Physics for Clinical Oncology

Author: Amen Sibtain,Andrew Morgan,Niall MacDougall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573352

Category: Medical

Page: 263

View: 6831

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To be able to perform radiotherapy effectively, oncologists and radiographers need to understand the physics behind it. This book is the first on radiation physics written specifically for the needs of the practising oncology team.

Radiotherapy in Practice - Brachytherapy

Author: Peter Hoskin,Catherine Coyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199600902

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 6603

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This book provides practical guidance on the use of brachytherapy. Each chapter gives the reader a solid background in the physics and dosimetry of the technique, followed by practical information on its use in common disease sites.

Radiotherapy in Practice - Imaging

Author: Peter Hoskin,Vicky Goh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019923132X

Category: Medical

Page: 337

View: 1710

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Imaging is a critical component of the management of patients having radiotherapy. This book covers the basic principles of the main imaging modalities; site specific chapters give best practice for individual tumour sites, and it also contains information on radioprotection and regulatory issues.

Radiotherapy in Practice

External Beam Therapy

Author: Peter J. Hoskin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198529293

Category: Medical

Page: 478

View: 6846

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External beam therapy is used to aim highly focused beams of radiation at the edges of the site where cancer is found. The goal is to destroy any abnormal cells and prevent the growth or regrowth of the tumor. This book provides practical guidance on the use of External Beam Therapy, taking the reader through the basic principles covering indications, treatment, and planning, and then developing this by individual sites.

Radiotherapy in Practice - Radioisotope Therapy

Author: Peter J Hoskin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198568428

Category: Medical

Page: 189

View: 3262

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Radioisotope therapy is an internal form of radiation used to treat cancer; it may be administered orally or intravenously and represents the nearest treatment option to the 'magic bullet', specifically targeting sites of disease whilst sparing surrounding normal tissues. Radioisotope therapy has an important role to play in modern medicine, particularly in the treatment of thyroid disease, neuroendocrine tumours, bone metastasis and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is found in both the diagnostic setting and in therapy, but recently there has been a renaissance in the application of radioisotope unsealed sources in therapeutic indications. It is an active area of research, with the quest for new compounds that will be specific for therapeutic targets. This book is an essential, practical guide to the use of radioisotope therapy, and also includes the background and developmental biology which underpins its use. Individual tumours and diseases are explored, with specific focus given to radioisotope treatment options. The barriers to radioisotope therapy, such as ease of access, acquisition of radioisotopes, radiation protection regulations, and cost are also discussed. ABOUT THE SERIES Radiotherapy remains the major non-surgical treatment modality for the management of malignant disease, with over 50% of patients receiving treatment at some time during the management of their malignant disease. It is based on the application of the principles of applied physics, radiobiology, and tumour biology to clinical practice. Each volume in this series takes the reader through the basic principles of different types of radiotherapy, and then develops these by individual sites. This series of practical handbooks are aimed at physicians both training and practising in radiotherapy, as well as medical physicists, dosimetrists, radiographers and senior nurses.

External Beam Therapy

Author: Peter Hoskin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019969656X

Category: Medical

Page: 513

View: 2549

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External Beam Therapy is used to aim highly focused beams of radiation at the edge of the site where cancer is found. This second editon provides practical guidance of the use of External Beam Therapy, taking the reader through the basic principles covering indications, treatment, and then developing this by individual sites.

Practical Radiation Oncology Physics

A Companion to Gunderson & Tepper's Clinical Radiation Oncology

Author: Sonja Dieterich,Eric Ford,Daniel Pavord,Jing Zeng

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323263755

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6928

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Perfect for radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and residents in both fields, Practical Radiation Oncology Physics provides a concise and practical summary of the current practice standards in therapeutic medical physics. A companion to the fourth edition of Clinical Radiation Oncology, by Drs. Leonard Gunderson and Joel Tepper, this indispensable guide helps you ensure a current, state-of-the art clinical practice. Covers key topics such as relative and in-vivo dosimetry, imaging and clinical imaging, stereotactic body radiation therapy, and brachytherapy. Describes technical aspects and patient-related aspects of current clinical practice. Offers key practice guideline recommendations from professional societies throughout — including AAPM, ASTRO, ABS, ACR, IAEA, and others. Includes therapeutic applications of x-rays, gamma rays, electron and charged particle beams, neutrons, and radiation from sealed radionuclide sources, plus the equipment associated with their production, use, measurement, and evaluation. Features a "For the Physician" box in each chapter, which summarizes the key points with the most impact on the quality and safety of patient care. Provides a user-friendly appendix with annotated compilations of all relevant recommendation documents. Medicine eBook is accessible on a variety of devices.

Neutrino

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827429407

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 2658

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„Ich habe ein Teilchen postuliert, das nicht entdeckt werden kann“, stellte der Physiker Wolfgang Pauli einst fest. Es brauchte lange Jahre, viel Geduld und großen Einfallsreichtum, um einen indirekten, flüchtigen Blick auf das schwer fassbare Neutrino zu erhaschen und jene Kiste Champagner zu gewinnen, die Pauli auf dessen Entdeckung gewettet hatte. Hier nun ist die Geschichte, wie dieses außergewöhnlichste aller Teilchen – ohne Ladung, fast ohne Masse, kaum mit Materie interagierend – gesucht und gefunden wurde und wie uns die Neutrino-Astronomie heute tiefe Einblicke in die Herzen ferner Galaxien ermöglicht.

Radiation Oncology

Management Decisions

Author: Carlos A. Perez,Luther W. Brady

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 160547911X

Category: Medical

Page: 867

View: 7954

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Ideal for on-the-spot consultation, this pocket manual, Radiation Oncology: Management Decisions, provides easily accessible information for residents and practitioners in radiation oncology. It presents the most essential information that is immediately required in the clinical setting. The first eight chapters of the book focus on key basic concepts; the remaining 46 chapters describe treatment regimens for all cancer sites and tumor types. Includes coverage of pain and palliation, and covers all latest therapeutic techniques. This edition includes expanded information on image-guided therapy, 3D techniques, and 4D protocols. The updated cancer staging guidelines have been used throughout the manual. In addition, there is a brand-new chapter devoted to QUANTEC dosage recommendations.

Practical Clinical Oncology

Author: Louise Hanna,Tom Crosby,Fergus Macbeth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107683629

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 1196

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A complete guide to clinical oncology, covering the main treatment modalities and diagnosis and treatment strategies for specific tumour types.

Physics in Radiation Oncology Self-Assessment Guide

Author: Andrew Godley,Ping Xia, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 1620700700

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 586

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This guide—a companion to the Radiation Oncology Self-Assessment Guide—is a comprehensive physics review for anyone in the field of radiation oncology looking to enhance their knowledge of medical physics. It covers in depth the principles of radiation physics as applied to radiation therapy along with their technical and clinical applications. To foster retention of key concepts and data, the resource utilizes a user-friendly “flash card” question and answer format with over 800 questions. The questions are supported by detailed answers and rationales along with reference citations for source information. The guide is comprised of 14 chapters that lead the reader through the radiation oncology physics field, from basic physics to current practice and latest innovations. Aspects of basic physics covered include fundamentals, photon and particle interactions, and dose measurement. A section on current practice covers treatment planning, safety, regulations, quality assurance, and SBRT, SRS, TBI, IMRT, and IGRT techniques. A chapter unique to this volume is dedicated to those topics in diagnostic imaging most relevant to radiology, including MRI, ultrasound, fluoroscopy, mammography, PET, SPECT, and CT. New technologies such as VMAT, novel IGRT devices, proton therapy, and MRI-guided therapy are also incorporated. Focused and authoritative, this must-have review combines the expertise of clinical radiation oncology and radiation physics faculty from the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute. Key Features: Includes more than 800 questions with detailed answers and rationales A one-stop guide for those studying the physics of radiation oncology including those wishing to reinforce their current knowledge of medical physics Delivered in a “flash card” format to facilitate recall of key concepts and data Presents a unique chapter on diagnostic imaging topics most relevant to radiation oncology Content provided by a vast array of contributors, including physicists, radiation oncology residents, dosimetrists, and physicians

Dermatologic Principles and Practice in Oncology

Conditions of the Skin, Hair, and Nails in Cancer Patients

Author: Mario E. Lacouture

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118590600

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 3133

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The first book focusing specifically on frequent and frequently disabling side effects involving the skin, hair and nails in cancer patients According to the World Health Organization, there are approximately thirty million people living with a diagnosis of cancer – the majority of whom will receive surgery, systemic therapy, and/or radiation, and who will suffer from dermatologic adverse events. Dermatologists and oncologists are only beginning to grapple with these events, which pose serious quality-of-life issues with so many patients, and will become more prevalent as survival rates improve, thanks in part to new cancer treatments and drug regimens. Concentrating on a topic that has only been briefly touched upon by other texts, this book offers a focused perspective on the clinical presentation, underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and management of skin, hair, and nail conditions for oncologists, dermatologists, and allied practitioners. Dermatologic Principles and Practice in Oncology: Conditions of the Skin, Hair, and Nails in Cancer Patients: • Covers in detail the dermatologic adverse events of oncologic therapies, clinical presentations, and treatment recommendations • Enables dermatologists and other practitioners to significantly improve the care of patients with cancer • Addresses the dermatologic adverse events of cancer therapies used globally, of which a large number are found in developing countries • Emphasizes prophylactic measures – based on treatments used and type of cancer – to prevent the appearance of adverse events • Provides built-in discussions on patient education for practical counseling during therapies • Offers rapid-reference sections on topical dermatology drugs The first book to present dermatologic conditions in cancer patients and survivors in a uniform and in-depth manner, Dermatologic Principles and Practice in Oncology is ideal for oncologists, oncology nurses, and dermatologists who wish to take better care of those with adverse skin, hair, and nail conditions.

Radiotherapy and Clinical Radiobiology of Head and Neck Cancer

Author: Loredana G. Marcu,Iuliana Toma-Dasu,Alexandru Dasu,Claes Mercke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351001981

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 9581

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Common factors that lead to treatment failure in head and neck cancer are the lack of tumour oxygenation, the accelerated division of cancer cells during treatment, and radioresistance. These tumour-related challenges and possible ways to overcome them are covered in this book, authored by three medical physicists and a clinical oncologist who explain how different radiobiological findings have led to the development of various treatment techniques for head and neck cancer. Novel treatment techniques as supported by current scientific evidence are comprehensively explored, as well as the major challenges that arise in the retreatment of patients who have already undergone a form of radiotherapy for primary head and neck cancer.

Walter and Miller's Textbook of Radiotherapy E-book

Radiation Physics, Therapy and Oncology

Author: R Paul Symonds,Charles Deehan,Catherine Meredith,John A Mills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702046620

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 5071

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A comprehensive textbook of radiotherapy and related radiation physics and oncology for use by all those concerned with the uses of radiation and cytotoxic drugs in the treatment of patients with malignant disease. Walter & Miller's Textbook of Radiotherapy has become the core text for therapeutic radiography students and an important introductory text for trainee radiologists and clinical physicists. The book is divided into two parts: the first covers underlying principles of physics, and the second is a systematic review by tumour site concentrating on the role of radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant disease and setting its use in context with chemotherapy and surgery. The 7th edition continues the tradition of bringing the physics and clinical application of radiation for therapy together at entry level and is completely revised to take into account the huge technological advances in radiotherapy treatment since publication of the previous edition. *Imaging is now an essential part of radiotherapy, relevant for both the treatment and preparation of a patient's treatment. Radionuclide imaging and X-ray imaging have been expanded to MRI and PET, along with some use of ultrasound. *Treatment planning dose prediction - the basis and application of modern computational calculations are explained for modern treatment delivery systems. The role of the algorithm for dose prediction is central to ensure speedy and accurate calculations for treatment. *Quality Control *Quality Systems The book is supported by Evolve electronic resources: sample plans, additional diagnostic images and clinical photographs.

Basic Clinical Radiobiology, Fifth Edition

Author: Michael C. Joiner,Albert van der Kogel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0340808934

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 7778

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Basic Clinical Radiobiology is a concise but comprehensive textbook setting out the essentials of the science and clinical application of radiobiology for those seeking accreditation in radiation oncology, clinical radiation physics, and radiation technology. Fully revised and updated to keep abreast of current developments in radiation biology and radiation oncology, this fifth edition continues to present in an interesting way the biological basis of radiation therapy, discussing the basic principles and significant developments that underlie the latest attempts to improve the radiotherapeutic management of cancer. This new edition is highly illustrated with attractive 2-colour presentation and now includes new chapters on stem cells, tissue response and the convergence of radiotherapy, radiobiology, and physics. It will be invaluable for FRCR (clinical oncology) and equivalent candidates, SpRs (and equivalent) in radiation oncology, practicing radiation oncologists and radiotherapists, as well as radiobiologists and radiotherapy physicists.

Radiotherapy Physics

In Practice

Author: Jerry Williams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780192628787

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 5966

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The book is a comprehensive practical introduction to radiotherapy physics. It provides detailed descriptions of current techniques, written by experienced practitioners, who review current methods and provide specific detailed practical guidance for external beam radiotherapy, and for the therapeutic use of sealed and unsealed radioactive sources.

Handbook of Radiotherapy Physics

Theory and Practice

Author: P Mayles,A Nahum,J.C Rosenwald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420012026

Category: Science

Page: 1470

View: 686

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From background physics and biological models to the latest imaging and treatment modalities, the Handbook of Radiotherapy Physics: Theory and Practice covers all theoretical and practical aspects of radiotherapy physics. In this comprehensive reference, each part focuses on a major area of radiotherapy, beginning with an introduction by the editors and then subdividing into self-contained chapters. The first three parts present the fundamentals of the underlying physics, radiobiology, and technology involved. The ensuing sections discuss the support requirements of external beam radiotherapy, such as dose measurements, properties of clinical beams, patient dose computation, treatment planning, and quality assurance, followed by a part that explores exciting new advances that include developments in photon and particle therapy. Subsequent sections examine brachytherapy using sealed and unsealed sources and provide the framework of radiation protection, including an appendix that describes the detailed application of UK legislation. The final part contains handy tables of both physical constants and attenuation data. To achieve safe and effective radiotherapy, there needs to be a close understanding among various disciplines. With contributions from renowned specialists, the Handbook of Radiotherapy Physics: Theory and Practice provides essential theoretical and practical knowledge for medical physicists, researchers, radiation oncologists, and radiation technologists.

Graphics Processing Unit-Based High Performance Computing in Radiation Therapy

Author: Xun Jia,Steve B. Jiang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351231669

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 5957

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Use the GPU Successfully in Your Radiotherapy Practice With its high processing power, cost-effectiveness, and easy deployment, access, and maintenance, the graphics processing unit (GPU) has increasingly been used to tackle problems in the medical physics field, ranging from computed tomography reconstruction to Monte Carlo radiation transport simulation. Graphics Processing Unit-Based High Performance Computing in Radiation Therapy collects state-of-the-art research on GPU computing and its applications to medical physics problems in radiation therapy. Tackle Problems in Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy The book first offers an introduction to the GPU technology and its current applications in radiotherapy. Most of the remaining chapters discuss a specific application of a GPU in a key radiotherapy problem. These chapters summarize advances and present technical details and insightful discussions on the use of GPU in addressing the problems. The book also examines two real systems developed with GPU as a core component to accomplish important clinical tasks in modern radiotherapy. Translate Research Developments to Clinical Practice Written by a team of international experts in radiation oncology, biomedical imaging, computing, and physics, this book gets clinical and research physicists, graduate students, and other scientists up to date on the latest in GPU computing for radiotherapy. It encourages you to bring this novel technology to routine clinical radiotherapy practice.

Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research E-Book

Skills and Strategies

Author: Aarthi Ramlaul

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048283

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 1019

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All you need to successfully undertake a research project! This exciting new book provides radiography students and practitioners with the key skills and strategies required to undertake research within medical imaging and radiotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are covered and guidance given on the entire research process - from literature researching, information management and literature evaluation, through to data collection, data analysis and writing up. Specific instruction is given on the structure and presentation of dissertations, writing articles for publication and on presentation skills for presenting at conferences. FEATURES Tailored to meet the specific needs of radiography students plus practitioners undertaking research Includes practice tips and pitfalls to avoid Covers how to apply for research funding for larger scale projects Practical examples throughout clarify the concepts Accompanying EVOLVE website EVOLVE website An accompanying website includes interactive examples of how to use the statistics tests discussed within the text. Tailored to meet needs of radiography and medical imaging students and practitioners undertaking research Accompanying website includes 10 examples on how to use descriptive and inferential statistics packages with interactive 10-step exercises and video clips on how to start up the packages Case examples throughout clarify concepts.

Basic Clinical Radiobiology

Author: Michael C. Joiner,Albert J. van der Kogel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429955391

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 2031

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Basic Clinical Radiobiology is a concise but comprehensive textbook setting out the essentials of the science and clinical application of radiobiology for those seeking accreditation in radiation oncology, clinical radiation physics, and radiation technology. Fully revised and updated to keep abreast of current developments in radiation biology and radiation oncology, this fifth edition continues to present in an interesting way the biological basis of radiation therapy, discussing the basic principles and significant developments that underlie the latest attempts to improve the radiotherapeutic management of cancer. This new edition is highly illustrated with attractive 2-colour presentation and now includes new chapters on stem cells, tissue response and the convergence of radiotherapy, radiobiology, and physics. It will be invaluable for FRCR (clinical oncology) and equivalent candidates, SpRs (and equivalent) in radiation oncology, practicing radiation oncologists and radiotherapists, as well as radiobiologists and radiotherapy physicists.