Music at Hand

Instruments, Bodies, and Cognition

Author: Jonathan De Souza

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190271116

Category: Music

Page: 208

View: 3499

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From prehistoric bone flutes to pipe organs to digital synthesizers, instruments have been important to musical cultures around the world. Yet, how do instruments affect musical organization? And how might they influence players' bodies and minds?Music at Hand explores these questions with a distinctive blend of music theory, psychology, and philosophy. Practicing an instrument, of course, builds bodily habits and skills. But it also develops connections between auditory and motor regions in a player's brain. These multi-sensory links aregrounded in particular instrumental interfaces. They reflect the ways that an instrument converts action into sound, and the ways that it coordinates physical and tonal space. Ultimately, these connections can shape listening, improvisation, or composition. This means that pianos, guitars, horns,and bells are not simply tools for making notes. Such technologies, as creative prostheses, also open up possibilities for musical action, perception, and cognition.Throughout the book, author Jonathan De Souza examines diverse musical case studies - from Beethoven to blues harmonica, from Bach to electronic music - introducing novel methods for the analysis of body-instrument interaction. A companion website supports these analytical discussions withaudiovisual examples, including motion-capture videos and performances by the author. Written in lucid prose, Music at Hand offers substantive insights for music scholars, while remaining accessible to non-specialist readers. This wide-ranging book will engage music theorists and historians,ethnomusicologists, organologists, composers, and performers - but also psychologists, philosophers, media theorists, and anyone who is curious about how musical experience is embodied and conditioned by technology.

Music and Consciousness 2

Worlds, Practices, Modalities

Author: Ruth Herbert,David Clarke,Eric Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198804350

Category: Music

Page: 352

View: 9633

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Consciousness has been described as one of the most mysterious things in the universe. Scientists, philosophers, and commentators from a whole range of disciplines can't seem to agree on what it is, generating a sizeable field of contemporary research known as consciousness studies. Following its forebear Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological and Cultural Perspectives (OUP, 2011), this volume argues that music can provide a valuable route to understanding consciousness, and also that consciousness opens up new perspectives for the study of music. It argues that consciousness extends beyond the brain, and is fundamentally related to selves engaged in the world, culture, and society. The book brings together an interdisciplinary line up of authors covering topics as wide ranging as cognitive psychology, neuroscience, psychoanalysis, philosophy and phenomenology, aesthetics, sociology, ethnography, and performance studies and musical styles from classic to rock, trance to Daoism, jazz to tabla, and deep listening to free improvisation. Music and Consciousness 2 will be fasinating reading for those studying or working in the field of musicology, those researching consciousness as well as cultural theorists, psychologists, and philosophers.

The psychology of music in multimedia

Author: Siu-Lan Tan,Annabel J. Cohen,Scott D. Lipscomb,Roger A. Kendall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503266

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 6986

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For most of the history of film-making, music has played an integral role serving many functions - such as conveying emotion, heightening tension, and influencing interpretation and inferences about events and characters. More recently, with the enormous growth of the gaming industry and the Internet, a new role for music has emerged. However, all of these applications of music depend on complex mental processes which are being identified through research on human participants in multimedia contexts. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia is the first book dedicated to this fascinating topic. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia presents a wide range of scientific research on the psychological processes involved in the integration of sound and image when engaging with film, television, video, interactive games, and computer interfaces. Collectively, the rich chapters in this edited volume represent a comprehensive treatment of the existing research on the multimedia experience, with the aim of disseminating the current knowledge base and inspiring future scholarship. The focus on empirical research and the strong psychological framework make this book an exceptional and distinctive contribution to the field. The international collection of contributors represents eight countries and a broad range of disciplines including psychology, musicology, neuroscience, media studies, film, and communications. Each chapter includes a comprehensive review of the topic and, where appropriate, identifies models that can be empirically tested. Part One presents contrasting theoretical approaches from cognitive psychology, philosophy, semiotics, communication, musicology, and neuroscience. Part Two reviews research on the structural aspects of music and multimedia, while Part Three focuses on research examining the influence of music on perceived meaning in the multimedia experience. Part Four explores empirical findings in a variety of real-world applications of music in multimedia including entertainment and educational media for children, video and computer games, television and online advertising, and auditory displays of information. Finally, the closing chapter in Part Five identifies emerging themes and points to the value of broadening the scope of research to encompass multisensory, multidisciplinary, and cross-cultural perspectives to advance our understanding of the role of music in multimedia. This is a valuable book for those in the fields of music psychology and musicology, as well as film and media studies.

New Perspectives on Music and Gesture

Author: Anthony Gritten,Elaine King

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754664628

Category: Music

Page: 300

View: 6292

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Building on the insights of the first volume Music and Gesture (Ashgate 2006), the chapters here are structured in a broad narrative trajectory moving from theory to practice, embracing Western and non-Western practices, real and virtual gestures, live and recorded performances, physical and acoustic gestures, visual and auditory perception, among other themes of topical interest. The main areas of enquiry include psychobiology; perception and cognition; philosophy and semiotics; conducting; ensemble work and solo piano playing.

Extraordinary Measures

Disability in Music

Author: Joseph N. Straus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199830304

Category: Music

Page: 224

View: 8167

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Approaching disability as a cultural construction rather than a medical pathology, this book studies the impact of disability and concepts of disability on composers, performers, and listeners with disabilities, as well as on discourse about music and works of music themselves. For composers with disabilities--like Beethoven, Delius, and Schumann--awareness of the disability sharply inflects critical reception. For performers with disabilities--such as Itzhak Perlman and Evelyn Glennie--the performance of disability and the performance of music are deeply intertwined. For listeners with disabilities, extraordinary bodies and minds may give rise to new ways of making sense of music. In the stories that people tell about music, and in the stories that music itself tells, disability has long played a central but unrecognized role. Some of these stories are narratives of overcoming-the triumph of the human spirit over adversity-but others are more nuanced tales of accommodation and acceptance of life with a non-normative body or mind. In all of these ways, music both reflects and constructs disability.

The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology

Author: Susan Hallam,Ian Cross,Michael Thaut

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199298457

Category: Psychology

Page: 585

View: 5041

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Oxford Handbooks offer authoritative and up-to-date reviews of original research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned chapters from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates, as well as a foundation for future research. Oxford Handbooks provide scholars and graduate students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. The field of Music Psychology has grown dramatically in the past 20 years, to emerge from being just a minor topic to one of mainstream interest within the brain sciences. However, until now, there has been no comprehensive reference text in the field. The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology is a landmark text providing, for the first time ever, a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in this fast-growing area of research. With contributions from over fifty experts in the field, the range and depth of coverage is unequalled. All the chapters combine a solid review of the relevant literature with well-reasoned arguments and robust discussions of the major findings, as well as original insights and suggestions for future work. Written by leading experts, the 52 chapters are divided into 11 sections covering both experimental and theoretical perspectives, each edited by an internationally recognised authority Ten sections each present chapters that focus on specific areas of music psychology: - the origins and functions of music - music perception - responses to music - music and the brain - musical development - learning musical skills - musical performance - composition and improvisation - the role of music in our everyday lives - music therapy and conceptual frameworks In each section, expert authors critically review the literature, highlight current issues, and explore possibilities for the future. The final section examines how in recent years the study of music psychology has broadened to include a range of other scientific disciplines. It considers the way that the research has developed in relation to technological advances, fostering links across the field and providing an overview of the areas where the field needs further development in the future. The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology will be the essential reference text for students and researchers across psychology and neuroscience.

Kodaly in the Fifth Grade Classroom

Developing the Creative Brain in the 21st Century

Author: Micheal Houlahan,Philip Tacka

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190235829

Category: Music

Page: 376

View: 2846

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Since the mid-twentieth century, Zoltán Kodály's child-developmental philosophy for teaching music has had significant positive impact on music education around the world, and is now at the core of music teaching in the United States and other English speaking countries. The Kodály Today handbook series is the first comprehensive system to update and apply the Kodály concepts to teaching music in elementary school classrooms. Kodály in the Fifth Grade Classroom provides teachers with a step-by-step road map for developing children's performance, creative movement, and literacy skills in an organic and thoughtful manner. Through six years of field-testing with music kindergarten teachers in the United States, Great Britain, and Hungary (the home country of Zoltán Kodály), authors Micheál Houlahan and Philip Tacka have developed a methodology specifically for 21st century classrooms. Houlahan and Tacka use the latest research findings in cognition and perception to create a system not only appropriate for the developmental stages of first grade students but also one which integrates vertically between elementary music classes. The methods outlined in this volume encourage greater musical ability and creativity in children by teaching them to sing, move, play instruments, and develop music literacy skills. In addition, Kodály in the Fifth Grade Classroom promotes critical thinking, problem solving, and collaboration skills. Although the book uses the Kodály philosophy, its methodology has also been tested by teachers certified in Orff and Dalcroze, and has proven an essential guide for teachers no matter what their personal philosophy and specific training might be. Numerous children's songs are incorporated into Kodály in the Fifth Grade Classroom, as well as over 35 detailed lesson plans that demonstrate how music and literacy curriculum goals are transformed into tangible musical objectives. Scholarly yet practical and accessible, this volume is sure to be an essential guide for kindergarten and early childhood music teachers everywhere.

Psychology for Musicians

Understanding and Acquiring the Skills

Author: Andreas C. Lehmann,John A. Sloboda,Robert H. Woody

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195146107

Category: Music

Page: 268

View: 1978

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Importantly, they take a cross-cultural perspective, considering the "conservatory culture" of formally trained musicians alongside non-Western societies, past periods of history, and contemporary vernacular music cultures."--Jacket.

Motivationale Lernervoraussetzungen in der Cognitive Load Theory

zwei Studien zum Einfluss motivationaler Lernervoraussetzungen auf die kognitive Belastung beim Lernen mit unterschiedlichen Instruktionsdesigns

Author: Steffi Zander

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832526285

Category:

Page: 226

View: 5703

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Die Cognitive Load Theory ist ein zentrales Rahmenmodell fur die Beurteilung der Wirksamkeit instruktionaler Gestaltungsmerkmale von (multimedialen) Lernumgebungen. Wahrend die Rolle verschiedener kognitiver Lernermerkmale wie etwa Vorwissen oder raumliches Vorstellungsvermogen fur die kognitive Belastung bereits systematisch untersucht wurden und anerkannt sind, fehlten bisher Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung motivationaler Lernervoraussetzungen fur die kognitive Belastung unter verschiedenen instruktionalen Bedingungen. Hier setzt das vorliegende Buch an und zeigt zunachst anhand theoretischer Ansatze eine mogliche Verbindung von motivationspsychologischen Konzepten und Cognitive Load Theory auf. Darauf aufbauend wird anhand zweier Experimente der Einfluss motivationaler Lernervoraussetzungen auf die kognitive Belastung unter verschiedenen Instruktionsdesigns untersucht. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass das Einbeziehen motivationaler Lernervoraussetzungen in die Untersuchung der kognitiven Belastung im Rahmen der Cognitive Load Theory ein vielversprechender Ansatz ist. Dr. Steffi Zander war wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Georg-Elias-Muller Institut fur Psychologie - Abt. Padagogische Psychologie - an der Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen. Sie promovierte im Juni 2010 mit der vorliegenden Arbeit an der Universitat des Saarlandes bei Prof. Dr. Roland Brunken. Seit dem August 2010 ist Sie wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl "Lernen und Neue Medien" der Universitat Erfurt.

Eine Geschichte der Oper

Die letzten 400 Jahre

Author: Carolyn Abbate,Roger Parker

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406655432

Category: Music

Page: 735

View: 9546

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Die Oper ist in vielerlei Hinsicht das außergewöhnlichste künstlerische Medium der letzten 400 Jahre: Opernhäuser, Ausstattung, Technik und nicht zuletzt die Künstler lassen sie zu einer nachgerade unerschwinglich teuren Kunstform werden – eine Kunstform, die zudem offenkundig unrealistisch ist. Und doch vermag nichts anderes menschliche Leidenschaften mit solch überwältigender Kraft, Dramatik und Gefühlsstärke auszudrücken wie gerade die Oper. Dieses Buch – seit langem die erste einbändige und zugleich umfassende Gesamtdarstellung zu diesem Thema – liest sich wie eine Ode an die Oper selbst. Seine beiden Autoren stellen zahlreiche Werke der bekanntesten Opernkomponisten vor: von Monteverdi, Händel und Mozart über Verdi, Wagner, Strauss und Puccini bis zu Berg und Britten. Sie bieten einen anschaulichen, oft amüsanten und stets informativen Überblick über die sozialen und politischen Hintergründe der jeweiligen Kompositionen, beziehen deren literarische Kontexte und die wirtschaftlichen Verhältnisse mit ein, unter denen sie entstanden sind, und vernachlässigen auch nicht die Polemiken, die das Operngeschehen über die Jahrhunderte kontinuierlich begleitet haben. Auch wenn inzwischen die beliebtesten und langlebigsten Werke aus einer längst vergangenen Epoche stammen, deren Lebensumstände uns heute völlig fremd sind – und auch wenn die zeitgenössische Oper heutzutage auf den Bühnen kaum eine Rolle spielt –, so hat die Oper doch nichts an Reiz, Lebendigkeit und Attraktion eingebüßt. Heute wie vor 400 Jahren lässt sie das Publikum Tränen vergießen, zischen, heftig debattieren oder in Begeisterungsstürme ausbrechen. In dieser Wirkungsmacht übertrifft sie jede andere Kunstform.

Gestaltung Und Bewegung in Der Musik

Ein Tnendes Buch Vom Musikalischen Vortrag Und Seinem Bewegungserlebten Gestalten Und Hren

Author: Alexander Truslit

Publisher: Vieweg + Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783663005841

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 837

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Streifzüge durch die Umwelten von Tieren und Menschen Ein Bilderbuch unsichtbarer Welten

Einundzwanzigster Band

Author: J. Uexküll,G. Kriszat

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642989764

Category: Science

Page: 102

View: 6941

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Musik und Emotion

Wissenschaftliche Grundlagen des Musik-Erlebens

Author: Horst-Peter Hesse

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709160936

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

View: 6183

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Einflüsse von Klängen auf Psyche und Körper des Menschen sind seit der Antike bekannt. In diesem Band werden sie in einem umfassenden System beschrieben und erklärt. Der Autor gibt Einblicke in Bau und Funktion des Gehirns und erweitert dadurch das Verständnis für dessen bewusste und unterbewusste Leistungen. Auf dieser Grundlage werden die komplexen Einflüsse der Musik auf den Menschen und seine Emotionen erklärt. Ein Schichten-Modell der Persönlichkeit zeigt Möglichkeiten auf, wie heilsame Wirkungen der Musik genutzt werden können. Das Buch wendet sich an Ärzte, Psychologen, Musiktherapeuten und Studierende in diesen Fachgebieten, darüber hinaus aber auch an interessierte Laien. Fußnoten erläutern unmittelbar die wissenschaftliche Fachterminologie und erleichtern so die Lektüre. Ein ausführliches Sachregister macht das Buch gleichzeitig zum Nachschlagewerk, und das Literaturverzeichnis bietet umfassende Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur.