Perspectives on Culture

A Critical Introduction to Theory in Cultural Anthropology

Author: H. Sidky

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130931344

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 6307

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This book provides a critical introduction to theory in cultural anthropology—from the perspective of the philosophy of science. It imparts the analytical skills needed to assess the often contradictory claims to knowledge and theoretical perspectives encountered in the study of general anthropology. KEY TOPICS Chapter topics cover science and anthropology: epistemological questions, evolutionism and the beginnings of anthropology during the nineteenth century, the Diffusionists, historical particularism, functionalism and modern anthropology, structural-functionalism, French structuralism, ethnoscience and cognitive anthropology, symbolic anthropology and the interpretation of culture, scientific anthropology, materialist and Marxist anthropology, postmodern anthropology, and anthropology in the 21st century. For individuals seeking reliable, valid knowledge about humankind, human behavior, and the evolution and operation of sociocultural systems.

Religion

An Anthropological Perspective

Author: H. Sidky

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9781433129179

Category: Religion

Page: 279

View: 6498

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"Religion: An Anthropological Perspective" provides a critical view of religion focusing upon important but overlooked topics such as religion, cognition, and prehistory; science, rationality, and religion; altered states of consciousness, entheogens and religious experience; religion and the paranormal; magic and divination; religion and ecology; fundamentalism; and religion and violence. In addition, this book offers a unique and concise coverage of traditional topics of the anthropology of religion such as shamanism and witchcraft (past and present), ritual, myth, religious symbols, and revitalization movements. A vast range of findings from ethnography, ethnology, cultural anthropology, archaeology, prehistory, history, and cognitive science are brought to bear on the subject. Written in clear jargon-free prose, this book provides an accessible and comprehensive yet critical view of the anthropology of religion both for graduate and undergraduate students and general audiences. Its scope and critical scientific orientation sets "Religion: An Anthropological Perspective" apart from all other treatments of the subject.

A Critical Introduction to the Study of Religion

Author: Craig Martin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315474409

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 7679

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A Critical Introduction to the Study of Religion introduces the key concepts and theories from religious studies that are necessary for a full understanding of the complex relations between religion and society. The aim is to provide readers with an arsenal of critical concepts for studying religious ideologies, practices, and communities. This thoroughly revised second edition has been restructured to clearly emphasize key topics including: Essentialism Functionalism Authority Domination. All ideas and theories are clearly illustrated, with new and engaging examples and case studies throughout, making this the ideal textbook for students approaching the subject area for the first time.

Anthropology and Law

A Critical Introduction

Author: Mark Goodale,Sally Engle Merry

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479895512

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 1176

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An introduction to the anthropology of law that explores the connections between law, politics, and technology. From legal responsibility for genocide to rectifying past injuries to indigenous people, the anthropology of law addresses some of the crucial ethical issues of our day. Over the past twenty-five years, anthropologists have studied how new forms of law have reshaped important questions of citizenship, biotechnology, and rights movements, among many others. Meanwhile, the rise of international law and transitional justice has posed new ethical and intellectual challenges to anthropologists. Anthropology and Law provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of law in the post-Cold War era. Mark Goodale introduces the central problems of the field and builds on the legacy of its intellectual history, while a foreword by Sally Engle Merry highlights the challenges of using the law to seek justice on an international scale. The book’s chapters cover a range of intersecting areas including language and law, history, regulation, indigenous rights, and gender. For a complete understanding of the consequential ways in which anthropologists have studied, interacted with, and critiqued, the ways and means of law, Anthropology and Law is required reading.

Designing Things

A Critical Introduction to the Culture of Objects

Author: Prasad Boradkar

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 1845204263

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 7065

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When and why did the turntable morph from music machine to musical instrument? Why have mobile phones evolved changeable skins? How did hip-hop videos inspire an edgy new look for the Cadillac? The answers to such questions illustrate this provocative book, which examines the cultural meanings of artifacts and the role of designers in their design and production. Designing Things provides the reader with a map of the rapidly changing field of design studies, a subject which now draws on a diverse range of theories and methodologies -- from art and visual culture, to anthropology and material culture, to media and cultural studies. With clear explanations of key concepts -- such as form language, planned obsolescence, object fetishism, product semantics, brand positioning and user needs -- overviews of theoretical foundations and case studies of historical and contemporary objects, Designing Things looks behind-the-scenes and beneath-the-surface at some of our most familiar and iconic objects.

Being Human

An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Author: Mari Womack

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130903020

Category: Education

Page: 170

View: 3826

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Introducing Cultural Anthropology

A Christian Perspective

Author: Brian M. Howell,Jenell Williams Paris

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 0801038871

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 9995

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This concise introductory cultural anthropology textbook gives special attention to issues of concern to Christians and features plentiful maps, photos, and sidebars.

Theories of Culture in Postmodern Times

Author: Marvin Harris

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780761990215

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9388

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In this book, Marvin Harris presents his current views on the nature of culture addressing such issues as the mental/behavioral debate, emics and etics, and anthropological holism.

Culture and Health

Applying Medical Anthropology

Author: Michael Winkelman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470462612

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 6161

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Culture and Health offers an overview of different areas of culture and health, building on foundations of medical anthropology and health behavior theory. It shows how to address the challenges of cross-cultural medicine through interdisciplinary cultural-ecological models and personal and institutional developmental approaches to cross-cultural adaptation and competency. The book addresses the perspectives of clinically applied anthropology, trans-cultural psychiatry and the medical ecology, critical medical anthropology and symbolic paradigms as frameworks for enhanced comprehension of health and the medical encounter. Includes cultural case studies, applied vignettes, and self-assessments.

Changing Fashion

A Critical Introduction to Trend Analysis and Meaning

Author: Annette Lynch,Mitchell Strauss

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887503

Category: Design

Page: 224

View: 1443

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Changing trends in fashion have always reflected large-scale social and cultural changes. Changing Fashion presents for the first time a multi-disciplinary approach to examining fashion change, bringing together theory from fashion studies, cultural studies, sociology, psychology and art history, amongst others.Ideal for the undergraduate student of fashion and cultural studies, the book has a wide range of contemporary and historical case material which provides practical examples of trend analysis and change, from the art deco textile designs of Sonia Delaunay to the chameleonic shifts in Bob Dylan's appearance over time. Key issues in fashion and identity, such as race, gender and consumption are examined from different disciplinary angles to provide a critical overview of the field. Changing Fashion provides a concise guide to the main theories across disciplines that explain how and why media, clothing styles, and cultural practices fall in and out of fashion.

An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Author: C. Nadia Seremetakis

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443891711

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 7099

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This book engages young scholars, teachers and students in a critical dialogue with past and present directions in cultural-historical studies. More particularly, it prepares prospective anthropologists, as well as readers interested in human cultures for understanding basic theoretical and methodological ethnographic principles and pursuing further what has been known as cultural anthropological perspectives. The book discusses key, field-based studies in the discipline and places them in dialogue with related studies in social history, linguistics, philosophy, literature, and photography, among others.

Environmental Anthropology

From Pigs to Policies, Third Edition

Author: Patricia K. Townsend

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478636947

Category: Social Science

Page: 139

View: 1547

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Environmental anthropologists organize the realities of interdependent lands, plants, animals, and human beings; advocate for the neediest among them; and provide guidance for conservation efforts. But can anthropologists’ studies of small-scale systems contribute to policies that address profoundly interconnected global problems? Townsend explores this question in her concise introduction to environmental anthropology. While maintaining the structure and clarity of previous editions, the third edition has been thoroughly revised to include new research. Newly added are a chapter on the environmental impact of war and recommended readings and films. Townsend begins with a historical overview of the field, illustrating how earlier ideas and approaches help to understand how today’s populations adapt to their physical and biological environments. She then transitions to a closer look at global environmental issues, including such topics as rapid expansion of the world economic system and inequality, loss of biodiversity and its implications for human health, and injustices of climate change, resource extraction, and toxic waste disposal. The final chapters caution that meaningful change requires social movements and policy changes in addition to individual actions.

Perspectives on Africa

A Reader in Culture, History and Representation

Author: Roy Richard Grinker,Stephen C. Lubkemann,Christopher Steiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444335227

Category: Social Science

Page: 689

View: 8536

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"This welcome new edition of key texts, written about Africa as well as from within it, builds on the past but speaks boldly to the current generation - with some striking contributions on contemporary issues." Wendy James, University of Oxford "This carefully chosen and brilliantly edited collection is an extraordinary resource for anthropologists of Africa. Some of the most seminal works in one of the most foundational domains in the discipline take on new significance In the light of the new current scholarship represented in the volume and of the new conversations among them that Grinker, Lubkernann and Steiner have brought out. This volume is a treasure." Caroline H. Bledsoe, Northwestern University "This Impressive volume provides a critical genealogy of scholarship In Africa, weaving together historical and contemporary pieces to provide insights not only into the political economy and cultural dynamism of Africa's past, but of its future too." Henrietta Moore, University of Cambridge and Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics "This superb collection of influential contemporary and classic works in African studies will be indispensable to both students and instructors. Twelve thematic sections, each masterfully framed by the editors, offer a deft blend of intellectual history, theory, and thnography." Angelique Haugerud, Rutgers University The second edition of the popular reader Perspectives on Africa: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation offers forty six articles illustrating the dynamic processes by which scholars have described and understood African history and culture over the past several decades. This new edition presents fourteen new selections as well as two entirely new parts, "Violent Transformations: Conflict and Displacement" and "Development, Governance, and Globalization," revealing the historical trajectory, daily experience, and vital influence of African people in the modern world. Roy Richard Grinker is Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University, Director of the GW Institute for Ethnographic Research, and Editor-in-Chief of Anthropological Quarterly. He is author of four other books, including In the Arms of Africa: The Life of Colin M. Turnbull, and Houses in the Rainforest, and Unstrange Minds: Remapping the World of Autism. Stephen C. Lubkemann is Associate Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University. He is author of Culture in Chaos: An Anthropology of the Social Condition in War and is associate editor for Anthropological Quarterly and a co-founder of GWU's Diaspora Research Program. Christopher B. Steiner is the Lucy C. McDannel '22 Professor of Art History and Anthropology, and Director of Museum Studies at Connecticut College. He is the author of the award-winning book African Art in Transit, and co-editor (with Ruth Phillips) of Unpacking Culture: Art and Commodity in Colonial and Postcolonial Worlds.

Cultural Theory

An Introduction

Author: Phil Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780631211761

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4228

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This volume offers an introduction to a frequently marginalized field. The author provides a wide-ranging overview of contemporary cultural theory, covering the major thinkers and key concepts that have appeared and developed over the 20th-century. Assuming no specialist knowledge whatsoever on the part of the reader, Smith deals with some of the most sophisticated and complex issues in contemporary social thought, including symbolic interationism, structuralism, psychoanalysis, and the theories of Parsons, Derrida, and Giddens. The book offers special features for the beginning scholar, with summaries, biographical notes, suggestions for further reading, and heavy cross-referencing. This book should be suitable for students or researchers with an interest in the theoretical study of culture and society.

Educational Theories, Cultures and Learning

A Critical Perspective

Author: Harry Daniels,Hugh Lauder,Jill Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136604642

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 2294

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Educational Theories, Cultures and Learning focuses on how education is understood in different cultures, the theories and related assumptions we make about learners and students and how we think about them, and how we can understand the principle actors in education - learners and teachers. Within this volume, internationally renowned contributors address a number of fundamental questions designed to take the reader to the heart of current debates around pedagogy, globalisation, and learning and teaching, such as: What role does culture play in our understanding of pedagogy? What role do global influences, especially economic, cultural and social, have in shaping our understanding of education? How does language influence our thinking about education? What implications does our view of childhood have for education? How do learners negotiate the transition between the different phases of education? How best can children learn the 'school knowledge'? What is a teacher? And how do teachers learn? How do we understand learners, their minds, identity and development? To encourage reflection, many of the chapters also include questions for debate and a guide to further reading. Read alongside its companion volume, Knowledge, Values and Educational Policy, readers will be encouraged to consider and think about some of the key issues facing education and educationists today.

Understanding Cultural Transmission in Anthropology

A Critical Synthesis

Author: Roy Ellen,Stephen J. Lycett,Sarah E. Johns

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857459945

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 7162

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The concept of "cultural transmission" is central to much contemporary anthropological theory, since successful human reproduction through social systems is essential for effective survival and for enhancing the adaptiveness of individual humans and local populations. Yet, what is understood by the phrase and how it might best be studied is highly contested. This book brings together contributions that reflect the current diversity of approaches - from the fields of biology, primatology, palaeoanthropology, psychology, social anthropology, ethnobiology, and archaeology - to examine social and cultural transmission from a range of perspectives and at different scales of generalization. The comprehensive introduction explores some of the problems and connections. Overall, the book provides a timely synthesis of current accounts of cultural transmission in relation to cognitive process, practical action, and local socio-ecological context, while linking these with explanations of longer-term evolutionary trajectories.

Sport, Theory and Social Problems

A Critical Introduction

Author: Eric Anderson,Adam White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113515712X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 5561

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What impact does sport have on the lives of ordinary people? How does sport help to perpetuate inequalities in society? What can social theory tell us about the role of sport in society?? At their origin competitive sports were institutionalized in Western cultures for the privilege of white, heterosexual men. Over time sport has become more open to categories of people traditionally marginalized in society: women; those from lower social classes; gay men; people of colour; and those differently abled. However, focusing solely on increased social inclusion in sport masks significant problems with both the culture and structure of sport. This critical textbook examines social exclusion in sport and analyzes the socio-negative attributes associated with competitive, institutionalized sport, for all who play. Focusing on sport at non-elite levels, this book explores the lives of everyday citizens who play and examines how inequality and social deviance are structured into the social and sporting system. Each chapter uses a key social theory to address a particular social problem in sport, such as learned obedience to authority; the acceptance of pain and injury; the adoption of hyper-masculine, homophobic and sexist attitudes; the teaching of in-group/out-group; and the use of sport as a false mechanism for social mobility. By concentrating on real sport, and through the use of startling vignettes illustrating the experiences of real people, this textbook develops the critical senses, social conscience and theoretical understanding of all students of sport and anybody for whom sport is part of their everyday life.

Making

Anthropology, Archaeology, Art and Architecture

Author: Tim Ingold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136763678

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 3157

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Making creates knowledge, builds environments and transforms lives. Anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture are all ways of making, and all are dedicated to exploring the conditions and potentials of human life. In this exciting book, Tim Ingold ties the four disciplines together in a way that has never been attempted before. In a radical departure from conventional studies that treat art and architecture as compendia of objects for analysis, Ingold proposes an anthropology and archaeology not of but with art and architecture. He advocates a way of thinking through making in which sentient practitioners and active materials continually answer to, or ‘correspond’, with one another in the generation of form. Making offers a series of profound reflections on what it means to create things, on materials and form, the meaning of design, landscape perception, animate life, personal knowledge and the work of the hand. It draws on examples and experiments ranging from prehistoric stone tool-making to the building of medieval cathedrals, from round mounds to monuments, from flying kites to winding string, from drawing to writing. The book will appeal to students and practitioners alike, with interests in social and cultural anthropology, archaeology, architecture, art and design, visual studies and material culture.

Cultural Anthropology A Global Perspective

Author: Raymond Scupin Ph.D.

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134005228

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 2538

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NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyAnthroLab® does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyAnthroLab search for 0134114108 / 9780134114101 Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective plus MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology — Access Card Package, 9/e Package consists of: 0134008979 / 9780134008974 Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective, 9/e 0205982018 / 9780205982011 MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology Access Card MyAnthroLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. For courses in Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Connect with the World Around Us Through Cultural Anthropology Introduction to Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective acquaints readers with the cultural discipline of anthropological studies. The text recognizes that in the nature of our 21st century world, humans need a much greater capacity for understanding different cultures than ever before. By examining classical and current research, the text brings readers closer to the theories, data, and critical thinking skills needed to understand global humanity. The Ninth Edition takes a comparative and interdisciplinary approach in its evaluation of topics such as human evolution, language divergence, and social developments throughout the world. By introducing readers to different perspectives of this global topic, the text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of cultural anthropology. Also available with MyAnthroLab MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology courses extends learning online, engaging students and improving results. Media resources with assignments bring concepts to life, and offer students opportunities to practice applying what they’ve learned. And the Writing Space helps educators develop and assess concept mastery and critical thinking through writing, quickly and easily. Please note: this version of MyAnthroLab does not include an eText. Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective, Ninth Edition is also available via REVEL ™, an immersive learning experience designed for the way today's students read, think, and learn.