Physical Fluid Dynamics

Author: D. J. Tritton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198544937

Category: Science

Page: 544

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In this new edition much of the material is new or rewritten but the purpose and style of the first edition are retained. Particular emphasis is given to information obtained by experiment and observation, in addition to analysis of the equations of motion, the book's primary concern is to convey fundamental understanding of the behaviour of fluids in motion. New topics in this second edition include double diffusive convection and modern ideas about dynamical chaos - mainly but not only in relation to transition to turbulence. The discussion of instabilities has been restructured and the treatments of separation and of convection in horizontal layers much extended.

Physical Fluid Dynamics

Author: D. J. Tritton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400999925

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 2337

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To classify a book as 'experimental' rather than 'theoretical' or as 'pure' rather than 'applied' is liable to imply umeal distinctions. Nevertheless, some Classification is necessary to teIl the potential reader whether the book is for him. In this spirit, this book may be said to treat fluid dynamies as a branch of physics, rather than as a branch of applied mathematics or of engineering. I have often heard expressions of the need for such a book, and certainly I have feIt it in my own teaching. I have written it primariIy for students of physics and of physics-based applied science, aIthough I hope others may find it useful. The book differs from existing 'fundamental' books in placing much greater emphasis on what we know through laboratory experiments and their physical interpretation and less on the mathe matieal formalism. It differs from existing 'applied' books in that the choice of topics has been made for the insight they give into the behaviour of fluids in motion rather than for their practical importance. There are differences also from many existing books on fluid dynamics in the branches treated, reflecting to some extent shifts of interest in reeent years. In particular, geophysical and astrophysical applications have prompted important fundamental developments in topics such as conveetion, stratified flow, and the dynamics of rotating fluids. These developments have hitherto been reflected in the contents of textbooks only to a limited extent.

Fluid Dynamics for Physicists

Author: T. E. Faber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429696

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 7108

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This textbook provides an accessible and comprehensive account of fluid dynamics that emphasizes fundamental physical principles and stresses connections with other branches of physics. Beginning with a basic introduction, the book goes on to cover many topics not typically treated in texts, such as compressible flow and shock waves, sound attenuation and bulk viscosity, solitary waves and ship waves, thermal convection, instabilities, turbulence, and the behavior of anisotropic, non-Newtonian and quantum fluids. Undergraduate or graduate students in physics or engineering who are taking courses in fluid dynamics will find this book invaluable.

Elementary Fluid Dynamics

Author: D. J. Acheson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198596790

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 3826

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This textbook provides a clear and concise introduction to both theory and application of fluid dynamics, suitable for all undergraduates coming to the subject for the first time. It has a wide scope, with frequent references to experiments, and numerous exercises illustrating the main ideas.

An Introduction to Theoretical Fluid Mechanics

Author: Stephen Childress

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848887

Category: Science

Page: 201

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This book gives an overview of classical topics in fluid dynamics, focusing on the kinematics and dynamics of incompressible inviscid and Newtonian viscous fluids, but also including some material on compressible flow. The topics are chosen to illustrate the mathematical methods of classical fluid dynamics. The book is intended to prepare the reader for more advanced topics of current research interest.

Buoyancy Effects in Fluids

Author: J. S. Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583163

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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The phenomena treated in this book all depend on the action of gravity on small density differences in a non-rotating fluid. The author gives a connected account of the various motions which can be driven or influenced by buoyancy forces in a stratified fluid, including internal waves, turbulent shear flows and buoyant convection. This excellent introduction to a rapidly developing field, first published in 1973, can be used as the basis of graduate courses in university departments of meteorology, oceanography and various branches of engineering. This edition is reprinted with corrections, and extra references have been added to allow readers to bring themselves up to date on specific topics. Professor Turner is a physicist with a special interest in laboratory modelling of small-scale geophysical processes. An important feature is the superb illustration of the text with many fine photographs of laboratory experiments and natural phenomena.

The Lattice Boltzmann Equation

For Fluid Dynamics and Beyond

Author: Sauro Succi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198503989

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 7023

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In recent years, stylized forms of the Boltzmann equation, now going by the name of "Lattice Boltzmann equation" (LBE), have emerged, which relinquish most mathematical complexities of the true Boltzmann equation without sacrificing physical fidelity in the description of many situations involving complex fluid motion. This book provides the first detailed survey of LBE theory and its major applications to date. Accessible to a broad audience of scientists dealing with complex system dynamics, the book also portrays future developments in allied areas of science (material science, biology etc.) where fluid motion plays a distinguished role.

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Author: Christopher Earls Brennen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107513588

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 6453

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Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics deals with the fundamental physical processes of bubble dynamics and the phenomenon of cavitation. It is ideal for graduate students and research engineers and scientists, and a basic knowledge of fluid flow and heat transfer is assumed. The analytical methods presented are developed from basic principles. The book begins with a chapter on nucleation and describes both the theory and observations in flowing and non-flowing systems. Three chapters provide a systematic treatment of the dynamics and growth, collapse, or oscillation of individual bubbles in otherwise quiescent fluids. The following chapters summarise the motion of bubbles in liquids, describe some of the phenomena that occur in homogeneous bubbly flows, with emphasis on cloud cavitation, and summarise some of the experimental observations of cavitating flows. The last chapter provides a review of free streamline methods used to treat separated cavity flows with large attached cavities.

Physical Hydrodynamics

Author: Etienne Guyon,Jean-Pierre Hulin,Catalin D. Mitescu,Luc Petit

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198702442

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 5967

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This second edition of Physical Hydrodynamics is a deeply enriched version of a classical textbook on fluid dynamics. It retains the same pedagogical spirit, based on the authors' experience of teaching university students in the physical sciences, and emphasizes an experimental (inductive) approach rather than the more formal approach found in many textbooks in the field. Today the field is more widely open to other experimental sciences: materials,environmental, life, and earth sciences, as well as the engineering sciences. Representative examples from these fields have been included where possible, while retaining a general presentation in each case.

Plasma Dynamics

Author: R. O. Dendy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198520412

Category: Philosophy

Page: 161

View: 4232

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This text examines the distinctive physics of plasmas--the form in which most visible matter in the universe is found. The book provides an introduction to plasma particle dynamics, plasma waves, magnetohydrodynamics, plasma kinetic theory, two-fluid theory, and non-linear plasma physics. Rather than emphasizing mathematical considerations, this concise volume concentrates on underlying physical principles. The most advanced background knowledge required consists of Maxwell's equations, and these are reviewed in the introduction. The text will be useful to undergraduates in physics as well as graduates studying astrophysics, nuclear physics, and plasma physics.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

A Practical Approach

Author: Jiyuan Tu,Guan-Heng Yeoh,Chaoqun Liu

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0081012446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 8367

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Computational Fluid Dynamics: A Practical Approach, Third Edition, is an introduction to CFD fundamentals and commercial CFD software to solve engineering problems. The book is designed for a wide variety of engineering students new to CFD, and for practicing engineers learning CFD for the first time. Combining an appropriate level of mathematical background, worked examples, computer screen shots, and step-by-step processes, this book walks the reader through modeling and computing, as well as interpreting CFD results. This new edition has been updated throughout, with new content and improved figures, examples and problems. Includes a new chapter on practical guidelines for mesh generation Provides full coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and the meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used Includes online resources with a new bonus chapter featuring detailed case studies and the latest developments in CFD

Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Author: Suhas Patankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780891165224

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 697

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This book focuses on heat and mass transfer, fluid flow, chemical reaction, and other related processes that occur in engineering equipment, the natural environment, and living organisms. Using simple algebra and elementary calculus, the author develops numerical methods for predicting these processes mainly based on physical considerations. Through this approach, readers will develop a deeper understanding of the underlying physical aspects of heat transfer and fluid flow as well as improve their ability to analyze and interpret computed results.

Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics V

Author: K. W. Morton,M. J. Baines

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198514800

Category: Mathematics

Page: 630

View: 8052

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With contributions from many distinguished mathematicians and engineers, this book provides a summary of recent research on the computational aspects fluid dynamics.

Fluid Dynamics

Classical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Anatoly I. Ruban,Jitesh S. B. Gajjar

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199681732

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 7820

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This is the first book in a four-part series designed to give a comprehensive and coherent description of Fluid Dynamics, starting with chapters on classical theory suitable for an introductory undergraduate lecture course, and then progressing through more advanced material up to the level of modern research in the field. The present Part 1 consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 begins with a discussion of Continuum Hypothesis, which isfollowed by an introduction to macroscopic functions, the velocity vector, pressure, density, and enthalpy. We then analyse the forces acting inside a fluid, and deduce the Navier-Stokes equations forincompressible and compressible fluids in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates. In Chapter 2 we study the properties of a number of flows that are presented by the so-called exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations, including the Couette flow between two parallel plates, Hagen-Poiseuille flow through a pipe, and Karman flow above an infinite rotating disk. Chapter 3 is devoted to the inviscid incompressible flow theory, with particular focus on two-dimensional potential flows. We discussin detail the method of conformal mapping, which is then used to study various flows of interest, including the flows past Joukovskii aerofoils. The final Chapter 4 is concerned with compressibleflows of perfect gas, including supersonic flows. Particular attention is given to the theory of characteristics, which is used, for example, to analyse the Prandtl-Meyer flow over a body surface bend and a corner.

Lectures on Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Rick Salmon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195355321

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 682

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Lectures on Geophysical Fluid Dynamics offers an introduction to several topics in geophysical fluid dynamics, including the theory of large-scale ocean circulation, geostrophic turbulence, and Hamiltonian fluid dynamics. Since each chapter is a self-contained introduction to its particular topic, the book will be useful to students and researchers in diverse scientific fields.

Introduction to Mathematical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Richard E. Meyer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138941

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6151

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Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences, this introductory text covers kinematics, momentum principle, Newtonian fluid, compressibility, and other subjects. 1971 edition.

Essentials of Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: Jens-Dominik Mueller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482227312

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 7660

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Covered from the vantage point of a user of a commercial flow package, Essentials of Computational Fluid Dynamics provides the information needed to competently operate a commercial flow solver. This book provides a physical description of fluid flow, outlines the strengths and weaknesses of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), presents the basics of the discretization of the equations, focuses on the understanding of how the flow physics interact with a typical finite-volume discretization, and highlights the approximate nature of CFD. It emphasizes how the physical concepts (mass conservation or momentum balance) are reflected in the CFD solutions while minimizing the required mathematical/numerical background. In addition, it uses cases studies in mechanical/aero and biomedical engineering, includes MATLAB and spreadsheet examples, codes and exercise questions. The book also provides practical demonstrations on core principles and key behaviors and incorporates a wide range of colorful examples of CFD simulations in various fields of engineering. In addition, this author: Introduces basic discretizations, the linear advection equation, and forward, backward and central differences Proposes a prototype discretization (first-order upwind) implemented in a spreadsheet/MATLAB example that highlights the diffusive character Looks at consistency, truncation error, and order of accuracy Analyzes the truncation error of the forward, backward, central differences using simple Taylor analysis Demonstrates how the of upwinding produces Artificial Viscosity (AV) and its importance for stability Explains how to select boundary conditions based on physical considerations Illustrates these concepts in a number of carefully discussed case studies Essentials of Computational Fluid Dynamics provides a solid introduction to the basic principles of practical CFD and serves as a resource for students in mechanical or aerospace engineering taking a first CFD course as well as practicing professionals needing a brief, accessible introduction to CFD.

Physics of Continuous Matter

Exotic and Everyday Phenomena in the Macroscopic World

Author: B. Lautrup

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750307529

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 7506

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Offering a modern approach to this most classical of subjects, Physics of Continuous Matter is first and foremost an introduction to the basic concepts and phenomenology of continuous systems, and the derivations of the equations of continuum mechanics from Newtonian mechanics. Although many examples, particularly in the earlier chapters, are taken from geophysics and astrophysics, the author places the emphasis frimly on generic methods and applications. Each chapter begins with a ‘soft’ introduction, placing the discussion within an everyday context, and the level of difficulty then rises steadily, a pattern which is reflected throughout the text as a whole. The necessary mathematical tools are developed in parallel with the physics on a ‘need-to-know’ basis, an approach that avoids lengthy mathematical preliminaries.

Physical Hydrodynamics

Author: Etienne Guyon,Jean-Pierre Hulin,Catalin D. Mitescu,Luc Petit

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198702442

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7119

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This second edition of Physical Hydrodynamics is a deeply enriched version of a classical textbook on fluid dynamics. It retains the same pedagogical spirit, based on the authors' experience of teaching university students in the physical sciences, and emphasizes an experimental (inductive) approach rather than the more formal approach found in many textbooks in the field. Today the field is more widely open to other experimental sciences: materials,environmental, life, and earth sciences, as well as the engineering sciences. Representative examples from these fields have been included where possible, while retaining a general presentation in each case.

Fluid Dynamics via Examples and Solutions

Author: Sergey Nazarenko

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439888825

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 8581

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Fluid Dynamics via Examples and Solutions provides a substantial set of example problems and detailed model solutions covering various phenomena and effects in fluids. The book is ideal as a supplement or exam review for undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid dynamics, continuum mechanics, turbulence, ocean and atmospheric sciences, and related areas. It is also suitable as a main text for fluid dynamics courses with an emphasis on learning by example and as a self-study resource for practicing scientists who need to learn the basics of fluid dynamics. The author covers several sub-areas of fluid dynamics, types of flows, and applications. He also includes supplementary theoretical material when necessary. Each chapter presents the background, an extended list of references for further reading, numerous problems, and a complete set of model solutions.