Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

Author: Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931562

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 7881

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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Petroleum Refining in Nontechnical Language

Author: William L. Leffler

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 1593701586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 259

View: 1998

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William Leffler's Petroleum Refining in Nontechnical Language, 4th Edition is a comprehensive overview of key refining topics by using relevant analogies, easy-to-understand graphs, formulas, and illustrations. It is ideal for professionals who are "on the outside looking in," i.e., in any field that provides products or services to or deals with the engineers who run refineries. Each chapter was carefully written in nontechnical language giving a basic understanding of the refining industry. For further reinforcement of the material, Leffler provides exercises at the end of each chapter complete with answers.

Petroleum Refining Processes

Author: James G. Speight,Baki Ozum

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203908643

Category: Science

Page: 728

View: 4072

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This work highlights contemporary approaches to resource utilization and provides comprehensive coverage of technological advances in residuum conversion. It illustrates state-of-the-art engineering methods for the refinement of heavy oils, bitumen, and other high-sulphur feedstocks.

Petroleum Refining

Technology and Economics, Fifth Edition

Author: James H. Gary,Glenn E. Handwerk,Mark J. Kaiser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203907922

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 1040

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Petroleum refiners must face billion-dollar investments in equipment in order to meet ever-changing environmental requirements. Because the design and construction of new processing units entail several years’ lead time, refiners are reluctant to commit these dollars for equipment that may no longer meet certain conditions when the units come on stream. Written by experts with both academic and professional experience in refinery operation, design, and evaluation, Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics, Fifth Edition is an essential textbook for students and a vital resource for engineers. This latest edition of a bestselling text provides updated data and addresses changes in refinery feedstock, product distribution, and processing requirements resulting from federal and state legislation. Providing a detailed overview of today’s integrated fuels refinery, the book discusses each major refining process as they relate to topics such as feedstock preparation, operating costs, catalysts, yields, finished product properties, and economics. It also contains end-of-chapter problems and an ongoing case study.

Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes

Author: Robert A. Meyers

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071500944

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 900

View: 897

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* Offers detailed description of process chemistry and thermodynamics and product by-product specifications of plants * Contributors are drawn from the largest petroleum producers in the world, including Chevron, Mobil, Shell, Exxon, UOP, and Texaco * Covers the very latest technologies in the field of petroleum refining processes * Completely updated 3rd Edition features 50% all new material

Petroleum Refining Design and Applications Handbook

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119257093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 654

View: 4674

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There is a renaissance that is occurring in chemical and process engineering, and it is crucial for today’s scientists, engineers, technicians, and operators to stay current. With so many changes over the last few decades in equipment and processes, petroleum refining is almost a living document, constantly needing updating. With no new refineries being built, companies are spending their capital re-tooling and adding on to existing plants. Refineries are like small cities, today, as they grow bigger and bigger and more and more complex. A huge percentage of a refinery can be changed, literally, from year to year, to account for the type of crude being refined or to integrate new equipment or processes. This book is the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the most significant and recent changes to petroleum refining, presenting the state-of-the-art to the engineer, scientist, or student. Useful as a textbook, this is also an excellent, handy go-to reference for the veteran engineer, a volume no chemical or process engineering library should be without. Written by one of the world’s foremost authorities, this book sets the standard for the industry and is an integral part of the petroleum refining renaissance. It is truly a must-have for any practicing engineer or student in this area.

Handbook of Petroleum Refining

Author: James G. Speight

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315356503

Category: Science

Page: 789

View: 2557

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Petroleum refining involves refining crude petroleum as well as producing raw materials for the petrochemical industry. This book covers current refinery processes and process-types that are likely to come on-stream during the next three to five decades. The book includes (1) comparisons of conventional feedstocks with heavy oil, tar sand bitumen, and bio-feedstocks; (2) properties and refinability of the various feedstocks; (3) thermal processes versus hydroprocesses; and (4) the influence of refining on the environment.

Petroleum Refining: Crude oil, petroleum products, process flowsheets

Author: Jean-Pierre Wauquier

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 2710806851

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 6398

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In this first volume, the reader will find, collected and condensed, the information needed to characterize, analyze, and evaluate crude oils from different origins and their corresponding petroleum cuts as well. The characteristics and specifications of all the petroleum products along with their simplified process flowsheets are reviewed.Contents: 1. Composition of crude oils and petroleum products. 2. Fractionation and elemental analysis of crude oils and petroleum cuts. 3. Characterization of crude oils and petroleum fractions. 4. Methods for the calculation of hydrocarbon physical properties. 5. Characteristics of petroleum products for energy use (motor fuels - heating fuels). 6. Characteristics of non-fuel petroleum products. 7. Standards and specifications of petroleum products. 8. Evaluation of crude oils. 9. Additives for motor fuels and lubricants. 10. Introduction to refining. Appendices: Principal characteristics of pure components. Principal standard test methods for petroleum products. References. Index.

Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining

Author: Jorge Ancheyta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118002162

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 749

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Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining deals with fundamental descriptions of the main conversion processes employed in the petroleum refining industry: catalytic hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and fluid catalytic cracking. Common approaches for modeling of catalytic reactors for steady-state and dynamic simulations are also described and analyzed. Aspects such as thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, process variables, process scheme, and reactor design are discussed in detail from both research and commercial points of view. Results of simulation with the developed models are compared with those determined at pilot plant scale as well as commercial practice. Kinetics data used in the reactor model are either taken from the literature or obtained under controlled experiments at the laboratory.

Petroleum Refining. Vol. 3 Conversion Processes

Author: Pierre Leprince

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 2710807793

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 7140

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This volume describes the characteristics of processes used in petroleum refining: upgrading light fractions (reforming and isomerization), converting distillates (catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, and associated equipment), converting residues (visbreaking, coking hydroconversion), and reducing air and water pollution (white product sweetening, acid gas, stack gas, and waste water treatment). This book is available in French Under the title "le raffinage du pétrole. Tome 3. Procédés de transformation". Contents : 1. Introduction. 2. Basic principles governing chemical changes. 3. Industrial catalysts. 4. Catalytic reforming. 5. Catalytic cracking. 6. Isomerization of light paraffins. 7. Aliphatic alkylation. 8. Olefin etherification. 9. Oligomerization. 10. Hydrocracking. 11. Visbreaking of residues. 12. Coking. 13. Residue hydroconversion. 14. Hydrogen production. 15. White products refining by sweetening. 16. Hydrotreating. 17. Acid gas treatment. 18. Desulfurization of stack gases. 19. Water treatment. References. Index.

U.S. petroleum refining

meeting requirements for cleaner fuels and refineries

Author: National Petroleum Council. Committee on Refining

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 4957

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Refining Processes Handbook

Author: Surinder Parkash, Ph. D

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080523859

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 688

View: 6764

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Besides covering topics like catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, and alkylation, this volume has chapters on waste water treatment and the economics of managing or commissioning the design of a petroleum refinery. Found only in this volume is material on operating a jointly owned and operated refinery. (Over the last decade, the ownership of many refineries has shifted to small companies, from the large, integrated companies. Because of this shift, many refineries are now jointly owned and operated.) Filled with handy process flow diagrams, this volume is the only reference that a chemical engineer or process manager in a petroleum refinery needs for answers to everyday process and operations questions. * Covers the technologies and operations of petroleum refineries * Provides material on operating a jointly owned and operated refinery * Gives readers a comprehensive introduction to petroleum refining, as well as a full reference to engineers in the field

Petroleum Refinery Process Economics

Author: Robert E. Maples

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 0878147799

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 474

View: 5154

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Maples presents an organized look at yield data and properties of products from refinery processes, how to use this information in performing various process economics studies, and discusses operating and capital costs for economic evaluation of both single processes and complete refineries. Yield correlations are presented for all of the important commercially-established petroleum refinery processes, each accompanied by operating requirements and capital cost of a typical unit. Here the user has all of the information required to perform a preliminary economic evaluation. For each process yield correlation a simplified process flow diagram and brief process description is given. Contents: Correlation methodology Crude oils, hydrocarbons, and refinery products Refinary processing overview Energy resources and transportation fuels The environment and the refinery Crude oil and residual oil processing Solvent deasphalting Visbreaking and aquaconversion Delayed coking Fluid coking/flexicoking Heavy distillate processing Fluid catalylic and heavy oil cracking Hydrocracking Hydrotreating Light distillate processing Naphtha desulfurization Catalytic reforming Light hydrocarbon processing Isomerization Alkylation Catalytic polymerization and dehydration Oxygenates Treating and other auxiliary processes Aromatics extraction Hydrogen manufacture Sour water stripping Sweetening Acid gas removal Sulfur recovery Tail gas cleanup Water treatment and waste disposal Blending Process economics Economics.

Handbook of Petroleum Processing

Author: David S. J. Jones,Peter R. Pujadó

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402028199

Category: Science

Page: 1353

View: 7853

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This handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature, and continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the environmental impact. There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of those processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable input to modern computer simulation packages.

Thermal and Catalytic Processes in Petroleum Refining

Author: Serge Raseev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203912300

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 5767

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This text examines the thermal and catalytic processes involved in the refining of petroleum including visbreaking, coking, pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, oligomerization, alkylation, hydrofining, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming. It analyzes the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, and kinetics of each process, as well as the effects of operating conditions and reactor design on process performance and product quality. This is a valuable resource for chemists who wish to improve their knowledge of some of the real world issues that must be addressed in hydrocarbon conversion. Topics include processes on metallic catalysts, processes using bifunctional catalysts, and catalytic reforming.