Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Author: Patrick A. Domenico,Franklin W. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 2291

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Completely updated, the second edition of this comprehensive volume not only covers all major areas of hydrogeology, it takes a process-oriented, integrated approach so that readers can gain a complete understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical aspects of this subject. Provides a good balance between theory and application and includes new areas such as contaminant hydrogeology. Includes extensive reference list and suggested readings.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405144505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 2809

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensiveintroduction to the study of hydrogeology and the significance ofgroundwater in the terrestrial aquatic environment. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemicalprinciples of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwaterinvestigation techniques and contaminant hydrogeology. A uniquefeature of the book is a chapter on the application ofenvironmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation ofaquifer evolution. The last chapter discusses groundwater resourcesand environmental management, and examines the role of groundwaterin integrated river basin management, including the possibleimpacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes are used to explain special topics andto illustrate international case studies. The appendices provideuseful reference material and include review questions andexercises to develop the reader's knowledge and problem-solvingskills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate andgraduate students in earth and environmental sciences taking acourse in hydrogeology or groundwater science. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Pleasecontact our Higher Education team at ahref="mailto:[email protected]"[email protected]/afor more information.

Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 5575

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

Hydrogeologie

Einführung in die Allgemeine und Angewandte Hydrogeologie

Author: Bernward Hölting,Wilhelm Coldewey

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827423546

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 9880

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Die Einführung für Einsteiger und das Nachschlagewerk für die Praxis Hydrogeologie, die Wissenschaft vom unterirdischen Wasser, hat sich aus der Geologie zu einem eigenständigen Zweig der Wissenschaft entwickelt. Unter dem Aspekt des quantitativen und qualitativen Grundwasserschutzes gewinnt sie mehr und mehr an Bedeutung. Hydrogeologie erforscht die Herkunft und die Vorräte, die Bewegungsgesetze und die Dynamik, die physikalischen und chemischen Eigenschaften und die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung des Grundwassers, sie untersucht die Erschließung und Nutzung des Grundwassers sowie dessen Beeinträchtigungen durch menschliche Aktivitäten. Hydrogeologie ist eine interdisziplinäre Wissenschaft, in der Teilgebiete der Geologie, Hydrologie, Meteorologie, Chemie, Biologie, Physik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften zusammenfließen. Für die Neuauflage haben Bernward Hölting und Wilhelm. G. Coldewey den Text überarbeitet. Um die Aufgaben und die fachliche Verzahnung der Hydrogeologie noch besser darstellen zu können wurden in dieser Neuauflage die Abschnitte „Grundwasserhydraulik“, „Wasserrecht“ und „Grundwasserbelastung“ grundlegend neu bearbeitet. Die Kapitel über „Wasserbeschaffenheit" und „Angewandte Hydrogeologie“ wurden erweitert. Zahlreiche Abschnitte, wie „Geohydraulische Untersuchungen“ und „Mikrobiologie des Grundwassers“, „Wassergewinnung", „Bauen im Grundwasser" und „Regenwasserversickerung" wurden neu aufgenommen. Unter didaktischen Gesichtspunkten wurden viele Abbildungen neu erstellt und wichtige Gleichungen und Textabschnitte farbig hervorgehoben. Das Buch bietet wichtige Informationen zu den heute wesentlichen Fragen und Problemen des Grundwassers. Es hat sich als Einführung für Studierende und Fachleute der Geowissenschaften und der Wasserversorgung wie auch für andere Interessierte aus den Bereichen der Ingenieur- und Naturwissenschaften bestens etabliert. Stimmen zum Buch: Das erstmals 1980 veröffentlichte Lehrbuch vermittelt für Studierende aber auch für Wasserwirtschaftler, die sich mit hydrogeologischen Problemen im Berufsalltag befassen, das notwendige Grundwissen in allgemein verständlicher und übersichtlicher Form. Wasser und Abfall Das Buch ist eine wertvolle Navigationshilfe durch die vielfältigen Aspekte der grundwasserrelevanten Prozesse und gibt auch Nichtfachleuten wichtige Hilfestellung bei der Grundlagenermittlung hydrogeologischer Fragestellungen. GWF Wasser Abwasser

Field Methods for Geologists and Hydrogeologists

Author: Hanspeter Jordan,Fakhry A. Assaad,Philip Elmer LaMoreaux,Zhou Wangfang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540408826

Category: Nature

Page: 377

View: 2227

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From the reviews: "...is a "must" for serious field novices, and for seasoned middle-career and senior practitioners in hydrogeology, mainly those people who answer a calling to offer honest and accurate hydrogeological approximations and findings. Any engineering geologist or groundwater geologist who claims capability as a "Hydrogeologist" should own this book and submit it to highlighting and page tabbing. Of course, the same goes for those who practice in karst terranes, as author LaMoreaux is one of the pioneers in this field, worldwide..." (Allen W. Hatheway)

Groundwater Modeling Utilities

Author: William C. Walton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716796

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 5861

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Groundwater Modeling Utilities is a handy reference guide designed to help groundwater industry professionals learn to use a variety of microcomputer software applications for groundwater modeling and numerical modeling in flow and contaminant migration studies. The book provides the following: (1) handy operation and logic reference supplements to selected groundwater model, pre-processor, post-processor, geostatistics, graphics, CAD, and word processing software supporting documentation; (2) selected model operation practice exercises with extensive step by step input/option prompt and response documentation; and (3) six convenient model database manipulation utility programs stored on two 5-1/4" diskettes included with this book. The disks can be used with all IBM and IBM-compatible computers. The utility programs allow you to convert values from one system of units to another; interpolate between control data points on a curve or surface; calculate heads and partial penetration effects in production wells; create, edit, and convert grid, triplet, listed, and unformatted model data files; and view tabular and category displays of model data files. Groundwater Modeling Utilities covers some of the most popular and thoroughly tested public domain finite-difference numerical microcomputer model software; commercial model software; public domain geostatistics software; and commercial graphics, CAD, and word processing software. Using actual groundwater modeling-specific examples, learn to work with software such as MODFLOW, MOD PATH, MOC, INTERTRANS, INTERSAT, GEOPACK, GRAPHER, SURFER, CADD 5.0, and WordPerfect 5.1. Groundwater Modeling Utilities is a book no groundwater industry professional can afford to be without.

Applied Hydrogeology

Fourth Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478637447

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 3252

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Hydrogeology’s importance has grown to become an integral part not only of geology curricula, but also those in environmental science and engineering. Applied Hydrogeology serves all these students, presenting the subject’s fundamental concepts in addition to its importance in other disciplines. Fetter skillfully addresses both physical and chemical hydrogeology, highlighting problem solving throughout the book. Case studies, Excel-based projects, and working student versions of software used by groundwater professionals supplement the fourth edition’s insightful explanations and succinct solutions to real-world challenges. Each chapter concludes with example problems, a notation of symbols, and informative analysis. A glossary of hydrogeological terms adds significant value to this comprehensive text. Fetter’s accessible coverage prepares readers for success in their careers well beyond the classroom.

Geodynamics

Author: Donald L. Turcotte,Gerald Schubert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268672

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4786

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First published in 1982, Don Turcotte and Jerry Schubert's Geodynamics became a classic textbook for several generations of students of geophysics and geology. In this second edition, the authors bring this text completely up-to-date. Important additions include a chapter on chemical geodynamics, an updated coverage of comparative planetology based on recent planetary missions, and a variety of other new topics. Geodynamics provides the fundamentals necessary for an understanding of the workings of the solid earth, describing the mechanics of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building in the context of the role of mantle convection and plate tectonics. Observations such as the earth's gravity field, surface heat flow, distribution of earthquakes, surface stresses and strains, and distribution of elements are discussed. This new edition will once again prove to be a classic textbook for intermediate to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geology, geophysics, and earth science.

Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology

Author: Peter G. Cook,Andrew L. Herczeg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461545579

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 4404

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Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology synthesizes the research of specialists into a comprehensive review of the application of environmental tracers to the study of soil water and groundwater flow. The book includes chapters which cover ionic tracers, noble gases, chlorofluorocarbons, tritium, chlorine-36, oxygen-18, deuterium, and isotopes of carbon, strontium, sulphur and nitrogen. Applications of the tracers include the estimation of vertical and horizontal groundwater velocities, groundwater recharge rates, inter-aquifer leakage and mixing processes, chemical processes and palaeohydrology. Practicing hydrologists, soil physicists and hydrology professors and students will find the book to be a valuable support in their work.

Introducing Groundwater

Author: Price, Michael (Senior Lecturer in Hydrogeology, University of Reading)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982739

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 5889

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Presented in a style intended for the non-specialist reader, with technical terms and mathematical formulae kept to a minimum, the second edition of this introduction to groundwater covers a range of topics as they relate to hydrogeology. A major new chapter focuses on pollution.

Chemical and Isotopic Groundwater Hydrology

Author: Emanuel Mazor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824757033

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 5360

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This updated and expanded edition provides a thorough understanding of the measurable properties of groundwater systems and the knowledge to apply hydrochemical, geological, isotopic, and dating approaches to their work. This volume includes question and answer discussions for key concepts presented in the text and the basic hydrological, geological, and physical parameters to be observed and measured. Chemical and Isotopic Groundwater Hydrology, Third Edition covers the chemical tools of groundwater hydrology, the isotopic composition of water and groundwater dating by tritum, carbon-14, Cl-36, and He-4, as well as the application of fossil groundwater as a paleoclimatic indicator.

Contesting Hidden Waters

Conflict Resolution for Groundwater and Aquifers

Author: W. Todd Jarvis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212744

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 9396

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The world increasingly relies on groundwater resources for drinking water and the provision of food for a growing population. The utilization of aquifer systems also extends beyond freshwater supply to include other resources such as heat extraction and the storage and disposal of substances. Unlike other books about conflict resolution and negotiations over water resources, this volume is unique in focusing exclusively on conflicts over groundwater and aquifers. The author explores the specific challenges presented by these "hidden" resources, which are shown to be very different from those posed by surface water resources. Whereas surface watersheds are static, groundwater boundaries are value-laden and constantly changing during development. The book describes the various issues surrounding the governance and management of these resources and the various parties involved in conflicts and negotiations over them. Through first-hand accounts from a pracademic skilled in both process and substance as a groundwater professional and professional mediator, the book offers options for addressing the challenges and issues through a transdisciplinary approach.

Grundwasserchemie

Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366207611X

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 3859

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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Applied Hydrogeology

Author: C. W. Fetter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781478637097

Category:

Page: 598

View: 7565

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Hydrogeology¿s importance has grown to become an integral part not only of geology curricula, but also those in environmental science and engineering. Applied Hydrogeology serves all these students, presenting the subject¿s fundamental concepts in addition to its importance in other disciplines. Fetter skillfully addresses both physical and chemical hydrogeology, highlighting problem solving throughout the book.Case studies, Excel-based projects, and working student versions of software used by groundwater professionals supplement the fourth edition¿s insightful explanations and succinct solutions to real-world challenges. Each chapter concludes with example problems, a notation of symbols, and informative analysis. A glossary of hydrogeological terms adds significant value to this comprehensive text. Fetter¿s accessible coverage prepares readers for success in their careers well beyond the classroom.

Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis

Author: Xinming Tang,Yaolin Liu,Jixian Zhang,Wolfgang Kainz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203937554

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 4657

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Developments in Geographic Information Technology have raised the expectations of users. A static map is no longer enough; there is now demand for a dynamic representation. Time is of great importance when operating on real world geographical phenomena, especially when these are dynamic. Researchers in the field of Temporal Geographical Information Systems (TGIS) have been developing methods of incorporating time into geographical information systems. Spatio-temporal analysis embodies spatial modelling, spatio-temporal modelling and spatial reasoning and data mining. Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis contributes to the field of spatio-temporal analysis, presenting innovative ideas and examples that reflect current progress and achievements.

The Biology of Peatlands, 2e

Author: Håkan Rydin,John K. Jeglum

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508292

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 6539

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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations between biological processes and hydrology. As well as thoroughly referencing the latest research, the authors expose a rich older literature where an immense repository of natural history has accumulated. The Biology of Peatlands starts with an overview of the main peatland types (marsh, swamp, fen, and bog), before examining the entire range of biota present (microbes, invertebrates, plants, and vertebrates), together with their specific adaptations to peatland habitats. Detailed coverage is devoted to the genus Sphagnum, the most important functional plant group in northern peatlands, although tropical and southern hemisphere peatlands are also covered. Throughout the book the interactions between organisms and environmental conditions (especially wetness, availability of oxygen, and pH) are emphasized, with chapters on the physical and chemical characteristics of peat, the role of peat as an archive of past vegetation and climate, and peatland succession and development. Several other key factors and processes are then examined, including hydrology and nutrient cycling. The fascinating peatland landforms in different parts of the world are described, together with theories on how they have developed. Human interactions with peatlands are considered in terms of management, conservation, and restoration. A final chapter, new to this edition, focuses on the role of peatlands as sources or sinks for the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, and the influences of climate change on peatlands. This timely and accessible text is suitable for students and researchers of peatland ecology, as well as providing an authoritative overview for professional ecologists and conservation biologists.

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults

Author: Timothy H. Dixon,J. Casey Moore

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512015

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 6992

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Subduction zones, one of the three types of plate boundaries, return Earth's surface to its deep interior. Because subduction zones are gently inclined at shallow depths and depress Earth's temperature gradient, they have the largest seismogenic area of any plate boundary. Consequently, subduction zones generate Earth's largest earthquakes and most destructive tsunamis. As tragically demonstrated by the Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of December 2004, these events often impact densely populated coastal areas and cause large numbers of fatalities. While scientists have a general understanding of the seismogenic zone, many critical details remain obscure. This volume attempts to answer such fundamental concerns as why some interplate subduction earthquakes are relatively modest in rupture length (greater than 100 km) while others, such as the great (M greater than 9) 1960 Chile, 1964 Alaska, and 2004 Sumatra events, rupture along 1000 km or more. Contributors also address why certain subduction zones are fully locked, accumulating elastic strain at essentially the full plate convergence rate, while others appear to be only partially coupled or even freely slipping; whether these locking patterns persist through the seismic cycle; and what is the role of sediments and fluids on the incoming plate. Nineteen papers written by experts in a variety of fields review the most current lab, field, and theoretical research on the origins and mechanics of subduction zone earthquakes and suggest further areas of exploration. They consider the composition of incoming plates, laboratory studies concerning sediment evolution during subduction and fault frictional properties, seismic and geodetic studies, and regional scale deformation. The forces behind subduction zone earthquakes are of increasing environmental and societal importance.

Water Quality Engineering

Physical / Chemical Treatment Processes

Author: Mark M. Benjamin,Desmond F. Lawler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118632273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 2660

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Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.