Food Security, Safety Nets and Social Protection in Ethiopia

Author: Dessalegn Rahmato,Alula Pankhurst,Jan-Gerrit van Uffelen

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9994450476

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 4207

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"This book, which examines Ethiopia's food security strategy and the safety net program from different approaches and perspectives in the context of the development of a social protection policy, is a continuation of that tradition ... Ethiopia's safety net program is one of the largest and most influential social protection schemes in Africa and, as noted by several authors in this volume, provides important lessons beyond the Ethiopian context."--Back cover.

The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa

Author: Haroon Bhorat,Alan Hirsch,Ravi Kanbur,Mthuli Ncube

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003425

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 4803

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In 1994 South Africa saw the end of apartheid. The new era of political freedom was seen as the foundation for economic prosperity and inclusion. The last two decades have seen mixed results. Economic growth has been volatile. While inequalities in public services have been reduced, income inequality has increased, and poverty has remained stagnant. As the twentieth anniversary of the transition to democracy approaches in 2014, the economic policy debates in South Africa are in full flow. They combine a stocktake of the various programs of the last two decades with a forward looking discussion of strategy in the face of an ever open but volatile global economy. Underlying the discourse are basic and often unresolved differences on an appropriate strategy for an economy like South Africa, with a strong natural resource base but with deeply entrenched inherited inequalities, especially across race. This volume contributes to the policy and analytical debate by pulling together perspectives on a range of issues: micro, macro, sectoral, country wide and global, from leading economists working on South Africa. Other than the requirement that it be analytical and not polemical, the contributors were given freedom to put forward their particular perspective on their topic. The economists invited are from within South Africa and from outside; from academia and the policy world; from international and national level economic policy agencies. The contributors include recognized world leaders in South African economic analysis, as well as the very best of the younger crop of economists who are working on the study of South Africa, the next generation of leaders in thought and policy.

Social Protection for the Poor and Poorest

Concepts, Policies and Politics

Author: A. Barrientos,D. Hulme

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230583091

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7913

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Social protection is fast becoming an important theme in development policy. This book examines the political processes shaping social protection policies; compares the key conceptual frameworks available for analyzing social protection; and provides a comparative discussion on social protection policies focused on the poor and the poorest.

Social Protection in Southern Africa

New Opportunities for Social Development

Author: Leila Patel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351548441

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1887

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A new generation of innovative social protection strategies is emerging in southern Africa. Although cash transfers are most prevalent, some country strategies include combinations of interventions such as food, livelihood inputs and support, asset building, public works and social services. The strategies vary in their commitment to social rights, their institutional and funding arrangements, the reach, scope and design of the programmes, and the behavioural conditions attached to grant access. The proliferation of national social protection in the Global South has been widely supported by governments, international agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).This book offers researchers and policymakers much to think about when considering the rapid growth of social protection in southern Africa, the challenges this presents and the opportunities it offers for social development and economic growth. Hence, the book is a contribution to scholarship and policy debate on how to solve intractable social development problems in Africa and elsewhere.This book was originally published as a special issue of Development Southern Africa.

Public Works as a Safety Net

Design, Evidence, and Implementation

Author: Kalanidhi Subbarao,Carlo del Ninno,Colin Andrews,Claudia Rodríguez-Alas

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821394614

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 9233

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A review of the conceptual underpinnings and operational elements of public works programs around the world., drawing from a rich evidence base and analyzing previously unassimilated data, to fill a gap in knowledge related to public works programs, now so popular.

Gender & Social Protection Strategies in the Informal Economy

Author: Naila Kabeer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317809904

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 7892

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The vast majority of the world’s working women, particularly those from low-income households in developing countries, are located in the informal economy in activities that are casual, poorly paid, irregular and outside the remit of formal social security and protective legislation. This book examines the constraints and barriers which continue to confine women to these forms of work and what this implies for their ability to provide for themselves and their families and to cope with insecurity. It develops a framework of analysis that integrates gender, life course and livelihoods perspectives in order to explore the interactions between gender inequality, household poverty and labour market forces that help to produce gender-differentiated experiences of risk and vulnerability for the working poor. Drawing on practical experiences from the field, It uses this framework to demonstrate the relevance of a gender-analytical approach to the design and evaluation of a range of social protection measures that are relevant to women at different stages of their life course. These include conditional and unconditional social transfers to reduce child labour and promote children’s education, child care support for working women, financial services for the poor, employment generation through public works and different measures for old age security. The book stresses the importance of an organised voice for working women if they are to ensure that employers, trade unions and governments respond to their need for socio-economic security. Finally, the book synthesises the main lessons that emerge from the discussion and the linkages between social protection strategies and the broader macro-economic framework. A book that will be of interest to a wide range of readers—those in the fields of economics, sociology and gender studies, as also activists and policy-makers.

Social Protection Sector Strategy

From Safety Net to Springboard

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821349038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 76

View: 1679

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This book presents recent World Bank analytical work on the causes of violence and conflict in Columbia and the pilot lending programmes which have been designed to promote peace and help development. It is divided into three sections. The first sets the framework for the history of violence and the mechanisms of its propagation, looks at its costs and also at current policy initiatives to reduce it. The second part looks at the social economic causes of conflict and the costs of achieving peace. The last part reviews the recent experience of the World Bank in assisting countries that are experiencing, or have overcome, domestic armed conflict.

Halving Hunger

Meeting the First Millennium Development Goal Through "Business As Unusual"

Author: Shenggen Fan

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295389

Category: Social Science

Page: 16

View: 4903

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In 2000, the world's leaders set a target of halving the percentage of hungry people between 1990 and 2015. This rather modest target constitutes part of the first Millennium Development Goal, which also calls for halving the proportion of people living in poverty and achieving full employment. However, the effort to meet the hunger target has swerved off track, and the world is getting farther and farther away from realizing this objective. The goal of halving hunger by 2015 can still be achieved, but business as usual will not be enough. What is needed is "business as unusual"-a smarter, more innovative, better focused, and cost-effective approach to reducing hunger.

People-Centred Public Works Programmes

A Strategy for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development in sub-Saharan Africa?

Author: Tandi, Costain,Mawere, Munyaradzi

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG

ISBN: 9956550485

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 9820

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Poverty has long been a developmental challenge in the Global South in general and in sub-Saharan Africa in particular. With a fifth, mainly from the rural areas of the world, living below the poverty datum line, the world has a huge challenge to reduce poverty, worse still to eradicate it from the face of the earth. A target was set through the 2000-2015 United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and subsequently through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to reduce poverty by at least half by the years 2015 and 2030 respectively. In pursuing this goal, livelihoods of poor people though meeting with serious challenges, especially in rural areas, play a major role. This book explores the role played by people-centred Public Works Programmes in the fight against poverty and the development of rural communities in Africa. Whereas a number of countries in Africa have been approaching the issue of poverty through several interventions including Public Works Schemes, it is sad to note that poverty still tops the rankings among numerous economic and social challenges facing the continent. One wonders whether the public works strategy is misguided, misconstrued or mismanaged considering that its main objective is to make the unemployed more employable through the provision of temporary employment and training opportunities. The book concludes that Public Works Programmes, if well managed and people-centred, are one of the best ways to alleviate and even eradicate poverty in rural Africa, as it allows governments to make partnership with people, and facilitates implementation while giving space for economic self-sustenance, growth and development.

Corporate Social Responsibility in the Construction Industry

Author: Michael Murray,Andrew Dainty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134232993

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 414

View: 642

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The construction process, right through from planning and design to use and demolition, has a major impact on society. Traditionally, concern has been focused on its environmental impact and the quest for sustainability, but this has now extended into the wider remit of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Essentially, this means that businesses must act (voluntarily) in a socially ethical manner by developing a policy that encompasses the core principles enshrined by CSR. A unique presentation on a topic of emerging importance, Corporate Social Responsibility in the Construction Industry is essential reading for all built environment undergraduate and post-graduate courses, as well as CEOs and senior managers within construction businesses who may be about to embark on developing a CSR strategy.

Gender and Social Protection in the Developing World

Beyond Mothers and Safety Nets

Author: Rebecca Holmes,Nicola Jones

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780320442

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 7757

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Millions of pounds of international development funds are invested annually in social protection programmes to tackle poverty. Poverty is perpetuated by risk and vulnerability, much of which is gendered. Despite this, little attention has been paid to gender-sensitive policy and programme design and implementation. Gender and Social Protection in the Developing World introduces a much-needed gender lens to these debates. Drawing on empirical evidence from poor households and communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, the book provides rich insight into the effects of a range of social protection instruments. It concludes that with relatively simple changes to design and with investment in implementation capacity, social protection can contribute to transforming gender relations at the individual, intrahousehold and community levels. With a foreword by Stephen Devereux.

Patronage Politics Divides Us

A Study of Poverty, Patronage and Inequality in South Africa

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655824

Category: Social Science

Page: 143

View: 9578

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Patronage Politics Divides Us is the culmination of a research project that forms part of MISTRA's first suite of eight priority research projects. The research explores the relationship between patronage, poverty, and inequality with a particular focus on its impact on the conduct of local politics. The overall aim of the study was to explore the possibility of constituting public institutions in a manner that enables them to become legitimate arbiters between the various interests, rather than as instruments that are captured by contending interest groups for their own accumulation. Most importantly, this study was necessitated by the realization that postapartheid patronage politics has not received sufficient scholarly attention. The report is a profile of socioeconomic life in South Africa's various communities as experienced not only by locals but also by foreign-born residents. The findings provide a window on relationships between councilors, business interests, and local party organizations.

Social Development and Social Work Perspectives on Social Protection

Author: Julie L. Drolet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317673468

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7877

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Social protection is now considered a development milestone and an important tool in combating poverty. Interventions can include, for example, health insurance, public works programs, guaranteed employment schemes, or cash transfers targeting vulnerable populations groups. This innovative volume is designed to develop understanding about the role and contribution of social protection globally and to share innovative practice and policies from around the world. It explores how to cover an entire population effectively, especially those who are at risk or who are already in a situation of deprivation, and in a sustainable manner. Divided into two parts, the book begins by exploring the theoretical underpinnings of social protection, discussing the social work and social development perspectives and concepts that currently shape it. The second part is comprised of case studies from countries implementing successful social protection initiatives, including Brazil, India, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria and Indonesia, and reveals how the impact of a successful social protection intervention on poverty, vulnerability and inequality can be dramatic. This volume is an important reference for advanced students and researchers from a range of disciplines including social policy, social work, development studies, geography, planning, economics, sociology, population health and political science.

Power, Politics, and Performance

Community Participation in South African Public Works Programs

Author: Michelle Adato,John Hoddinott,Lawrence James Haddad

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896291472

Category: Social Science

Page: 73

View: 4173

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Since 1994, public works programs with community participation have been part of South Africa's efforts to reduce poverty through increasing employment, skills, infrastructure, and local capacities. This report is an analysis of the intended and actual responsibilities of community forums and community-based committees; the value added by community participation in project selection, design, and management, and the problems introduced; the impact of community participation on project performance; and the factors that have constrained the ability of community-based committees to play the role envisioned for them in policy documents. The research provides a window into the developmental changes and challenges faced by South Africa since its transition to democracy in 1994 and reveals the dilemmas and possibilities pertaining to community-driven development projects.

Social Protection for the Poor

Lessons from Recent International Experience

Author: Stephen Devereux

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 36

View: 8390

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Governments and donor agencies increasingly recognise the need to provide protection for the poor against income fluctuations or livelihood shocks. In this context, 'social protection' is an umbrella term covering a range of interventions, from formal social security systems to ad hoc emergency interventions to project food aid (e.g. school feeding, public works). This paper synthesises current thinking and evidence on a number of issues around the design and impact of social protection programmes, including: the case for and against targeting resource transfers; alternative approaches to targeting; what form resource transfers should take (cash, food, agricultural inputs); the 'crowding out' debate; cost-efficiency of transfer programmes; whether these programmes meet the real and articulated needs of their 'beneficiaries'; impacts on poverty and vulnerability, and fiscal and political sustainability.