Practical Analysis of Flavor and Fragrance Materials

Author: Kevin Goodner,Russell Rouseff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119975212

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 6583

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Modern flavours and fragrances are complex formulated products containing blends of aroma compounds with auxiliary materials, enabling desirable flavours or fragrances to be added to a huge range of products. The flavour and fragrance industry is a key part of the worldwide specialty chemicals industry, yet most technical recruits have minimal exposure to flavours and fragrances before recruitment. The analytical chemistry of flavour and fragrance materials presents specific challenges to the analytical chemist, as most of the chemicals involved are highly volatile, present in very small amounts and in complex mixtures. Analytical Methods for Flavor and Fragrance Materials covers the most important methods in the analysis of flavour and fragrance materials, including traditional and newly emerging methodologies. It discusses the capabilities of the various analytical methods for flavour and fragrance analysis and guides the newcomer to the most appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems.

Flavor, Fragrance, and Odor Analysis

Author: Ray Marsili

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203908273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 6045

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Written from a practical, problem-solving perspective, this reference explores advances in mass spectrometry, sample preparation, gas chromatography (GC)-olfactometry, and electronic-nose technology for food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical applications. The book discusses the chemical structures of key flavor and fragrance compounds and contains numerous examples and chromatograms and emphasizes novel solid-phase microextraction procedures. It includes coverage of isolation and concentration of odor impact chemicals prior to GC manipulation; time-of-flight mass spectrometers and electronic-nose instrumentation; how to identify chemicals responsible for flower scents; and more.

Instrumental Assessment of Food Sensory Quality

A Practical Guide

Author: David Kilcast

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098853

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 4302

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Instrumental measurements of the sensory quality of food and drink are of growing importance in both complementing data provided by sensory panels and in providing valuable data in situations in which the use of human subjects is not feasible. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality. After an introductory chapter, part one goes on to explore the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity. Part two reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality and includes chapters on food colour measurement using computer vision, gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), electronic noses and tongues for in vivo food flavour measurement, and non-destructive methods for food texture assessment. Further chapters highlight in-mouth measurement of food quality and emerging flavour analysis methods for food authentication. Finally, chapters in part three focus on the instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of particular foods and beverages including meat, poultry and fish, baked goods, dry crisp products, dairy products, and fruit and vegetables. The instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of wine, beer, and juices is also discussed. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality is a comprehensive technical resource for quality managers and research and development personnel in the food industry and researchers in academia interested in instrumental food quality measurement. Reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality Explores the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity Reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality

Chemistry and Technology of Flavours and Fragrances

Author: David Rowe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148071

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9612

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Modern flavours and fragrances are complex formulated products, containing blends of aroma compounds with auxiliary materials, enabling desirable flavours or fragrances to be added to a huge range of products. From the identification and synthesis of materials such as cinnamaldehyde and vanillin in the 19th Century to the current application of advanced analytical techniques for identification of trace aroma compounds present in natural materials, the flavour and fragrance industry has developed as a key part of the worldwide specialty chemicals industry. With contributions mainly coming from industry based experts, Chemistry & Technology of Flavours and Fragrances provides a detailed overview of the synthesis, chemistry and application technology of the major classes aroma compounds. With separate chapters covering important technical aspects such as the stability of aroma compounds, structure – odour relationships and identification of aroma compounds, this book will be essential reading for both experienced and graduate level entrants to the flavour & fragrance industry. It will also serve as an important introduction to the subject for chemists and technologists in those industries that use flavours and fragrances, eg food, cosmetics & toiletries, and household products. David Rowe is Technical Manager at De Monchy Aromatics Ltd., Poole UK

Springer Handbook of Odor

Author: Andrea Buettner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319269321

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1100

View: 6094

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The Springer Handbook of Odor is the definitive guide to all aspects related to the study of smell and their impact on human life. For the first time, this handbook aligns the senso-chemo-analytical characterization of everyday smells encountered by mankind, with the elucidation of perceptual, hedonic, behavioral and physiological responses of humans to such odors. From birth onwards we learn to interact with our environment using our sense of smell. Moreover, evolutionary processes have engendered a multi-faceted communication that is supported – even dominated – by olfaction. This compilation examines the responses of humans to odors at different stages of life, thereby building a foundation for a widely overseen area of research with broader ramifications for human life. The expert international authors and editor align aspects, concepts, methodologies and perspectives from a broad range of different disciplines related to the science of smell. These include chemistry, physiology, psychology, material sciences, technology but also disciplines related to linguistics, culture, art and design. This handbook, edited by an internationally renowned aroma scientist with the support of an outstanding team of over 60 authors, is an authoritative reference for researchers in the field of odors both in academia and in industry and is also a useful reference for newcomers to the area.

Flavour Development, Analysis and Perception in Food and Beverages

Author: J K Parker,Stephen Elmore,Lisa Methven

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782421114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 1891

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Flavour is a critical aspect of food production and processing, requiring careful design, monitoring and testing in order to create an appealing food product. This book looks at flavour generation, flavour analysis and sensory perception of food flavour and how these techniques can be used in the food industry to create new and improve existing products. Part one covers established and emerging methods of characterising and analysing taste and aroma compounds. Part two looks at different factors in the generation of aroma. Finally, part three focuses on sensory analysis of food flavour. Covers the analysis and characterisation of aromas and taste compounds Examines how aromas can be created and predicted Reviews how different flavours are perceived

Perfumery

Practice and Principles

Author: Robert R. Calkin,J. Stephan Jellinek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471589341

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 4567

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Basic skills and techniques. Aesthetics and the fundamentals of composition. Studies in fine fragrance. aspects of creative perfumery. scientific fundamentals.

Chemistry and the Sense of Smell

Author: Charles S. Sell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522966

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 7866

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“I cannot recommend this fascinating book highly enough.” –Simon Cotton, Chemistry & Industry, September 2014 “In conclusion: A comprehensive introduction to the world of odours, not only for chemists.” –review in German: Monika Paduch, Gefahrstoffe - Reinhaltung Luft, October 2014 A comprehensive overview of fragrance chemistry Fragrance materials are universal, from personal care products to household cleaners, laundry products, and more. Although many of the scents themselves are synthesized in a lab, the actual mechanism of odour has long baffled chemists who attempt to model it for research. In Chemistry and the Sense of Smell, industry chemist Charles S. Sell explores the chemistry and biology surrounding the human detection and processing of odour, providing a comprehensive, single-volume guide to the totality of fragrance chemistry. The correlation between molecular structure and odour is much more complex than initially thought, and the intricacies of the mechanism by which the brain interprets scent signals leaves much to be discovered. This book provides a solid foundation of fragrance chemistry and highlights the relationship between research and industry with topics such as: The analysis and characterization of odour The role scent plays in our lives The design and manufacture of new fragrance ingredients The relationship between molecular structure and odour The mechanism of olfaction Intellectual challenges and the future of the field Complete with illustrations that clarify difficult concepts and the structures of the molecules under discussion, Chemistry and the Sense of Smell is an all-inclusive guide to the science of scent. For professionals in the fragrance industry or related fields, this book is one resource that should not be overlooked.

Natural Flavors and Fragrances

Chemistry, Analysis, and Production

Author: Carl Frey,Russell L. Rouseff

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: 9780841239043

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 3650

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With the development of synthetic organic chemistry techniques in the early 19th century the world of synthetic FandF materials began and expanded, but it has not totally replaced natural FandF. A growing segment of the public prefers natural foods to foods containing artificial additives, and will pay a premium for natural foods. While modern synthetic methods permit the economical production of artificial FandF on a large scale, the natural FandF industry remains important. Why is thisso? How do the chemical, biological, and agricultural sciences support the natural FandF industry? What is the state of current natural FandF research? These are questions this volume attempts to address. Even considering only the value of FandF derived from essential oils, natural FandF constitute approximately a $2 billion annual business. The impact of FandF is best appreciated when you consider that a flavor or fragrance typically contributes only a very small part, both in cost and volume, to a finished product. Many analytical tools available do not have a detector that is as sensitive to taste or odor as a human (or many animals for that matter). The challenge for researchers is to sift FandF information from all the data obtained from the various analytical techniques. The intent of this book is to give the reader and appreciation for the many facets of the chemistry, analysis and production of natural flavors and fragrances. It is a field where each one of us who can smelland taste are active participants. New foods, plants, processes, packages and aromas are developed each day. Keeping researchers abreast of the many new facets of the natural FandF field have led to development of this chapter and the ACS symposium that served as the basis of this book.

Flavours and Fragrances

Chemistry, Bioprocessing and Sustainability

Author: Ralf Günter Berger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540493395

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 3696

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This book is an introduction to the world of aroma chemicals, essential oils, fragrances and flavour compositions for the food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. Present technology, the future use of resources and biotechnological approaches for the production of the respective chemical compounds are described. The book has an integrated and interdisciplinary approach on future industrial production and the issues related to this topic.

Common Fragrance and Flavor Materials

Preparation, Properties and Uses

Author: Horst Surburg,Johannes Panten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527693181

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 7518

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This 6th edition is thoroughly revised and updated, and now additionally includes all commercially important flavor and fragrance materials that entered the market over the past 10 years. In one handy and up-to-date source, this classic reference surveys those natural and synthetic materials that are commercially available, produced, and used on a relatively large scale, covering their properties, manufacturing methods employed, and areas of application. For this new edition the chapter on essential oils has been completely revised with regard to production volumes, availability, and new product specifications, while new legal issues, such as REACH regulation aspects, are now included. Finally, the CAS registry numbers and physicochemical data of over 350 single substances and 100 essential oils have been updated and revised.

Taste Buds and Molecules

The Art and Science of Food, Wine, and Flavor

Author: Francois Chartier

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544188330

Category: Cooking

Page: 224

View: 2930

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"If Catalan superchef Ferran Adria is the leading missionary of molecular gastronomy, Mr. Chartier is his counterpart with a corkscrew."—Globe and Mail This award-winning book, now available for the first time in English in the U.S., presents a cutting-edge approach to food and wine pairing. Sommelier Francois Chartier has spent the better part of two decades collaborating with top scientists and chefs to map out the aromatic molecules that give foods and wines their flavor. Armed with the results of his extensive research, Chartier has been able to identify why certain foods and wines work well together at a molecular level. In this book, he has gathered his findings into a simple set of principles that explain how to create ideal harmonies in food and wine pairings. This new approach to the art and science of food and wine pairing will be an invaluable resource for sommeliers, chefs, and wine enthusiasts, as well as a fascinating read for anyone who is interested in the principles of modernist or "molecular" cuisine. The Canadian edition of Taste Buds and Molecules was a 2011 IACP Award nominee, and the original French-language edition, Papilles et Molecules, was named the Best Cookbook in the World in the category of Innovation at the 2010 Paris World Cookbook Awards, and also won the 2010 Gourmand Award for Canada for Best Design. The book includes a foreword by Juli Soler and Ferran Adria of El Bulli, who worked closely with Chartier in planning the menus at their renowned restaurant.

The Complete Technology Book on Flavours, Fragrances and Perfumes

Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 819043988X

Category:

Page: 864

View: 2969

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Many studies have been carried out on fragrances, flavors and perfumes worldwide. These products have important commercial value not only in India but in all over the world. Perhaps the most interesting results of the last few years in the fragrance and flavour fields are the many compounds described in this book. They may be used to engender or augment flavours in foodstuffs, chewing gums and medicinal products like mouthwash and toothpaste. The same compounds or closely related ones serve also to produce desirable aromas for perfumes, perfumed compositions such as soaps, detergents and cosmetics etc. Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and/or aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, animals, objects, and living spaces a pleasant scent. The odoriferous compounds that make up a perfume can be manufactured synthetically or extracted from plant or animal sources. Perfumes have been known to exist in some of the earliest human civilizations either through ancient texts or from archaeological digs. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds, which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone. Flavors and Fragrances (F&F) are the essential ingredients that lend taste and smell, respectively, to food and personal or home care products. Without these, all the products that we use such as toffees, chips, toothpastes, soaps and shampoos, would be tasteless or odorless, boring, functional products. Fragrances are different types; floral, fruity, woody, flower, natural, etc. and has applications in different field; soap and toiletries, cosmetics, household applications etc. Flavoring in common language denote the combined chemical sensations of taste and smell, the same terms are usually used in the fragrance and flavors industry to refer to edible chemicals and extracts that alter the flavor of food and food products through the sense of smell. Applications of flavouring are in numerous field; meat, chocolate, dairy, beverage, confectionary, bakery, teas etc. Due to the high cost or unavailability of natural flavor extracts, most commercial flavorants are nature identical, which means that they are the chemical equivalent of natural flavors but chemically synthesized rather than being extracted from the source materials. Traditionally, while flavors and fragrances were viewed as the most customized of all raw materials, and therefore commanded higher prices, in the last decade, prices have been pushed down consistently by large manufacturers. This book basically deals with the roots and the evolution of perfumery, the part of hedonism, how perfumery is linked to the other fine arts, the art of composition, conclusion, introduction, fragrancing of functional products, line extensions, perfumery for household products, floral series : rose notes, jasmin notes, hyacinth notes, lilac and lily, orange blossom notes, tuberose notes, violet notes, mignonette, woody series: sandal notes, peppery notes, caryophyllaceous notes, introduction, aroma composition of various teas, flavory ceylon black tea, keemun black tea, green tea, pouchong tea and jasmine tea, lotus tea, soap manufacture, raw materials, shaving soap, transparent soaps, super fatted toilet soaps, the milling process, coloured soaps, perfumes, soap compounds, acacia, almond, almond soap, amber soap, buttermilk, brown windsor, carnation, chypre, cologne, cyclamen, fougere, heliotrope, hyacinth, jasmin, lavender, lilac, lily, etc. This book contains formulae and processes of various types of flavours, fragrances and perfumes. New entrepreneurs, technocrats, research scholars can get good knowledge from this book.

The Chemistry of Fragrances

From Perfumer to Consumer

Author: Charles S Sell

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262547X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5855

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Ever wondered how perfumes are developed? Or why different scents appeal to different people? The Chemistry of Fragrances 2nd Edition offers answers to these questions, providing a fascinating insight into the perfume industry, from the conception of an idea to the finished product. It discusses the technical, artistic and commercial challenges of the perfume industry in an informative and engaging style, with contributions from leading experts in the field. The book begins with a historical introduction and covers all aspects of the development process - from customer brief to producing a fragrance including; * Ingredients acquisition * Ingredient design and manufacture * Design and analysis of fragrance * Sensory aspects including odour perception * Psychological impact of fragrance * Technical challenges * Safety An updated section on the measurement of fragrance discusses the role of senses in marketing consumer products. This book will appeal to anyone with an interest in the perfumery business and includes an extensive bibliography to enable those interested to explore the field further. It also comes complete with a selection of colour illustrations and a fragranced page.

Practical Gas Chromatography

A Comprehensive Reference

Author: Katja Dettmer-Wilde,Werner Engewald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642546404

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 3535

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Gas chromatography continues to be one of the most widely used analytical techniques, since its applications today expand into fields such as biomarker research or metabolomics. This new practical textbook enables the reader to make full use of gas chromatography. Essential fundamentals and their implications for the practical work at the instrument are provided, as well as details on the instrumentation such as inlet systems, columns and detectors. Specialized techniques from all aspects of GC are introduced ranging from sample preparation, solvent-free injection techniques, and pyrolysis GC, to separation including fast GC and comprehensive GCxGC and finally detection, such as GC-MS and element-specific detection. Various fields of application such as enantiomer, food, flavor and fragrance analysis, physicochemical measurements, forensic toxicology, and clinical analysis are discussed as well as cutting-edge application in metabolomics is covered.

Bioprocess Production of Flavor, Fragrance, and Color Ingredients

Author: Alan Gabelman

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471038214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 9129

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A practical guide to the most useful bioprocess techniques for . Bioprocess Production of Flavor, Fragrance, and Color Ingredients In these days of increasing consumer preference for natural foods, biological production of food ingredients is more important than ever before. This book is an in-depth review of bioprocess production of flavor, fragrance, and color ingredients, including esters, aldehydes, lactones, pyrazines, terpenoids, dairy flavors such as methyl ketones, and savory flavors such as HVPs, nucleotides, yeast autolysates, and extracts. Technologies of interest to the food and flavor industry are also covered, including genetic engineering and plant tissue culture, with specific examples taken from flavors and fragrances. Additionally, one entire chapter is devoted to nontechnical issues such as regulation of biotechnology products in foods, consumer perception of the new biotechnology, definition and importance of the word natural, and other related issues. The book addresses a wide range of topics from a rapidly advancing field, yet each topic is covered thoroughly and the most up-to-date material is included. Presentation is practical and down-to-earth, so that the material can be readily digested and applied by food, flavor, and fragrance industry professionals.

Current Topics in Flavours and Fragrances

Towards a New Millennium of Discovery

Author: K.A. Swift

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401140227

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 235

View: 6731

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This book is designed to give the reader up to date infonnation on some of the more exciting developments that have taken place at the leading edge of fragrance and flavour research. Chapter one gives the reader a rnpid excursion through the chronological landmarks of fragrance and flavour materials and sets the scene for the remaining nine chapters which cover topics that are at the forefront of modem research. Chapter two looks at the total synthesis of synthetically interesting perfumery naturnl materials. This chapter aims to highlight the creative and elegant chemistry that has been performed by some of the worlds greatest chemists in their quest to synthesise one of the five naturnl products reviewed in the chapter. The chapter fits in with the forward looking theme of the book as it will hopefully inspire other chemists that are interested in synthesising natural products to produce elegant new, or industrially applicable routes to these and other perfumery materials. Chapter three looks at the growing area of interest in asymmetric fragrance materials. The chapter focuses on the use of the metal-BINAP catalytic system for the preparation of fragrance and flavour ingredients. Environmental considerations are now an integrnl and vital part of planning any new industrial chemical process. Chapter four aims to give the reader an insight into the wide-ranging and often readily applicable chemistry that is currently available for the installation of environmentally friendly chemical processes.

How Flavor Works

The Science of Taste and Aroma

Author: Nak-Eon Choi,Jung H. Han

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118865472

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 959

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Taste is the number one driving force in the decision to purchase a food product and food consumption is the most critical function for living organisms to obtain the energy and resources essential to their vitality. Flavor and aroma are therefore universally important concepts: intrinsic to human well-being and pleasure, and of huge significance for the multi-trillion dollar global food business. How Flavor Works: the Science of Taste and Aroma offers a fascinating and accessible primer on the concepts of flavor science for all who have an interest in food and related topics. Professionals and students of food science and technology who do not already specialize in flavor science will find it a valuable reference on a topic crucial to how consumers perceive and enjoy food products. In this regard, it will also be of interest to product developers, marketers and food processors. Other readers with a professional (eg culinary and food service) or personal interest in food will also find the book interesting as it provides a user-friendly account of the mechanisms of flavor and aroma which will provide new insights into their craft.

Perfumes and Flavours Technology Handbook

Author: H. Panda

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178331284

Category: Flavor

Page: 704

View: 6544

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Perfumes & flavours with their products are part & parcel of our everyday life. The demand worldwide for perfumes is enormous & constantly on the increase. The perfume & flavour industry has become a major business. Mans search for substances which can produce new flavours & perfumes, substitute for expensive & or scarce ones, or augment & enhance existing desirable ones continuous a pace. The manufacture of perfume oils & flavouring compounds is an art & it means metering of the individual components in accordance with the formula, followed by blending for homogenization. But in all perfume & flavour house the oil formulas are among the best kept secrets & represent the knowhow. They play a major role in the success of the companies. Odors are also commonly called scents, which can refer to both pleasant and unpleasant odors. The terms fragrance and aroma are used primarily by the food and cosmetic industry to describe a pleasant odor, and are sometimes used to refer to perfumes. The odours are classified in various kinds such as floral, woody, rustic, balsamic, fruity, animal etc. There are numerous types of applications of perfumes in modern industrialized society such as perfumes used in soaps & detergents, paints, adhesives, air deodorants, cosmetics, toilet & beauty preparations, textiles, beverages, foods, medicines, and many more. The global flavour industry can be characterized as highly technical, specialized, and innovative. This industry is highly competitive and concentrated, compared to other product categories within the food and beverage market. The global flavours market is predicted to grow at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 2% per annum. The present book deals with the new techniques & manufacturing processes with formulae of different useful and demandable perfumes and flavours. This book will definitely help not only to perfumers & flavour chemists but to all upcoming entrepreneurs, scientists, technocrats etc.