Operational Amplifier Noise

Techniques and Tips for Analyzing and Reducing Noise

Author: Art Kay

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0750685255

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 1765

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This comprehensive guide shows engineers how to design amplifiers and associated electronics to minimize noise, providing tricks, rules-of-thumb, and analysis to create successful low noise circuits--

Op Amps for Everyone

Author: Bruce Carter,Ron Mancini

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0128116471

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 4767

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Op Amps for Everyone, Fifth Edition, will help you design circuits that are reliable, have low power consumption, and can be implemented in as small a size as possible at the lowest possible cost. It bridges the gap between the theoretical and practical by giving pragmatic solutions using components that are available in the real world from distributors. The book does not just give a design with a transfer function; instead, it provides design tools based on transfer function, getting you to a working circuit so you can make the right decision on which op amp is best for the job at hand. With this book you will learn: single op amp designs that get the most out of every amplifier; which specifications are of most importance to your design, enabling you to narrow down the list of amplifiers to those few that are most suitable; strategies for making simple tweaks to the design—changes that are often apparent once a prototype has been constructed; how to design for hostile environments—extreme temperatures, high levels of shock, vibration, and radiation—by knowing which circuit parameters are likely to degrade and how to counteract that degradation. Features real world op amp selection guides Teaches which op amp is best for the job Includes design circuits with real world component values Contains guidelines for developing the entire signal chain, from specification for the transducer to power supply and data converter Includes new coverage of negative regulation techniques and op amp stability, negative regulation techniques, extended electronics theory and troubleshooting

Operational Amplifiers

Theory and Design

Author: Johan Huijsing

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319281275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 423

View: 6727

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This proven textbook guides readers to a thorough understanding of the theory and design of operational amplifiers (OpAmps). The core of the book presents systematically the design of operational amplifiers, classifying them into a periodic system of nine main overall configurations, ranging from one gain stage up to four or more stages. This division enables circuit designers to recognize quickly, understand, and choose optimal configurations. Characterization of operational amplifiers is given by macro models and error matrices, together with measurement techniques for their parameters. Definitions are given for four types of operational amplifiers depending on the grounding of their input and output ports. Many famous designs are evaluated in depth, using a carefully structured approach enhanced by numerous figures. In order to reinforce the concepts introduced and facilitate self-evaluation of design skills, the author includes problems with detailed solutions, as well as simulation exercises.

Low noise electronic system design

Author: C. D. Motchenbacher,Joseph Alvin Connelly

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 422

View: 4643

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Emphasizes IC design concepts with additional support for discrete design where necessary. Describes noise sources and models; addresses practical problems of circuit design for low noise using negative feedback, filtering, component noise, measurement techniques and instrumentation; gives numerous examples of practical amplifier designs. Five chapters cover the use of SPICE and PSpice for low noise analysis and design.

Implant System for the Recording of Internal Muscle Activity to Control a Hand Prosthesis

Author: Lait Abu Saleh

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832541535

Category: Artificial hands

Page: 217

View: 778

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An implantable system to invasively acquire muscle activity for controlling a bionic hand prosthesis is presented. The system utilizes two wireless interfaces for data and power transmission. Furthermore, a multichannel custom made low-power application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) was designed in 130 nm technology to amplify, filter and digitize the analogue muscle-activity. A trade-off between power consumption, silicon area and noise was considered during the design phase. The implant system was successfully tested by several animal experiments (sheep and rhesus macaques). The invasively recorded muscle activity possesses a higher amplitude, higher selectivity and more stability than its surface recorded counterpart. It provides an opportunity for simple and smooth control of a hand prosthetic system with high number of degrees of freedom.

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation

A Practical Perspective of the Design, Construction, and Test of Medical Devices

Author: David Prutchi,Michael Norris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471681830

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 461

View: 8963

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation fills a gap in the existing medical electronic devices literature by providing background and examples of how medical instrumentation is actually designed and tested. The book includes practical examples and projects, including working schematics, ranging in difficulty from simple biopotential amplifiers to computer-controlled defibrillators. Covering every stage of the development process, the book provides complete coverage of the practical aspects of amplifying, processing, simulating and evoking biopotentials. In addition, two chapters address the issue of safety in the development of electronic medical devices, and providing valuable insider advice.

Analysis and Application of Analog Electronic Circuits to Biomedical Instrumentation, Second Edition

Author: Robert B. Northrop

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439866694

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 7375

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Analysis and Application of Analog Electronic Circuits to Biomedical Instrumentation, Second Edition helps biomedical engineers understand the basic analog electronic circuits used for signal conditioning in biomedical instruments. It explains the function and design of signal conditioning systems using analog ICs—the circuits that enable ECG, EEG, EMG, ERG, tomographic images, biochemical spectrograms, and other crucial medical applications. This book demonstrates how op amps are the keystone of modern analog signal conditioning system design and illustrates how they can be used to build instrumentation amplifiers, active filters, and many other biomedical instrumentation systems and subsystems. It introduces the mathematical tools used to describe noise and its propagation through linear systems, and it looks at how signal-to-noise ratios can be improved by signal averaging and linear filtering. Features Analyzes the properties of photonic sensors and emitters and the circuits that power them Details the design of instrumentation amplifiers and medical isolation amplifiers Considers the modulation and demodulation of biomedical signals Examines analog power amplifiers, including power op amps and class D (switched) PAs Describes wireless patient monitoring, including Wi-Fi and Bluetooth communication protocols Explores RFID, GPS, and ultrasonic tags and the design of fractal antennas Addresses special analog electronic circuits and systems such as phase-sensitive rectifiers, phase detectors, and IC thermometers By explaining the "building blocks" of biomedical systems, the author illustrates the importance of signal conditioning systems in the devices that gather and monitor patients’ critical medical information. Fully revised and updated, this second edition includes new chapters, a glossary, and end-of-chapter problems. What’s New in This Edition Updated and revised material throughout the book A chapter on the applications, circuits, and characteristics of power amplifiers A chapter on wireless patient monitoring using UHF telemetry A chapter on RFID tags, GPS tags, and ultrasonic tags A glossary to help you decode the acronyms and terms used in biomedical electronics, physiology, and biochemistry New end-of-chapter problems and examples

CMOS

Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation

Author: R. Jacob Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118038239

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1208

View: 1193

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Third Edition of CMOS Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation continues to cover the practical design of both analog and digital integrated circuits, offering a vital, contemporary view of a wide range of analog/digital circuit blocks including: phase-locked-loops, delta-sigma sensing circuits, voltage/current references, op-amps, the design of data converters, and much more. Regardless of one's integrated circuit (IC) design skill level, this book allows readers to experience both the theory behind, and the hands-on implementation of, complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) IC design via detailed derivations, discussions, and hundreds of design, layout, and simulation examples.

Single-Channel Recording

Author: Bert Sakmann,Erwin Neher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441912290

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 7494

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Edited by the 1991 winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, this Second Edition includes new chapters covering such applications as capacitance measurements; single-cell PCR measurements; whole-cell recording from brain slices in combination with imaging techniques; atomic force microscopy of cells and membranes attached to glass pipettes; and patch clamping.

Build Your Own Transistor Radios

A Hobbyist's Guide to High-Performance and Low-Powered Radio Circuits

Author: Ronald Quan

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071799710

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 6554

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A DIY guide to designing and building transistor radios Create sophisticated transistor radios that are inexpensive yet highly efficient. Build Your Own Transistor Radios: A Hobbyist’s Guide to High-Performance and Low-Powered Radio Circuits offers complete projects with detailed schematics and insights on how the radios were designed. Learn how to choose components, construct the different types of radios, and troubleshoot your work. Digging deeper, this practical resource shows you how to engineer innovative devices by experimenting with and radically improving existing designs. Build Your Own Transistor Radios covers: Calibration tools and test generators TRF, regenerative, and reflex radios Basic and advanced superheterodyne radios Coil-less and software-defined radios Transistor and differential-pair oscillators Filter and amplifier design techniques Sampling theory and sampling mixers In-phase, quadrature, and AM broadcast signals Resonant, detector, and AVC circuits Image rejection and noise analysis methods This is the perfect guide for electronics hobbyists and students who want to delve deeper into the topic of radio. Make Great Stuff! TAB, an imprint of McGraw-Hill Professional, is a leading publisher of DIY technology books for makers, hackers, and electronics hobbyists.

Dynamics of Soft Matter

Neutron Applications

Author: VICTORIA GARCIA SAKAI,Christiane Alba-Simionesco,Sow Hsin Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461407273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 7285

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Dynamics of Soft Matter: Neutron Applications provides an overview of neutron scattering techniques that measure temporal and spatial correlations simultaneously, at the microscopic and/or mesoscopic scale. These techniques offer answers to new questions arising at the interface of physics, chemistry, and biology. Knowledge of the dynamics at these levels is crucial to understanding the soft matter field, which includes colloids, polymers, membranes, biological macromolecules, foams, emulsions towards biological & biomimetic systems, and phenomena involving wetting, friction, adhesion, or microfluidics. Emphasizing the complementarities of scattering techniques with other spectroscopic ones, this volume also highlights the potential gain in combining techniques such as rheology, NMR, light scattering, dielectric spectroscopy, as well as synchrotron radiation experiments. Key areas covered include polymer science, biological materials, complex fluids and surface science.

Op Amp Applications Handbook

Author: Walter G. Jung

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0750678445

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 878

View: 8555

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A complete and up-to-date op amp reference for electronics engineers from the most famous op amp guru.

The Sound Reinforcement Handbook

Author: Gary Davis,Gary D. Davis

Publisher: Hal Leonard Corporation

ISBN: 9780881889000

Category: Music

Page: 412

View: 845

DOWNLOAD NOW »

(Yamaha Products). Sound reinforcement is the use of audio amplification systems. This book is the first and only book of its kind to cover all aspects of designing and using such systems for public address and musical performance. The book features information on both the audio theory involved and the practical applications of that theory, explaining everything from microphones to loudspeakers. This revised edition features almost 40 new pages and is even easier to follow with the addition of an index and a simplified page and chapter numbering system. New topics covered include: MIDI, Synchronization, and an Appendix on Logarithms. 416 Pages.

Serious Games and Edutainment Applications

Author: Minhua Ma,Andreas Oikonomou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319516450

Category: Computers

Page: 702

View: 7765

DOWNLOAD NOW »

With the continued application of gaming for training and education, which has seen exponential growth over the past two decades, this book offers an insightful introduction to the current developments and applications of game technologies within educational settings, with cutting-edge academic research and industry insights, providing a greater understanding into current and future developments and advances within this field. Following on from the success of the first volume in 2011, researchers from around the world presents up-to-date research on a broad range of new and emerging topics such as serious games and emotion, games for music education and games for medical training, to gamification, bespoke serious games, and adaptation of commercial off-the shelf games for education and narrative design, giving readers a thorough understanding of the advances and current issues facing developers and designers regarding games for training and education. This second volume of Serious Games and Edutainment Applications offers further insights for researchers, designers and educators who are interested in using serious games for training and educational purposes, and gives game developers with detailed information on current topics and developments within this growing area.

Designing and Deploying 802.11 Wireless Networks

A Practical Guide to Implementing 802.11n and 802.11ac Wireless Networks For Enterprise-Based Applications

Author: Jim Geier

Publisher: Cisco Press

ISBN: 0133891399

Category: Computers

Page: 600

View: 704

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Designing and Deploying 802.11 Wireless Networks Second Edition A Practical Guide to Implementing 802.11n and 802.11ac Wireless Networks For Enterprise-Based Applications Plan, deploy, and operate high-performance 802.11ac and 802.11n wireless networks The new 802.11ac standard enables WLANs to deliver significantly higher performance. Network equipment manufacturers have refocused on 802.11ac- and 802.11n-compliant solutions, rapidly moving older versions of 802.11 toward “legacy” status. Now, there’s a complete guide to planning, designing, installing, testing, and supporting 802.11ac and 802.11n wireless networks in any environment, for virtually any application. Jim Geier offers practical methods, tips, and recommendations that draw on his decades of experience deploying wireless solutions and shaping wireless standards. He carefully introduces 802.11ac’s fundamentally different design, site survey, implementation, and network configuration techniques, helping you maximize performance and avoid pitfalls. Geier organizes each phase of WLAN deployment into clearly defined steps, making the entire planning and deployment process easy to understand and execute. He illuminates key concepts and methods through realistic case studies based on current Cisco products, while offering tips and techniques you can use with any vendor’s equipment. To build your skills with key tasks, you’ll find several hands-on exercises relying on free or inexpensive tools. Whether you’re deploying an entirely new wireless network or migrating from older equipment, this guide contains all the expert knowledge you’ll need to succeed. Jim Geier has 30 years of experience planning, designing, analyzing and implementing communications, wireless, and mobile systems. Geier is founder and Principal Consultant of Wireless-Nets, Ltd., providing wireless analysis and design services to product manufacturers. He is also president, CEO, and co-founder of Health Grade Networks, providing wireless network solutions to hospitals, airports, and manufacturing facilities. His books include the first edition of Designing and Deploying 802.11n Wireless Networks (Cisco Press); as well as Implementing 802.1X Security Solutions and Wireless Networking Handbook. Geier has been active in the IEEE 802.11 Working Group and Wi-Fi Alliance; has chaired the IEEE Computer Society (Dayton Section) and various conferences; and served as expert witness in patent litigation related to wireless and cellular technologies. Review key 802.11 concepts, applications, markets, and technologies Compare ad hoc, mesh, and infrastructure WLANs and their components Consider the impact of radio signal interference, security vulnerabilities, multipath propagation, roaming, and battery limitations Thoroughly understand today’s 802.11 standards in the context of actual network deployment and support Plan your deployment: scoping, staffing, schedules, budgets, risks, feasibility analysis, and requirements Architect access networks and distribution system for maximum reliability, manageability, and performance Make the right tradeoffs and decisions to optimize range, performance, and roaming Secure WLANs via encryption, authentication, rogue AP detection, RF shielding, and policies Master design and site survey tools and methods for planning 802.11ac networks and migrations Efficiently install and test any 802.11ac or 802.11n wireless network Establish specialized support for wireless networks, including help desk operations Systematically troubleshoot connectivity, performance, and roaming issues Design efficient mesh networks and city-wide deployments

Mass Spectrometry

Principles and Applications

Author: Edmond de Hoffmann,Vincent Stroobant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681940

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 8035

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The latest edition of a highly successful textbook, Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition provides students with a complete overview of the principles, theories and key applications of modern mass spectrometry. All instrumental aspects of mass spectrometry are clearly and concisely described: sources, analysers and detectors. Tandem mass spectrometry is introduced early on and then developed in more detail in a later chapter. Emphasis is placed throughout the text on optimal utilisation conditions. Various fragmentation patterns are described together with analytical information that derives from the mass spectra. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and has been redesigned to give the book a more contemporary look. As with previous editions it contains numerous examples, references and a series of exercises of increasing difficulty to encourage student understanding. Updates include: Increased coverage of MALDI and ESI, more detailed description of time of flight spectrometers, new material on isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and an expanded range of applications. Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all undergraduate and postgraduate students using this technique in departments of chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, material science and food science. It is also of interest for researchers looking for an overview of the latest techniques and developments.

Understanding Smart Sensors

Author: Randy Frank

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608075079

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 367

View: 1705

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Now in its third edition, Understanding Smart Sensors is the most complete, up-to-date, and authoritative summary of the latest applications and developments impacting smart sensors in a single volume. This thoroughly expanded and revised edition of an Artech bestseller contains a wealth of new material, including critical coverage of sensor fusion and energy harvesting, the latest details on wireless technology, and greater emphasis on applications through the book. Utilizing the latest in smart sensor, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and microelectronic research and development, Engineers get the technical and practical information they need keep their designs and products on the cutting edge. Providing an extensive variety of information for both technical and non-technical professionals, this easy-to-understand, time-saving book covers current and emergent technologies, as well as their practical implementation. This comprehensive resource also includes an extensive list of smart sensor acronyms and a glossary of key terms.

Measuring Metabolic Rates

A Manual for Scientists

Author: John R. B. Lighton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195310616

Category: Medical

Page: 201

View: 7590

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Measuring metabolic rates is central to important questions in many areas of scientific research. Unfortunately these measurements are anything but straightforward. This text de-mystifies the field, explaining every common variation of metabolic rate measurement.

More Surprises in Theoretical Physics

Author: Rudolf Ernst Peierls

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691025223

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 5240

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Like its predecessor, this book by the renowned physicist Sir Rudolf Peierls draws from many diverse fields of theoretical physics to present problems in which the answer differs from what our intuition had led us to expect. In some cases an apparently convincing approximation turns out to be misleading; in others a seemingly unmanageable problem turns out to have a simple answer. Peierls's intention, however, is not to treat theoretical physics as an unpredictable game in which such surprises happen at random. Instead he shows how in each case careful thought could have prepared us for the outcome. Peierls has chosen mainly problems from his own experience or that of his collaborators, often showing how classic problems can lend themselves to new insights. His book is aimed at both graduate students and their teachers. Praise for Surprises in Theoretical Physics: "A beautiful piece of stimulating scholarship and a delight to read. Physicists of all kinds will learn a great deal from it."--R. J. Blin-Stoyle, Contemporary Physics