Multilevel Analysis

An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling

Author: Tom A B Snijders,Roel J Bosker

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144625433X

Category: Reference

Page: 368

View: 468

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The Second Edition of this classic text introduces the main methods, techniques and issues involved in carrying out multilevel modeling and analysis. Snijders and Bosker's book is an applied, authoritative and accessible introduction to the topic, providing readers with a clear conceptual and practical understanding of all the main issues involved in designing multilevel studies and conducting multilevel analysis. This book provides step-by-step coverage of: • multilevel theories • ecological fallacies • the hierarchical linear model • testing and model specification • heteroscedasticity • study designs • longitudinal data • multivariate multilevel models • discrete dependent variables There are also new chapters on: • missing data • multilevel modeling and survey weights • Bayesian and MCMC estimation and latent-class models. This book has been comprehensively revised and updated since the last edition, and now discusses modeling using HLM, MLwiN, SAS, Stata including GLLAMM, R, SPSS, Mplus, WinBugs, Latent Gold, and SuperMix. This is a must-have text for any student, teacher or researcher with an interest in conducting or understanding multilevel analysis. Tom A.B. Snijders is Professor of Statistics in the Social Sciences at the University of Oxford and Professor of Statistics and Methodology at the University of Groningen. Roel J. Bosker is Professor of Education and Director of GION, Groningen Institute for Educational Research, at the University of Groningen.

Multilevel Analysis

An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling

Author: Professor Tom A B a B Snijders,Tom A. B. Snijders Roel J. Bosker,Professor Roel J Bosker

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446236574

Category: Mathematical models

Page: 272

View: 8236

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The main methods, techniques and issues for carrying out multilevel modeling and analysis are covered in this book. The book is an applied introduction to the topic, providing a clear conceptual understanding of the issues involved in multilevel analysis and will be a useful reference tool. Information on designing multilevel studies, sampling, testing and model specification and interpretation of models is provided. A comprehensive guide to the software available is included. Multilevel Analysis is the ideal guide for researchers and applied statisticians in the social sciences, including education, but will also interest researchers in economics, and biological, medical and health disciplines.

Mehrebenenanalyse

eine Einführung für Forschung und Praxis

Author: Wolfgang Langer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531142043

Category: Multilevel models (Statistics)

Page: 316

View: 2094

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Dieses Lehrbuch vermittelt die theoretischen Grundlagen sowie die praktische Anwendung der Mehrebenenanalyse, dies es erlaubt, den Einfluss des sozialen Kontextes auf das individuelle Handeln zu bestimmen. Anhand von Datensätzen aus der empirischen Schulforschung, wie sie in Deutschland mit der PISA 2000-Studie bekannt geworden ist, werden die praktischen Grundlagen der Mehrebenenanalyse vermittelt, wobei das Freeware-Programm MLA zum Einsatz gelangt. Die im Buch verwendeten Freeware-Programme und Datensätze sind über das Internet direkt kostenlos beziehbar. Das Lehrbuch richtet sich an Dozierende und Studierende weiterführender Statistikkurse der BA/MA Studiengänge in quantitativer Sozialforschung. Vorausgesetzt werden lediglich Kenntnisse des linearen Regressionsmodells.

Handbuch der sozialwissenschaftlichen Datenanalyse

Author: Christof Wolf,Henning Best

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531920383

Category: Political Science

Page: 1098

View: 6133

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Das Handbuch der sozialwissenschaftlichen Datenanalyse bietet in über 40 Kapiteln eine umfassende Darstellung multivariater Analyseverfahren. Schwerpunkte des Handbuchs bilden Grundlagen der Datenanalyse, regressionsanalytische Verfahren für Quer- und Längsschnittsdaten sowie Skalierungsverfahren. Behandelt werden u. a. OLS-, logistische und robuste Regression, Strukturgleichungsmodelle, Mehrebenen-, Panel-, Ereignisdaten- und Zeitreihenanalyse, MDS und Rasch-Modelle. Darüber hinaus werden viele neuere Verfahren dargestellt, etwa multiple Imputation, Bootstrappen, Analyse latenter Klassen und propensity score matching. Jedes Kapitel beginnt mit einer allgemein verständlichen Einführung. Es folgt eine Darstellung der mathematisch-statistischen Grundlagen. Anschließend wird jedes Verfahren anhand eines sozialwissenschaftlichen Beispiels vorgestellt. Die Beiträge enden mit Hinweisen auf typische Anwendungsfehler und einer kommentierten Literaturempfehlung.

An Introduction to Multilevel Modeling Techniques

Author: Ronald H. Heck,Scott L. Thomas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135678316

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 7827

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This book provides a broad overview of basic multilevel modeling issues and illustrates techniques building analyses around several organizational data sets. Although the focus is primarily on educational and organizational settings, the examples will help the reader discover other applications for these techniques. Two basic classes of multilevel models are developed: multilevel regression models and multilevel models for covariance structures--are used to develop the rationale behind these models and provide an introduction to the design and analysis of research studies using two multilevel analytic techniques--hierarchical linear modeling and structural equation modeling.

Handbuch Methoden der Organisationsforschung

Quantitative und Qualitative Methoden

Author: Stefan Kühl,Petra Strodtholz,Andreas Taffertshofer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531915703

Category: Psychology

Page: 748

View: 6970

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Das Handbuch verschafft einen umfassenden Überblick über die quantitativen und qualitativen Methoden der Organisationsforschung. Die übergreifende Struktur, die durchgängige Herangehensweise und der hohe Praxisbezug versetzen Wissenschaftler, Studierende und insbesondere Praktiker in die Lage, das Methodeninstrumentarium der Organisationsforschung gezielt für eigene Zwecke zu nutzen.

An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

Third Edition

Author: Debbie L Hahs-Vaughn,Richard G Lomax

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136490124

Category: Psychology

Page: 840

View: 7222

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This comprehensive, flexible text is used in both one- and two-semester courses to review introductory through intermediate statistics. Instructors select the topics that are most appropriate for their course. Its conceptual approach helps students more easily understand the concepts and interpret SPSS and research results. Key concepts are simply stated and occasionally reintroduced and related to one another for reinforcement. Numerous examples demonstrate their relevance. This edition features more explanation to increase understanding of the concepts. Only crucial equations are included. In addition to updating throughout, the new edition features: New co-author, Debbie L. Hahs-Vaughn, the 2007 recipient of the University of Central Florida's College of Education Excellence in Graduate Teaching Award. A new chapter on logistic regression models for today's more complex methodologies. More on computing confidence intervals and conducting power analyses using G*Power. Many more SPSS screenshots to assist with understanding how to navigate SPSS and annotated SPSS output to assist in the interpretation of results. Extended sections on how to write-up statistical results in APA format. New learning tools including chapter-opening vignettes, outlines, and a list of key concepts, many more examples, tables, and figures, boxes, and chapter summaries. More tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation including how to test them in SPSS. 33% new conceptual, computational, and all new interpretative problems. A website that features PowerPoint slides, answers to the even-numbered problems, and test items for instructors, and for students the chapter outlines, key concepts, and datasets that can be used in SPSS and other packages, and more. Each chapter begins with an outline, a list of key concepts, and a vignette related to those concepts. Realistic examples from education and the behavioral sciences illustrate those concepts. Each example examines the procedures and assumptions and provides instructions for how to run SPSS, including annotated output, and tips to develop an APA style write-up. Useful tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation are included, along with how to test assumptions in SPSS. 'Stop and Think' boxes provide helpful tips for better understanding the concepts. Each chapter includes computational, conceptual, and interpretive problems. The data sets used in the examples and problems are provided on the web. Answers to the odd-numbered problems are given in the book. The first five chapters review descriptive statistics including ways of representing data graphically, statistical measures, the normal distribution, and probability and sampling. The remainder of the text covers inferential statistics involving means, proportions, variances, and correlations, basic and advanced analysis of variance and regression models. Topics not dealt with in other texts such as robust methods, multiple comparison and nonparametric procedures, and advanced ANOVA and multiple and logistic regression models are also reviewed. Intended for one- or two-semester courses in statistics taught in education and/or the behavioral sciences at the graduate and/or advanced undergraduate level, knowledge of statistics is not a prerequisite. A rudimentary knowledge of algebra is required.

Handbook of Advanced Multilevel Analysis

Author: Joop Hox,J. Kyle Roberts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136951261

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 2877

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This new handbook is the definitive resource on advanced topics related to multilevel analysis. The editors assembled the top minds in the field to address the latest applications of multilevel modeling as well as the specific difficulties and methodological problems that are becoming more common as more complicated models are developed. Each chapter features examples that use actual datasets. These datasets, as well as the code to run the models, are available on the book’s website http://www.hlm-online.com . Each chapter includes an introduction that sets the stage for the material to come and a conclusion. Divided into five sections, the first provides a broad introduction to the field that serves as a framework for understanding the latter chapters. Part 2 focuses on multilevel latent variable modeling including item response theory and mixture modeling. Section 3 addresses models used for longitudinal data including growth curve and structural equation modeling. Special estimation problems are examined in section 4 including the difficulties involved in estimating survival analysis, Bayesian estimation, bootstrapping, multiple imputation, and complicated models, including generalized linear models, optimal design in multilevel models, and more. The book’s concluding section focuses on statistical design issues encountered when doing multilevel modeling including nested designs, analyzing cross-classified models, and dyadic data analysis. Intended for methodologists, statisticians, and researchers in a variety of fields including psychology, education, and the social and health sciences, this handbook also serves as an excellent text for graduate and PhD level courses in multilevel modeling. A basic knowledge of multilevel modeling is assumed.

Handbook of Cognitive Aging

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Scott M. Hofer,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 145227892X

Category: Psychology

Page: 744

View: 3806

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"Provides a unique perspective. I am particularly impressed with the sections on innovative design and methods to investigate cognitive aging and the integrative perspectives. None of the existing texts covers this material to the same level." —Donna J. La Voie, Saint Louis University "The emphasis on integrating the literature with theoretical and methodological innovations could have a far-reaching impact on the field." —Deb McGinnis, Oakland University The Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives clarifies the differences in patterns and processes of cognitive aging. Along with a comprehensive review of current research, editors Scott M. Hofer and Duane F. Alwin provide a solid foundation for building a multidisciplinary agenda that will stimulate further rigorous research into these complex factors. Key Features Gathers the widest possible range of perspectives by including cognitive aging experts in various disciplines while maintaining a degree of unity across chapters Examines the limitations of the extant literature, particularly in research design and measurement, and offers new suggestions to guide future research Highlights the broad scope of the field with topics ranging from demography to development to neuroscience, offering the most complete coverage available on cognitive aging

Applied Logistic Regression

Author: David W. Hosmer, Jr.,Stanley Lemeshow,Rodney X. Sturdivant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118548353

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 2616

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A new edition of the definitive guide to logistic regression modeling for health science and other applications This thoroughly expanded Third Edition provides an easily accessible introduction to the logistic regression (LR) model and highlights the power of this model by examining the relationship between a dichotomous outcome and a set of covariables. Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition emphasizes applications in the health sciences and handpicks topics that best suit the use of modern statistical software. The book provides readers with state-of-the-art techniques for building, interpreting, and assessing the performance of LR models. New and updated features include: A chapter on the analysis of correlated outcome data A wealth of additional material for topics ranging from Bayesian methods to assessing model fit Rich data sets from real-world studies that demonstrate each method under discussion Detailed examples and interpretation of the presented results as well as exercises throughout Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition is a must-have guide for professionals and researchers who need to model nominal or ordinal scaled outcome variables in public health, medicine, and the social sciences as well as a wide range of other fields and disciplines.

Media and Social Inequality

Innovations in Community Structure Research

Author: John C. Pollock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317981014

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 7370

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This book is among the first to systematically explore the impact of community inequality on reporting political and social change. Although most journalism scholars are still fascinated by the impact of media on society, Media and Social Inequality explores the reverse perspective: the impact of society on media. Using a 'community structure' approach, and rejecting the perspective that studies of media and audiences can be reduced to the individual level of psychological phenomena, all contributions examine connections between community-level 'macro' characteristics and variations in the coverage of critical issues. This innovative book differs from previous community structure volumes in two ways. First, contributions explore a far wider range of community characteristics by employing creative methodologies, modern archives, and databases that facilitate larger, more diverse samples; multilevel and longitudinal analyses; composite measures of both 'content' and editorial judgment; new technologies; and social network analysis. Second, a traditional emphasis on media as instruments of political and social 'control' is replaced by media as potential mirrors of social 'change,' exploring 'bottom-up' measures of 'vulnerability', 'concentrated disadvantage', and 'ethnic diversity/pluralism'. The volume contains two original chapters: one on nationwide US coverage of the "Occupy" movement in the expanded introduction, and another on nationwide US coverage of universal health care. This book was originally published as a special issue of Mass Communication and Society.

Handbook of Life-Span Development

Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110800

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 5106

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"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

The Europe of Elites

A Study Into the Europeanness of Europe's Political and Economic Elites

Author: Heinrich Best,György Lengyel,Luca Verzichelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019960231X

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

View: 8761

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The Europe of Elites is the first comprehensive study about how European political and economic leaders think and feel about Europe and about what course future European integration should take.

Measuring School Performance & Efficiency

Author: Leanna Steifel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317929896

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 9435

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This yearbook focuses on alternative ways to measure how well schools are educating their students, delivering what parents want, and using resources efficiently.

Multilevel Analysis

Techniques and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Joop Hox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136975357

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 8805

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This practical introduction helps readers apply multilevel techniques to their research. Noted as an accessible introduction, the book also includes advanced extensions, making it useful as both an introduction and as a reference to students, researchers, and methodologists. Basic models and examples are discussed in non-technical terms with an emphasis on understanding the methodological and statistical issues involved in using these models. The estimation and interpretation of multilevel models is demonstrated using realistic examples from various disciplines. For example, readers will find data sets on stress in hospitals, GPA scores, survey responses, street safety, epilepsy, divorce, and sociometric scores, to name a few. The data sets are available on the website in SPSS, HLM, MLwiN, LISREL and/or Mplus files. Readers are introduced to both the multilevel regression model and multilevel structural models. Highlights of the second edition include: Two new chapters—one on multilevel models for ordinal and count data (Ch. 7) and another on multilevel survival analysis (Ch. 8). Thoroughly updated chapters on multilevel structural equation modeling that reflect the enormous technical progress of the last few years. The addition of some simpler examples to help the novice, whilst the more complex examples that combine more than one problem have been retained. A new section on multivariate meta-analysis (Ch. 11). Expanded discussions of covariance structures across time and analyzing longitudinal data where no trend is expected. Expanded chapter on the logistic model for dichotomous data and proportions with new estimation methods. An updated website at http://www.joophox.net/ with data sets for all the text examples and up-to-date screen shots and PowerPoint slides for instructors. Ideal for introductory courses on multilevel modeling and/or ones that introduce this topic in some detail taught in a variety of disciplines including: psychology, education, sociology, the health sciences, and business. The advanced extensions also make this a favorite resource for researchers and methodologists in these disciplines. A basic understanding of ANOVA and multiple regression is assumed. The section on multilevel structural equation models assumes a basic understanding of SEM.

Regression

Modelle, Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Ludwig Fahrmeir,Thomas Kneib,Stefan Lang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642018378

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 502

View: 3144

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In dem Band beschreiben die Autoren erstmals klassische Regressionsansätze und moderne nicht- und semiparametrische Methoden in einer integrierten und anwendungsorientierten Form. Um Lesern die Analyse eigener Fragestellungen zu ermöglichen, demonstrieren sie die praktische Anwendung der Konzepte und Methoden anhand ausführlicher Fallstudien. Geeignet für Studierende der Statistik sowie für Wissenschaftler und Praktiker, zum Beispiel in den Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, der Bioinformatik und -statistik, Ökonometrie und Epidemiologie.

50 Jahre Empirische Wahlforschung in Deutschland

Entwicklung, Befunde, Perspektiven, Daten

Author: Markus Klein,Wolfgang Jagodzinski,Dieter Ohr,Ekkehard Mochmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322901807

Category: Political Science

Page: 616

View: 3201

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Der Sammelband dokumentiert die Vorträge einer gleichnamigen Expertentagung, die 1999 am Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung in Köln stattfand. Die Beiträge beschäftigen sich zum einen in einer eher wissenschaftssoziologischen Perspektive mit der Entwicklung und den Zukunftsperspektiven der Empirischen Wahlforschung in Deutschland. Darüber hinaus werden eine Reihe empirischer Längsschnittanalysen des Wählerverhaltens präsentiert, die auf der Grundlage der Deutschen Nationalen Wahlstudien der Jahre 1949 bis 1998 vorgenommen wurden. Diese Daten sollen dem Sammelband zusammen mit dem "Continuity Guide der Deutschen Wahlforschung", einer Datenbank aller in diesen Studien erhobenen Variablen, auf einer CD-ROM beigefügt werden. Ein letzter Abschnitt des Bandes beschäftigt sich mit den zukünftigen Herausforderungen der Empirischen Wahlforschung in der Mediendemokratie.

Methodological Advances in Educational Effectiveness Research

Author: Bert P.M. Creemers,Leonidas Kyriakides,Pam Sammons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136966315

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 486

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Methodological Advances in Educational Effectiveness Research is an important new work by some of the leading researchers in the field of Educational Effectiveness Research (EER). The book provides a state of the art snapshot of the methodology of EER now and clearly demonstrates the way it is applied in both research and evaluation. It shows how developments in the research methodology area such as the use of multilevel modelling approaches to analyse nested data have promoted the knowledge-base of educational effectiveness. But at the same time, as the authors show, the knowledge-base of educational effectiveness and the attempt to establish theoretical models do paradoxically challenge the development of methodologically appropriate studies including ways of analysing data. Guiding readers though the effective and appropriate use in educational effectiveness of: Longitudinal Studies Experimental Studies Mixed Research Methods Meta-analyses of effectiveness studies Using IRT to measure outcomes and factors Using Generalisability Theory to test the quality of data Multilevel modelling , and Structural Equation Modelling Techniques The authors draw in the expertise of scholars from around the world to show the mathematical background of each technique, the current and future applications, and Specific examples of applying this orientation to help the readers design their own effectiveness studies using specific methodological tools.