Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire

Author: Ido Israelowich

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 142141628X

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 3365

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Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire offers a fascinating holistic look at the practice of ancient Roman medicine. Ido Irsaelowich presents three richly detailed case studies—one focusing on the home and reproduction; another on the army; the last on medical tourism—from the point of view of those on both sides of the patient-healer divide. He explains in depth how people in the classical world became aware of their ailments, what they believed caused particular illnesses, and why they turned to certain healers—root cutters, gymnastic trainers, dream interpreters, pharmacologists, and priests—or sought medical care in specific places such as temples, bath houses, and city centers. The book brings to life the complex behavior and social status of all the actors involved in the medical marketplace. It also sheds new light on classical theories about sickness, the measures Romans undertook to tackle disease and improve public health, and personal expectations for and evaluations of various treatments. Ultimately, Israelowich concludes that this clamoring multitude of coexisting forms of health care actually shared a common language. Drawing on a diverse range of sources—including patient testimonies; the writings of physicians, historians, and poets; and official publications of the Roman state— Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire is a groundbreaking history of the culture of classical medicine.

Pantheon

Geschichte der antiken Religionen

Author: Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406696422

Category: Religion

Page: 559

View: 7305

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Dieses umfassende, reich bebilderte Werk zur Geschichte der antiken Religionen eröffnet einen neuen Zugang zur Alten Welt. Im Zentrum der faszinierenden Darstellung steht der Zeitraum vom Beginn des ersten Jahrtausends v. Chr. bis zur Ausbreitung des Christentums in der Spätantike. Der international renommierte Religionswissenschaftler Jörg Rüpke erzählt hier unter anderem von der Errichtung der ersten monumentalen Grabanlagen in Etrurien, von Tempelbauprojekten, von Priestern, Gläubigen und Ritualen, vom Kaiserkult und von den Versuchen Intellektueller, Religion in Wissen zu verwandeln. Er schaut, wo immer möglich, Frauen und Männern über die Schultern, die religiöse Erfahrungen in dunklen Heiligtümern oder vor Hausaltären machten, durch Gebet und Inschriften über den eigenen Tod hinaus in Erinnerung bleiben wollten oder beispielsweise nicht verstanden, warum ein neuer Gott von ihnen Verhaltensänderungen im Alltag erwartete. So eröffnet er seinen Leserinnen und Lesern das ungewöhnliche Panorama eines ebenso bedeutenden wie fremden Lebensbereichs der Antike.

Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World

Author: Paul Keyser,with John Scarborough

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190878835

Category: History

Page: 1200

View: 4030

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With a focus on science in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome, including glimpses into Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China, The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World offers an in depth synthesis of science and medicine circa 650 BCE to 650 CE. The Handbook comprises five sections, each with a specific focus on ancient science and medicine. The second section covers the early Greek era, up through Plato and the mid-fourth century bce. The third section covers the long Hellenistic era, from Aristotle through the end of the Roman Republic, acknowledging that the political shift does not mark a sharp intellectual break. The fourth section covers the Roman era from the late Republic through the transition to Late Antiquity. The final section covers the era of Late Antiquity, including the early Byzantine centuries. The Handbook provides through each of its approximately four dozen essays, a synthesis and synopsis of the concepts and models of the various ancient natural sciences, covering the early Greek era through the fall of the Roman Republic, including essays that explore topics such as music theory, ancient philosophers, astrology, and alchemy. The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World guides the reader to further exploration of the concepts and models of the ancient sciences, how they evolved and changed over time, and how they relate to one another and to their antecedents. There are a total of four dozen or so topical essays in the five sections, each of which takes as its focus the primary texts, explaining what is now known as well as indicating what future generations of scholars may come to know. Contributors suggest the ranges of scholarly disagreements and have been free to advocate their own positions. Readers are led into further literature (both primary and secondary) through the comprehensive and extensive bibliographies provided with each chapter.

The Western Medical Tradition

800 BC to AD 1800

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475648

Category: Medical

Page: 556

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This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.

Medical Challenges for the New Millennium

An Interdisciplinary Task

Author: Stefan N. Willich,S. Elm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401597081

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 2199

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In 1978, the World Health Organization (WHO) designated the year 2000 as the "due date" for world health. The Alma Ata declaration set the turn of the century as the target for a level of health that would permit all people of the world to lead a socially and economically productive life. ' At that (magic but arbitrary) date most infectious diseases and many chronic conditions, including diabetes and cancer, were expected to have been eradicated or at least controlled. Such predictions were based on solid foundations. In the 1 20 h century, and particularly since the 1970's, Western science and technology based (or "modern") medicine has made quantum leaps in numerous areas as diverse as pharmacology, genetic and molecular biology, surgical techniques, infertility treatments, and pre- and neo-natal care. This impressive trajectory of progress, which continues unabatedly, gave every reason to assume that come the year 2000 humanity would finally be free from many of its ancient scourges. However, as we are all too well aware, the new millennium witnesses also ever more terrifying threats to our health as a result of the emergence of 2 AIDS in the early 80's, the resurgence of infectious diseases such as 3 tuberculosis and malaria, now drug resistant, the absence of significant breakthroughs in the treatment of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and the continuing dramatic gap in health care between industrialized and developing countries, to mention but a few examples.

Patient Care and Professionalism

Author: Catherine D. DeAngelis, MD, MPH

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359253

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 2136

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The chapters in Patient Care and Professionalism are ordered so that the main character in this book, the patient, has the first voice, followed by the ancient history of professionalism, the recent resurrection of professionalism in the United Kingdom (UK), and finally professionalism in the United States (US). The eleven chapters cover the various health care professions: medicine, nursing, public health, law, leadership, religion, and finally a chapter on the science of professionalism. The chapters are all written by internationally known experts. The authors share their collective experience to shine light on professionalism from a new angle, revealing the way to a new kind of relationship for patients and physicians of the future-a rebirth of trust borne in real collaboration. The volume begins with a discussion of what is meant by the term "advocacy" in the practice of medicine, and then offers perspectives on where opportunities for medical advocacy lie, the rich collaborations they engender, and ways to overcome systemic barriers to advocacy.

Medica

Die Ärztin

Author: Ernst Künzl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783943904208

Category: Medicine, Greek and Roman

Page: 120

View: 5759

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Asklepiosmedizin

medizinischer Alltag in der römischen Kaiserzeit

Author: Florian Steger

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515084154

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 5810

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Der Heilkult des Asklepios ragt als fuehrender Vertreter paganer Heilkulte durch seine weite Verbreitung heraus; gemeinsam mit dem Kaiser steht Asklepios als Heiler dem Heiler Christus gegenueber. Zugleich kann der Heilgott Asklepios, der bei den Romern Aesculapius genannt wird, eine eigene Asklepiosmedizin fuer sich in Anspruch nehmen. Diese stellt in der romischen Kaiserzeit einen eigenstandigen und bedeutenden Anteil gesundheitlicher Versorgung bereit. Mit einem Blick von unten auf das Kurgeschehen wird in der Untersuchung analysiert, wie in den Heiligtuemern des Asklepios eine Medizin praktiziert wird, die sich durch eine produktive Verflechtung von Kult und Medizin auszeichnet. Der kaiserzeitliche Gesundheits- und Heilermarkt basiert auf der Koexistenz medizinischer Kulturen und wird durch die eigene Form der Asklepiosmedizin bereichert, wie diese in ihrer Verflechtung von medizinischen Therapieanteilen und heilkultlich-rituellen Elementen herausgearbeitet wird. "The level of scholarship is high, the arguments clear and well set out, the annotations plentiful. In short, this is a very solid survey which provides a sound orientation and a a sure base for further study." sehepunkte aDie Quellenanalyse ist jeweils kundig in den neueren Forschungsstand eingebettet; das beigegebene Verzeichnis der Quellen und der Literatur erweist Tiefe und Breite der Studie. [a] Das Buch ist anspruchsvoll; die gelehrten Fuanotena enthalten gelehrte Exkurse, die jedoch nicht Zettelkastenwissen ausbreiten, sondern den Haupttext wohlueberlegt flankieren. Der Stil des Werkes ist durchweg angenehm. Gestaltung und Druck sind geschmackvoll und sorgfaltig eingerichtet. Insgesamt hat Steger ein Standardwerk zur kaiserzeitlichen Medizin vorgelegt, dem weite Verbreitung und Rezeption gewiss sind.o Gesnerus .

Ethics in medicine

historical perspectives and contemporary concerns

Author: Stanley Joel Reiser,William J. Curran

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 679

View: 2602

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This book is a comprehensive and unique text and reference in medical ethics. By far the most inclusive set of primary documents and articles in the field ever published, it contains over 100 selections. Virtually all pieces appear in their entirety, and a significant number would be difficult to obtain elsewhere. The volume draws upon the literature of history, medicine, philosophical and religious ethics, economics, and sociology. A wide range of topics and issues are covered, such as law and medicine, truth-telling by the physician, research, population policy, genetics, abortion, dying, and individual rights in medical care. The selections span the centuries, beginning with material from the works of Hippocrates, continuing through Thomas Percival, John Stuart Mill, and Claude Bernard, down to modern commentators like Henry K. Beecher, Walsh McDermott, David L. Bazelon, Paul Freund, H. L. A. Hart, John Rawls, Paul Ramsey, Richard McCormick, Rashi Fein, and Bernard Barber. The text has eight major divisions, beginning with sections on the ethical dimensions of the physician-patient relationship in history; the moral bases of medical ethics; and regulation, compulsion, and protection of the consumer in clinical medicine and public health. Each of these sections includes key essays that appear for the first time. All of the book's major divisions contain primary documents: codes such as the Hippocratic Oath, Medieval Law for the Regulation of Medicine, and the first as well as the most recent code of the American Medical Association; court decisions, including those on Karen Quinlan and on abortion in the United States and West Germany; government documents such as the statement of the National Commission on the Protection of Human Subjects, the Tuskegee Syphilis Report, the British Parliamentary debate on euthanasia, and the Council of Europe on rights of the sick and dying; and various published guidelines such as the Harvard Medical School brain death criteria, the American Hospital Association on patient's rights, and Pope Pius XII on the prolongation of life. Cases that illustrate moral dilemmas are provided for discussion purposes. Each section is preceded by a succinct editor's introduction. The documents and essays are of practical value for practitioners and students in medicine, law, ethics, and counselling, and for individual patients and groups concerned with medical care. Through encompassing divergent viewpoints, the essays and primary documents were selected to encourage humane practices and deepen understanding of the multiple traditions that shaped and do shape the development of medicine.

Seelenfeuer

Roman

Author: Barbara Wood

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104002428

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 7071

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Schon bei Selenes Geburt wurde deutlich, daß sie etwas Besonderes war: sie besaß die Gabe des »Seelenfeuers«, sie hatte die Kraft zu heilen – andere und, an einem Wendepunkt ihres Lebens, auch sich selbst. Im farbigen ersten Jahrhundert vor Christi Geburt wächst Selene bei einer Heilerin im Nahen Osten auf. Sie lernt die Anwendung der Heilkräuter, die Kunst des Schneidens und die Vervollkommnung ihrer Gabe. An ihrem 16. Geburtstag trifft sie Andreas, einen Arzt, und sie weiß, daß sie für immer füreinander bestimmt sind. Aber das Orakel spricht anders: Selene hat eine Prophezeiung zu erfüllen und ihre persönliche Bestimmung zu finden. Die Götter sind mit ihr, als sie durch die farbenprächtigen Länder des Mittelmeerraumes zieht und die wechselvollen Abenteuer einer Außenseiterin durchlebt. Sie ist besessen von dem Willen, ihre Heilkunst auszubilden, um allen Menschen helfen zu können: die Folge sind beschwerliche Reisen, Mißgunst und harte Arbeit. Bis schließlich ihr Lebenstraum, ein eigenes Krankenhaus, Wahrheit wird und Andreas wieder vor ihrer Tür steht ... Aber noch weichen ihre Widersacher nicht zurück.

Roman Working Lives and Urban Living

Author: Ardle MacMahon,Jennifer Price

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 6035

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Comes out of a conference on 'Roman Working Lives and Urban Living' held at the University of Durham in 2001. The twelve papers presented in this book have been organized into two categories: Urban living and the settings for working lives, and People atwork: owners, and artisans, crafts and professions.

Women Healers and Physicians

Climbing a Long Hill

Author: Lilian R. Furst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 274

View: 3397

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A significant interdisciplinary contribution to the literature about women and the medical profession. Women Healers and Physicians brings together essays in history and literature that compare themes across nations, cultures, and time. In fact it is the comparative picture that makes this book unique and fascinating. -- Edith GellesWomen have traditionally been expected to tend the sick as part of their domestic duties; yet throughout history they have faced an uphill struggle to be accepted as healers outside the household.In this provocative anthology, twelve essays by historians and literary scholars explore the work of women as healers and physicians. The essays range across centuries, nations, and cultures to focus on the ideological and practical obstacles women have faced in the world of medicine. Each examines the situation of women healers in a particular time and place through cases that are emblematic of larger issues and controversies in that period.The stories presented here are typical of different but parallel facets of women's history in medicine. The first six concern the controversial relationship between magic and medicine and the perception that women healers can harm or enchant as well as cure. Women frequently were banished to the edges of medical practice because their spiritualism or unorthodoxy was considered a threat to conventional medicine. These chapters focus mainly on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance but also provide continuity to women healers in African American culture of our own time. The second six essays trace women healers' efforts to seek professional standing, first in fifth-century Greece and Rome and later, on a global scale, inthe mid-nineteenth century. In addition to actual case studies from Germany, Russia, England, and Australia, these essays consider treatments of women doctors in American fiction and in the writings of Virginia WooIf.Women Healers and Physicians complements existing histories of women in medicine by drawing on varied historical and literary sources, filling gaps in our understanding of women healers and revealing social attitudes about them. Although the contributions differ dramatically, all retain a common focus and create a unique comparative picture of women's struggles to climb the long hill to acceptance in the medical profession.

Popular Medicine in Graeco-Roman Antiquity: Explorations

Author: William V. Harris

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004326049

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 4622

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In Popular Medicine in Graeco-Roman Antiquity: Explorations an international group of scholars aims to give a fresh start to the study of the wide range of practices that people in Antiquity actually engaged in when they were faced with ill health.

Rituale der Seuchen- und Schadensabwehr im Vorderen Orient und Griechenland

Formen kollektiver Krisenbewältigung in der Antike

Author: Irene Huber

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515080453

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 2986

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Verheerende Naturkatastrophen oder Epidemien lassen selbst in unserem aufgeklarten Jahrhundert die Grenzen menschlicher Krisenbewaltigung deutlich werden. Der Blick in die Vergangenheit zeigt, dass auch antike Gesellschaften versuchten, diese ihnen unerklarlichen Phanomene zu deuten. Gemeinsam durchgefuehrte Rituale boten den Menschen dabei die Moglichkeit, die drueckende Belastung, dem Ubel tatenlos gegenueberzustehen, zu vermindern. Damit hatten sie eine stabilisierende Funktion fuer die Gemeinschaft und vermochten der Bedrohung durchaus rational Sinn zu verleihen. Die Arbeit stellt einerseits die Ritualtexte zur Abwehr von Seuchen, Hunger, Duerre und als gefahrlich empfundenen Ubergangszeiten wie Neujahr aus den Kulturen Mesopotamiens, des Hethiterreiches, des Alten Israel und Griechenlands vor. Hierbei wird auch die Beeinflussung der griechischen Praktiken durch die altorientalischen Hochkulturen untersucht. Andererseits wird der sozialgeschichtlichen, psychologischen und medizinhistorischen Dimension des Themas Rechnung getragen. Die Arbeit nimmt in den Blick, wie sich die Rituale in die antiken Konzepte ueber die Entstehung von Krankheit und Ubel einfuegten. Nicht zuletzt soll auch geklart werden, welchen gesellschaftlichen Stellenwert Rituale als Modi der Krisenabwehr hatten bzw. wie haufig sie tatsachlich durchgefuehrt wurden. .