducts the most comprehensive evaluation of their works to date, compromising of a meticulous analysis of 400 of their publications. As such, this book is an invaluable resource for practitioners, students and concerned citizens that seek to understand how three of the most influential International Relations scholars thought about the implications of fear at the global level. 'In this important book, the author gets to the heart of the underlying emotional condition on which so much rational political thought in International Relations is built. By uncovering the role of fear within the modern classics of realism, the book sheds light on the role that fear plays in producing otherwise rational decision-making.' David Galbreath, Professor of International Security, University of Bath, UK 'The role played by fear in Realist international theory is under-explored and poorly theorised. This book addresses this lacuna and provides a thorough and systematic analysis of the significance of fear in Realism. In doing so, Arash Heydarian Pashakhanlou makes a major contribution to International Relations theory, and the 'emotional turn' in the study of contemporary international politics'. Adrian Hyde-Price, Professor of International Politics, Gothenburg University, Sweden

Realism in International Relations and International Political Economy

The Continuing Story of a Death Foretold

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113618256X

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9532

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Stefano Guzzini's study offers an understanding of the evolution of the realist tradition within International Relations and International Political Economy. It sees the realist tradition not as a school of thought with a static set of fixed principles, but as a repeatedly failed attempt to turn the rules of European diplomacy into the laws of a US social science. Realism in International Relations and International Political Economy concentrates on the evolution of a leading school of thought, its critiques and its institutional environment. As such it will provide an invaluable basis to anyone studying international relations theory.

The Realist Tradition and the Limits of International Relations

Author: Michael C. Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521534758

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 2403

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Realism is commonly portrayed as theory that reduces international relations to pure power politics. Michael Williams provides an important reexamination of the Realist tradition and its relevance for contemporary international relations. Examining three thinkers commonly invoked as Realism's foremost proponents - Hobbes, Rousseau, and Morgenthau - the book shows that, far from advocating a crude realpolitik, Realism's most famous classical proponents actually stressed the need for a restrained exercise of power and a politics with ethics at its core. These ideas are more relevant than ever at a time when the nature of responsible responses to international problems are at the centre of contemporary political debate. This original interpretation of major thinkers will interest scholars of international relations and the history of ideas.

Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations

The Resurrection of the Realist Man

Author: R. Schuett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010908X

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

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This book provides an important reappraisal of the concept of human nature in contemporary realist international-political theory. Developing a Freudian philosophical anthropology for political realism, he argues for the careful resurrection of the concept of human nature in the wider study of international relations.

Power, Realism and Constructivism

Author: Stefano Guzzini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415640466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 341

View: 9162

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Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power – within and outside International Relations – provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical state of the art in IR is reassessed. A novel analysis of power and the potential limits of realism and constructivism in International Relations, Power, Realism and Constructivism will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, international political economy, social and political theory, and the study of power.

Realism and World Politics

Author: Ken Booth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203833964

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 8796

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This book contributes to the rethinking of realism through multiple analyses of the keys works of Kenneth Waltz, arguing that a sophisticated appreciation of realism is needed to truly understand world politics and International Relations. Bringing together a theoretically varied group of leading scholars from both sides of the Atlantic, this book is an outstanding appreciation of the work of realism’s most important theorist since the Second World War, and the persistent themes thrown up by his work over a half-century. The contributors do not engage with Waltz’s work as slavish disciples, but rather as positive critics, recognising its decisive significance in International Relations, while using the process of critical engagement to search for new or renewed understandings of unfolding global situations and new insights into long-standing problems of theory-building. The book will be of great interest to students of IR, foreign policy, security studies and politics.

Ethics, Liberalism and Realism in International Relations

Author: Mark D. Gismondi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135980993

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3597

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This book explores the complex issue of international ethics in the two dominant schools of thought in international relations; Liberalism and Realism. Both theories suffer from an inability to integrate the ethical and pragmatic dimensions of foreign policy. Liberal policy makers often suffer from moral blindness and a tendency toward coercion in the international arena, whilst realists tend to be epistemic sceptics, incorporating Nietzsche’s thought, directly or indirectly, into their theories. Mark Gismondi seeks to resolve the issues in these two approaches by adopting a covenant based approach, as described by Daniel Elazar’s work on the covenant tradition in politics, to international relations theory. The covenant approach has three essential principles: policy makers must have a sense of realism about the existence of evil and its political consequences power must be shared and limited liberty requires a basis in shared values. Ethics, Realism and Liberalism in International Relations will be of interest to students and researchers of politics, philosophy, ethics and international relations.

Realism, Idealism and International Politics

A Reinterpretation

Author: Martin Griffiths

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134913745

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 2048

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International relations is a discipline dominated by the debate between the realist and idealist paradigms. This book provides the most comprehensive critical review of the realist tradition to date. The dominant realist tradition in the study of international politics explains interstate behaviour in terms of the fundamental difference between domestic' and international' forms of government. This approach underlies the grim view that, beyond the borders of sovereign presence, politics is not about potential moral progress, but survival. This book argues that political realism is not a meaningless term, but that the work of Hans Morgenthau and Kenneth Walz, two of the key grand theorists', could more properly be associated with the idealist model. By critically evaluating the work of Morgenthau, Walz and Hedley Bull the author provides a reinterpretation of the terms realism' and idealism'.

Security and Climate Change

International Relations and the Limits of Realism

Author: Mark Lacy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134347375

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 951

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This new book explains why the international community has responded with a sense of fatalistic passivity to climate change. It presents a distinct critique of realism through the study of this topic, commonly overlooked in international relations. The author argues that the realist view rests on a dangerous contradiction; far from delivering security it serves to limit the way we think about the new generation of risks we face. The book also provides a detailed case study evaluating US climate politics under the Clinton and Bush administrations.

Idealism and Realism in International Relations

Author: Robert M. A. Crawford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134733216

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 8650

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The author argues for a revised conception of international relations that acknowledges the irreconcilability of realist and idealist theories, and concerns itself instead with important substantive issues.

After the Enlightenment

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107169739

Category: History

Page: 264

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This is the first comprehensive intellectual history of political realism and international relations theory.

Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies

Author: Michael Brecher,Frank P. Harvey

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023936

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 7371

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Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies represents a unique collection of original essays by foremost scholars in the field of International Studies. Six essays advocate, critique, or revise Realism, the theoretical paradigm that explains international politics by emphasizing security competition and war among states. The remaining four essays address Institutionalism, the paradigm that offers explanations for the formation, maintenance, variation, and significance of international institutions. The authors reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches and suggest research agendas for the future. Together, this volume provides an accessible and wide-ranging survey of the issues concerning two major paradigms in International Studies. This volume will be of interest to scholars and students alike and will undoubtedly determine the shape of future research. See table of contents and excerpts. Frank P. Harvey is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie University. Michael Brecher is the R.B. Angus Professor of Political Science at McGill University and past president of the International Studies Association. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Millennial Reflections on International Studies This volume is part of the Millennial Reflections on International Studies project in which forty-five prominent scholars engage in self-critical, state-of-the-art reflection on international studies to stimulate debates about successes and failures and to address the larger questions of progress in the discipline. Other paperbacks from this project: Conflict, Security, Foreign Policy, and International Political Economy: Past Paths and Future Directions in International Studies Evaluating Methodology Critical Perspectives in International Studies The full collection of essays is available in the handbook Millennial Reflections on International Studies.

The Perils of Anarchy

Contemporary Realism and International Security

Author: Michael Edward Brown,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262522021

Category: Political Science

Page: 519

View: 5640

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"The end of the Cold War was accompanied by a rush to proclaim the failure of realism as a theory of international politics. The news about the death of realism is premature, as this volume convincingly shows....Realism is alive and well. This excellent volume will help get the word out." -- "Foreign Affairs" "A superb collection of recent articles from the journal "International Security.".. The introductory essay, which summarizes the development of realist theory, and the high quality of each contribution make this volume appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students alike." -- "Choice" Current debates about the nature of international politics have centered on the clash between supporters and critics of realism. "The Perils of Anarchy" brings together a number of recent essays written in the realist tradition. It includes realist interpretations of the collapse of the Cold War order and of the emerging order that has replaced it, the sources of alignment and aggression, and the causes of peace. A final section provides a counterpoint by raising criticisms of and alternatives to the realist approach. Contributors: Charles L. Glaser. Christopher Layne. Peter Liberman. Lisa L. Martin. John J. Mearsheimer. Paul Schroeder. Randall Schweller. Stephen M. Walt. Kenneth N. Waltz. William C. Wohlforth. Fareed Zakaria. An "International Security" Reader

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231152671

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 9364

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The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Neoclassical Realism, the State, and Foreign Policy

Author: Steven E. Lobell,Norrin M. Ripsman,Jeffrey W. Taliaferro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139475747

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Neoclassical realism is an important approach to international relations. Focusing on the interaction of the international system and the internal dynamics of states, neoclassical realism seeks to explain the grand strategies of individual states as opposed to recurrent patterns of international outcomes. This book offers the first systematic survey of the neoclassical realist approach. The editors lead a group of senior and emerging scholars in presenting a variety of neoclassical realist approaches to states' grand strategies. They examine the central role of the 'state' and seek to explain why, how, and under what conditions the internal characteristics of states intervene between their leaders' assessments of international threats and opportunities, and the actual diplomatic, military, and foreign economic policies those leaders are likely to pursue.

Religion and the Realist Tradition

From Political Theology to International Relations Theory and Back

Author: Jodok Troy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136030085

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 2824

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This volume picks up a rather uninvested field of international relations theory: the influence of religion on Realism as well as the power of Realism to address religious issues in world politics. Although classical scholars of Realism rarely mention religion explicitly in their well-known work, this volume suggests that Realism offers serious ground for taking religion and faith into account as well as evaluating the impact of religion on its theoretical framework: how religion and religious worldviews influence and affect the theoretical framework of Realism, and how Realism approach religious issues in international relations as a relatively new field of international studies. Although international relations scholars now widely deal with issues of religion, large portions of the theoretical underpinning are missing. In addressing this lack, the volume illustrates the possibility of reform and change in Realism. Furthermore, the chapters reach out to normative statements. The contributors offer a theoretical view on religion in international relations in the context of Realism but always connect this with actual, real-world related political problems. The volume takes into account not only classical thinkers and approaches of Realism but also present-day authors dealing with ethical and normative questions of international relations in the aftermath of 9/11. Offering a fresh perspective on the influence of religion on international relations theory, this work will be of great interest to scholars of religion and international relations, international relations theory, and political philosophy

Realism and Democracy

American Foreign Policy after the Arab Spring

Author: Elliott Abrams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108415628

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

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This book makes a realpolitik argument for supporting democracy in the Arab world, drawing on four decades of policy experience.