Population and Society

Essential Readings

Author: Frank Trovato

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195439786

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 8987


This second edition brings together a broad selection of classic and contemporary works in the study of human population and society. Integrating a unique global perspective throughout, the text examines the foundational principles and theories of demography before addressing such topics as the relationship between individual action and demographic phenomena; principles of aging composition; nuptiality and family processes; fertility, mortality, and migration; environmental issues; and population policy concerns. Introductory overviews for each of the ten sections establish common underlying themes and give students a contextual framework for the readings that follow. With twenty-three new readings by Canadian and international scholars and a fully updated pedagogical program, this comprehensive collection is an essential resource for studying population and society.

The Changing Face of Canada

Essential Readings in Population

Author: Roderic P. Beaujot,Donald W. Kerr

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551303221

Category: History

Page: 389

View: 7655


Canadian society is rapidly changing. This concise, up-to-date volume masterfully captures this change. The work of leading Canadian demographers is featured and it promises to be an exciting new entry in Canadian population studies

Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191567787

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 3774


In 1859 Darwin described a deceptively simple mechanism that he called "natural selection," a combination of variation, inheritance, and reproductive success. He argued that this mechanism was the key to explaining the most puzzling features of the natural world, and science and philosophy were changed forever as a result. The exact nature of the Darwinian process has been controversial ever since, however. Godfrey-Smith draws on new developments in biology, philosophy of science, and other fields to give a new analysis and extension of Darwin's idea. The central concept used is that of a "Darwinian population," a collection of things with the capacity to undergo change by natural selection. From this starting point, new analyses of the role of genes in evolution, the application of Darwinian ideas to cultural change, and "evolutionary transitions" that produce complex organisms and societies are developed. Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection will be essential reading for anyone interested in evolutionary theory

Population and Development

A Critical Introduction

Author: Frank Füredi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780745615370

Category: Demography

Page: 201

View: 1148


Many experts believe that population growth is the greatest threat facing humanity. Others argue that the link between population growth and insecurity is unproven. This concise and provocative book discusses both sides of this debate, examining the way the arguments have changed and evolved, and questioning the assumptions of the main protagonists. Furedi argues that the western preoccupation with population growth reveals more about the internal concerns of western societies than the socio-economic development of the south. He suggests that attempts to establish a causal link between increases in population and poverty lead to a pragmatic, even manipulative approach to the issue of development. Examining a broad range of key debates and controversies - the ′population bomb′ in Asia, the culture of a distinct regime of African fertility, the role of education in stabilizing population growth in Kerala - he contends that the marginalization of the goal of development is the outcome of a narrow concern with population policies. He fears that the recent shift of the population agenda towards the problems of the environment, gender equality and reproductive health is informed by a similar opportunistic pragmatism. Challenging and original, this book will be essential reading for students and specialists in development studies, sociology, and population studies, and for anyone interested in the debates surrounding world population growth.

Essential Readings in Health Policy and Law

Author: Joel B. Teitelbaum,Sara E. Wilensky

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763738514

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 447

View: 7590


This compilation of carefully selected readings is meant to allow for deeper analysis of the issues covered in Essentials of Health Policy and Law, yet also serves as an excellent complement to any text on health policy.

Israel's changing society

population, ethnicity, and development

Author: Calvin Goldscheider

Publisher: Westview Pr


Category: History

Page: 271

View: 3579


This book provides the most up-to-date assessment of Israel’s society today, portraying the country’s ethnic diversity, its economy, and demographic changes. Revealing linkages between demographic transformation and socioeconomic change, Goldscheider shows how ethnic group formation emerged in Israel to create the present mix of Jewish and Arab populations. He also reviews the policies of Palestinian and Israeli governments concerning immigration, describing the ways in which socioeconomic development within Israel, urbanization, and industrialization have evolved through the use of outside capital and increasing dependency.The book reveals two unique sets of processes about Israel today. The first concerns important changes in marriage, family and intermarriage, educational attainment and occupational achievement, ethnic politics, religion, and the changing role of women. A second but related concern pertains to the social and economic contexts of community life. Here Goldscheider investigates rapid change among Israel’s major urban centers, towns, and agricultural centers, including the Kibbutz as well as Arab communities.In concluding chapters, the author discusses the role of government in shaping population policy, including health, fertility, and contraceptive and abortion issues. He also describes the influence of Jewish communities outside of Israel and the impact of the Middle East conflict with Arab states on Israel’s domestic policy as well as the conflict with populations in territories administered by Israel since 1967.Likely to be a standard reference for years to come, the book is essential reading for political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, and historians concerned with Israel’s politics and society.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 7290


CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Canada

Essential Readings

Author: Dennis Raphael

Publisher: Canadian Scholars Press

ISBN: 1551303671

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 8892


Health and quality of life are vital indicators of societal functioning. The way a society distributes resources among its population reveals much about the society itself. This unique volume unites readings that explore the integral link between quality of life and public policy choices. It begins with individual perspectives on health promotion and quality of life that provide a conceptual basis for determining an individual's or community's standard, then moves on to community and policy perspectives. The middle section introduces a political economy framework and the social determinants of health concept to illustrate how societies differ in their willingness to support quality of life and health. Later chapters examine vulnerable populations: Indigenous communities, persons with disabilities, women, and radicalised and immigrant communities. The book concludes with suggestions for bringing together the agendas of health promotion, quality of life, and the social determinants of health. It provides an up-to-date analysis of the barriers facing those attempting to improve quality of life and health, as well as the means to accomplish these goals.

Demographic situation

present and future

Author: Pēteris Zvidrin̦š,Latvia. Stratēg̓iskās analīzes komisija

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789984767802

Category: Latvia

Page: 220

View: 7483


Fertility, Family Planning and Population Policy in China

Author: Chiung-Fang Chang,Che-Fu Lee,Sherry L. McKibben,Dudley L. Poston,Carol S. Walther

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134349769

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 8710


China's one-child population policy, first initiated in 1979, has had an enormous effect on the country’s development. By reducing its fertility in the past two decades to less than two children per woman, and developing a family planning program focused heavily on sterilization and abortion, China has undergone a significant transition in status to a demographically developed country. Bringing together contributions from leading academics, this book looks at the impact of the government's strict control over planning and population growth on the family, the wider society and the country's demography. The contributors examine developments such as family planning policy and contraceptive use, biological and social determinants of fertility, patterns of family and marriage and China's future population trends. As such it will be essential reading for academics, researchers, policy makers and government officials with an interest in China’s population policy.

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations

Author: Guillermo Garcia-Garcia,Lawrence Agodoa,Keith C. Norris

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128043822

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 8544


Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations investigates the increased incidence and prevalence of kidney disease in vulnerable populations world-wide. The volume explores the complex interactions of genetic, biologic, cultural and socioeconomic factors such as the environment, and specific health behaviors that seem to be responsible for a significant proportion of the health disparities in these communities. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field and analyzes the prevalence and incidence of pre-dialysis kidney disease in disadvantaged populations across both developed and developing countries. In addition, each contribution analyzes differentiated risk factors and compares the disparities in access to screening, prevention strategies, treatment protocols and renal replacement therapies. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations is essential reading for residents, fellows, clinicians and biomedical researchers working in nephrology, internal medicine, and epidemiology, especially those working in areas with high concentrations of disadvantaged populations. Presents a comprehensive account of both traditional and non-traditional risk factors for kidney disease Explores the mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of kidney disease in these populations, barriers to access to renal health care, including renal replacement therapies, organ donation, and organ commercialization Offers the latest perspectives on outcomes in renal replacement therapies as well as prevention strategies

The History of Immigration and Racism in Canada

Essential Readings

Author: Barrington Walker

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 155130340X

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 7613


This outstanding collection examines the complex and disturbing history of immigration and racism in Canada. Major themes include Native/non-Native contact, migration and settlement in the nineteenth century, immigrant workers and radicalism, human rights, internment during WWII, and racism of the present day. The readings are divided into five cohesive sections: Natives and Newcomers in Early Canada Space and Racialized Communities Dangerous Others--Non-Citizens and the State Gate-keeping--Enemies Without and Within The Post-War Era--New Rights and New Racisms This book is destined to make its mark in History departments across the country and will also be of interest to students and researchers in Canadian Studies, Sociology, Demography, Political Science, and Geography.

Environment and Society

A Reader

Author: Christopher Schlottmann,Colin Jerolmack,Anne Rademacher

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479801933

Category: Nature

Page: 416

View: 7021


Environment and Society connects the core themes of environmental studies to the urgent issues and debates of the twenty-first century. In an era marked by climate change, rapid urbanization, and resource scarcity, environmental studies has emerged as a crucial arena of study. Assembling canonical and contemporary texts, this volume presents a systematic survey of concepts and issues central to the environment in society, such as: social mobilization on behalf of environmental objectives; the relationships between human population, economic growth and stresses on the planet’s natural resources; debates about the relative effects of collective and individual action; and unequal distribution of the social costs of environmental degradation. Organized around key themes, with each section featuring questions for debate and suggestions for further reading, the book introduces students to the history of environmental studies, and demonstrates how the field’s interdisciplinary approach uniquely engages the essential issues of the present. Instructor's Guide

Essential Readings in Evolutionary Biology

Author: Francisco J. Ayala,Francisco José Ayala,John C. Avise

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413051

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 6423


Traces scholarly thought from the nineteenth-century birth of evolutionary biology to the mapping of the human genome through forty-eight essays, arranged in chronological order, each preceded by a one-page essay that explains the significance of the chosen work.