Radical Hope

Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040023

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 9098

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Shortly before he died, Plenty Coups, the last great Chief of the Crow Nation, told his story--up to a certain point. "When the buffalo went away the hearts of my people fell to the ground," he said, "and they could not lift them up again. After this nothing happened." It is precisely this point--that of a people faced with the end of their way of life--that prompts the philosophical and ethical inquiry pursued in "Radical Hope." In Jonathan Lear's view, Plenty Coups' story raises a profound ethical question that transcends his time and challenges us all: how should one face the possibility that one's culture might collapse? This is a vulnerability that affects us all--insofar as we are all inhabitants of a civilization, and civilizations are themselves vulnerable to historical forces. How should we live with this vulnerability? Can we make any sense of facing up to such a challenge courageously? Using the available anthropology and history of the Indian tribes during their confinement to reservations, and drawing on philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, Lear explores the story of the Crow Nation at an impasse as it bears upon these questions--and these questions as they bear upon our own place in the world. His book is a deeply revealing, and deeply moving, philosophical inquiry into a peculiar vulnerability that goes to the heart of the human condition.

Eine Naturgeschichte der menschlichen Moral

Author: Michael Tomasello

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874822X

Category: Psychology

Page: 282

View: 7797

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Die Evolution des menschlichen Moralbewusstseins gehört zu den großen Rätseln der Wissenschaft. Es hat die Phantasie von Generationen von Forschern beflügelt, zahlreiche Theorien liegen auf dem Tisch, aber die Frage »Woher kommt die Moral?« ist nach wie vor offen. In Fortschreibung seiner faszinierenden Naturgeschichte des Menschen legt nun Michael Tomasello eine Antwort vor. Gestützt auf jahrzehntelange empirische Forschungen, rekonstruiert er die Entstehung des einzigartigen menschlichen Sinns für Werte und Normen als einen zweistufigen Prozess. Dieser beginnt vor einigen hunderttausend Jahren, als die frühen Menschen gemeinsame Sache machen mussten, um zu überleben; und er endet beim modernen, ultrakooperativen homo sapiens sapiens, der beides besitzt: Eine Moralität der zweiten Person, die unseren Umgang mit dem je einzelnen Gegenüber prägt, und eine gruppenbezogene »objektive« Moral, die sagt, was hier bei »uns« als gut oder gerecht gilt. In der Tradition von Mead, Kohlberg und Piaget zeigt Tomasello außerdem, wie sich die individuelle Moralentwicklung in einer bereits normengesättigten Welt vollzieht. Und so ist Eine Naturgeschichte der menschlichen Moral der derzeit wohl umfassendste Versuch zu verstehen, wie wir das geworden sind, was nur wir sind: genuin moralische Wesen.

Zeitlupe

Author: John M. Coetzee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596170654

Category:

Page: 301

View: 9861

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Paul Rayments Leben ist aus den Fugen geraten, als sich Elizabeth Costello unverhofft bei ihm einnistet. Seinen Reflexionen stellt sie Lebenspraxis entgegen, seiner Radikalität liebevollen Spott. Doch um Rettung ist es ihm nicht zu tun.

Der Tod und das Leben danach

Author: Samuel Scheffler

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874108X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 5723

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Wie würden Sie reagieren, wenn Sie wüssten, dass 30 Tage nach Ihrem Tod die Erde und damit alles Leben auf ihr unwiederbringlich zerstört würden? Würde dieses Wissen die Art und Weise, wie Sie Ihr Leben führen, beeinflussen? Das ist das Gedankenexperiment, zu dem uns der amerikanische Philosoph Samuel Scheffler in seinem faszinierenden Buch einlädt. Er zeigt, dass ein solches Wissen weitreichende Folgen für unser Leben hätte – nichts wäre mehr wie zuvor! In ebenso luziden wie psychologisch verblüffenden Analysen, die immer wieder auf geniale Weise Beispiele aus der Populärkultur heranziehen, zeigt Scheffler, dass ein solches Wissen um den Untergang der Menschheit den Wert zahlreicher unserer Tätigkeiten in Frage stellen würde: Die langfristige medizinische Forschung nach einer Krebstherapie verlöre ihren Sinn, aber auch der Kampf gegen den Klimawandel oder der Einsatz für internationale Gerechtigkeit. Und würden wir noch Kunstwerke schaffen, Traditionen und Bräuche pflegen, uns verlieben, Kinder kriegen? Wohl kaum. Vielmehr steht zu befürchten, dass gesellschaftliche Regeln und Konventionen nicht mehr beachtet würden und anarchische Zustände drohten, wie Scheffler anhand des Romans Children of Men von P. D. James und seiner Verfilmung vorführt. Könnte es daher sein, dass uns das Überleben der Menschheit wichtiger ist als unser eigenes? Und was folgt daraus für unser Denken und Handeln in der Welt von heute? Ein kleines philosophisches Meisterwerk, das unser eigenes Leben in einem ganz anderen Licht erscheinen lässt.

Cynicism and Hope

Reclaiming Discipleship in a Postdemocratic Society

Author: Meg E. Cox

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1606082140

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 5146

DOWNLOAD NOW »

On the morning after they walked for miles through freezing rain to a prayer vigil outside the White House in March 2007, a group of young war protesters listened to one last speech before heading home to Chicago. Peter Dula, who had served with the Mennonite Central Committee in Iraq, spoke honestly about the caustic combination of guilt and disempowerment the protesters were struggling with. He commended protesting and suggested resisting war taxes, then made two surprising final recommendations: ride a bike and plant a garden. Electrified by Dula's speech, the group wanted to talk more about their disillusionment and to learn from their elders in activism and the church. So in November 2007 they hosted a conference at Reba Place Church in Evanston, Illinois, where over two hundred people gathered to learn, worship, and contemplate a more hopeful way. This volume is a collection of the major addresses from that conference. The contributors suggest a new way to live in the tension between hope that things will improve and cynicism about whether they ever will. While creating space for lament, they point toward a radical Christian faithfulness in neighborhoods and congregations that can be both hopeful and profoundly political.

Radical Hope

Education and Equality in Australia

Author: Noel Pearson

Publisher: Black Inc.

ISBN: 1921870249

Category: Education

Page: 268

View: 3608

DOWNLOAD NOW »

“Noel Pearson is the most influential intellectual in Australia” —John Hirst, The Australian Literary Review In Radical Hope, one of Australia’s most original and provocative thinkers turns his attention to the question of education. Noel Pearson begins with two fundamental questions: How to ensure the survival of a people, their culture and way of life? And can education transform the lives of the disadvantaged many, or will it at best raise up a fortunate few? Pearson argues powerfully that underclass students, many of whom are Aboriginal, should receive a rigorous schooling that gives them the means to negotiate the wider world. He examines the long-term failure of educational policy in Australia, especially in the indigenous sector, and asks why it is always “Groundhog Day” when there are lessons to be learned from innovations now underway. Pearson introduces new findings from research and practice, and takes on some of the most difficult and controversial issues. Throughout, he searches for the radical centre – the way forward that will raise up the many, preserve culture, and ensure no child is left behind. “Essential reading for all who care about the true nature of the society we have created in Australia” —Alex Miller

A Future for Amazonia

Randy Borman and Cofán Environmental Politics

Author: Michael Cepek

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292745729

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5241

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Blending ethnography with a fascinating personal story, A Future for Amazonia is an account of a political movement that arose in the early 1990s in response to decades of attacks on the lands and peoples of eastern Ecuador, one of the world's most culturally and biologically diverse places. After generations of ruin at the hands of colonizing farmers, transnational oil companies, and Colombian armed factions, the indigenous Cofán people and their rain forest territory faced imminent jeopardy. In a surprising turn of events, the Cofán chose Randy Borman, a man of Euro-American descent, to lead their efforts to overcome the crisis that confronted them. Drawing on three years of ethnographic research, A Future for Amazonia begins by tracing the contours of Cofán society and Borman's place within it. Borman, a blue-eyed, white-skinned child of North American missionary-linguists, was raised in a Cofán community and gradually came to share the identity of his adoptive nation. He became a global media phenomenon and forged creative partnerships between Cofán communities, conservationist organizations, Western scientists, and the Ecuadorian state. The result was a collective mobilization that transformed the Cofán nation in unprecedented ways, providing them with political power, scientific expertise, and a new role as ambitious caretakers of more than one million acres of forest. Challenging simplistic notions of identity, indigeneity, and inevitable ecological destruction, A Future for Amazonia charts an inspiring course for environmental politics in the twenty-first century.

Quarterly Essay 35 Radical Hope

Education & Equality in Australia

Author: Noel Pearson

Publisher: Black Inc.

ISBN: 1921825340

Category: Education

Page: 100

View: 4503

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In Radical Hope, one of Australia’s most original and provocative thinkers turns his attention to the question of education. Noel Pearson begins with two fundamental questions: How to ensure the survival of a people, their culture and way of life? And can education transform the lives of the disadvantaged many, or will it at best raise up a fortunate few? In an essay that is personal and philosophical, wide-ranging and politically engaged, Pearson discusses what makes a good teacher and recalls his own mentors and inspirations. He argues powerfully that underclass students, many of whom are Aboriginal, should receive a rigorous schooling that gives them the means to negotiate the wider world. He examines the long-term failure of educational policy in Australia, especially in the indigenous sector, and asks why it is always “Groundhog Day” when there are lessons to be learned from innovations now underway. This is an essay filled with ideas and arguments and information – from a little-known educational revolutionary named Siegfried Englemann, to the No Excuses ethos and the Knowledge Is Power program, to Barack Obama’s efforts to balance individual responsibility and historical legacy. Pearson introduces new findings from research and practice, and takes on some of the most difficult and controversial issues. Throughout, he searches for the radical centre – the way forward that will raise up the many, preserve culture, and ensure no child is left behind. “It is time to ask: are we Aborigines a serious people? ... Do we have the seriousness necessary to maintain our languages, traditions and knowledge? ... The truth is that I am prone to bouts of doubt and sadness around these questions. But I have hope. Our hope is dependent upon education. Our hope depends on how serious we become about the education of our people.” —Noel Pearson, Radical Hope "A work of universal significance in which Pearson once again shows himself to be Australia’s most powerful contemporary thinker. His essay is essential reading for all who care about the true nature of the society we have created in Australia. For the first time in my life I encountered here a mature insight into the private hells produced by the very kind of failed education I received as a boy growing up at the bottom of a class ridden culture in London after the war." —Alex Miller

The Gift of the Face

Portraiture and Time in Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian

Author: Shamoon Zamir

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469611767

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 9832

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian is the most ambitious photographic and ethnographic record of Native American cultures ever produced. Published between 1907 and 1930 as a series of twenty volumes and portfolios, the work contains more than two thousand photographs intended to document the traditional culture of every Native American tribe west of the Mississippi. Many critics have claimed that Curtis's images present Native peoples as a "vanishing race," hiding both their engagement with modernity and the history of colonial violence. But in this major reappraisal of Curtis's work, Shamoon Zamir argues instead that Curtis's photography engages meaningfully with the crisis of culture and selfhood brought on by the dramatic transformations of Native societies. This crisis is captured profoundly, and with remarkable empathy, in Curtis's images of the human face. Zamir also contends that we can fully understand this achievement only if we think of Curtis's Native subjects as coauthors of his project. This radical reassessment is presented as a series of close readings that explore the relationship of aesthetics and ethics in photography. Zamir's richly illustrated study resituates Curtis's work in Native American studies and in the histories of photography and visual anthropology.

Molekulares Rot

Theorie für das Anthropozän

Author: McKenzie Wark

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3957574412

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 1995

DOWNLOAD NOW »

»Vielleicht brauchen wir eine neue kritische Theorie. Oder eine neu-alte, denn wie sich herausstellt, gab es bereits einmal eine kraftvolle und originelle Denkströmung, die in einem früheren, gescheiterten Versuch, die Vorgeschichte – die Zeit vor dem Anthropozän – zu beenden, beinahe ausgelöscht worden wäre.« Im Rückgriff auf die Ideengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, insbesondere auf Alexander Bogdanov und Andrej Platonow, versucht McKenzie Wark in diesem radikalen Großessay die Grundlegung einer Theorie für das Anthropozän. Er fordert dabei einen alternativen – und keinen spekulativen – Realismus. Einen Realismus, der für plurale, sich mit anderen Geschichten befassende Narrative offen ist. Im Schatten der Kohlenstoffbefreiungsfront ruft er dazu auf, eine neue Poetik und Technik zur Wissensorganisation zu erschaffen, und wagt es, die Misere unserer Zeit neu zu denken.

Die unsichtbaren Stimmen

Roman

Author: Carolina De Robertis

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104001464

Category: Fiction

Page: 464

View: 2126

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Ein Epos wie die großen Ströme Südamerikas: verschlungen, mitreißend, magisch Als die frisch verheiratete Pajarita zum ersten Mal vom Land nach Montevideo kommt, scheint ihr die ganze Welt offenzustehen. Doch die rauen Verhältnisse der großen Stadt trüben ihr Glück schnell. Ihr Mann verschwindet eines Tages spurlos, und Pajarita ist es, die die vier Kinder alleine großziehen muss. Sie ist es auch, die die Familie zusammenhält, als ihre Tochter Eva ihrer großen Liebe über den Río de la Plata nach Buenos Aires folgt. Und sie ist es, die ihrer Tochter zur Seite steht, als die rebellische Enkelin Salomé, die gegen die herrschende Militärdiktatur kämpft, verhaftet und eingesperrt wird. Pajarita, Eva, Salomé – drei Frauen, wie sie unterschiedlicher nicht sein können. Und doch haben sie eines gemeinsam: den Hang zur Unabhängigkeit, den Willen, ein selbstbestimmtes Leben zu führen – gegen alle Widerstände.

Freud

Author: Anthony Storr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783926642349

Category:

Page: 160

View: 6614

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Empty Seashell

Witchcraft and Doubt on an Indonesian Island

Author: Nils Bubandt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471966

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 957

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Empty Seashell explores what it is like to live in a world where cannibal witches are undeniably real, yet too ephemeral and contradictory to be an object of belief. In a book based on more than three years of fieldwork between 1991 and 2011, Nils Bubandt argues that cannibal witches for people in the coastal, and predominantly Christian, community of Buli in the Indonesian province of North Maluku are both corporeally real and fundamentally unknowable. Witches (known as gua in the Buli language or as suanggi in regional Malay) appear to be ordinary humans but sometimes, especially at night, they take other forms and attack people in order to kill them and eat their livers. They are seemingly everywhere and nowhere at the same time. The reality of gua, therefore, can never be pinned down. The title of the book comes from the empty nautilus shells that regularly drift ashore around Buli village. Convention has it that if you find a live nautilus, you are a gua. Like the empty shells, witchcraft always seems to recede from experience. Bubandt begins the book by recounting his own confusion and frustration in coming to terms with the contradictory and inaccessible nature of witchcraft realities in Buli. A detailed ethnography of the encompassing inaccessibility of Buli witchcraft leads him to the conclusion that much of the anthropological literature, which views witchcraft as a system of beliefs with genuine explanatory power, is off the mark. Witchcraft for the Buli people doesn't explain anything. In fact, it does the opposite: it confuses, obfuscates, and frustrates. Drawing upon Jacques Derrida’s concept of aporia—an interminable experience that remains continuously in doubt—Bubandt suggests the need to take seriously people’s experiential and epistemological doubts about witchcraft, and outlines, by extension, a novel way of thinking about witchcraft and its relation to modernity.

Virtues in Action

New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics

Author: M. Austin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280298

Category: Philosophy

Page: 233

View: 3531

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In recent decades, many philosophers have considered the strengths and weaknesses of a virtue-centered approach to moral theory. Much less attention has been given to how such an approach bears on issues in applied ethics. The essays in this volume apply a virtue-centered perspective to a variety of contemporary moral issues, and in so doing offer a fresh and illuminating perspective. Some of the essays focus on a particular virtue and its application to one or more realms of applied ethics, such as temperance and sex or humility and environmental ethics. Other chapters focus on an issue in applied ethics and bring several virtues into a discussion of that issue or realm of life, such as sport, education, and business. Finally, several of the chapters engage relevant psychological research as well as current neuroscience, which enhances the strength of the philosophical arguments.

Ethik

Author: Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783579071329

Category: Christian ethics

Page: 566

View: 7632

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Radical Decision Making: Leading Strategic Change in Complex Organizations

Author: D. Hruška

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137492317

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 150

View: 6338

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Radical Decision Making offers a controversial new framework to the conventional strategic change management conversation. While many approaches provide a discussion on a singular level, Dr. Hruška blends theory and research of decision making and social interaction to develop a consistent framework of strategic change.

Heidegger on Being Uncanny

Author: Katherine Withy

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674286790

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 1524

DOWNLOAD NOW »

There are bizarre moments when we feel like strangers to ourselves. Through an investigation of Heidegger’s concept of uncanniness, Katherine Withy explores what such experiences reveal. She shows that we can be what we are only if we do not fully understand what it is to be us, and points toward what it is to live well as an uncanny human being.

Politische Emotionen

Warum Liebe für Gerechtigkeit wichtig ist

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 596

View: 4044

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.