Ocean Acidification

Author: Jean-Pierre Gattuso,Lina Hansson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199591091

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 5600

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The ocean helps moderate climate change thanks to its considerable capacity to store CO2, however the consequences of this process, known as "ocean acidification", are raising concerns for the biological, ecological, and biogeochemical health of the world's oceans, as well as the potential societal implications.

Ocean Acidification

A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Development of an Integrated Science Strategy for Ocean Acidification Monitoring

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309161558

Category: Science

Page: 200

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The ocean has absorbed a significant portion of all human-made carbon dioxide emissions. This benefits human society by moderating the rate of climate change, but also causes unprecedented changes to ocean chemistry. Carbon dioxide taken up by the ocean decreases the pH of the water and leads to a suite of chemical changes collectively known as ocean acidification. The long term consequences of ocean acidification are not known, but are expected to result in changes to many ecosystems and the services they provide to society. Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean reviews the current state of knowledge, explores gaps in understanding, and identifies several key findings. Like climate change, ocean acidification is a growing global problem that will intensify with continued CO2 emissions and has the potential to change marine ecosystems and affect benefits to society. The federal government has taken positive initial steps by developing a national ocean acidification program, but more information is needed to fully understand and address the threat that ocean acidification may pose to marine ecosystems and the services they provide. In addition, a global observation network of chemical and biological sensors is needed to monitor changes in ocean conditions attributable to acidification.

Oceanic Acidification

A Comprehensive Overview

Author: Ronald Eisler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439896313

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 2478

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This book critically examines the available literature on oceanic acidification, including a historical review of pH and atmospheric CO2 levels over the millennia; natural and anthropogenic sources of CO2 to the atmosphere and sea surface; chemical, physical, and biological mode of action; biological effects of acidification to marine plants and animals under laboratory conditions; field observations on seawater chemistry and effects of declining pH; and various technical and political mitigation strategies. Written by Dr. Ronald Eisler, a noted authority on chemical risk assessment, the book summarizes real and projected effects of oceanic acidification.

Ocean Acidification

Elements and Considerations

Author: Daniel T. Murphy,Scott Raisman

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781629482958

Category: Science

Page: 126

View: 5304

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With increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, the extent of effects on the ocean and marine resources is an increasing concern. One aspect of this issue is the ongoing process (known as ocean acidification) whereby seawater becomes less alkaline as more CO2 dissolves in it, causing hydrogen ion concentration in seawater to increase. Scientists are concerned that increasing hydrogen ion concentration could reduce growth or even cause the death of shell-forming animals (e.g., corals, mollusks, and certain planktonic organisms) as well as disrupt marine food webs and the reproductive physiology of certain species. While not yet fully understood, the ecological and economic consequences of ocean acidification could be substantial. Scientists are concerned that increasing hydrogen ion concentration in seawater could alter biogeochemical cycles, disrupt physiological processes of marine organisms, and damage marine ecosystems. This book examines potential legislative action by Congress relating to authorizing, funding, and coordinating research to increase knowledge about ocean acidification and its potential effects on marine ecosystems.

Ocean Acidification

The Evil Twin of Global Warming

Author: Darani Vasudevan

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781985746046

Category:

Page: 68

View: 8707

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The book deals with Ocean acidification and its impact on the environment. Many of us don't care about the impact caused by pollution to the oceans unaware of the fact that it indirectly affects the human lives in a variety of ways. The impacts and effects of ocean acidification are much similar to that of global warming and hence it got its nickname "The Evil twin of Global Warming". This book is a collective account of the reasons and impacts of ocean acidification and the possible remedial measures that could be taken for controlling its harmful impact.

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification and Sponges

Impacts Across Multiple Levels of Organization

Author: José Luis Carballo,James J. Bell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319590081

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 1079

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While sponges represent a very simple group of organisms, which are represented by over 8000 species, there is considerable interest in the increasing role they may play in future marine ecosystems. While we still have a comparatively limited understanding of how sponges will respond to ocean warming and acidification there is evidence that some species may have the ability to acclimate or even adapt to these stressors. This comprehensive collection of articles describes our current understanding of the impacts of ocean acidification and warming on sponges across multiple levels of biological organisation, and from the geological past to the present. With expert contributions from across the world this book represents the most up-to-date view on sponge responses to climate change. This book will be of interest to a wide audience of marine scientists and managers, who are grappling with how to manage, conserve and protect marine ecosystems.

Ocean Acidification

Understanding the Other Climate Crisis

Author: Washington Journal Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy,Washington Journal of Environmental Law

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781523717279

Category:

Page: 492

View: 9185

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The Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy is proud to present this special issue dedicated to the critical topic of ocean acidification. Featuring scholarship by leading academics and professionals in fields ranging from conservation and marine sciences to environmental law, this handbook aims to equip legal practitioners with a comprehensive understanding of the complex issues presented by ocean acidification. This issue features analysis of domestic and international legal schemes, including the Clean Air Act, the public trust doctrine, and federal treaty and trust-created obligations to American Indian tribes. Eminent authors featured in this issue include: - Dr. Terrie Klinger and Dr. Jan Newton, co-directors of the Washington Ocean Acidification Center; - Professor Mary Christina Wood, Philip H. Knight Professor of Law at University of Oregon; - Professor Robert. T. Anderson, Professor of Law and Director of the Native American Law Center at the University of Washington School of Law, and the Oneida Indian Nation Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School; - Professor William H. Rodgers, Stimson Bullitt Endowed Professor of Environmental Law, and Andrea Rodgers, public interest environmental attorney for the Western Environmental Law Center. The Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy is a student organization dedicated to the advancement of interdisciplinary scholarship in the field of environmental law. Partnering with the University of Washington Environmental Law Program, the Journal hosts the Annual University of Washington Environmental Law Symposium. The symposium brings together influential scholars, attorneys, policy makers, and others to discuss and develop solutions to an important issue in environmental law. The Journal then publishes an annual special issue expanding upon the same topic.

Review of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Review of the National Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309301556

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 373

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The world's ocean has already experienced a 30% rise in acidity since the industrial revolution, with acidity expected to rise 100 to 150% over preindustrial levels by the end of this century. Potential consequences to marine life and also to economic activities that depend on a healthy marine ecosystem are difficult to assess and predict, but potentially devastating. To address this knowledge gap, Congress passed the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring (FOARAM) Act in 2009, which, among other things, required that an interagency working group create a "Strategic Plan for Federal Research and Monitoring of Ocean Acidification." Review of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan reviews the strategic plan on the basis of how well it fulfills program elements laid out in the FOARAM Act and follows the advice provided to the working group in the NRC's 2010 report, Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean. This report concludes that, overall, the plan is strong and provides a comprehensive framework for improving our understanding of ocean acidification. Potential improvements include a better defined strategy for implementing program goals, stronger integration of the seven broad scientific themes laid out in the FOARAM Act, and better mechanisms for coordination among federal agencies and with other U.S. and international efforts to address ocean acidification.

The Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Act

H.R. 4174 : hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, second session, June 5, 2008

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 93

View: 4728

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Bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation

Regional impacts of ocean acidification on fisheries and aquaculture

Author: International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Global Marine and Polar Programme.

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 283171723X

Category: Nature

Page: 135

View: 7402

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Following the first international workshop on the economics of ocean acidification organized by the Centre Scientifique de Monaco and the International Atomic Energy Agency in 2010, a second international workshop was held in November 2012, which explored the level of risk, and the resilience or vulnerability of defined regions of the world ocean in terms of fishery and aquaculture species and economic impacts, and social adaptation. This report includes the findings and recommendations of the respective regional working groups and is the result of an interdisciplinary survey of ocean acidification-sensitive fisheries and aquaculture.

Ocean Acidification:

Starting with the Science

Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309252881

Category: Science

Page: 20

View: 4510

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Over recent years, human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels have increased the amount of carbon dioxide gas emitted to the atmosphere--and the amount that dissolves into the ocean. Now, so much carbon dioxide has been absorbed by the ocean that the chemistry of seawater is changing, causing the ocean to become more acidic. Based on a National Research Council report, this booklet describes the well-understood chemistry of ocean acidification and explores the many questions that remain: How will ocean acidification impact marine life such as fish, corals, and shellfish? How will the effects on individual species scale up to whole ecosystems? What will ocean acidification mean for aquaculture, the fishing industry, and coastal tourism?

Ocean in the Earth System

Author: Patrick Prouzet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1848217013

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5922

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Complexity is an intrinsic property of natural systems. In the oceanic system, it is linked to many interactions with the atmosphere, geosphere and biosphere with which it exchanges energy and matter. Complexity of the ocean system has, at different spatial and temporal scales, hydrodynamic mechanisms of these exchanges and dynamics of elements and compounds, they are involved in biogeochemical cycles or used as tracers. By its pedagogical approach, it defines the terms, methods, techniques and analytical tools used. Then, it analyzes the consequences of climate change, future projections, human impact and the concept introduced with planktonic pelagic ecosystem component