Radical Hope

Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040023

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 6353

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Shortly before he died, Plenty Coups, the last great Chief of the Crow Nation, told his story--up to a certain point. "When the buffalo went away the hearts of my people fell to the ground," he said, "and they could not lift them up again. After this nothing happened." It is precisely this point--that of a people faced with the end of their way of life--that prompts the philosophical and ethical inquiry pursued in "Radical Hope." In Jonathan Lear's view, Plenty Coups' story raises a profound ethical question that transcends his time and challenges us all: how should one face the possibility that one's culture might collapse? This is a vulnerability that affects us all--insofar as we are all inhabitants of a civilization, and civilizations are themselves vulnerable to historical forces. How should we live with this vulnerability? Can we make any sense of facing up to such a challenge courageously? Using the available anthropology and history of the Indian tribes during their confinement to reservations, and drawing on philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, Lear explores the story of the Crow Nation at an impasse as it bears upon these questions--and these questions as they bear upon our own place in the world. His book is a deeply revealing, and deeply moving, philosophical inquiry into a peculiar vulnerability that goes to the heart of the human condition.

Radical Hope

Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674023291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 187

View: 2326

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The philosophy and ethical inquiry of a people faced with the end of their way of life is pursued through the story of the Crow Nation as their culture was about to collapse.

RADICAL HOPE

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674027466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 201

View: 3827

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The philosophy and ethical inquiry of a people faced with the end of their way of life is pursued through the story of the Crow Nation as their culture was about to collapse.

Radical Hope

Letters of Love and Dissent in Dangerous Times

Author: Carolina De Robertis

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0525435131

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 3707

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Radical Hope is a collection of letters--to ancestors, to children five generations from now, to strangers in grocery lines, to any and all who feel weary and discouraged--written by award-winning novelists, poets, political thinkers, and activists. Provocative and inspiring, Radical Hope offers readers a kaleidoscopic view of the love and courage needed to navigate this time of upheaval, uncertainty, and fear, in view of the recent US presidential election. Including letters by Junot D�az, Alicia Garza, Roxana Robinson, Lisa See, Jewelle Gomez, Hari Kunzru, Faith Adiele, Parnaz Foroutan, Chip Livingston, Mohja Kahf, Achy Obejas, Viet Thanh Nguyen, Cherr�e Moraga, Kate Schatz, Boris Fishman, Karen Joy Fowler, Elmaz Abinader, Aya de Le�n, Jane Smiley, Luis Alberto Urrea, Mona Eltahawy, Jeff Chang, Claire Messud, Meredith Russo, Reyna Grande, Katie Kitamura, iO Tillett Wright, Francisco Goldman, Celeste Ng, Peter Orner, and Cristina Garc�a.

Happiness, Death, and the Remainder of Life

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674040038

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 2720

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Separated by millennia, Aristotle and Sigmund Freud gave us disparate but compelling pictures of the human condition. But if, with Jonathan Lear, we scrutinize these thinkers' attempts to explain human behavior in terms of a higher principle--whether happiness or death--the pictures fall apart. Aristotle attempted to ground ethical life in human striving for happiness, yet he didn't understand what happiness is any better than we do. Happiness became an enigmatic, always unattainable, means of seducing humankind into living an ethical life. Freud fared no better when he tried to ground human striving, aggression, and destructiveness in the death drive, like Aristotle attributing purpose where none exists. Neither overarching principle can guide or govern "the remainder of life," in which our inherently disruptive unconscious moves in breaks and swerves to affect who and how we are. Lear exposes this tendency to self-disruption for what it is: an opening, an opportunity for new possibilities. His insights have profound consequences not only for analysis but for our understanding of civilization and its discontent.

A Case for Irony

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674063147

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2161

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Vanity Fair has declared the Age of Irony over. Joan Didion has lamented that Obama’s United States is an “irony-free zone." Here Jonathan Lear argues that irony is one of the tools we use to live seriously, to get the hang of becoming human. It forces us to experience disruptions in our habitual ways of tuning out of life, but comes with a cost.

Love and Its Place in Nature

A Philosophical Interpretation of Freudian Psychoanalysis

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300074673

Category: Psychology

Page: 243

View: 2259

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Expanding on philosophical conceptions of love, nature, and mind, Lear shows that love can cure because it is the force that makes us human.

Open Minded

Working Out the Logic of the Soul

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674455337

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 2108

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Explores the relationship between philosophers' and psychoanalysts' attempts to discover how man thinks and perceives himself

Wisdom Won from Illness

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674973631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 6885

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Can reason absorb the psyche’s nonrational elements into a conception of the fully realized human being? Without a good answer to that question, Jonathan Lear says, philosophy is cut from its moorings in human life. He brings into conversation psychoanalysis and moral philosophy, which together form a basis for ethical thought about how to live.

Tuhami

Portrait of a Moroccan

Author: Vincent Crapanzano

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022619146X

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1314

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Tuhami is an illiterate Moroccan tilemaker who believes himself married to a camel-footed she-demon. A master of magic and a superb story-teller, Tuhami lives in a dank, windowless hovel near the kiln where he works. Nightly he suffers visitations from the demons and saints who haunt his life, and he seeks, with crippling ambivalence, liberation from 'A'isha Qandisha, the she-demon. In a sensitive and bold experiment in interpretive ethnography, Crapanzano presents Tuhami's bizarre account of himself and his world. In so doing, Crapanzano draws on phenomenology, psychoanalysis, and symbolism to reflect upon the nature of reality and truth and to probe the limits of anthropology itself. Tuhami has become one of the most important and widely cited representatives of a new understanding of the whole discipline of anthropology.

Freud

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317676815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 395

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In this fully updated second edition, Jonathan Lear clearly introduces and assesses all of Freud's thought, focusing on those areas of philosophy on which Freud is acknowledged to have had a lasting impact. These include the philosophy of mind, free will and determinism, rationality, the nature of the self and subjectivity, and ethics and religion. He also considers some of the deeper issues and problems Freud engaged with, brilliantly illustrating their philosophical significance: human sexuality, the unconscious, dreams, and the theory of transference. Lear’s approach emphasizes the philosophical significance of Freud’s fundamental rule – to say whatever comes to mind without censorship or inhibition. This binds psychoanalysis to the philosophical exploration of self-consciousness and truthfulness, as well as opening new paths of inquiry for moral psychology and ethics. The second edition includes a new Introduction and Conclusion. The text is revised throughout, including new sections on psychological structure and object relations and on Freud’s critique of religion and morality. One of the most important introductions and contributions to understanding this great thinker to have been published for many years, Freud, second edition will be essential reading for anyone in the humanities, social sciences and beyond with an interest in Freud or philosophy.

Medusa's Hair

An Essay on Personal Symbols and Religious Experience

Author: Gananath Obeyesekere

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618921X

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1317

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The great pilgrimage center of southeastern Sri Lanka, Kataragama, has become in recent years the spiritual home of a new class of Hindu-Buddhist religious devotees. These ecstatic priests and priestesses invariably display long locks of matted hair, and they express their devotion to the gods through fire walking, tongue-piercing, hanging on hooks, and trance-induced prophesying. The increasing popularity of these ecstatics poses a challenge not only to orthodox Sinhala Buddhism (the official religion of Sri Lanka) but also, as Gananath Obeyesekere shows, to the traditional anthropological and psychoanalytic theories of symbolism. Focusing initially on one symbol, matted hair, Obeyesekere demonstrates that the conventional distinction between personal and cultural symbols is inadequate and naive. His detailed case studies of ecstatics show that there is always a reciprocity between the personal-psychological dimension of the symbol and its public, culturally sanctioned role. Medusa's Hair thus makes an important theoretical contribution both to the anthropology of individual experience and to the psychoanalytic understanding of culture. In its analyses of the symbolism of guilt, the adaptational and integrative significance of belief in spirits, and a host of related issues concerning possession states and religiosity, this book marks a provocative advance in psychological anthropology.

Repair

The Impulse to Restore in a Fragile World

Author: Elizabeth V. Spelman

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807020111

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 9905

DOWNLOAD NOW »

We live in a world constantly in need of repair. Our cars break down. Marriages weaken, friendships sour, ties between nations are rent. Yet we fix things and relationships all the time, without giving these activities much thought. Repair is the first book to offer an in-depth exploration of this core aspect of human life.

How We Hope

A Moral Psychology

Author: Adrienne Martin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400848709

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 5994

DOWNLOAD NOW »

What exactly is hope and how does it influence our decisions? In How We Hope, Adrienne Martin presents a novel account of hope, the motivational resources it presupposes, and its function in our practical lives. She contends that hoping for an outcome means treating certain feelings, plans, and imaginings as justified, and that hope thereby involves sophisticated reflective and conceptual capacities. Martin develops this original perspective on hope--what she calls the "incorporation analysis"--in contrast to the two dominant philosophical conceptions of hope: the orthodox definition, where hoping for an outcome is simply desiring it while thinking it possible, and agent-centered views, where hoping for an outcome is setting oneself to pursue it. In exploring how hope influences our decisions, she establishes that it is not always a positive motivational force and can render us complacent. She also examines the relationship between hope and faith, both religious and secular, and identifies a previously unnoted form of hope: normative or interpersonal hope. When we place normative hope in people, we relate to them as responsible agents and aspire for them to overcome challenges arising from situation or character. Demonstrating that hope merits rigorous philosophical investigation, both in its own right and in virtue of what it reveals about the nature of human emotion and motivation, How We Hope offers an original, sustained look at a largely neglected topic in philosophy.

Public Things

Democracy in Disrepair

Author: Bonnie Honig

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0823276414

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 7242

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Drawing on Winnicott and Hannah Arendt, Public Things: Democracy in Disrepair develops a lexicon for a political theory of public things. Indigenous activism, racial inequality, and democratic citizenship; care, concern, hope, and play all figure in readings of contemporary events and literary, film, and political theory (Tocqueville, Melville, von Trier)"--

Does History Make Sense?

Hegel on the Historical Shapes of Justice

Author: Terry Pinkard

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674978803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 6677

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Hegel’s philosophy of history—which most critics view as a theory of inevitable progress toward modern European civilization—is widely regarded as a failure today. Terry Pinkard’s spirited defense of the Hegelian view, based on a subtle understanding of human subjectivity, will play a central role in contemporary reevaluations of Hegel’s work.

Jefferson's Children

Education and the Promise of American Culture

Author: Leon Botstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 5586

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A dazzling exploration of American culture, education, and democracy by one of the nation's most creative and prominent educators.

Ethics and the Foundations of Education

Teaching Convictions in a Postmodern World

Author: Patrick Slattery,Dana Rapp

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780321054012

Category: Education

Page: 310

View: 5026

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Teaching Convictions: Critical Ethical Issues and Education explores ethical issues in schools and society from the vantage-point of critical theory, democratic community, aesthetics, ecology, hermeneutics, and constructive postmodernism. This text discusses social constructions of reality and the contribution of postmodern theories to justice, compassion, and ecological sustainability in the challenging and difficult context of today's global society. The authors present life experiences and personal convictions in a narrative, autobiographical style without positioning themselves as passive observers of education or ethics nor as dispassionate investigators of ethical systems. Rather, they actively promote vision and aesthetic sensibilities as they examine their understanding of schools and society using examples from their life experiences. By referring to the arts, ecology, identity politics, theology, race and gender theories in their story of critical ethical issues and education, the authors weave a narrative of their teaching convictions in relation to moral issues.

Therapeutic Action

An Earnest Plea for Irony

Author: Jonathan Lear

Publisher: Other Press, LLC

ISBN: 9781590511435

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 5536

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Therapeutic Action is many things: a passionate philosophical communication from one practicing analyst to other members of the psychoanalytic community; a commentary on the under-appreciated contribution of the psychoanalyst (and former student of Heidegger) Hans Loewald, and a profound yet succinct and non-technical discussion of the most important philosophical issues associated with psychoanalysis....The book is distinctive and original, and Jonathan Lear fuses its several dimensions into a whole that is more than the sum of its parts with prose that is effortless, humorous, and consistently engaging." --Sebastian Gardner, Professor of Philosophy, University College London "Jonathan Lear'sTherapeutic Actionvindicates its Oscar Wildean subtitle--An Earnest Plea for Irony--by giving us a Kierkegaardian reading, not so much of Hans Loewald, but of the transferences between Loewald and Lear. Just as the surviving traces of Plato in Freud were to identify reality-testing with a cognition freed of its sexual past, even so Lear attempts his own version of Kierkegaard's "The Case of the Contemporary Disciple." Lear is Plato to Loewald's Socrates, which is an audacious venture.Therapeutic Actionhas the high merit of helping me to rethink some of my own transferences." --Harold Bloom "With this ultimately personal 'how-not-to' book, Lear engages the difficult question: how to write about the process of psychic change without betraying either love or science.Therapeutic Actionwill enliven the thinking of anyone involved in analyzing the psyche." --Carol Gilligan, New York University, author ofIn a Different VoiceandThe Birth of Pleasure Prominent professor and highly regarded author Jonathan Lear argues that, properly understood, irony plays a crucial role in therapeutic action. He asserts that irony itself has been regularly confused with sarcasm; it is often mistakenly assumed that irony and earnestness cannot go together. This book, then, is not merely about the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis--it is an enactment of conceptual therapy. Lear invites psychologists, psychoanalysts, and psychiatrists to renew their own engagement with the fundamental concepts of their practice. To that end, the book investigates the concepts of subjectivity and objectivity that are appropriate for psychoanalysts, the concepts of internalization and of transference. Lear also offers an extended discussion of the theories of Hans Loewald and Paul Gray--and how they do and do not fit together. The very idea that love, or Eros, could be a drive--as Freud postulated--is given a new interpretation.

The Mess Inside

Narrative, Emotion, and the Mind

Author: Peter Goldie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199230730

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 186

View: 778

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The notion of narrative is highly topical, and highly contentious, in a wide range of fields including philosophy, psychology and psychoanalysis, historical studies, and literature. Peter Goldie engages with all of these areas of discourse in The Mess Inside. He focuses on the ways in which we think about our lives--our present, our past, and our future--in narrative terms, and steers a path between the sceptics who are dismissive of the idea as havingany worthwhile use at all, and those who argue that our very selfhood is somehow constituted by a narrative. He uses two case studies--on grief and self-forgiveness--to show how we engage with narrative thinking.While Goldie agrees with those who are sceptical about the idea that there is such a thing as a narrative self, he argues that having a narrative sense of self, quite distinct from any metaphysical notion of selfhood, is at the heart of what it is to think of ourselves, and others, as having a narratable past, present, and future.