Perspectives on Culture

A Critical Introduction to Theory in Cultural Anthropology

Author: H. Sidky

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130931344

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 8861

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This book provides a critical introduction to theory in cultural anthropology—from the perspective of the philosophy of science. It imparts the analytical skills needed to assess the often contradictory claims to knowledge and theoretical perspectives encountered in the study of general anthropology. KEY TOPICS Chapter topics cover science and anthropology: epistemological questions, evolutionism and the beginnings of anthropology during the nineteenth century, the Diffusionists, historical particularism, functionalism and modern anthropology, structural-functionalism, French structuralism, ethnoscience and cognitive anthropology, symbolic anthropology and the interpretation of culture, scientific anthropology, materialist and Marxist anthropology, postmodern anthropology, and anthropology in the 21st century. For individuals seeking reliable, valid knowledge about humankind, human behavior, and the evolution and operation of sociocultural systems.

Religion

An Anthropological Perspective

Author: H. Sidky

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9781433129179

Category: Religion

Page: 279

View: 1825

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"Religion: An Anthropological Perspective" provides a critical view of religion focusing upon important but overlooked topics such as religion, cognition, and prehistory; science, rationality, and religion; altered states of consciousness, entheogens and religious experience; religion and the paranormal; magic and divination; religion and ecology; fundamentalism; and religion and violence. In addition, this book offers a unique and concise coverage of traditional topics of the anthropology of religion such as shamanism and witchcraft (past and present), ritual, myth, religious symbols, and revitalization movements. A vast range of findings from ethnography, ethnology, cultural anthropology, archaeology, prehistory, history, and cognitive science are brought to bear on the subject. Written in clear jargon-free prose, this book provides an accessible and comprehensive yet critical view of the anthropology of religion both for graduate and undergraduate students and general audiences. Its scope and critical scientific orientation sets "Religion: An Anthropological Perspective" apart from all other treatments of the subject.

The Cultural Study of Music

A Critical Introduction

Author: Martin Clayton,Trevor Herbert,Richard Middleton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136514724

Category: Music

Page: 458

View: 7141

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What is the relationship between music and culture? The first edition of The Cultural Study of Music: A Critical Introduction explored this question with groundbreaking rigor and breadth. Now this second edition refines that original analysis while examining the ways the field has developed in the years since the book’s initial publication. Including contributions from scholars of music, cultural studies, anthropology, sociology, and psychology, this anthology provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of music and culture. It includes both pioneering theoretical essays and exhaustively researched case studies on particular issues in world musics. For the second edition, the original essays have been revised and nine new chapters have been added, covering themes such as race, religion, geography, technology, and the politics of music. With an even broader scope and a larger roster of world-renowned contributors, The Cultural Study of Music is certain to remain a canonical text in the field of cultural musicology.

Understanding Culture

An Introduction to Anthropological Theory

Author: Philip Carl Salzman

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478610115

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 2032

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Are cows sacred to Indian Hindus because they stand for nature and life, as symbolic analysts explain, or because they pull plows and fertilize the land, providing people with food, as cultural materialists argue? Are witchcraft accusations a scapegoating of the powerless by the elite to maintain their ascendancy, as materialist class theorists argue, or are they social expressions of psychological tensions arising from conflicts in relationships, as functionalist psychological anthropologists have argued? Understanding culture means understanding and appreciating the diverse theories that offer different perspectives on culture. Salzmans Understanding Culture explores six major streams of anthropological theory: interdependence in human life (functionalism); agency in human action (processualism and transactionalism); determining factors (materialism and political economy); coherence in culture (configurationalism and structuralism); transformation through time (history and evolution); and critical advocacy (feminism and postmodernism). Each theoretical approach is initially presented in its own terms, to show its assumptions, aims, and accomplishments, and each is elucidated and illustrated through arguments and ethnographic examples offered by original theorists and practitioners.

An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Author: C. Nadia Seremetakis

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443891711

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 4181

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This book engages young scholars, teachers and students in a critical dialogue with past and present directions in cultural-historical studies. More particularly, it prepares prospective anthropologists, as well as readers interested in human cultures for understanding basic theoretical and methodological ethnographic principles and pursuing further what has been known as cultural anthropological perspectives. The book discusses key, field-based studies in the discipline and places them in dialogue with related studies in social history, linguistics, philosophy, literature, and photography, among others.

Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge

Author: William Haviland,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133957420

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 3089

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Explore the most fascinating, creative, dangerous, and complex species alive today: you and your neighbors in the global village. With compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in far-flung places, the authors of CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: THE HUMAN CHALLENGE provide a holistic view of anthropology to help you make sense of today’s world. With this text you will discover the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, the connection between biology and culture in the shaping of human beliefs and behavior, and the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Cultural Theory

An Introduction

Author: Phil Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780631211761

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4998

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This volume offers an introduction to a frequently marginalized field. The author provides a wide-ranging overview of contemporary cultural theory, covering the major thinkers and key concepts that have appeared and developed over the 20th-century. Assuming no specialist knowledge whatsoever on the part of the reader, Smith deals with some of the most sophisticated and complex issues in contemporary social thought, including symbolic interationism, structuralism, psychoanalysis, and the theories of Parsons, Derrida, and Giddens. The book offers special features for the beginning scholar, with summaries, biographical notes, suggestions for further reading, and heavy cross-referencing. This book should be suitable for students or researchers with an interest in the theoretical study of culture and society.

Cultural Anthropology A Global Perspective

Author: Raymond Scupin Ph.D.

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134005228

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1362

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NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyAnthroLab® does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyAnthroLab search for 0134114108 / 9780134114101 Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective plus MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology — Access Card Package, 9/e Package consists of: 0134008979 / 9780134008974 Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective, 9/e 0205982018 / 9780205982011 MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology Access Card MyAnthroLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. For courses in Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Connect with the World Around Us Through Cultural Anthropology Introduction to Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective acquaints readers with the cultural discipline of anthropological studies. The text recognizes that in the nature of our 21st century world, humans need a much greater capacity for understanding different cultures than ever before. By examining classical and current research, the text brings readers closer to the theories, data, and critical thinking skills needed to understand global humanity. The Ninth Edition takes a comparative and interdisciplinary approach in its evaluation of topics such as human evolution, language divergence, and social developments throughout the world. By introducing readers to different perspectives of this global topic, the text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of cultural anthropology. Also available with MyAnthroLab MyAnthroLab for Cultural Anthropology courses extends learning online, engaging students and improving results. Media resources with assignments bring concepts to life, and offer students opportunities to practice applying what they’ve learned. And the Writing Space helps educators develop and assess concept mastery and critical thinking through writing, quickly and easily. Please note: this version of MyAnthroLab does not include an eText. Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective, Ninth Edition is also available via REVEL ™, an immersive learning experience designed for the way today's students read, think, and learn.

Changing Fashion

A Critical Introduction to Trend Analysis and Cultural Meaning

Author: Annette Lynch,Mitchell Strauss

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1845203909

Category: Design

Page: 189

View: 3315

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Fashion change in the new millenium : an introduction -- Fashion and the self -- Fashion change as a search for meaning -- Fashion as collective behavior -- Style : the endless desire for a new look -- Fashion as performance -- The Onondaga Silk Company's "American artist print series" of 1947 -- Millennium dress history : artifacts as harbingers of change -- Fashion change : binding the threads together

Cultural Studies - The Basics

Author: Jeff Lewis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761963257

Category: Social Science

Page: 492

View: 7306

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`To say that the scope of the book's coverage is wide-ranging would be an under-statement. Few texts come to mind that have attempted such a thorough overview of the central tenets of cultural studies' - Stuart Allan, University of West of England This is a book for anyone who wants an unfussy, authoritative critical introduction to Cultural Studies. It equips you with all that you need to know about theories of cultural studies: what they say, how they differ from one another and what are the strengths and weaknesses of each position. It provides biographical information on major theorists plus assessments of key texts. Unlike other competing books in the field, Cultural Studies - The Basics demonstrates what a Cultural Studies approach can do to illuminate basic areas of contemporary culture. Included are chapters on: - Feminism - The Body - Cultural Space - Communications Technology - Cultural Policy - Language and Culture. The book is designed to be used and read by students who face the pressures of essay dead-lines, examinations and dissertations. Above all it approaches Cultural Studies as something that needs to be used as well as studied.

Theories of Globalization

Author: Barrie Axford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671357

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5652

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Theories of Globalization offers students and scholars a comprehensive and critical introduction to the concept of globalization. Barrie Axford expertly guides readers through the full range of perspectives on the topic, from international political economy to geography, global anthropology to cultural and communication studies. In so doing he draws out the common threads between competing theories, as well as pinpointing the problems that challenge our understanding of globalization. Key terms such as 'globalism' and 'globality' are carefully explained and central themes like capitalism, governance, culture and history explored in full. In assessing the contribution made by globalization theory, Axford's account also sheds new light on several crucial current issues. These range from the changing shape of democracy and citizen engagement with governance, to issues surrounding 'just war' and humane intervention, and problems relating to empire and post-colonialism. This wide-ranging and detailed new book will be essential reading for students and scholars of international politics, sociology and any area where the concept of globalization is discussed and disputed.

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

Author: Ronald Wardhaugh,Janet M. Fuller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118732405

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 7005

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Thoroughly updated and revised, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition presents a comprehensive and fully updated introduction to the study of the relationship between language and society. Building on Ronald Wardhaugh's classic text, co-author Janet Fuller has updated this seventh edition throughout with new discussions exploring language and communities, language and interaction, and sociolinguistic variation, as well as incorporating numerous new exercises and research ideas for today's students. Taking account of new research from the field, the book explores exciting new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology, and includes new chapters on pragmatics, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics and education. With an emphasis on using examples from languages and cultures around the world, chapters address topics including social and regional dialects, multilingualism, discourse and pragmatics, variation, language in education, and language policy and planning. A new companion website including a wealth of additional online material, as well as a glossary and a variety of new exercises and examples, helps further illuminate the ideas presented in the text. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition continues to be the most indispensable and accessible introduction to the field of sociolinguistics for students in applied and theoretical linguistics, education, and anthropology.

Building a New Biocultural Synthesis

Political-economic Perspectives on Human Biology

Author: Alan H. Goodman,Thomas L. Leatherman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472066063

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 486

View: 316

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Shows the potential for a reintegrated, critical, and politically relevant biocultural anthropology

Culture in a Post-Secular Context

Theological Possibilities in Milbank, Barth, and Bediako

Author: Alan Thomson

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630873020

Category: Religion

Page: 308

View: 8254

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Is culture a theologically neutral concept? The contemporary experts on culture--anthropologists and sociologists--argue that it is. Theologians and missiologists would seem to agree, given the extent of their reliance on anthropological and sociological definitions of culture. Yet, this appears a strange reliance given that presumed neutrality in the sciences is a consistently challenged assumption. It is stranger still given that so much theological energy has been expended on understanding and defining the human person in specifically theological as opposed to anthropological terms when culture is in some sense the expression of this personhood in corporate and material forms. This book argues that culture is not and has never been a theologically neutral concept; rather, it always expresses some theological posture and is therefore a term that naturally invites theological investigation. Going about this task is difficult however, in the face of a longterm reliance on the social sciences that seems to have starved the contemporary theological community of resources for defining culture. Against this it is argued that rich subterranean veins for such a task do exist within the recent tradition, most notably in the writings of John Milbank, Karl Barth, and Kwame Bediako.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Africa

Author: Roy Richard Grinker,Stephen C. Lubkemann,Christopher B. Steiner,Euclides Gonçalves

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119251508

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 4839

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Anthropology conducted in Africa has been central to the methodological and theoretical development of the discipline since it was first institutionalized in the late 19th century. Written and edited by a team of leading cultural anthropologists on the subject, A Companion to the Anthropology of Africa compiles a collection of insightful essays that address all aspects of life on the continent of Africa. Chapters within explore the extent to which anthropological thinking on this topic has been, or remains, influenced by the theoretical traditions, whilst others consider the extent to which anthropological thinking has been transformed by growing interest in using anthropological knowledge to critically address practical concerns and public problems such as war, poverty, and public health. This Companion is presented in four parts. The first part looks at enduring themes—tracing the development of anthropological thinking and the current debates about themes such as witchcraft, kinship, law and justice that have demonstrated remarkable staying power in the anthropology of Africa. The second section considers topics that began to garner attention during decolonization and in its immediate aftermath. Such topics include mobility and displacement, urbanism, and political violence. The third part comprises topics such as trauma, social justice, sex and sexuality that have become the central concern of anthropologists of Africa since its many nations gained their independence. It also looks at ‘hot topics’ like social media, humanitarianism, and environmentality. The final section considers the role that Africanist anthropology has played in informing other Africanist disciplines, and reflects on the politics of representation within the discipline as well. Filled with a wide variety of expert opinions and observations across chapters which are highly sophisticated in their coverage, A Companion to the Anthropology of Africa is an essential reference resource for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researching anthropologists.

Cultural anthropology

a global perspective

Author: Raymond Scupin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 4922

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This popular introduction to cultural anthropology integrates an historical and global approach with the ethnographic data available from around the world.Drawing on both classic and recent research in the field, it reflects the current state-of-the-art understanding of social and cultural changes based on the relationships among different types of societies. It demonstrates the diversity of different societies and cultural patterns, but also shows humans everywhere are fundamentally similar.

Culture, Psychotherapy, and Counseling

Critical and Integrative Perspectives

Author: Lisa Tsoi Hoshmand

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761930523

Category: Psychology

Page: 275

View: 7457

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Culture, Psychotherapy, and Counseling: Critical and Integrative Perspectives takes a comprehensive approach to culture as it relates to psychological practice. By viewing psychotherapy and counseling as science-based cultural enterprises, this book expands the understanding of culture in terms of the politics of identity, symbolic and practice meanings, moral ontology, and global realities. Editor Lisa Tsoi Hoshmand brings together a diverse group of authors to present different accounts and case examples of their work as practitioners to illustrate the integration of the personal with the professional.

Arguing With Anthropology

An Introduction to Critical Theories of the Gift

Author: Karen Sykes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134523491

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 6010

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Arguing with Anthropology is a fresh and wholly original guide to key elements in anthropology, which teaches the ability to think, write and argue critically. Using the classic 'question of the gift' as a master-issue for discussion, and drawing on a rich variety of Pacific and global ethnography, it provides a unique course in methods, aims, knowledge, and understanding. The book's highly original hypothetical approach takes gift-theory - the science of obligation and reciprocity - as the paradigm for a virtual enquiry which explores how the anthropological discipline has evolved historically, how it is applied in practice and how it can be argued with critically. By asking students to participate in projected situations and dilemmas, and in arguments about the form and nature of enquiry, it offers working practice of dealing with the obstacles and choices involved in anthropological study. * From an expert teacher whose methods are tried and tested * Comprehensive and fun course ideal for intermediate-level students * Clearly defines the functions of anthropology, and its key theories and arguments * Effectively teaches core study skills for exam success and progressive learning.

The Human Enterprise

A Critical Introduction to Anthropological Theory

Author: James Lett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 8860

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The Human Enterprise presents a wide-ranging but well-integrated analysis of contemporary anthropological theory. The author explains clearly and cogently how to evaluate scientific theories and encourages students to think critically about the nature of theory itself. Thoughtful and thought-provoking, this text should be a stimulating addition to courses on anthropological theory.Part One examines the philosophical foundations of anthropological theory, with particular attention to the nature of scientific inquiry and the mechanisms of scientific progress. The author proposes an original approach to the comparison and evaluation of competing scientific paradigms. Part Two explores the nature of social science and describes distinctive features of anthropology such as the concept of culture and the emic/etic distinction.The author then surveys the range of research strategies employed by anthropologists and presents a detailed analysis of cultural materialism, structuralism, and symbolic anthropology. The final section uses two celebrated issues—the argument about the image of limited good and the sacred cow controversy—to illustrate the current nature of paradigmatic debate and to indicate how a clearer understanding of the nature of paradigms and theory might resolve such controversies.