Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Author: Patrick A. Domenico,Franklin W. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 2887

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Completely updated, the second edition of this comprehensive volume not only covers all major areas of hydrogeology, it takes a process-oriented, integrated approach so that readers can gain a complete understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical aspects of this subject. Provides a good balance between theory and application and includes new areas such as contaminant hydrogeology. Includes extensive reference list and suggested readings.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405144505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 6436

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensiveintroduction to the study of hydrogeology and the significance ofgroundwater in the terrestrial aquatic environment. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemicalprinciples of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwaterinvestigation techniques and contaminant hydrogeology. A uniquefeature of the book is a chapter on the application ofenvironmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation ofaquifer evolution. The last chapter discusses groundwater resourcesand environmental management, and examines the role of groundwaterin integrated river basin management, including the possibleimpacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes are used to explain special topics andto illustrate international case studies. The appendices provideuseful reference material and include review questions andexercises to develop the reader's knowledge and problem-solvingskills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate andgraduate students in earth and environmental sciences taking acourse in hydrogeology or groundwater science. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Pleasecontact our Higher Education team at ahref="mailto:[email protected]"[email protected]/afor more information.

Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition

Author: Paul F. Hudak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849330155

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 3051

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Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition presents important concepts of groundwater hydrology with a strong emphasis on problem-solving and field applications of hydrogeology. With newly added and revised content, this volume maintains a broad and current scope of topics, from the history of hydrogeology to the latest trends in managing groundwater contamination, arranged in the most compact and easy-to-use format available. Topics of interest include the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle; the nature of water-bearing formations; drilling boreholes and constructing monitoring wells; aquifers, well hydraulics, and aquifer tests; groundwater chemistry and flow; groundwater pollution, contaminant transport, remediation, and management. The author also provides the most current sources of hydrogeologic information, including professional societies, groundwater organizations, government agencies, industry publications, and Internet sites that provide data, software, techniques, protocols, standards, and training opportunities. Concise and informative, environmental regulators as well as groundwater and hydrology professionals will find Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition a handy and irreplaceable source for looking up definitions, tools, and equations while working on groundwater problems.

Groundwater Modeling Utilities

Author: William C. Walton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716796

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 9232

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Groundwater Modeling Utilities is a handy reference guide designed to help groundwater industry professionals learn to use a variety of microcomputer software applications for groundwater modeling and numerical modeling in flow and contaminant migration studies. The book provides the following: (1) handy operation and logic reference supplements to selected groundwater model, pre-processor, post-processor, geostatistics, graphics, CAD, and word processing software supporting documentation; (2) selected model operation practice exercises with extensive step by step input/option prompt and response documentation; and (3) six convenient model database manipulation utility programs stored on two 5-1/4" diskettes included with this book. The disks can be used with all IBM and IBM-compatible computers. The utility programs allow you to convert values from one system of units to another; interpolate between control data points on a curve or surface; calculate heads and partial penetration effects in production wells; create, edit, and convert grid, triplet, listed, and unformatted model data files; and view tabular and category displays of model data files. Groundwater Modeling Utilities covers some of the most popular and thoroughly tested public domain finite-difference numerical microcomputer model software; commercial model software; public domain geostatistics software; and commercial graphics, CAD, and word processing software. Using actual groundwater modeling-specific examples, learn to work with software such as MODFLOW, MOD PATH, MOC, INTERTRANS, INTERSAT, GEOPACK, GRAPHER, SURFER, CADD 5.0, and WordPerfect 5.1. Groundwater Modeling Utilities is a book no groundwater industry professional can afford to be without.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

Author: Jacques W. Delleur

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048582

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 992

View: 6577

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Due to the increasing demand for adequate water supply caused by the augmenting global population, groundwater production has acquired a new importance. In many areas, surface waters are not available in sufficient quantity or quality. Thus, an increasing demand for groundwater has resulted. However, the residence of time of groundwater can be of the order of thousands of years while surface waters is of the order of days. Therefore, substantially more attention is warranted for transport processes and pollution remediation in groundwater than for surface waters. Similarly, pollution remediation problems in groundwater are generally complex. This excellent, timely resource covers the field of groundwater from an engineering perspective, comprehensively addressing the range of subjects related to subsurface hydrology. It provides a practical treatment of the flow of groundwater, the transport of substances, the construction of wells and well fields, the production of groundwater, and site characterization and remediation of groundwater pollution. No other reference specializes in groundwater engineering to such a broad range of subjects. Its use extends to: The engineer designing a well or well field The engineer designing or operating a landfill facility for municipal or hazardous wastes The hydrogeologist investigating a contaminant plume The engineer examining the remediation of a groundwater pollution problem The engineer or lawyer studying the laws and regulations related to groundwater quality The scientist analyzing the mechanics of solute transport The geohydrologist assessing the regional modeling of aquifers The geophysicist determining the characterization of an aquifer The cartographer mapping aquifer characteristics The practitioner planning a monitoring network

Introducing Groundwater

Author: Price, Michael (Senior Lecturer in Hydrogeology, University of Reading)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982739

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2797

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Presented in a style intended for the non-specialist reader, with technical terms and mathematical formulae kept to a minimum, the second edition of this introduction to groundwater covers a range of topics as they relate to hydrogeology. A major new chapter focuses on pollution.

Geodynamics

Author: Donald L. Turcotte,Gerald Schubert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268672

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7662

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First published in 1982, Don Turcotte and Jerry Schubert's Geodynamics became a classic textbook for several generations of students of geophysics and geology. In this second edition, the authors bring this text completely up-to-date. Important additions include a chapter on chemical geodynamics, an updated coverage of comparative planetology based on recent planetary missions, and a variety of other new topics. Geodynamics provides the fundamentals necessary for an understanding of the workings of the solid earth, describing the mechanics of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building in the context of the role of mantle convection and plate tectonics. Observations such as the earth's gravity field, surface heat flow, distribution of earthquakes, surface stresses and strains, and distribution of elements are discussed. This new edition will once again prove to be a classic textbook for intermediate to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geology, geophysics, and earth science.

Contesting Hidden Waters

Conflict Resolution for Groundwater and Aquifers

Author: W. Todd Jarvis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212744

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 3407

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The world increasingly relies on groundwater resources for drinking water and the provision of food for a growing population. The utilization of aquifer systems also extends beyond freshwater supply to include other resources such as heat extraction and the storage and disposal of substances. Unlike other books about conflict resolution and negotiations over water resources, this volume is unique in focusing exclusively on conflicts over groundwater and aquifers. The author explores the specific challenges presented by these "hidden" resources, which are shown to be very different from those posed by surface water resources. Whereas surface watersheds are static, groundwater boundaries are value-laden and constantly changing during development. The book describes the various issues surrounding the governance and management of these resources and the various parties involved in conflicts and negotiations over them. Through first-hand accounts from a pracademic skilled in both process and substance as a groundwater professional and professional mediator, the book offers options for addressing the challenges and issues through a transdisciplinary approach.

Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis

Author: Xinming Tang,Yaolin Liu,Jixian Zhang,Wolfgang Kainz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203937554

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 5303

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Developments in Geographic Information Technology have raised the expectations of users. A static map is no longer enough; there is now demand for a dynamic representation. Time is of great importance when operating on real world geographical phenomena, especially when these are dynamic. Researchers in the field of Temporal Geographical Information Systems (TGIS) have been developing methods of incorporating time into geographical information systems. Spatio-temporal analysis embodies spatial modelling, spatio-temporal modelling and spatial reasoning and data mining. Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis contributes to the field of spatio-temporal analysis, presenting innovative ideas and examples that reflect current progress and achievements.

The Biology of Peatlands, 2e

Author: Håkan Rydin,John K. Jeglum

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508292

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7613

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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations between biological processes and hydrology. As well as thoroughly referencing the latest research, the authors expose a rich older literature where an immense repository of natural history has accumulated. The Biology of Peatlands starts with an overview of the main peatland types (marsh, swamp, fen, and bog), before examining the entire range of biota present (microbes, invertebrates, plants, and vertebrates), together with their specific adaptations to peatland habitats. Detailed coverage is devoted to the genus Sphagnum, the most important functional plant group in northern peatlands, although tropical and southern hemisphere peatlands are also covered. Throughout the book the interactions between organisms and environmental conditions (especially wetness, availability of oxygen, and pH) are emphasized, with chapters on the physical and chemical characteristics of peat, the role of peat as an archive of past vegetation and climate, and peatland succession and development. Several other key factors and processes are then examined, including hydrology and nutrient cycling. The fascinating peatland landforms in different parts of the world are described, together with theories on how they have developed. Human interactions with peatlands are considered in terms of management, conservation, and restoration. A final chapter, new to this edition, focuses on the role of peatlands as sources or sinks for the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, and the influences of climate change on peatlands. This timely and accessible text is suitable for students and researchers of peatland ecology, as well as providing an authoritative overview for professional ecologists and conservation biologists.

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults

Author: Timothy H. Dixon,J. Casey Moore

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512015

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 8432

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Subduction zones, one of the three types of plate boundaries, return Earth's surface to its deep interior. Because subduction zones are gently inclined at shallow depths and depress Earth's temperature gradient, they have the largest seismogenic area of any plate boundary. Consequently, subduction zones generate Earth's largest earthquakes and most destructive tsunamis. As tragically demonstrated by the Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of December 2004, these events often impact densely populated coastal areas and cause large numbers of fatalities. While scientists have a general understanding of the seismogenic zone, many critical details remain obscure. This volume attempts to answer such fundamental concerns as why some interplate subduction earthquakes are relatively modest in rupture length (greater than 100 km) while others, such as the great (M greater than 9) 1960 Chile, 1964 Alaska, and 2004 Sumatra events, rupture along 1000 km or more. Contributors also address why certain subduction zones are fully locked, accumulating elastic strain at essentially the full plate convergence rate, while others appear to be only partially coupled or even freely slipping; whether these locking patterns persist through the seismic cycle; and what is the role of sediments and fluids on the incoming plate. Nineteen papers written by experts in a variety of fields review the most current lab, field, and theoretical research on the origins and mechanics of subduction zone earthquakes and suggest further areas of exploration. They consider the composition of incoming plates, laboratory studies concerning sediment evolution during subduction and fault frictional properties, seismic and geodetic studies, and regional scale deformation. The forces behind subduction zone earthquakes are of increasing environmental and societal importance.

Water Quality Engineering

Physical / Chemical Treatment Processes

Author: Mark M. Benjamin,Desmond F. Lawler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118632273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 1054

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Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.

Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology

Author: Peter G. Cook,Andrew L. Herczeg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461545579

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 5264

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Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology synthesizes the research of specialists into a comprehensive review of the application of environmental tracers to the study of soil water and groundwater flow. The book includes chapters which cover ionic tracers, noble gases, chlorofluorocarbons, tritium, chlorine-36, oxygen-18, deuterium, and isotopes of carbon, strontium, sulphur and nitrogen. Applications of the tracers include the estimation of vertical and horizontal groundwater velocities, groundwater recharge rates, inter-aquifer leakage and mixing processes, chemical processes and palaeohydrology. Practicing hydrologists, soil physicists and hydrology professors and students will find the book to be a valuable support in their work.

Grundwasserchemie

Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366207611X

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 9651

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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Modelling and Simulation of Diffusive Processes

Methods and Applications

Author: S.K. Basu,Naveen Kumar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319056573

Category: Computers

Page: 339

View: 2326

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This book addresses the key issues in the modeling and simulation of diffusive processes from a wide spectrum of different applications across a broad range of disciplines. Features: discusses diffusion and molecular transport in living cells and suspended sediment in open channels; examines the modeling of peristaltic transport of nanofluids, and isotachophoretic separation of ionic samples in microfluidics; reviews thermal characterization of non-homogeneous media and scale-dependent porous dispersion resulting from velocity fluctuations; describes the modeling of nitrogen fate and transport at the sediment-water interface and groundwater flow in unconfined aquifers; investigates two-dimensional solute transport from a varying pulse type point source and futile cycles in metabolic flux modeling; studies contaminant concentration prediction along unsteady groundwater flow and modeling synovial fluid flow in human joints; explores the modeling of soil organic carbon and crop growth simulation.

Applied Hydrogeology

Fourth Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478637447

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 6567

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Hydrogeology’s importance has grown to become an integral part not only of geology curricula, but also those in environmental science and engineering. Applied Hydrogeology serves all these students, presenting the subject’s fundamental concepts in addition to its importance in other disciplines. Fetter skillfully addresses both physical and chemical hydrogeology, highlighting problem solving throughout the book. Case studies, Excel-based projects, and working student versions of software used by groundwater professionals supplement the fourth edition’s insightful explanations and succinct solutions to real-world challenges. Each chapter concludes with example problems, a notation of symbols, and informative analysis. A glossary of hydrogeological terms adds significant value to this comprehensive text. Fetter’s accessible coverage prepares readers for success in their careers well beyond the classroom.

Uranium, Mining and Hydrogeology

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Andrea Hasche-Berger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540877462

Category: Science

Page: 955

View: 7226

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Subject of the book is Uranium and its migration in aquatic environments. The following subjects are emphasised: Uranium mining, Phosphate mining, mine closure and remediation, Uranium in groundwater and in bedrock, biogeochemistry of Uranium, environmental behavior, and modeling. Particular results from the leading edge of international research are presented.

Groundwater in Geologic Processes

Author: Steven E. Ingebritsen,Ward E. Sanford,C. E. Neuzil

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521603218

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 9080

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An extensively revised 2006 second edition of the well received and widely adopted textbook on groundwater.