Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America

Author: Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521869423

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 7478

DOWNLOAD NOW »

For two decades, students of presidentialism have argued that extreme executive-legislative conflict ignites military interventions. However, in recent years many Latin American presidents have been removed from office without democratic breakdowns. This book addresses the emerging paradox of unstable governments in the midst of stable democracies.

Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America

Author: Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464450

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4955

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Documents the emergence of a pattern of political instability in Latin America. Traditional military coups have receded in the region, but elected presidents are still ousted from power as a result of recurrent crises. Aníbal Pérez-Liñán shows that presidential impeachment has become the main constitutional instrument employed by civilian elites to depose unpopular rulers. Based on detailed comparative research in five countries and extensive historical information, the book explains why crises without breakdown have become the dominant form of instability in recent years and why some presidents are removed from office while others survive in power. The analysis emphasizes the erosion of presidential approval resulting from corruption and unpopular policies, the formation of hostile coalitions in Congress, and the role of investigative journalism. This book challenges classic assumptions in studies of presidentialism and provides important insights for the fields of political communication, democratization, political behaviour, and institutional analysis.

Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America

Author: Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521178495

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 6763

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book documents the emergence of a new pattern of political instability in Latin America. Traditional military coups have receded in the region, but elected presidents are still ousted from power as a result of recurrent crises. Aníbal Pérez-Liñán shows that presidential impeachment has become the main constitutional instrument employed by civilian elites to depose unpopular rulers. Based on detailed comparative research in five countries and extensive historical information, the book explains why crises without breakdown have become the dominant form of instability in recent years and why some presidents are removed from office while others survive in power. The analysis emphasizes the erosion of presidential approval resulting from corruption and unpopular policies, the formation of hostile coalitions in Congress, and the role of investigative journalism. This book challenges classic assumptions in studies of presidentialism and provides important insights for the fields of political communication, democratization, political behavior, and institutional analysis.

Checking Executive Power

Presidential Impeachment in Comparative Perspective

Author: Midwest Political Association. Meeting

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275979263

Category: Law

Page: 196

View: 3719

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Baumgartner, Kada, and their contributors examine the extraordinary process of presidential impeachment and add to a virtual vacuum in political science literature on presidential impeachment, especially in countries other than the United States. The contributors examine presidential impeachment attempts in such varied settings as the United States, Russia, Colombia, Brazil, Venezuela, the Philippines, and Madagascar.

Institutions on the Edge

The Origins and Consequences of Inter-Branch Crises in Latin America

Author: Gretchen Helmke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316889327

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6762

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Why does institutional instability pervade the developing world? Examining contemporary Latin America, Institutions on the Edge develops and tests a novel argument to explain why institutional crises emerge, spread, and repeat in some countries, but not in others. The book draws on formal bargaining theories developed in the conflict literature to offer the first unified micro-level account of inter-branch crises. In so doing, Helmke shows that concentrating power in the executive branch not only fuels presidential crises under divided government, but also triggers broader constitutional crises that cascade on to the legislature and the judiciary. Along the way, Helmke highlights the importance of public opinion and mass protests, and elucidates the conditions under which divided government matters for institutional instability.

Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America

Emergence, Survival, and Fall

Author: Scott Mainwaring,Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107433630

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 6829

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin America since 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical approach situated between long-term structural and cultural explanations and short-term explanations that look at the decisions of specific leaders. They focus on the political preferences of powerful actors - the degree to which they embrace democracy as an intrinsically desirable end and their policy radicalism - to explain regime outcomes. They also demonstrate that transnational forces and influences are crucial to understand regional waves of democratization. Based on extensive research into the political histories of all twenty Latin American countries, this book offers the first extended analysis of regime emergence, survival and failure for all of Latin America over a long period of time.

The Alchemists

Questioning our Faith in Courts as Democracy-Builders

Author: Tom Gerald Daly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108287190

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7806

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Can courts really build democracy in a state emerging from authoritarian rule? This book presents a searching critique of the contemporary global model of democracy-building for post-authoritarian states, arguing that it places excessive reliance on courts. Since 1945, both constitutional courts and international human rights courts have been increasingly perceived as alchemists, capable of transmuting the base materials of a nascent democracy into the gold of a functioning democratic system. By charting the development of this model, and critically analysing the evidence and claims for courts as democracy-builders, this book argues that the decades-long trend toward ever greater reliance on courts is based as much on faith as fact, and can often be counter-productive. Offering a sustained corrective to unrealistic perceptions of courts as democracy-builders, the book points the way toward a much needed rethinking of democracy-building models and a re-evaluation of how we employ courts in this role.

Policymaking in Latin America

How Politics Shapes Policies

Author: Ernesto Stein,Mariano Tommasi,Carlos G. Scartascini,Pablo Tomas Spiller

Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller

ISBN: 9781597820615

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 5122

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Political institutions, policymaking, and policy: an introduction / Pablo T. Spiller, Ernesto Stein, and Mariano Tommasi -- Who's who in the PMP: an overview of actors, incentives, and the roles they play / Carlos Scartascini -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Argentina / Pablo T. Spiller and Mariano Tommasi -- On the road to good governance: recovering from economic and political shocks in Brazil / Lee J. Alston ... [et. al] -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Chile / Cristóbal Aninat ... [et. al] -- Political institutions and policy outcomes in Colombia: the effects of the 1991 constitution / Mauricio Cárdenas, Roberto Junguito, Mónica Pachòn -- Veto players, fickle institutions, and low-quality policies: the policymaking process in Ecuador / Andrés Mejia Acosta ... [et. al] -- Policymaking in Mexico under one-party hegemony and divided government / Fabrice Lehoucq ... [et. al] -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Paraguay / José Molinas ... [et. al] -- Political institutions and policymaking in Venezuela: the rise and collapse of political cooperation / Francisco Monaldi ... [et. al].

Competitive Authoritarianism

Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War

Author: Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491482

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3557

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.

Presidential Breakdowns in Latin America

Causes and Outcomes of Executive Instability in Developing Democracies

Author: M. Llanos,Leiv Marsteintredet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230105815

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 2322

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The first comprehensive analysis of a new type of executive instability without regime instability in Latin America referred to as 'presidential breakdown.'

Legislator Success in Fragmented Congresses in Argentina

Plurality Cartels, Minority Presidents, and Lawmaking

Author: Ernesto Calvo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107065135

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9479

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Plurality-led Congresses are among the most pervasive and least studied phenomena in presidential systems around the world. Often conflated with divided government, where an organized opposition controls a majority of seats in congress, plurality-led congresses are characterized by a party with fewer than 50 percent of the seats still in control of the legislative gates. Extensive gatekeeping authority without plenary majorities, this book shows, leads to policy outcomes that are substantially different from those observed in majority-led congresses. Through detailed analyses of legislative success in Argentina and Uruguay, this book explores the determinants of law enactment in fragmented congresses. It describes in detail how the lack of majority support explains legislative success in standing committees, the chamber directorate, and the plenary floor.

The Legitimacy Puzzle in Latin America

Political Support and Democracy in Eight Nations

Author: John A. Booth,Mitchell A. Seligson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521515890

Category: Political Science

Page: 355

View: 3201

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book examines citizens' attitudes toward the legitimacy of their political systems and the relationship between political legitimacy and democratic stability.

Stealth Democracy

Americans' Beliefs About How Government Should Work

Author: John R. Hibbing,Elizabeth Theiss-Morse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009867

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 3638

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Examining how people want their democratic government to work, this study finds that Americans don't like many of the practices associated with democracy: the conflicts, the debates, the compromises. It finds that Americans don't want to have to see democracy in practice, nor do they want to be involved in politics. If American citizens had their way, political decisions would be made by unselfish decision-makers, lessening the need for monitoring government.

Presidents and Democracy in Latin America

Author: Manuel Alcántara,Jean Blondel,Jean-Louis Thiébault

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351622706

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 2797

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This new textbook provides students with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the presidents and presidential leadership in Latin America. Unlike other texts, Presidents and Democracy in Latin America integrates both political analysis and major theoretical perspectives with extensive country-specific material. Part One examines the developments in recent years in Latin American presidentialism and identifies different characteristics of society and politics which have influenced Latin American governments. The personalization of political life and of presidential government help to illustrate the character of Latin American politics, specifically on the type of political career of those who occupied the presidential office, the leadership style of these presidents and the type of government which they led. Part Two studies two presidents in each of six countries in the region which reflect the broad trends in the political and electoral life: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. Each case study first provides the biographical background of the president; it outlines the political career of the president both inside and outside of a party, including at the local level; the popularity of the president at the time of the presidential election is given, as well as the mode of selection of the candidates (selection by party leaders only, by party members or by a primary). The relation of the president with the government or ministers, especially if there is a coalition government, is detailed. This textbook will be essential reading for all students of Latin American Politics and is highly recommended for those studying executive politics, political leadership, and the state of democratic governance in Latin America.

The Second Reconstruction

A History of the Modern Civil Rights Movement

Author: Gary Donaldson

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 153

View: 733

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This text traces the history of the civil rights movement in the years following World War II, to the present day. Issues discussed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights of 1965, and the Northern Ireland ghetto's.

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy

Author: Jose Antonio Cheibub

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521542449

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 8055

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book questions the reasons why presidential democracies more likely to break down than parliamentary ones.

The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America

Advances and Setbacks

Author: Frances Hagopian,Scott P. Mainwaring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445603

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3003

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The late twentieth century witnessed the birth of an impressive number of new democracies in Latin America. This wave of democratization since 1978 has been by far the broadest and most durable in the history of Latin America, but many of the resulting democratic regimes also suffer from profound deficiencies. What caused democratic regimes to emerge and survive? What are their main achievements and shortcomings? This volume offers an ambitious and comprehensive overview of the unprecedented advances as well as the setbacks in the post-1978 wave of democratization. It seeks to explain the sea change from a region dominated by authoritarian regimes to one in which openly authoritarian regimes are the rare exception, and it analyzes why some countries have achieved striking gains in democratization while others have experienced erosions. The book presents general theoretical arguments about what causes and sustains democracy and analyses of nine compelling country cases.

Latin American Party Systems

Author: Herbert Kitschelt,Kirk A. Hawkins,Juan Pablo Luna,Guillermo Rosas,Elizabeth J. Zechmeister

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139483846

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 426

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Political parties provide a crucial link between voters and politicians. This link takes a variety of forms in democratic regimes, from the organization of political machines built around clientelistic networks to the establishment of sophisticated programmatic parties. Latin American Party Systems provides a novel theoretical argument to account for differences in the degree to which political party systems in the region were programmatically structured at the end of the twentieth century. Based on a diverse array of indicators and surveys of party legislators and public opinion, the book argues that learning and adaptation through fundamental policy innovations are the main mechanisms by which politicians build programmatic parties. Marshalling extensive evidence, the book's analysis shows the limits of alternative explanations and substantiates a sanguine view of programmatic competition, nevertheless recognizing that this form of party system organization is far from ubiquitous and enduring in Latin America.

Democracies in Development

Politics and Reform in Latin America

Author: J. Mark Payne,Inter-American Development Bank

Publisher: IDB

ISBN: 1931003319

Category: Political Science

Page: 339

View: 1470

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The spread of democracy over the past two decades in Latin America has contributed significantly to ensuring fundamental political freedom, civil liberties and human rights. Democracies in Development -- published in cooperation with the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance -- makes it clear that a legitimate and effective democracy is also essential for sustainable economic and social development. The book analyzes the effects of institutions on democratic systems, identifies regional trends in democratic reform, and assesses efforts to enhance governance. Chapters focus on the quality of democratic politics; citizen support for democracy and electoral participation; presidential democracy; political party systems; the balance of power between the executive and legislature; the authority of accountability agencies; and mechanisms to facilitate more direct citizen participation. Appendices outline the institutional structures of the region's democracies and examine voter turnout since 1978. The accompanying CD-ROM features country-by-country election results for presidential and legislative elections. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance