Natural and Anthropogenic Disasters

Vulnerability, Preparedness and Mitigation

Author: M.K. Jha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048124985

Category: Nature

Page: 615

View: 3730

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The major challenges of the 21st century faced by human beings are how to achieve water security, food security, energy security and environmental security. Owing to enhanced natural/anthropogenic disasters worldwide, these challenges become much more complicated and daunting especially for developing countries. Therefore, it is important to highlight the risk of different disasters as well as the modern tools and techniques for minimizing disaster incidence and losses. Disaster management being highly multidisciplinary in nature, a comprehensive book dealing with different aspects of disaster management, and encompassing important disasters faced by humankind is presently not available. This book is an attempt to fulfill this gap. It provides clear, comprehensive, and up-to-date information about different facets of disaster management along with salient case studies. The book highlights the current status of disaster management focusing on developing nations, discusses vital issues such as climate change and sustainable development, modern approaches and tools/techniques, and the challenges of and future R&D needs for sustainable disaster management.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Three Volume Set

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446264882

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 7800

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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Tourism and Hospitality in Conflict-Ridden Destinations

Author: Rami K. Isaac,Erdinç Çakmak,Richard Butler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429872011

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 7862

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Tourism and Hospitality in Conf lict-Ridden Destinations provides insight into the various types of current and post-conf lict destinations worldwide and the steps that might be taken to transform them into future tourist destinations. Through both a conceptual and demonstrative approach, this book examines the steps destination management organizations as well as destination marketers need to take in order to improve their image in the eye of potential tourists. It also questions the extent to which tourism can alter the image of a destination and the possible destination marketing strategies that can be undertaken. Analysis of a wide selection of international case studies in countries ranging from Palestine to Myanmar to Northern Ireland provides a thorough and far-reaching academic study. Written by an international and multidisciplinary team of leading academics, this book will be of great interest to students, researchers and academics in the tourism as well as development studies disciplines.

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264172866

Category:

Page: 400

View: 1403

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Wie werden wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungen die Umwelt bis 2050 beeinflussen? Welche Maßnahmen sind nötig, um den wichtigsten ökologischen Herausforderungen zu begegnen, und mit welchen Konsequenzen müssen wir im Falle von politischer Untätigkeit rechnen? Der Umweltausblick liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends. Im Zentrum der Projektionen stehen vier Bereiche, anhand derer sich die Zukunft unseres Planeten entscheiden wird: Klimawandel, Artenvielfalt, Wasser sowie Umwelt und Gesundheit.

Urban Environmental Governance for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

A Regional Overview

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211204490

Category: Architecture

Page: 90

View: 1950

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In the ESCAP region, the urban population is expected to reach 2.23 billion by 2020, constituting 55 per cent of the region's total projected population and making it the largest urban population in the world. As rapid urbanization is expected to continue it offers both opportunities for, and challenges to local, national and regional socio-economic and environmental sustainability. This publication highlights international programmes which provide practical tools and instruments for capacity building at the city level, disseminate information on specific local initiatives and practices, and offer platforms for inter-city cooperation. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 2401

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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Natural Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters

Author: John Pine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070408

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 443

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Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid Philosophy Economic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impacts of Disasters evaluates critical preparedness issues that emergency managers must face before, during, and after disasters of any kind. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of GIS tools, spatial analysis, and remote sensing to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and to foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Provides Framework for Understanding Hazard Consequences in Variety of Environments This handbook-style volume stresses the key roles problem solving, decision making, and risk communication serve as means of ensuring all hazard elements are accurately identified and appropriately addressed. It is filled with proven techniques for effective community planning and hazard mitigation and for ongoing restorative efforts in disaster-ridden areas. In one comprehensive source, this book contains all the information needed to analyze risks and establish successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster event. This resource provides ready-to-implement tools that will benefit for a wide audience, including: National, federal, and local emergency management teams Environmental planning professionals in the public and private sectors Recovery response entities including the Red Cross and Salvation Army Students enrolled in university emergency management programs

Emergency Department Leadership and Management

Best Principles and Practice

Author: Stephanie Kayden,Philip D. Anderson,Robert Freitas,Elke Platz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316060659

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 9469

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Emergency departments around the world may differ, but many of the problems they face are the same. Written by an international panel of experienced emergency department leaders Emergency Department Leadership and Management provides the latest knowledge and advice to improve your personal leadership skills. The book will assist emergency department leaders in overcoming common management and operational problems including overcrowding, risk management, implementing the right triage system, electronic and IT solutions, improving clinical teamwork, education of emergency department staff, improving patient flow, care pathways and leading during times of change. Example cases are included to allow leaders to compare common cases to the problems which they face in their own departments. Information on designing emergency medicine specialty residency programs is also provided. It is the official text of the International Emergency Department Leadership Institute (IEDLI) and has been endorsed by the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM).

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific

Policy and Governance

Author: Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431551573

Category: Nature

Page: 203

View: 6997

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The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable to a variety of natural and manmade hazards. This edited book productively brings together scholars and senior public officials having direct experience in dealing with or researching on recent major natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific. The chapters focus on disaster preparedness and management, including pre-event planning and mitigation, crisis leadership and emergency response, and disaster recovery. Specific events discussed in this book include a broad spectrum of disasters such as tropical storms and typhoons in the Philippines; earthquakes in China; tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, and Maldives; and bushfires in Australia. The book aims to generate discussions about improved risk reduction strategies throughout the region. It seeks to provide a comparative perspective across countries to draw lessons from three perspectives: public policy, humanitarian systems, and community engagement.

Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine

A Practical Guide

Author: James M. Ryan,Peter F. Mahoney

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852333478

Category: Medical

Page: 409

View: 1456

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Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine - A Practical Guide provides a framework for use by health professionals visiting a resource-constrained environment. Encompassing problems brought about by local conflict or natural disasters, the book covers preparation, organisation, logistics, treatment of major trauma and medical emergencies, and the special problems of delivering medicine in a hostile environment. Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine - A Practical Guide comprehensively tackles: - self-preparation of health professionals to face a range of medical and related problems which occur in hostile and remote environments; - war and disaster medicine, covering acute management, rehabilitation, reconstruction and prevention; - bridging the fields of medicine, nursing, international relations, history, politics and economics. The book also touches on nutrition, infection, trauma, psychiatry and psychological medicine and training. James Ryan, Leonard Cheshire Professor of Conflict Recovery, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK Peter F Mahoney, Consultant Anaesthetist and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Conflict Medicine, Leonard Cheshire Centre, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK Ian Greaves, Lecturer in Conflict Medicine, Leonard Cheshire Centre, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK Gavin Bowyer, Consultant in Orthopaedic Surgery, Southampton General Hospital, UK.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA

Author: PARDEEP SAHNI,MADHAVI MALALGODA ARIYABANDU

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120322002

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 4058

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South Asia represents a region highly prone to natural disasters. Disasters not only disrupt the normal life of the affected communities and the countries but also impede developmental efforts. By and large, the approach of the major stakeholders has been 'reactive' rather than 'proactive'. There is indeed, a dire need for concerted and well-planned efforts to achieve risk reduction through risk identification, and sharing and transfer of information. This edited volume explores how the risk of disasters can be reduced by structural and non-structural measures with detailed, comprehensive and participatory strategies. Twenty-seven contributors, both academicians and practitioners, investigate the challenges that the region faces and how changes can be effected at the community, society, government and non-government levels to foster a culture of preparedness. The overall focus is on risk reduction through prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some case studies from different settings dealing with various disasters have also been included. Since disaster risk reduction is an area of great concern and there is absolute dearth of literature addressing this issue with regard to South Asia, this volume will be of immense utility and interest to government departments, NGOs, insurance companies, universities, training institutions, professional associates, media, general public, and students pursuing courses in disaster management.

Mitigation of Natural Hazards and Disasters

International Perspectives

Author: C. Emdad Haque

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402031120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 3855

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Practitioners in natural hazards reduction and policy makers in climatic change and natural hazards management

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 6931

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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition

Author: John C. Pine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482228920

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 5279

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The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences. Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present. The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.

Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

Impacts and Mitigation

Author: Raymond P. Motha,Haripada P. Das

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540224907

Category: Nature

Page: 367

View: 4431

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Agricultural production is highly sensitive to weather and climate-related disasters such as drought, storm and flood. While it is not possible to prevent the occurrence of natural disasters, the resultant disastrous effects can be reduced mitigated through proper planning and effective preparation. This book, based on a gathering of experts in Beijing, discusses ways to reduce the vulnerability of agriculture to disaster and extreme events, both by accurate and timely warning, and by impact-reducing countermeasures.

Die Narben der Gewalt

Traumatische Erfahrungen verstehen und überwinden

Author: Judith Herman

Publisher: Junfermann Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3955717631

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 9778

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Dieses Buch ist das Ergebnis jahrzehntelanger Forschung und praktischer Arbeit mit Opfern sexueller und häuslicher Gewalt. Es spiegelt zudem die vielfältigen Erfahrungen der Autorin mit zahlreichen anderen traumatisierten Patienten wider, vor allem mit Kriegsveteranen und Terroropfern. 2015 fasste Judith Herman die neuesten Forschungen und Entwicklungen zusammen und ergänzte somit ihren Klassiker, der nie an Aktualität verloren hat. "Das Buch von Judith Herman ist eines der wichtigsten und gleichzeitig lesbarsten Bücher der modernen Traumaforschung. Es sollte in allen universitären Seminaren zum Thema psychische Traumatisierungen zur Pflichtlektüre gehören." - Dr. Arne Hofmann

Wiley Pathways Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

Author: Anna K. Schwab,Katherine Eschelbach,David J. Brower

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 694

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With this book, readers will learn how to apply their knowledge and skills in order to create communities that are more resilient to the impacts of hazards. It clearly presents the major principles involved in preparing for and mitigating the impacts of hazards in emergency management. This resource also provides real-world examples of different tools and techniques that emergency managers can use to reduce the impact of different types of hazards.