Political Parties and Party Systems

Author: Alan Ware

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198780779

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 3338

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This work is an introduction to the study of political parties and party systems. It focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on liberal democracies through a comparative approach. The aim of Political Parties and Party Systems is to explain to students of politics how and why parties and party systems differ from one country to another. However, it also seeks to provide a more detailed understanding of party politics in five particular countries. Most of the chapters are divided into two sections. First, general themes and arguments about a topic are introduced, and examples from a large number of countries are discussed in relation to that topic. Then, particular attention is paid to five of the largest liberal democracies--Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

Policy, Office, Or Votes?

How Political Parties in Western Europe Make Hard Decisions

Author: Wolfgang C. Müller,Kaare Strøm

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521637237

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 9827

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This book examines the behaviour of political parties in situations where they experience conflict between two or more important objectives.

The West European Party System

Author: Peter Mair

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198275838

Category: Nature

Page: 364

View: 8050

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The analysis of party systems in Western Europe has long constituted a major focus of concern in comparative political science. Now for the first time, many of the classic writings in this field have been collected into a single volume. The collection contains seminal writings by Weber, Neumann, Duverger, Kirchheimer, Daalder, Rokkan, and Sartori, as well as a selection from the more recent debates on changes in European party systems, including the contributions of Pedersen, Wolinetz, and Inglehart. The writings cover the development, stabilization, and transformation of party systems and include some of the key analyses which have sought to distinguish between different types of party systems.

The European Voter

A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Author: J. J. A. Thomassen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199273219

Category: Political Science

Page: 347

View: 6213

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This is the first book-length comparison of the dynamics of electoral behaviour across a wide range of European countries over the past forty years. Leading scholars come together to assess how voting patterns have changed in six established democracies: Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway.

Political Parties and Legislative Party Switching

Author: W. Heller,C. Mershon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230622550

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 5637

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Political parties and democratic politics go hand in hand. Since parties matter, it matters too when elected politicians change party affiliation. This book shows why, when, and to what effect politicians switch parties in pursuit of their goals, as constrained by institutions and in response to their environments.

Parties and Party Systems

A Framework for Analysis

Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 0954796616

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 938

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In this broad-ranging volume Sartori outlines a comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems. He also offers an extensive review of the concept and rationale of the political party, and develops a sharp critique of various spatial models of party competition.

Political Parties and Party Systems

Author: Ajay K Mehra,D D Khanna,Gert W Kueck

Publisher: SAGE Publications Pvt. Limited

ISBN: 9780761997092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 3770

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The evolution of political parties and party systems in the world's largest, most complex and volatile democracy reached a crucial stage at the turn of the century. The three general elections held in quick succession at the end of the nineties threw up three major trends; the apparent demise of the Congress Party as the dominant pan-national party; the emergence of a 'federalised' party structure and coalition politics; and the decline of the Third Front as a force in national politics. This topical collection of original essays by eminent scholars drawn from diverse disciplines examines these wide-ranging changes in political parties - their leadership, ideological profile, support base and programmatic content - as well as in the texture of the party system in the country. In understanding these complex processes this volume provides a comparative framework by bringing in the experiences of Germany and the European Union which are undergoing similar political transformation. The 'federalisation' of national politics and the significant transformation in India's political sociology are examined at four levels. 1. the statues and strategies, interaction patterns and processes of India's innumerable political parties as well as key questions governing the party system in the country; 2. the texture and pattern of political alliances from the national perspective - particularly, how alliances with regional parties are viewed and made by national parties; 3. conversely, the perspective of the regional parties in making these alliances; and 4. the impact of the 73rd Constitutional amendment on parties and politics at the local level and in small states. Overall, this volume provides an incisive and comprehensive analysis of the far-reaching changes in both party systems and electoral behaviour that have occurred since the end of the twentieth century. Constituting an important contribution to the on-going debate on these issues, this volume will attract the attention of students of Indian politics, political science, democracy, party systems and comparative politics.

Parties Without Partisans

Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Author: Russell J. Dalton,Martin P. Wattenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199253099

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 3760

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Parties Without Partisans provides a comprehensive cross-national study of parties in advanced industrial democracies in all their forms - in electoral politics, as organisations, and in government.

Comparing Democracies

Elections and Voting in a Changing World

Author: Lawrence LeDuc,Richard G Niemi,Pippa Norris

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905087

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1733

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This book provides you with a theoretical and comparative understanding of the major topics related to elections and voting behaviour. It explores important work taking place on new areas, whilst at the same time covering the key themes that you’ll encounter throughout your studies. Edited by three leading figures in the field, the new edition brings together an impressive range of contributors and draws on a range of cases and examples from across the world. It now includes: New chapters on authoritarian elections and regime change, and electoral integrity A chapter dedicated to voting behaviour Increased emphasis on issues relating to the economy. Comparing Democracies, Fourth Edition will remain a must-read for students and lecturers of elections and voting behaviour, comparative politics, parties, and democracy.

The Oxford Handbook of Populism

Author: Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser,Pierre Ostiguy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198803567

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 3321

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Populist forces are becoming increasingly relevant across the world, and studies on populism have entered the mainstream of the political science discipline. However, so far no book has synthesized the ongoing debate on how to study the populist phenomenon. This handbook provides state of the art research and scholarship on populism, and lays out, not only the cumulated knowledge on populism, but also the ongoing discussions and research gaps on this topic. The Oxford Handbook of Populism is divided into four sections. The first presents the main conceptual approaches on populism and points out how the phenomenon in question can be empirically analyzed. The second focuses on populist forces across the world and includes chapters on Africa, Australia and New Zealand, Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, India, Latin America, the Post-Soviet States, the United States, and Western Europe. The third reflects on the interaction between populism and various relevant issues both from a scholarly and political point of view. Amongst other issues, chapters analyze the relationship between populism and fascism, foreign policy, gender, nationalism, political parties, religion, social movements and technocracy. Finally, the fourth part includes some of the most recent normative debates on populism, including chapters on populism and cosmopolitanism, constitutionalism, hegemony, the history of popular sovereignty, the idea of the people, and socialism. The handbook features contributions from leading experts in the field, and is indispensible, positioning the study of populism in political science.

The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

Author: John Courtney,David Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019533535X

Category: Political Science

Page: 558

View: 5161

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The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics provides a comprehensive overview of the transformation that has occurred in Canadian politics since it acheived autonomy nearly a century ago, examining the institutions and processes of Canadian government and politics at the local, provincial and federal levels. It analyzes all aspects of the Canadian political system: the courts, elections, political parties, Parliament, the constitution, fiscal and political federalism, the diffusion of policies between regions, and various aspects of public policy.

Political Parties and the State

The American Historical Experience

Author: Martin Shefter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400821228

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 8182

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This book collects a number of Martin Shefter's most important articles on political parties. They address three questions: Under what conditions will strong party organizations emerge? What influences the character of parties--in particular, their reliance on patronage? In what circumstances will the parties that formerly dominated politics in a nation or city come under attack? Shefter's work exemplifies the "new institutionalism" in political science, arguing that the reliance of parties on patronage is a function not so much of mass political culture as of their relationship with public bureaucracies. The book's opening chapters analyze the circumstances conducive to the emergence of strong political parties and the changing balance between parties and bureaucracies in Europe and America. The middle chapters discuss the organization and exclusion of the American working classes by machine and reform regimes. The book concludes by examining party organizations as instruments of political control in the largest American city, New York.

Gateways to Democracy

Author: John G. Geer,Richard Herrera,Wendy J. Schiller,Jeffrey A. Segal

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337515647

Category: Education

Page: 704

View: 4012

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GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the gateways that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works, and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy, the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The fourth edition provides coverage of the 2016 election, as well as enhanced discussion of diversity and participation that reflects the changing demographic infrastructure in America. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Gateways to Democracy: An Introduction to American Government

Author: John G. Geer,Wendy J. Schiller,Jeffrey A. Segal,Richard Herrera

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305562402

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 7129

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GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the gateways that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works-and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy-the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The third edition provides coverage of the 2014 midterm elections as well as enhanced discussion of the politics, policies, and issues affecting Latinos in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Europeanization

New Research Agendas

Author: P. Graziano,M. Vink

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230584527

Category: Political Science

Page: 419

View: 354

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This cutting-edge handbook, written by foremost authoritative scholars, presents the main theoretical and empirical issues involved in current Europeanization research. It evaluates the achievements and shortcomings of the growing literature. As an advanced reference book it also sets the parameters for Europeanization research in the coming years.

The American Political Party System

Continuity and Change Over Ten Presidential Elections

Author: John S. Jackson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726384

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 2247

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From party polarization, elections, and internal party politics, to the evolution of the U.S. presidency, John S. Jackson's new book has something for everyone interested in American politics. Beginning with a discussion of the creation of the U.S. government to the formation of today's political powerhouses, Jackson provides a narrative sweep of American party history like none other. Unique to this book is a detailed breakdown of the evolution of political parties from 1832 to the current era. Jackson explains how the reform era came to be, as well as how it produced the polarized party era we have today. In doing so, he guides the reader to an appreciation of where U.S. party politics originated and the aspirations of those who helped create the current system. Jackson also examines the internal mechanisms and personalities of the Democratic and Republican parties. He compares multiple presidential elections, thus telling a broader story of the unfolding of today's party polarization and gridlock. He also explores the theoretical meaning of the changes observed in the parties from the responsible party model perspective. The themes of continuity and change are set in the context of group-think versus rational decisionmaking. Specific focus is given to political elites who are sophisticated about politics and who make strategic decisions, but are also bound by their humanity and occasionally fail to see the right deci-sion due to their own personal biases. This book will be particularly useful for those who want to explore polarization, the responsible parties model, the rational actor model, and anyone who wants to better understand elections, party politics, and the evolution of the presidency.

The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil

Author: Barry Ames

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472021437

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 469

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Many countries have experimented with different electoral rules in order either to increase involvement in the political system or make it easier to form stable governments. Barry Ames explores this important topic in one of the world's most populous and important democracies, Brazil. This book locates one of the sources of Brazil's "crisis of governance" in the nation's unique electoral system, a system that produces a multiplicity of weak parties and individualistic, pork-oriented politicians with little accountability to citizens. It explains the government's difficulties in adopting innovative policies by examining electoral rules, cabinet formation, executive-legislative conflict, party discipline and legislative negotiation. The book combines extensive use of new sources of data, ranging from historical and demographic analysis in focused comparisons of individual states to unique sources of data for the exploration of legislative politics. The discussion of party discipline in the Chamber of Deputies is the first multivariate model of party cooperation or defection in Latin America that includes measures of such important phenomena as constituency effects, pork-barrel receipts, ideology, electoral insecurity, and intention to seek reelection. With a unique data set and a sophisticated application of rational choice theory, Barry Ames demonstrates the effect of different electoral rules for election to Brazil's legislature. The readership of this book includes anyone wanting to understand the crisis of democratic politics in Brazil. The book will be especially useful to scholars and students in the areas of comparative politics, Latin American politics, electoral analysis, and legislative studies. Barry Ames is the Andrew Mellon Professor of Comparative Politics and Chair, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh.

A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems

Author: Richard S. Katz

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421403218

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 8182

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A standard in the field of political theory and thought, The Theory of Parties and the Electoral System contributes to a better understanding of parliamentary party structures and demonstrates the wide utility of the rationalistic approach for explaining behavior derived from the self-interest of political actors.

African Political Parties

Evolution, Institutionalisation and Governance

Author: M.A. Mohamed Salih

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745320380

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 2842

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The authors of this collection interrogate the political health of African political parties and evaluate the theory and practice of party functions, ideology and structure. Through fresh analysis using a variety of case studies, they question the democratic credentials of African political parties and propose new methods for achieving inclusive, broad-based representation. Themes include the evolution and institutionalisation of African political parties; the unique historical, political and social circumstances that shaped their structures and functions.Morten Bøås In the governance trajectory, the authors question the relationship between African political parties and government; political parties and representation; political parties and electoral systems; and political parties and parliament. Case studies include Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and many others.