Random Walk: A Modern Introduction

Author: Gregory F. Lawler,Vlada Limic

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139488767

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Random walks are stochastic processes formed by successive summation of independent, identically distributed random variables and are one of the most studied topics in probability theory. This contemporary introduction evolved from courses taught at Cornell University and the University of Chicago by the first author, who is one of the most highly regarded researchers in the field of stochastic processes. This text meets the need for a modern reference to the detailed properties of an important class of random walks on the integer lattice. It is suitable for probabilists, mathematicians working in related fields, and for researchers in other disciplines who use random walks in modeling.

Irrfahrten – Faszination der Random Walks

Ein elementarer Einstieg in die stochastischen Prozesse

Author: Norbert Henze

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365822858X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 235

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Mit diesem Buch gelingt dem Autor des bekannten Lehrwerkes Stochastik für Einsteiger auf geradezu spielerische Weise, den Leser mit zahlreichen überraschenden Zufallsphänomenen und Nicht-Standard-Grenzwertsätzen im Zusammenhang mit einfachen Irrfahrten und verwandten Themen zu fesseln. Das Werk besticht mit einer durchgängig problemorientierten, lebendigen Darstellung, zu der auch fast 100 anschauliche Bilder beitragen. Es wird immer wieder konkret Modellbildung betrieben, und die erhaltenen Ergebnisse werden ausführlich diskutiert und vernetzt. Studierende, die dieses Werk in Proseminaren zur Stochastik getestet haben, waren insbesondere vom Zusammenspiel von geometrischen Argumenten (Spiegelungsprinzip), Kombinatorik, elementarer Stochastik und Analysis fasziniert. ​Gegenüber der ersten, unter einem etwas anderen Titel erschienenen Auflage, wurden neben zahlreichen Korrekturen zusätzliche Erklärungen eingefügt und Aktualisierungen vorgenommen.

Non-homogeneous Random Walks

Lyapunov Function Methods for Near-Critical Stochastic Systems

Author: Mikhail Menshikov,Serguei Popov,Andrew Wade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316867366

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Stochastic systems provide powerful abstract models for a variety of important real-life applications: for example, power supply, traffic flow, data transmission. They (and the real systems they model) are often subject to phase transitions, behaving in one way when a parameter is below a certain critical value, then switching behaviour as soon as that critical value is reached. In a real system, we do not necessarily have control over all the parameter values, so it is important to know how to find critical points and to understand system behaviour near these points. This book is a modern presentation of the 'semimartingale' or 'Lyapunov function' method applied to near-critical stochastic systems, exemplified by non-homogeneous random walks. Applications treat near-critical stochastic systems and range across modern probability theory from stochastic billiards models to interacting particle systems. Spatially non-homogeneous random walks are explored in depth, as they provide prototypical near-critical systems.

Algorithms and Computation

26th International Symposium, ISAAC 2015, Nagoya, Japan, December 9-11, 2015, Proceedings

Author: Khaled Elbassioni,Kazuhisa Makino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662489716

Category: Computers

Page: 793

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, ISAAC 2015, held in Nagoya, Japan, in December 2015. The 65 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 180 submissions for inclusion in the book. The focus of the volume is on the following topics: computational geometry; data structures; combinatorial optimization and approximation algorithms; randomized algorithms; graph algorithms and FPT; computational complexity; graph drawing and planar graphs; online and streaming algorithms; and string and DNA algorithms.

Geometric Analysis

Author: Peter Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020646

Category: Mathematics

Page: 406

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Basic techniques for researchers interested in the field of geometric analysis.

Financial Derivatives

Pricing, Applications, and Mathematics

Author: Jamil Baz,George Chacko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521815109

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 9218

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This book offers a complete, succinct account of the principles of financial derivatives pricing. The first chapter provides readers with an intuitive exposition of basic random calculus. Concepts such as volatility and time, random walks, geometric Brownian motion, and Ito's lemma are discussed heuristically. The second chapter develops generic pricing techniques for assets and derivatives, determining the notion of a stochastic discount factor or pricing kernel, and then uses this concept to price conventional and exotic derivatives. The third chapter applies the pricing concepts to the special case of interest rate markets, namely, bonds and swaps, and discusses factor models and term structure consistent models. The fourth chapter deals with a variety of mathematical topics that underlie derivatives pricing and portfolio allocation decisions such as mean-reverting processes and jump processes and discusses related tools of stochastic calculus such as Kolmogorov equations, martingale techniques, stochastic control, and partial differential equations.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Börsenerfolg ist kein Zufall

die besten Investmentstrategien für das neue Jahrtausend

Author: Burton G. Malkiel

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 9783932114342

Category: Investments

Page: 411

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A Guide to First-Passage Processes

Author: Sidney Redner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521652480

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

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The basic theory presented in a way which emphasizes intuition, problem-solving and the connections with other fields.

Grundbegriffe der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung

Author: A. Kolomogoroff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642498884

Category: Mathematics

Page: 62

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Probability on Graphs

Random Processes on Graphs and Lattices

Author: Geoffrey Grimmett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139488368

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This introduction to some of the principal models in the theory of disordered systems leads the reader through the basics, to the very edge of contemporary research, with the minimum of technical fuss. Topics covered include random walk, percolation, self-avoiding walk, interacting particle systems, uniform spanning tree, random graphs, as well as the Ising, Potts, and random-cluster models for ferromagnetism, and the Lorentz model for motion in a random medium. Schramm–Löwner evolutions (SLE) arise in various contexts. The choice of topics is strongly motivated by modern applications and focuses on areas that merit further research. Special features include a simple account of Smirnov's proof of Cardy's formula for critical percolation, and a fairly full account of the theory of influence and sharp-thresholds. Accessible to a wide audience of mathematicians and physicists, this book can be used as a graduate course text. Each chapter ends with a range of exercises.

Computational Complexity

A Modern Approach

Author: Sanjeev Arora,Boaz Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139477369

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

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This beginning graduate textbook describes both recent achievements and classical results of computational complexity theory. Requiring essentially no background apart from mathematical maturity, the book can be used as a reference for self-study for anyone interested in complexity, including physicists, mathematicians, and other scientists, as well as a textbook for a variety of courses and seminars. More than 300 exercises are included with a selected hint set. The book starts with a broad introduction to the field and progresses to advanced results. Contents include: definition of Turing machines and basic time and space complexity classes, probabilistic algorithms, interactive proofs, cryptography, quantum computation, lower bounds for concrete computational models (decision trees, communication complexity, constant depth, algebraic and monotone circuits, proof complexity), average-case complexity and hardness amplification, derandomization and pseudorandom constructions, and the PCP theorem.

Probability

An Introduction

Author: Geoffrey Grimmett,Dominic Welsh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019870996X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

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Probability is an area of mathematics of tremendous contemporary importance across all aspects of human endeavour. This book is a compact account of the basic features of probability and random processes at the level of first and second year mathematics undergraduates and Masters' students in cognate fields. It is suitable for a first course in probability, plus a follow-up course in random processes including Markov chains.Three specialfeatures of this book are its modest size, the fairly broad range of topics covered, and its approach to mathematical rigour: not everything is rigorous, but the need for rigour is explained wherenecessary.This second edition develops the success of the first edition through an updated presentation, an extensive new chapter on Markov chains, and a number of new sections to ensure comprehensive coverage of the syllabi at major universities.

Stochastic Networks

Author: Frank Kelly,Elena Yudovina

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107729475

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

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Communication networks underpin our modern world, and provide fascinating and challenging examples of large-scale stochastic systems. Randomness arises in communication systems at many levels: for example, the initiation and termination times of calls in a telephone network, or the statistical structure of the arrival streams of packets at routers in the Internet. How can routing, flow control and connection acceptance algorithms be designed to work well in uncertain and random environments? This compact introduction illustrates how stochastic models can be used to shed light on important issues in the design and control of communication networks. It will appeal to readers with a mathematical background wishing to understand this important area of application, and to those with an engineering background who want to grasp the underlying mathematical theory. Each chapter ends with exercises and suggestions for further reading.

Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 7570

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Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung wird in der Schule oft nur beiläufig behandelt, dabei handelt es sich um ein besonders spannendes und alltagstaugliches Teilgebiet der Mathematik. Für alle, die über dieses Thema noch etwas mehr erfahren wollen oder müssen, erklärt Deborah Rumsey verständlich und mit Humor, was sie unbedingt wissen sollten. Egal ob Kontingenztabelle, zentraler Grenzwertsatz, Stichproben-, Binomial- oder Poissonverteilung, in diesem Buch lernen Sie, was es ist und wie Sie es anwenden. Zu jedem Kapitel finden Sie online eine Übungsaufgabe samt Lösung, um das Gelernte zu festigen. Auch Tipps zu praktischen Anwendungen - ob bei der Arbeit oder am Pokertisch - kommen nicht zu kurz. So finden Sie in diesem Buch alles, was Sie über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung unbedingt wissen sollten.

Flavors of Geometry

Author: Silvio Levy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629621

Category: Mathematics

Page: 194

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Lectures on hyperbolic geometry, dynamics in several complex variables, convex geometry, and volume estimation.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108228

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 4071

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This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.